Governor

gubernatorialgovernorsMilitary Governorstate governorgubernatorial electiongovernorshipRoyal Governorprovincial governorGov.governorships
A governor is, in most cases, a public official with the power to govern the executive branch of a non-sovereign or sub-national level of government, ranking under the head of state.wikipedia
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Reichskommissar

Reich CommissionerReichskommissar in NorwayReich Commissioner for the occupied Dutch territories
*Reichskommissar
Reichskommissar (rendered as "Commissioner of the Empire", "Reich Commissioner" or "Imperial Commissioner"), in German history, was an official gubernatorial title used for various public offices during the period of the German Empire and the Third Reich.

Pasha

Pasha (title)pashasBasha
In the Ottoman Empire, all Pashas (generals) administered a province of the Great Sultan's vast empire, with specific titles (such as Mutessaryf; Vali or Wāli which was often maintained and revived in the oriental successor states; Beilerbei (rendered as Governor-general, as he is appointed above several provinces under individual governors) and Dey)
Pasha or Paşa (, paşa), in older works sometimes anglicized as bashaw, was a higher rank in the Ottoman political and military system, typically granted to governors, generals, dignitaries and others.

Crown colony

British colonyBritish coloniesBritish Crown Colony
In the British Empire, a governor was originally an official appointed by the British monarch (or the cabinet) to oversee one of his colonies and was the (sometimes notional) head of the colonial administration.
A Crown colony was usually administered by a governor who directly controlled the executive and was appointed by "the Crown" — a term that in practice usually means the UK government, acting on behalf of the monarch.

Politician

statesmanpolitical figurepoliticians
In federations, governor may be the title of a politician who governs a constituent state and may be either appointed or elected.

Governor-general

Governor Generalgovernors-generalgovernors general
The Territories of Australia other than the ACT have Administrators instead of governors, who are appointed formally by the Governor-general.
Another non-federal state, Newfoundland, was a Dominion for 16 years with the King's representative retaining the title of governor throughout this time.

Wāli

valiwaliGovernor
In the Ottoman Empire, all Pashas (generals) administered a province of the Great Sultan's vast empire, with specific titles (such as Mutessaryf; Vali or Wāli which was often maintained and revived in the oriental successor states; Beilerbei (rendered as Governor-general, as he is appointed above several provinces under individual governors) and Dey)
In Algeria, a wāli is the "governor" and administrative head of each of the 48 provinces of the country, and is chosen by the president.

Governor General of Canada

Governor GeneralGovernor-General of CanadaGovernor-General
The federal governor is the Governor General of Canada, and the governor of each province is the Lieutenant Governor.
As governor is the noun in the title, it is pluralized; thus, governors general, rather than governor generals.

Yang di-Pertua Negeri

GovernorGovernorsGovernors of non-royal States
In Malaysia, each of the four non-monarchical states (Penang, Malacca, Sabah and Sarawak) has a ceremonial Governor styled Yang di-Pertua Negeri, appointed to a renewable four-year term by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, the federal King of Malaysia on the advice of the Prime Minister after consulting the state governments.
The Yang di-Pertua Negeri (head of state in Malay) is the official title of the ceremonial governors of the Malaysian states without monarchs (hereditary heads of state), namely Penang, Malacca, Sabah and Sarawak.

Governorate (Russia)

guberniyaguberniagovernorate
In the Russian Empire, Governorate (Guberniya) and Governorate-General were the main units of territorial and administrative subdivision since the reforms of Peter the Great.
A governorate was ruled by a governor (губернатор, gubernator), a word borrowed from Latin gubernator, in turn from Greek kybernetes.

Governess

governessesgouvernanteat home
The historical female form is governess, though female officials are referred to by the gender-neutral form governor (without the gender specific suffix) of the noun to avoid confusion with other meanings of the term.
The term "governess" is an archaic gendered job title for a politician; now the word "governor" is used for men or women.

Provinces of the Philippines

provinceprovincesPhilippine province
In the Republic of the Philippines, the title "Governor" (Gobernador or Punong Lalawigan in Filipino), refers to the highest ranking executive of a Philippine province.
Each province is governed by an elected legislature called the Sangguniang Panlalawigan and by an elected governor.

Lieutenant-General (France)

Lieutenant-GeneralLieutenant GeneralLieutenant general of the King's armies
Provincial governors – also called "Lieutenant Generals" – also had the ability of convoking provincial parlements, provincial estates and municipal bodies.
His role was theoretically resumed to the assurance locum status of the Governor.

Landeshauptmann

Landeshauptleutegovernorgovernors
A Landeshauptmann (German for "state captain" or "state governor", literally 'country headman'; plural Landeshauptleute or Landeshauptmänner as in Styria till 1861; Landeshauptfrau is the female form) is an official title in German for certain political offices equivalent to a Governor.
In English speaking Countries, the title is usually translated as "governor," though as mentioned above the function corresponds more to that of minister-president or premier.

Lieutenant governor (Canada)

Lieutenant Governorlieutenant governorsLieutenant-Governor
The federal governor is the Governor General of Canada, and the governor of each province is the Lieutenant Governor.
Also, as governor is the main noun in the title, it is the word that is pluralized; thus, it is lieutenant governors, rather than lieutenants governor.

Governorate

Philippines

FilipinoPhilippinePhilippine Islands
In the Republic of the Philippines, the title "Governor" (Gobernador or Punong Lalawigan in Filipino), refers to the highest ranking executive of a Philippine province.
Brigadier General James F. Smith arrived at Bacolod on March 4, 1899, as the Military Governor of the Sub-district of Negros, after receiving an invitation from Aniceto Lacson, president of the breakaway Cantonal Republic of Negros.

Deputy governor

Deputy-GovernorLieutenant-Governor
A deputy governor is a gubernatorial official who is subordinated to a governor, rather like a lieutenant governor.

Lieutenant governor

Lieutenant-GovernorVice GovernorLt. Governor
In case of death, disability, resignation, forced removal or suspension, vice governor, elected separately in the same election for governor, succeeds as governor, or acting governor, as the case may be.

Governor-in-chief

Governor-in-chief was a title used in the British Empire for certain colonial governors, usually where authority was held over more than one colony.

Chief executive (gubernatorial)

Chief Executive
It is also used to refer to certain gubernatorial offices, expressing the nature of their job being analogous to a head of government.

Ancien Régime

ancien regimeOld RegimeAncien Régime in France
During the Ancien Régime in France, the representative of the king in his provinces and cities was the "gouverneur".
The main source of royal administrative power in the provinces in the 16th and early 17th centuries fell to the gouverneurs (who represented "the presence of the king in his province"), positions which had long been held by only the highest ranked families in the realm.

Province

ProvincialprovincesProvincial Reserved
Until 1933, the term Landeshauptmann (state governor) was used in Prussia for the head of government of a province, In the modern-day states of Germany, the counterpart to Landeshauptmann is the Ministerpräsident (minister-president).

Provinces of Indonesia

Provinceprovincesprovince of Indonesia
In Indonesia, the title gubernur refers to the highest ranking executive of a Provincial Government.

Mayor

reevemayorsacting mayor
The Governor is not the superordinate of regents or mayors, but he/she is only to guide, supervise, and coordinate the works of city/municipal and regency governments.

Joseph Wanton

The other two colonies (Connecticut and Rhode Island) had corporate charters; Connecticut Governor Jonathan Trumbull was governor before and during the war period, while in Rhode Island, Governor Joseph Wanton was removed from office in 1775 for failing to support the rebel war effort.