Governor General of Canada

Governor GeneralGovernor-General of CanadaGovernor-GeneralGovernor General of British North AmericaCanadian Governor GeneralGovernors GeneralGovernors General of CanadaQueen's federal representativeGovernor-in-CouncilGovernor
The Governor General of Canada (Gouverneure générale du Canada) is the federal viceregal representative of the.wikipedia
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Monarchy of Canada

Queen of CanadaCanadian monarchCanadian Royal Family
The Queen, on the advice of her Canadian prime minister, appoints a governor general to carry out most of constitutional and ceremonial duties.
While some powers are exercisable only by the sovereign, most of the monarch's operational and ceremonial duties (such as summoning the House of Commons and accrediting ambassadors) are exercised by his or her representative, the Governor General of Canada.

Prime Minister of Canada

Prime MinisterCanadian Prime MinisterPrime Ministers
The Queen, on the advice of her Canadian prime minister, appoints a governor general to carry out most of constitutional and ceremonial duties.
The Cabinet and the prime minister also appoint members of the Senate of Canada, the judges of the Supreme Court of Canada and other federal courts, and the leaders and boards, as required under law, of various Crown Corporations, and selects the governor general of Canada.

Parliament of Canada

ParliamentCanadian ParliamentMP
In accordance with the Constitution Act, 1982, any constitutional amendment that affects the Crown, including the office of the Governor General, requires the unanimous consent of each provincial legislature as well as the federal parliament.
The body consists of the Canadian monarch, represented by a viceroy, the Governor General; an upper house, the Senate; and a lower house, the House of Commons.

Julie Payette

PayetteCanadian Governor General Julie PayetteGovernor General Julie Payette
The current governor general is Julie Payette, who has served since 2 October 2017; Prime Minister Justin Trudeau recommended her to succeed David Johnston.
Julie Payette (born October 20, 1963) is the Governor General of Canada, the 29th officeholder since Canadian Confederation.

Canadian English

EnglishCanadianCanada
Beginning in 1959, it has also been traditional to rotate between anglophone and francophone officeholders—although many recent governors general have been bilingual.
Canada's first prime minister, John A. Macdonald, once advised the Governor General of Canada to issue an order-in-council directing that government papers be written in the British style.

Governor-general

Governor Generalgovernors-generalgovernors general
The Queen, on the advice of her Canadian prime minister, appoints a governor general to carry out most of constitutional and ceremonial duties.
Rare and controversial exceptions occurred in 1926, when Canadian Governor General the Viscount Byng of Vimy refused Prime Minister Mackenzie King's request for a dissolution of parliament; in 1953 and 1954 when the Governor-General of Pakistan, Ghulam Mohammad, staged a constitutional coup against the Prime Minister and then the Constituent Assembly; and in 1975, when the Governor-General of Australia, Sir John Kerr, dismissed the Prime Minister, Gough Whitlam (to name a few).

Order of Canada

OCCMMember of the Order of Canada
The sovereign will also hold an audience with the appointee and will at that time induct both the governor general-designate and his or her spouse into the Order of Canada as Companions, as well as appointing the former as a Commander of both the Order of Military Merit and the Order of Merit of the Police Forces (should either person not have already received either of those honours).
The Canadian monarch, Queen, is Sovereign of the order and the serving governor general, currently Julie Payette, is its Chancellor and Principal Companion and administers the order on behalf of the Sovereign.

Letters Patent, 1947

letters patentLetters Patent of 19471947 Letters Patent
Finally, in 1947, King George VI issued letters patent allowing the viceroy to carry out almost all of the monarch's powers on his or her behalf.
The Letters Patent, 1947 (more formally, the Letters Patent Constituting the Office of Governor General and Commander-in-Chief of Canada) are letters patent signed by George VI as King of Canada which reconstituted the office of Governor General of Canada under the terms of the Constitution Act, 1867.

