Government of Canada

Canadian governmentfederal governmentfederalCanadian federal governmentgovernmentCanadaFederal Government of CanadaCanadianDominion GovernmentCanada's federal government
The Government of Canada (Gouvernement du Canada), officially Her Majesty's Government (Gouvernement de Sa Majesté), is the corporation responsible for the federal administration of Canada.wikipedia
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Canada

CanadianCANCanadians
The Government of Canada (Gouvernement du Canada), officially Her Majesty's Government (Gouvernement de Sa Majesté), is the corporation responsible for the federal administration of Canada.
Canada is a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy in the Westminster tradition, with a monarch and a prime minister who serves as the chair of the Cabinet and head of government.

Constitution Act, 1867

British North America Act of 1867British North America Act, 1867British North America Act
In both senses, the current construct was established at Confederation through the Constitution Act, 1867—as a federal constitutional monarchy, wherein the Canadian Crown acts as the core, or "the most basic building block", of its Westminster-style parliamentary democracy.
The Act created a federal dominion and defines much of the operation of the Government of Canada, including its federal structure, the House of Commons, the Senate, the justice system, and the taxation system.

Monarchy of Canada

Queen of CanadaCanadian monarchCanadian Royal Family
In both senses, the current construct was established at Confederation through the Constitution Act, 1867—as a federal constitutional monarchy, wherein the Canadian Crown acts as the core, or "the most basic building block", of its Westminster-style parliamentary democracy.
The monarchy is the foundation of the executive (Queen-in-Council), legislative (Queen-in-Parliament), and judicial (Queen-on-the-Bench) branches of both federal and provincial jurisdictions.

Cabinet of Canada

CabinetCanadian Cabinetfederal cabinet
However, in practice, that task is performed only by the Cabinet, a committee within the Privy Council composed of ministers of the Crown, who are drawn from and responsible to the elected House of Commons in parliament.
The Cabinet of Canada (Cabinet du Canada) is a body of ministers of the Crown that, along with the Canadian monarch, and within the tenets of the Westminster system, forms the government of Canada.

Governor General of Canada

Governor GeneralGovernor-General of CanadaGovernor-General
The monarch (currently Queen Elizabeth II) is personally represented by the Governor General of Canada (currently Julie Payette).
The letters patent constituting the office, and official publications of the Government of Canada, spell the title governor general, without a hyphen.

Canadian English

EnglishCanadianCanada
In Canadian English, the term can mean either the collective set of institutions or specifically the Queen-in-Council.
The Government of Canada only recommends writing all-numeric dates in the form of YYYY-MM-DD (e.g. 2017-07-01), following ISO 8601.

Queen's Privy Council for Canada

PCPrivy CouncilPrivy Council of Canada
The Queen's Privy Council for Canada is the body that advises the sovereign or viceroy on the exercise of executive power.
The government of Canada, which is formally referred to as Her Majesty's Government, is defined by the Canadian constitution as the sovereign acting on the advice of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada; what is technically known as the Queen-in-Council, or sometimes the Governor-in-Council, referring to the Governor General of Canada as the Queen's stand-in.

Prime Minister of Canada

Prime MinisterCanadian Prime MinisterPrime Ministers
The Cabinet is headed by the prime minister (currently Justin Trudeau), who is appointed by the governor general after securing the confidence of the House of Commons.
The two groups, with the authority of the Parliament of Canada, manage the Government of Canada and the Canadian Armed Forces.

Declaration of war by Canada

declarations of wardeclared warCanada declared war against Germany
The Royal Prerogative also includes summoning, proroguing, and dissolving parliament in order to call an election, and extends to foreign affairs: the negotiation and ratification of treaties, alliances, international agreements, and declarations of war; the accreditation of Canadian, and receipt of foreign, diplomats; and the issuance of passports.
A declaration of war by Canada is a formal declaration issued by the Government of Canada (the federal Crown-in-Council) indicating that a state of war exists between Canada and another nation.

Style of the Canadian sovereign

QueenTitle and style of the Canadian monarchQueen of Canada
The person who is monarch of Canada (currently Queen Elizabeth II) is also the monarch of 15 other countries in the Commonwealth of Nations, though, he or she reigns separately as King or Queen of Canada, an office that is "truly Canadian" and "totally independent from that of the Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms".
Since the title was adopted, the federal government has promoted its use as a signifier of Canada's sovereign and independent status; Prime Minister John Diefenbaker said of the title in 1957: "The Queen of Canada is a term which we like to use because it utterly represents her role on this occasion."

Royal prerogative

prerogative powersprerogativeprerogative power
Royal Assent is required to enact laws and, as part of the Royal Prerogative, the royal sign-manual gives authority to letters patent and orders in council, though the authority for these acts stems from the Canadian populace and, within the conventional stipulations of constitutional monarchy, the sovereign's direct participation in any of these areas of governance is limited.
As foreign affairs are a matter of royal prerogative, the power to declare war and deploy the armed forces belongs to the Crown, though only in its federal Cabinet (the federal government), as outlined in sections 9 and 15 of the Constitution Act, 1867.

