Granada plc

GranadaGranada GroupGranada MediaGranada Media GroupGranada Group LtdGranada Media plcGranada LtdGranada Ltd.Granada PublishingGranada Television
Granada plc (previously called Granada Ltd, Granada Group plc, and Granada Media plc) was a British conglomerate best known as the former parent of the Manchester-based Granada Television.wikipedia
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Sidney Bernstein, Baron Bernstein

Sidney BernsteinLord BernsteinSidney
Granada has its origins in Sidney Bernstein's Granada Theatres Ltd, a cinema company founded in Dover in 1930.
Sidney Lewis Bernstein, Baron Bernstein (30 January 1899 – 5 February 1993) was a British businessman and media executive who was the founding chairman of the London-based Granada Group and the founder of the Manchester-based Granada Television in 1954.

ITV plc

ITVcompanyITV Digital
The company merged with Carlton Communications in 2004 to become ITV plc.
The company was formed in 2004, after a corporate takeover by Granada plc (the parent company of Granada Television) of Carlton Communications.

Carlton Communications

CarltonCarlton MediaCarlton Communications plc
The company merged with Carlton Communications in 2004 to become ITV plc.
It was led by Michael P. Green and listed on the London Stock Exchange from 1983 until 2 February 2004, when it was bought by Granada plc in a corporate takeover to form ITV plc.

ITV (TV network)

ITVITV NetworkIndependent Television
It was awarded the North of England ITV franchise in 1954, broadcasting as Granada Television. It owned seven ITV companies – Granada Television, London Weekend Television, Yorkshire Television, Tyne Tees Television, Meridian Broadcasting, Anglia Television and Border Television.
The ITV network is to be distinguished from ITV plc, the company that resulted from the merger of Granada plc and Carlton Communications in 2004 and which holds the Channel 3 broadcasting licences in England, Wales, southern Scotland, the Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and Northern Ireland.

ITV Digital

ONdigitalBritish Digital BroadcastingOn Digital
They won the licence, though BSkyB was excluded from the company, ONdigital, on competition grounds.
Its main shareholders were Carlton Communications plc and Granada plc, owners of two franchises of the ITV network.

British Satellite Broadcasting

BSBBritish'' Satellite ''BroadcastingDirect Broadcasting by Satellite
During the 1980s, Granada became involved in the British Satellite Broadcasting satellite television company.

Hart-Davis, MacGibbon

MacGibbon & Kee
Granada entered the publishing business in the 1960s: it combined its operations into the publisher Hart-Davis, MacGibbon in 1972.
The British publishing house of Hart-Davis, MacGibbon was formed in 1972 by its parent group, Granada.

FTSE 100 Index

FTSE 100FTSEFTSE100
It was once a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index.

Radio Rentals

DERDER rental
This was a home entertainment equipment rental chain, similar to Radio Rentals and Rediffusion.
Then in 1968 it was acquired by Thorn Electrical Industries and joined with Thorn's DER chain (founded 1938) as part of Thorn Television Rentals (TTR) though the two companies were run completely separately with different staff and vehicles etc. In 1980 TTR and thus Radio Rentals became part of the merged Thorn EMI, and in 2000 it merged with Granada Limited to form Boxclever.

GCap Media

GWR GroupGWRCapital Radio Group
It also acquired Border Television in 2001, from Capital Radio plc.
Capital also acquired the Century FM stations in 2000 as well as Border Television to acquire its radio stations (subsequently selling the station to Granada plc a year later).

Forte Group

Trust House ForteTrusthouse ForteForte
It expanded into other areas of catering, including most notably the acquisition in 1996 of Forte Group.
It was listed on the London Stock Exchange and was a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index until it was acquired by Granada in 2001.

Gerry Robinson

Sir Gerry RobinsonGerrard Jude RobinsonGerry's Big Decision
Granada's hospitality arm was at its strongest in the 1990s under Gerry Robinson's chairmanship of the group.
He is the former non-executive Chairman of Allied Domecq and the ex-Chairman/chief executive of Granada.