Order of Military Merit (Canada)

CMMOrder of Military MeritCommander of the Order of Military Merit
The sovereign will also hold an audience with the appointee and will at that time induct both the governor general-designate and his or her spouse into the Order of Canada as Companions, as well as appointing the former as a Commander of both the Order of Military Merit and the Order of Merit of the Police Forces (should either person not have already received either of those honours).
The Order of Military Merit (Ordre du mérite militaire) is a military honour for merit that is, within the Canadian system of honours, the second highest order administered by the Governor General-in-Council, on behalf of the Canadian monarch.

Government of Canada

Canadian governmentfederal governmentfederal
The letters patent constituting the office, and official publications of the Government of Canada, spell the title governor general, without a hyphen.
The monarch (currently Queen Elizabeth II) is personally represented by the Governor General of Canada (currently Julie Payette).

English Canadians

EnglishAnglophoneEnglish Canadian
Moreover, the practice of alternating between anglophone and francophone Canadians was instituted with the appointment of Georges Vanier, a francophone who succeeded the anglophone Massey.
As such, although the office of the Governor General is said to alternate between "French" and "English" persons, two recent Governors General (Adrienne Clarkson, an English-speaking Chinese Canadian; and Michaëlle Jean, a French-speaking Haitian Canadian) show that this refers to language and not culture or ethnicity.

Order of Merit of the Police Forces

COMCommander of the Order of Merit of the Police ForcesChancellor and Commander of the Order of Merit of the Police Forces
The sovereign will also hold an audience with the appointee and will at that time induct both the governor general-designate and his or her spouse into the Order of Canada as Companions, as well as appointing the former as a Commander of both the Order of Military Merit and the Order of Merit of the Police Forces (should either person not have already received either of those honours).
Created in 2000, the order is administered by the Governor General-in-Council, on behalf of the Canadian monarch.

Royal Canadian Mounted Police

RCMPMountieMounties
All persons whose names are put forward to the for approval must first undergo background checks by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police and the Canadian Security Intelligence Service.
Federal operations include: enforcing federal laws including commercial crime, counterfeiting, drug trafficking, border integrity, organized crime, and other related matters; providing counter-terrorism and domestic security; providing protection services for the Canadian Monarch, governor general, prime minister, their families and residences, and other ministers of the Crown, visiting dignitaries, and diplomatic missions; and participating in various international policing efforts.

Commonwealth realm

Commonwealth realmsrealmsCommonwealth
The person of the sovereign is shared equally both with the 15 other Commonwealth realms and the 10 provinces of Canada, but resides predominantly in oldest and most populous realm, the United Kingdom.
Otherwise, all royal powers, including the Royal Prerogative, are carried out on behalf of the sovereign by the relevant viceroy, who, apart from those already mentioned, include a lieutenant governor in each province of Canada (appointed by the Governor General of Canada).

Senate of Canada

SenatorSenateCanadian Senator
From there, the party is led by the 's parliamentary messenger—the Usher of the Black Rod—to the Senate chamber, wherein all justices of the Supreme Court, senators, members of parliament, and other guests are assembled.
The Senate of Canada (Sénat du Canada) is the upper house of the Parliament of Canada, along with the House of Commons and the monarch (represented by the governor general).

Constitution Act, 1867

British North America Act of 1867British North America Act, 1867British North America Act
The present incarnation of the office emerged with Canadian Confederation and the passing of the British North America Act, 1867, which defines the role of the governor general as "carrying on the Government of Canada on behalf and in the Name of the Queen, by whatever Title he is designated".
Section 9 confirms that all executive powers remain with the Queen, as represented by the Governor General or an administrator of the government, as stated in Section 10.

David Johnston

David Lloyd JohnstonJohnston, DavidGovernor-General David Johnston
The current governor general is Julie Payette, who has served since 2 October 2017; Prime Minister Justin Trudeau recommended her to succeed David Johnston.
David Lloyd Johnston (born June 28, 1941) is a Canadian academic, author, and statesman who served as Governor General of Canada from 2010 to 2017, the 28th since Canadian Confederation.