Parliament of Canada

ParliamentCanadian ParliamentMP
However, in practice, that task is performed only by the Cabinet, a committee within the Privy Council composed of ministers of the Crown, who are drawn from and responsible to the elected House of Commons in parliament.
The Canadian government consists of the monarch, predominantly represented by his or her Governor General, in council, which is a collection of ministers of the Crown appointed by the Governor General to direct the use of executive powers.

Canadian Armed Forces

Canadian ForcesCanadian militarymilitary
Thus, the parliament at Ottawa alone can pass laws relating to, amongst other things, the postal service, the census, the military, criminal law, navigation and shipping, fishing, currency, banking, weights and measures, bankruptcy, copyrights, patents, First Nations, and naturalization.
Under the National Defence Act, the Canadian Armed Forces are an entity separate and distinct from the Department of National Defence (the federal government department responsible for administration and formation of defence policy), which also exists as the civilian support system for the Forces.

Provinces and territories of Canada

ProvinceCanadian provinceprovincial
The powers of the parliaments in Canada are limited by the constitution, which divides legislative abilities between the federal and provincial governments; in general, the legislatures of the provinces may only pass laws relating to topics explicitly reserved for them by the constitution, such as education, provincial officers, municipal government, charitable institutions, and "matters of a merely local or private nature", while any matter not under the exclusive authority of the provincial legislatures is within the scope of the federal parliament's power.
The powers flowing from the Constitution Act are divided between the Government of Canada (the federal government) and the provincial governments to exercise exclusively.

Tax Court of Canada

Tax Court
It works in conjunction with the Tax Court of Canada.
The Tax Court of Canada (TCC; Cour canadienne de l'impôt), established in 1983 by the Tax Court of Canada Act, is a federal superior court which deals with matters involving companies or individuals and tax issues with the Government of Canada.

Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms

Charter of Rights and FreedomsCharterCharter of Rights
Individual rights, equality and inclusiveness (a just society) have risen to the forefront of political and legal importance for most Canadians, as demonstrated through support for the Charter of Rights and Freedoms, a relatively free economy, and social liberal attitudes toward women's rights, homosexuality, pregnancy termination, euthanasia, cannabis use and other egalitarian movements.
The Charter guarantees certain political rights to Canadian citizens and civil rights of everyone in Canada from the policies and actions of all areas and levels of the government.

House of Commons of Canada

House of CommonsMPMember of Parliament
However, in practice, that task is performed only by the Cabinet, a committee within the Privy Council composed of ministers of the Crown, who are drawn from and responsible to the elected House of Commons in parliament.

Multiculturalism in Canada

multiculturalismmulticulturalCanada
There is also a sense of collective responsibility in Canadian political culture, as is demonstrated in general support for universal health care, multiculturalism, foreign aid, and other social programs.
Multiculturalism in Canada was officially adopted by the government during the 1970s and 1980s.

Liberal Party of Canada

LiberalLiberal PartyLiberals
Thus, the governor general must appoint as prime minister the person who holds the confidence of the House of Commons; in practice, this is typically the leader of the political party that holds more seats than any other party in that chamber, currently the Liberal Party. At the federal level, Canada has been dominated by two relatively centrist parties practicing "brokerage politics", the centre-left Liberal Party of Canada and the centre-right Conservative Party of Canada (or its predecessors).
On May 11, 2006, La Presse reported that the Government of Canada would file a lawsuit against the Liberal Party to recover all the money missing in the sponsorship program.

Conservative Party of Canada

ConservativeConservative PartyConservatives
At the federal level, Canada has been dominated by two relatively centrist parties practicing "brokerage politics", the centre-left Liberal Party of Canada and the centre-right Conservative Party of Canada (or its predecessors).
The Conservative Party of Canada (Parti conservateur du Canada), colloquially known as the Tories, is a federal political party in Canada.

Bankruptcy

bankruptbankruptcy protectionbankruptcies
Thus, the parliament at Ottawa alone can pass laws relating to, amongst other things, the postal service, the census, the military, criminal law, navigation and shipping, fishing, currency, banking, weights and measures, bankruptcy, copyrights, patents, First Nations, and naturalization.
The office of the Superintendent of Bankruptcy, a federal agency, is responsible for overseeing that bankruptcies are administered in a fair and orderly manner by all licensed Trustees in Canada.

Centrism

CentrecentristCenter
At the federal level, Canada has been dominated by two relatively centrist parties practicing "brokerage politics", the centre-left Liberal Party of Canada and the centre-right Conservative Party of Canada (or its predecessors).
Throughout modern history Canadian governments at the federal level have governed from a moderate, centrist political position practicing "brokerage politics".

Public Service of Canada

Canadian civil serviceCanadian public servicecivil servant
The Public Service of Canada (known as the Civil Service of Canada prior to 1967) is the civil service of the Government of Canada.

.gc.ca

It is used by the Government of Canada and operated by Government Telecommunications and Informatics Services, which holds all third level domains under the .gc.ca banner.

Canadians

CanadianCanadian citizensCanada
Individual rights, equality and inclusiveness (a just society) have risen to the forefront of political and legal importance for most Canadians, as demonstrated through support for the Charter of Rights and Freedoms, a relatively free economy, and social liberal attitudes toward women's rights, homosexuality, pregnancy termination, euthanasia, cannabis use and other egalitarian movements.
The Government of Canada has also influenced culture with programs, laws, and institutions.