London Weekend Television

LWTLondon WeekendLondon Television Consortium
In 1994 Granada acquired London Weekend Television. It owned seven ITV companies – Granada Television, London Weekend Television, Yorkshire Television, Tyne Tees Television, Meridian Broadcasting, Anglia Television and Border Television.
Gerry Robinson, the Chairman of Granada plc, was also surprised if LWT went ahead with a bid for YTV, especially since it had made £10 million losses that week and was already paying much of its revenue to the government.

Moto Hospitality

MotoGranadaMoto Services
The motorway service stations were soon rebranded as Moto.
Granada, who owned the chain of Granada motorway service stations, merged with Compass in July 2000, to form Granada Compass plc.

Welcome Break

Welcome Break Services
This included rival operator Welcome Break (later sold due to regulations), roadside chains Little Chef and Happy Eater, and Forte's hotels (including Travelodge and Le Méridien).
In January 1996, the Forte Group was the subject of a £3.9 billion hostile takeover by the British media group Granada.

Boxclever

Both were experiencing a decline in business and in 2000 they merged to form Boxclever.
Boxclever (styled as 'boxclever') is a British electronic and domestic appliance rental chain that was first launched in April 2000, by the merger of Radio Rentals and Granada Rentals.

UBM plc

United Business MediaUBMUnited News & Media
In 2000, Granada purchased United News & Media's television interests, which were Meridian Broadcasting and Anglia Television; Granada was forced to sell the HTV broadcasting business (to Carlton) for competition reasons, though it held onto HTV's network production business.
The stake in Yorkshire Tyne Tees Television was sold to Granada, allowing them to take control of the two franchises in 1997.

Compass Group

EurestChartwellsRestaurant Associates
In July 2000 Granada merged with Compass Group plc to form Granada Compass plc, as part of a planned strategy to separate Granada's media and catering interests.
Compass Group purchased Morrison Management Specialists and then merged with Granada plc as part of a planned strategy to separate the media and catering interests of the latter.

Travelodge UK

TravelodgeDavid and Jean DavidsonThe Strand Travelodge
This included rival operator Welcome Break (later sold due to regulations), roadside chains Little Chef and Happy Eater, and Forte's hotels (including Travelodge and Le Méridien).
In 1995, it was bought by Granada, when the Forte Group (formerly Trusthouse Forte) underwent a very unharmonious hostile takeover.

Sky Television (1984–1990)

Sky TelevisionSky Television plcSky TV
This went on air in March 1990, but merged with Sky Television plc in November 1990, to form British Sky Broadcasting (BSkyB), in which Granada had a minority shareholding for some time.

ITV Tyne Tees

Tyne Tees TelevisionTyne TeesTyne Tees TV
It owned seven ITV companies – Granada Television, London Weekend Television, Yorkshire Television, Tyne Tees Television, Meridian Broadcasting, Anglia Television and Border Television.
A series of takeovers and mergers across the ITV network, instigated by the large groups Granada and Carlton, led to Tyne Tees becoming part of ITV plc in 2004.

Little Chef

This included rival operator Welcome Break (later sold due to regulations), roadside chains Little Chef and Happy Eater, and Forte's hotels (including Travelodge and Le Méridien).
In 1996 the catering and broadcasting conglomerate Granada successfully mounted a hostile takeover for the Forte group.

Rediffusion

RedifonBritish Rediffusion GroupOverseas Rediffusion
This was a home entertainment equipment rental chain, similar to Radio Rentals and Rediffusion.
The Rediffusion retail chain, renting and servicing TVs, radios, VCRs and hi-fi systems, was common on high streets until it was bought by Granada Rentals in 1984.

Le Méridien

Le MeridienLe Méridien Hotels & ResortsMeridian Hotel
This included rival operator Welcome Break (later sold due to regulations), roadside chains Little Chef and Happy Eater, and Forte's hotels (including Travelodge and Le Méridien).
In late 1994, Le Méridien was acquired by UK hotel company Forte Group, which in turn was acquired by Granada plc in 1996.

The American Adventure Theme Park

American AdventureThe American AdventureAmerican Adventure Theme Park
Derbyshire County Council purchased the site in 1986 and sold it to Granada, who in June 1987 opened the American Adventure, heralded as Britain's Major New Theme Park.