Secretary to the Governor General of Canada

Secretary to the Governor Generalgovernor general's secretaryviceroy's private secretary
The 's commission for the governor general-designate is then read aloud by the Secretary to the Governor General and the required oaths are administered to the appointee by either the chief justice or one of the puisne justices of the Supreme Court; the three oaths are: the Oath of Allegiance, the Oath of Office as Governor General and Commander-in-Chief, and the Oath as Keeper of the Great Seal of Canada.
The Secretary to the Governor General is the administrative head of the Office of the Secretary to the Governor General of Canada and is based at Rideau Hall in Ottawa, Ontario.

Canadian Armed Forces

Canadian ForcesCanadian militarymilitary
The swearing-in ceremony begins with the arrival at 7 Rideau Gate of one of the ministers of the Crown, who then accompanies the governor general-designate to Parliament Hill, where a Canadian Forces Guard of Honour (consisting of the Army Guard, Royal Canadian Air Force Guard, and Flag Party of the Royal Canadian Navy) awaits to give a general salute.
The Commander-in-Chief of the Canadian Armed Forces is the reigning, who is represented by the Governor General of Canada.

Commissioner

commissionersCommissionDistrict Commissioner
In 2012, the committee was made permanent and renamed as the Advisory Committee on Vice-Regal Appointments, with a modified membership and its scope broadened to include the appointment of provincial lieutenant governors and territorial commissioners (though the latter are not personal representatives of the monarch).
Unlike the governor general or a lieutenant governor, commissioners are not viceregal representatives of the Canadian monarch; rather, they are delegates of the federal Crown-in-Council and, under federal statutes governing the territories, act in accordance with written instructions from Cabinet or the minister responsible (currently the Minister of Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development).

Governor

gubernatorialgovernorsMilitary Governor
As governor is the noun in the title, it is pluralized; thus, governors general, rather than governor generals.
The federal governor is the Governor General of Canada, and the governor of each province is the Lieutenant Governor.

List of Justices of the Supreme Court of Canada

Puisne Justice of the Supreme Court of CanadaJusticeJustices of the Supreme Court
From there, the party is led by the 's parliamentary messenger—the Usher of the Black Rod—to the Senate chamber, wherein all justices of the Supreme Court, senators, members of parliament, and other guests are assembled. The 's commission for the governor general-designate is then read aloud by the Secretary to the Governor General and the required oaths are administered to the appointee by either the chief justice or one of the puisne justices of the Supreme Court; the three oaths are: the Oath of Allegiance, the Oath of Office as Governor General and Commander-in-Chief, and the Oath as Keeper of the Great Seal of Canada.
The justices are appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister.

Canada

CanadianCANCanadians
The person of the sovereign is shared equally both with the 15 other Commonwealth realms and the 10 provinces of Canada, but resides predominantly in oldest and most populous realm, the United Kingdom.
The Queen appoints a representative, the governor general (at present Julie Payette), to carry out most of her federal royal duties in Canada.

Advisory Committee on Vice-Regal Appointments

Governor General Consultation Committee
In 2012, the committee was made permanent and renamed as the Advisory Committee on Vice-Regal Appointments, with a modified membership and its scope broadened to include the appointment of provincial lieutenant governors and territorial commissioners (though the latter are not personal representatives of the monarch).
The Advisory Committee on Vice-Regal Appointments was established on 4 November 2012 to assist the government of Canada (the Crown-in-Council) with the appointment of the Governor General of Canada, provincial lieutenant governors, and territorial commissioners.

Flag of the governor-general of Canada

Flag of the Governor General of Canadaflag of the Governor GeneralCanada
With the affixing of their signature to these three solemn promises, the individual is officially the governor general, and at that moment the Flag of the Governor General of Canada is raised on the Peace Tower, the Viceregal Salute is played by the Central Band of the Canadian Forces, and a 21-gun salute is conducted by the Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery.
The flag of the Governor General of Canada is a flag used as a symbol to mark the presence of the Governor General of Canada.