Gould Coast

Location of the Gould Coast (marked in orange) within the Ross Dependency

Portion of the coast of Antarctica along the eastern margin of the Ross Ice Shelf at Amundsen Coast between the west side of Scott Glacier and the south end of the Siple Coast (-83.5°N, -153°W).

- Gould Coast
Location of the Gould Coast (marked in orange) within the Ross Dependency

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Ross Ice Shelf situated between Marie Byrd Land and Victoria Land

Siple Coast

Ross Ice Shelf situated between Marie Byrd Land and Victoria Land

Siple Coast (-82°N, -155°W) is the middle portion of the relatively ill-defined coast along the east side of the Ross Ice Shelf, between the north end of Gould Coast (-83.5°N, -153°W) and the south end of Shirase Coast (-80.16667°N, -151°W).

Gould in 1961

Laurence McKinley Gould

American geologist, educator, and polar explorer.

American geologist, educator, and polar explorer.

Gould in 1961
Gould next to a bust of Richard E. Byrd in Antarctica, 1977

His namesakes include the research vessel Laurence M. Gould as well as Antarctic features including Gould Bay, Gould Coast, and Mount Gould.

The RV Nathaniel B. Palmer research vessel using the Bay of Whales ice harbour

Bay of Whales

Natural ice harbour, or iceport, indenting the front of the Ross Ice Shelf just north of Roosevelt Island, Antarctica.

Natural ice harbour, or iceport, indenting the front of the Ross Ice Shelf just north of Roosevelt Island, Antarctica.

The RV Nathaniel B. Palmer research vessel using the Bay of Whales ice harbour
Bay of Whales

The Ross Sea extends much further south – as far as the Gould Coast, some 320 km from the South Pole – but most of that area is covered by the Ross Ice Shelf rather than open sea.

Extreme points of Antarctica

List of extreme points in Antarctica.

List of extreme points in Antarctica.

The Ross Sea is the southernmost sea in the world, with its southernmost extremity (Gould Coast) at the foot of the Horlick Mountains approximately 200 mi from the Geographic South Pole. However, this area is covered by the Ross Ice Shelf. The southernmost open sea is also part of Ross Sea, namely Bay of Whales at 78°30'S, at the edge of Ross Ice Shelf.

A map of West Antarctica

Engelhardt Ice Ridge

A map of West Antarctica

Engelhardt Ice Ridge (-83.33333°N, -146°W) is an ice ridge between Whillans Ice Stream and Kamb Ice Stream (formerly Ice Streams B and C) near the junction of Gould Coast and Siple Coast in Marie Byrd Land, Antarctica.

Sea ice in the Ross Sea

Ross Sea

Deep bay of the Southern Ocean in Antarctica, between Victoria Land and Marie Byrd Land and within the Ross Embayment, and is the southernmost sea on Earth.

Deep bay of the Southern Ocean in Antarctica, between Victoria Land and Marie Byrd Land and within the Ross Embayment, and is the southernmost sea on Earth.

Sea ice in the Ross Sea
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Bloom in the Ross Sea, January 2011

The southernmost part of the Ross Sea is Gould Coast, which is approximately 200 mi from the geographic South Pole.

Location of the Gould Coast (marked in orange) within the Ross Dependency

Mercer Ice Stream

Location of the Gould Coast (marked in orange) within the Ross Dependency

Mercer Ice Stream (-84.83333°N, -145°W), formerly Ice Stream A, flows west to Gould Coast to the south of Whillans Ice Stream, Antarctica.

The summit of Chimborazo in Ecuador is the farthest point from Earth's centre.

Extremes on Earth

This article lists extreme locations on Earth that hold geographical records or are otherwise known for their geophysical or meteorological superlatives.

This article lists extreme locations on Earth that hold geographical records or are otherwise known for their geophysical or meteorological superlatives.

The summit of Chimborazo in Ecuador is the farthest point from Earth's centre.
La Rinconada, Peru
The shore of the Dead Sea in Israel
Bouvet Island

The southernmost point of ocean is located on the Gould Coast (-84.5°N, -150°W).