Governance

governedSeat of GovernmentgoverningGoverning BoardrulePrivate Governancegoverngoverning bodyparticipatory governanceAccredited Governance Auditor
Governance comprises all of the processes of governing – whether undertaken by the government of a state, by a market or by a network – over a social system (family, tribe, formal or informal organization, a territory or across territories) and whether through the laws, norms, power or language of an organized society.wikipedia
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Government

Form of governmentgovernmentsgovernmental
Governance comprises all of the processes of governing – whether undertaken by the government of a state, by a market or by a network – over a social system (family, tribe, formal or informal organization, a territory or across territories) and whether through the laws, norms, power or language of an organized society.
A government is the system to govern a state or community.

Governance framework

Governance Frameworks
In business and outsourcing relationships, Governance Frameworks are built into relational contracts that foster long-term collaboration and innovation.
Governance structure is often used interchangeably with governance framework as they both refer to the structure of the governance of the organization.

Politics

politicalpoliticianpolitically
Normative concepts of fair governance or good governance are common among political, public sector, voluntary, and private sector organizations.
Politics is a set of activities associated with the governance of a country, state or an area.

International Monetary Fund

IMFInternational Monetary Fund (IMF)World Economic Outlook
However, the use of the term governance in its current broader sense, encompassing the activities of a wide range of public and private institutions, acquired general currency only as recently as the 1990s, when it was re-minted by economists and political scientists and disseminated by institutions such as the UN, IMF and World Bank.

Policy

policiespolicymakerspolicymaker
Politics involves processes by which a group of people (perhaps with divergent opinions or interests) reach collective decisions generally regarded as binding on the group, and enforced as common policy.
Policies are generally adopted by a governance body within an organization.

Outsourcing

business process outsourcingoutsourcedoutsource
In business and outsourcing relationships, Governance Frameworks are built into relational contracts that foster long-term collaboration and innovation.
In 1979, Nobel laureate Oliver E. Williamson wrote that the governance structure is the "framework within which the integrity of a transaction is decided."

Accountability

accountablepolitical accountabilityresponsibilities
Contemporary governance practice and theory sometimes questions this distinction, premising that both "governance" and "politics" involve aspects of power and accountability.
In ethics and governance, accountability is answerability, blameworthiness, liability, and the expectation of account-giving.

Think tank

think-tankthink tanksthinktank
These include lobbies, think tanks, political parties, non-government organizations, community and media.
Another notable policy research institute based in Islamabad is the Institute of Social and Policy Sciences (I-SAPS) which works in the fields of education, health, disaster risk reduction, governance, conflict and stabilization.

Board of directors

Board of Trusteesdirectorboard
For instance, a government may operate as a democracy where citizens vote on who should govern and the public good is the goal, while a non-profit organization or a corporation may be governed by a small board of directors and pursue more specific aims. The principal players include the shareholders, management, and the board of directors.
This ensures a distinction between management by the executive board and governance by the supervisory board and allows for clear lines of authority.

Good governance

governancegood governmenteffective governance
SSG applies the principles of good governance to the security sector in question.
Governance is "the process of decision-making and the process by which decisions are implemented (or not implemented)".

Management

managerBusiness Managementmanagers
The principal players include the shareholders, management, and the board of directors.
In most models of management and governance, shareholders vote for the board of directors, and the board then hires senior management.

Worldwide Governance Indicators

governance indicators worldwideThe World Bank’s Worldwide Governance IndicatorsVoice and accountability
The Worldwide Governance Indicators project of the World Bank defines governance as:
Based on a long-standing research program of the World Bank, the Worldwide Governance Indicators capture six key dimensions of governance (Voice & Accountability, Political Stability and Lack of Violence, Government Effectiveness, Regulatory Quality, Rule of Law, and Control of Corruption) between 1996 and present.

Corporate governance

governancecompliance and governanceCorporate Communications
Governance structures and principles identify the distribution of rights and responsibilities among different participants in the corporation (such as the board of directors, managers, shareholders, creditors, auditors, regulators, and other stakeholders) and include the rules and procedures for making decisions in corporate affairs.

Data governance

controlled data
Data governance is a term used on both a macro and a micro level.

Ecclesiastical polity

churchchurcheschurch polity
Ecclesiastical polity is the operational and governance structure of a church or of a Christian denomination.

Global governance

global economic governanceglobal planninggovernance of the European Union
Global governance or world governance is a movement towards political cooperation among transnational actors, aimed at negotiating responses to problems that affect more than one state or region.

Governance without government

Governance without government refers to a form of governance which uses non-governmental means (NGM) of government.

Policy Governance

Ends
Policy Governance, informally known as the Carver model, is a system for organizational governance.

Contract management

contractContract administrationcontract compliance
(See also contract management.) Emerging thinking about contract governance is focusing on creating a governance structure in which the parties have a vested interest in managing what are often highly complex contractual arrangements in a more collaborative, aligned, flexible, and credible way.
Current thinking about contract management in complex relationships is shifting from a compliance “management” to a “governance” perspective, with the focus on creating a governance structure in which the parties have a vested interest in managing what are often highly complex contractual arrangements in a more collaborative, aligned, flexible, and credible way.

Governmentality

rationalities of government
The notion of governmentality (not to confuse with governance) gained attention in the English-speaking academic world mainly through the edited book The Foucault Effect (1991), which contained a series of essays on the notion of governmentality, together with a translation of Foucault's 1978 short text on "gouvernementalité".

Public administration

administrationpublic officepublic management
Governance, on the other hand, conveys the administrative and process-oriented elements of governing rather than its antagonistic ones.
For a field built on concepts (accountability, governance, decentralization and clientele), these concepts are often ill-defined and typologies often ignore certain aspects of these concepts.

International healthcare accreditation

accreditedinternational accreditation
There are many reasons for this, including cost, a desire to improve healthcare quality for one’s own citizens (good governance is at the basis of all high-quality healthcare), or a desire to market one’s healthcare services to “medical tourists” (see below).

Social innovation

Social Innovationsdesign for social innovationinnovator
Literature on social innovation in relation to territorial/regional development covers innovation in the social economy, i.e. strategies for satisfaction of human needs; and innovation in the sense of transforming and/or sustaining social relations, especially governance relations at the regional and local level.

Social network

networknetworkingnetworks
Governance comprises all of the processes of governing – whether undertaken by the government of a state, by a market or by a network – over a social system (family, tribe, formal or informal organization, a territory or across territories) and whether through the laws, norms, power or language of an organized society.