Governance

Iustitia ("Lady Justice") is a symbolic personification of the coercive power of a tribunal: a sword representing state authority, scales representing an objective standard and a blindfold indicating that justice should be impartial.

All the processes of interactions be they through the laws, norms, power or language of an organized society over a social system .

- Governance
Iustitia ("Lady Justice") is a symbolic personification of the coercive power of a tribunal: a sword representing state authority, scales representing an objective standard and a blindfold indicating that justice should be impartial.

498 related topics

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World administrative levels

Government

System or group of people governing an organized community, generally a state.

System or group of people governing an organized community, generally a state.

World administrative levels
Map of European nations coloured by percentage of vote governing party got in last election as of 2022

A government is the system to govern a state or community.

Socrates

Accountability

Socrates

Accountability, in terms of ethics and governance, is equated with answerability, blameworthiness, liability, and the expectation of account-giving.

Example of the policy cycle concept.

Policy

Deliberate system of guidelines to guide decisions and achieve rational outcomes.

Deliberate system of guidelines to guide decisions and achieve rational outcomes.

Example of the policy cycle concept.
Balsillie School of International Affairs at the CIGI Campus
Blavatnik School of Government building

Policies are generally adopted by a governance body within an organization.

The Eduskunta, the parliament of Finland as the Grand Duchy of Finland, had universal suffrage in 1906. Several nations and territories can present arguments for being the first with universal suffrage.

Good governance

Process of measuring how public institutions conduct public affairs and manage public resources and guarantee the realization of human rights in a manner essentially free of abuse and corruption and with due regard for the rule of law.

Process of measuring how public institutions conduct public affairs and manage public resources and guarantee the realization of human rights in a manner essentially free of abuse and corruption and with due regard for the rule of law.

The Eduskunta, the parliament of Finland as the Grand Duchy of Finland, had universal suffrage in 1906. Several nations and territories can present arguments for being the first with universal suffrage.

Governance is "the process of decision-making and the process by which decisions are implemented (or not implemented)".

Election to the Sabzevar City Council, Iran

Politics

Set of activities that are associated with making decisions in groups, or other forms of power relations among individuals, such as the distribution of resources or status.

Set of activities that are associated with making decisions in groups, or other forms of power relations among individuals, such as the distribution of resources or status.

Election to the Sabzevar City Council, Iran
The Greek philosopher Aristotle criticized many of Plato's ideas as impracticable, but, like Plato, he admires balance and moderation and aims at a harmonious city under the rule of law
Women voter outreach (1935)
Plato (left) and Aristotle (right), from a detail of The School of Athens, a fresco by Raphael. Plato's Republic and Aristotle's Politics secured the two Greek philosophers as two of the most influential political philosophers.
Systems view of politics.
Legislatures are an important political institution. Pictured is the Parliament of Finland.
The pathway of regional integration or separation
Inglehart-Weltzel cultural map of countries.
Two-axis political compass chart with a horizontal socio-economic axis and a vertical socio-cultural axis and ideologically representative political colours, an example for a frequently used model of the political spectrum
Three axis model of political ideologies with both moderate and radical versions and the goals of their policies
Map of European nations coloured by percentage of vote governing party got in last election as of 2022

For example, in a more restrictive way, politics may be viewed as primarily about governance, while a feminist perspective could argue that sites which have been viewed traditionally as non-political, should indeed be viewed as political as well.

IMF Headquarters (Washington, DC)

International Monetary Fund

International financial institution, headquartered in Washington, D.C., consisting of 190 countries.

International financial institution, headquartered in Washington, D.C., consisting of 190 countries.

IMF Headquarters (Washington, DC)
IMF Headquarters (Washington, DC)
Board of Governors International Monetary Fund (1999)
IMF Data Dissemination Systems participants:
Plaque Commemorating the Formation of the IMF in July 1944 at the Bretton Woods Conference
The Gold Room within the Mount Washington Hotel where the Bretton Woods Conference attendees signed the agreements creating the IMF and World Bank
First page of the Articles of Agreement of the International Monetary Fund, 1 March 1946. Finnish Ministry of Foreign Affairs archives
On 28 June 2011, Christine Lagarde was named managing director of the IMF, replacing Dominique Strauss-Kahn.
Anarchist protest against the IMF and corporate bailout

Improving governance and fighting corruption,

Demonstrating need to ensure outsourcing gains are realised and losses avoided at a summit in London in 2009

Outsourcing

Agreement in which one company hires another company to be responsible for a planned or existing activity that is or could be done internally,

Agreement in which one company hires another company to be responsible for a planned or existing activity that is or could be done internally,

Demonstrating need to ensure outsourcing gains are realised and losses avoided at a summit in London in 2009

In 1979, Nobel laureate Oliver E. Williamson wrote that the governance structure is the "framework within which the integrity of a transaction is decided."

Brookings Institution, founded in 1916 in Washington, D.C.

Think tank

Research institute that performs research and advocacy concerning topics such as social policy, political strategy, economics, military, technology, and culture.

Research institute that performs research and advocacy concerning topics such as social policy, political strategy, economics, military, technology, and culture.

Brookings Institution, founded in 1916 in Washington, D.C.
The Heritage Foundation, founded in 1973 in Washington, D.C.
Stanford University's Hoover Institution, founded in 1919 by U.S. President Herbert Hoover.

Another notable policy research institute based in Islamabad is the Institute of Social and Policy Sciences (I-SAPS) which works in the fields of education, health, disaster risk reduction, governance, conflict and stabilization.

Public administration is both an academic discipline and a field of practice; the latter is depicted in this picture of United States federal public servants at a meeting.

Public administration

Implementation of public policy, administration of government establishment, management of non-profit establishment and also an academic discipline that studies this implementation and prepares civil servants specially for administrative purpose for working in the government and non profit sector.

Implementation of public policy, administration of government establishment, management of non-profit establishment and also an academic discipline that studies this implementation and prepares civil servants specially for administrative purpose for working in the government and non profit sector.

Public administration is both an academic discipline and a field of practice; the latter is depicted in this picture of United States federal public servants at a meeting.
Administrators tend to work with both paper documents and computer files: "There has been a significant shift from paper to electronic records during the past two decades. Although government institutions continue to print and maintain paper documents as 'official records,' the vast majority of records are now created and stored in electronic format." (pictured here is Stephen C. Dunn, Deputy Comptroller for the US Navy)
Woodrow Wilson
Luther Gulick (1892–1993) was an expert on public administration.
The costly Vietnam War alienated U.S. citizens from their government. Pictured is Operation Arc Light, a U.S. bombing operation.
Sciences Po, Havre Campus

For a field built on concepts (accountability, governance, decentralization and clientele), these concepts are often ill-defined and typologies often ignore certain aspects of these concepts.

An organization chart for the United States Coast Guard shows the hierarchy of managerial roles in that organization.

Management

Administration of an organization, whether it is a business, a non-profit organization, or a government body.

Administration of an organization, whether it is a business, a non-profit organization, or a government body.

An organization chart for the United States Coast Guard shows the hierarchy of managerial roles in that organization.

In most models of management and governance, shareholders vote for the board of directors, and the board then hires senior management.