A report on Grammar

A generative parse tree: the sentence is divided into a noun phrase (subject), and a verb phrase which includes the object. This is in contrast to structural and functional grammar which consider the subject and object as equal constituents.

Its set of structural constraints on speakers' or writers' composition of clauses, phrases, and words.

- Grammar
A generative parse tree: the sentence is divided into a noun phrase (subject), and a verb phrase which includes the object. This is in contrast to structural and functional grammar which consider the subject and object as equal constituents.

44 related topics with Alpha

Overall

Linguistics

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Scientific study of human language.

Scientific study of human language.

While words, along with clitics, are generally accepted as being the smallest units of syntax, in most languages, if not all, many words can be related to other words by rules that collectively describe the grammar for that language.

Syntax

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Study of how words and morphemes combine to form larger units such as phrases and sentences.

Study of how words and morphemes combine to form larger units such as phrases and sentences.

The Aṣṭādhyāyī of Pāṇini, from c. 4th century BC in Ancient India, is often cited as an example of a premodern work that approaches the sophistication of a modern syntactic theory since works on grammar had been written long before modern syntax came about.

Standard language

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Language variety that has undergone substantial codification of grammar and usage, although occasionally the term refers to the entirety of a language that includes a standardized form as one of its varieties.

Language variety that has undergone substantial codification of grammar and usage, although occasionally the term refers to the entirety of a language that includes a standardized form as one of its varieties.

Typically, standardization processes include efforts to stabilize the spelling of the prestige dialect, to codify usages and particular (denotative) meanings through formal grammars and dictionaries, and to encourage public acceptance of the codifications as intrinsically correct.

A 17th-century birch bark manuscript of Pāṇini's grammar treatise from Kashmir

Pāṇini

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Sanskrit philologist, grammarian, and revered scholar in ancient India, variously dated between the 6th and 4th century BCE.

Sanskrit philologist, grammarian, and revered scholar in ancient India, variously dated between the 6th and 4th century BCE.

A 17th-century birch bark manuscript of Pāṇini's grammar treatise from Kashmir
A representational statue of Pāṇini at Panini Tapobhumi, Arghakhanchi District of Nepal

Pāṇini's grammar was influential on such foundational linguists as Ferdinand de Saussure and Leonard Bloomfield.

Phrase

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In syntax and grammar, a phrase is a group of words which act together as a grammatical unit.

Tree structure of the sentence "Colourless green ideas sleep furiously."

Grammaticality

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Tree structure of the sentence "Colourless green ideas sleep furiously."

In linguistics, grammaticality is determined by the conformity to language usage as derived by the grammar of a particular speech variety.

Morpheme-based morphology tree of the word "independently"

Morphology (linguistics)

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Study of words, how they are formed, and their relationship to other words in the same language.

Study of words, how they are formed, and their relationship to other words in the same language.

Morpheme-based morphology tree of the word "independently"

While words, along with clitics, are generally accepted as being the smallest units of syntax, in most languages, if not all, many words can be related to other words by rules that collectively describe the grammar for that language.

Traditional grammar

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Framework for the description of the structure of a language.

Framework for the description of the structure of a language.

The formal study of grammar based on these models became popular during the Renaissance.

Variation (linguistics)

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Characteristic of language: there is more than one way of saying the same thing.

Characteristic of language: there is more than one way of saying the same thing.

Speakers may vary pronunciation (accent), word choice (lexicon), or morphology and syntax (sometimes called "grammar").

Antonio de Nebrija Drawing from 1791

Antonio de Nebrija

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The most influential Spanish humanist of his era.

The most influential Spanish humanist of his era.

Antonio de Nebrija Drawing from 1791
Antonio de Nebrija teaching. Introducciones Latinae in the presence of D. Juan de Zuniga, 1486
Statue outside the Biblioteca Nacional de España, Madrid

He wrote poetry, commented on literary works, and encouraged the study of classical languages and literature, but his most important contributions were in the fields of grammar and lexicography.