Grand Canyon

Image of the Grand Canyon and surrounding area taken from the International Space Station
The Grand Canyon from an airplane, with the Colorado River visible
Grand Canyon, Arizona, Nevada, Lake Powell to Lake Mead, June 27, 2017, Sentinel-2 true-color satellite image. Scale 1:450,000.
Diagram showing the placement, age and thickness of the rock units exposed in the Grand Canyon
Rockfalls in recent times, along with other mass wasting, have further widened the canyon
Ancestral Puebloan granaries at Nankoweap Creek
La conquista del Colorado (2017), by Augusto Ferrer-Dalmau, depicts Spanish Captain García López de Cárdenas 1540 expedition
William Bell's photograph of the Grand Canyon, taken in 1872 as part of the Wheeler expedition
Noon rest in Marble Canyon, second Powell Expedition, 1872
Desert View Watchtower in 2004
1923-built steam locomotive No. 4960 at the Grand Canyon Depot
Grand Canyon covered with snow
Smoke from prescribed fires on the South Rim, as seen from Yavapai Point, April 2007.
Natural fog sometimes fills the canyon, during temperature inversions
Grand Canyon Climate Summary Chart (NPS)
A bighorn ram perched on a cliff in the Grand Canyon
A bighorn ewe at the Grand Canyon, 2008
A California condor in flight, photographed from Navajo Bridge at Marble Canyon, 2008. Wild condors are numbered to aid wildlife researchers. As of April 2009, there were 172 wild California condors known.
Red-tailed Hawk flying at the south rim of Grand Canyon
An elk searching for water at Grand Canyon National Park in 2018.
Rafters in the Grand Canyon pass one of the rapids of the (mud-)"colored" Colorado River
Guano Point – a popular vantage point for tourists, situated on the West Rim of the Grand Canyon, Hualapai Indian Reservation
Grand Canyon rescue helicopter, 1978

Steep-sided canyon carved by the Colorado River in Arizona, United States.

- Grand Canyon

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Kaibab National Forest

Aspen trees in fall colors, North Kaibab Ranger District
Pack mule train along the South Kaibab Trail in the Grand Canyon, carrying camping supplies following the riders on day 2 outbound of a tourist excursion, on 31 March 2009, 13:51 hrs.
Historic Spring Valley Cabin

At 1.6 million acres (650,000 ha) the Kaibab National Forest borders both the north and south rims of the Grand Canyon, in north-central Arizona.

Hualapai

Federally recognized Native American tribe in Arizona with about 2300 enrolled members.

Ta'thamiche, Hualapai 1907 photo by Edward Curtis
Hualapai Reservation shown in Northwestern Arizona
A Hualapai winter camp, photographed by Edward Curtis, 1907.
Two Hualapai baskets on display, c. 1900
Two young Walapai Indian mothers with their children on their backs, Hackbury, Arizona, c. 1900
Segregated Walapai school, c. 1900.

Their traditional territory is a 108 mi stretch along the pine-clad southern side of the Grand Canyon and the Colorado River with the tribal capital at Peach Springs.

Colorado Plateau

Physiographic and desert region of the Intermontane Plateaus, roughly centered on the Four Corners region of the southwestern United States.

A map of the Colorado Plateau.
The Four Corners region and the Colorado Plateau. Click image to see state lines.
The Book Cliffs of Utah.
The Green River runs north to south from Wyoming, briefly through Colorado, and converges with the Colorado River in southeastern Utah.
MODIS satellite image of Grand Canyon, Lake Powell (black, left of center) and the Colorado Plateau. White areas are snow-capped.
The Permian through Jurassic stratigraphy of the Colorado Plateau area of southeastern Utah that makes up much of the famous prominent rock formations in protected areas such as Capitol Reef National Park and Canyonlands National Park. From top to bottom: rounded tan domes of the Navajo Sandstone; layered red Kayenta Formation; cliff-forming, vertically jointed, red Wingate Sandstone; slope-forming, purplish Chinle Formation; layered, lighter-red Moenkopi Formation; and white, layered Cutler Formation sandstone from the Glen Canyon National Recreation Area in Utah.
Castle Gate rock formation in Carbon County, UT.
Navajo sandstone cliffs in Zion National Park.
Sunset in Ojito Wilderness, near Albuquerque, NM
Castle Gate Power Plant near Helper, UT.

In the southwest corner of the Colorado Plateau lies the Grand Canyon of the Colorado River.

Channel (geography)

Type of landform consisting of the outline of a path of relatively shallow and narrow body of water or of other fluids , most commonly the confine of a river, river delta or strait.

Vivari Channel in Albania links Lake Butrint with the Straits of Corfu.
Wooden pilings mark the navigable channel for vessels entering Lake George from the St. Johns River in Florida.

Examples of rivers that are trapped in their channels: Grand Canyon and Black Canyon of the Gunnison.

Tectonic uplift

Geologic uplift of Earth's surface that is attributed to plate tectonics.

Subduction of an oceanic plate beneath a continental plate to form an accretionary orogen. (example: the Andes)

The Colorado Plateau which includes the Grand Canyon is the result of broad tectonic uplift followed by river erosion.

Canyon

Deep cleft between escarpments or cliffs resulting from weathering and the erosive activity of a river over geologic time scales.

The Grand Canyon, Arizona, at the confluence of the Colorado River and Little Colorado River
Sumidero Canyon, Mexico
Kevo Canyon in Utsjoki, Finland
Snake River Canyon, Idaho
Fish River Canyon, Namibia
Oribi Gorge, South Africa
Itaimbezinho Canyon, Brazil
Ouimet Canyon, Ontario, Canada
Green River overlook, Canyonlands National Park, Utah, U.S.
One of the Three Gorges of the Yangtze river, China
The gorge of the Kabul River in Afghanistan
Cheddar Gorge, England
Le cirque de la Madeleine, Gorges de l'Ardèche, France
A Douro gorge on the Portugal–Spain border
Sulak Canyon in Dagestan
Buky Canyon, Ukraine
Jamison Valley, Blue Mountains National Park, Australia
Shoalhaven River Gorge, New South Wales

The Yarlung Tsangpo Grand Canyon (or Tsangpo Canyon), along the Yarlung Tsangpo River in Tibet, is regarded by some as the deepest canyon in the world at 5500 m. It is slightly longer than the Grand Canyon in the United States.

Grand Canyon National Park

15th site in the United States to have been named as a national park.

1938 poster of the park
Grand Canyon Quarter
Grand Canyon regional map
From Powell Point on the South Rim
Sunset at Cape Royal Point, North Rim. Wotans Throne featured.
From Toroweap Overlook on the North Rim
From Desert View on the South Rim

The park's central feature is the Grand Canyon, a gorge of the Colorado River, which is often considered one of the Wonders of the World.

Colorado River

One of the principal rivers (along with the Rio Grande) in the Southwestern United States and northern Mexico.

Headwaters of the Colorado River in Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado
Colorado River in the Grand Canyon seen from Pima Point, near Hermit's Rest
Satellite view of the Colorado River valley near Yuma, Arizona; interstate 8 runs from left to right just below center.
Colorado River as it exits the United States into Mexico beneath the San Luis Colorado-Colonia Miguel Aléman Bridge (September 2009)
The San Juan River near Mexican Hat, Utah
The Green River at Mineral Bottom, just north of Canyonlands National Park
Annual Colorado River discharge volumes at Lee's Ferry between 1895 and 2004
Map showing the Upper and Lower Colorado River Basin, and adjacent areas supplied by Colorado River water.
The Black Suspension Bridge crosses the Colorado River in the Grand Canyon at Phantom Ranch, Arizona.
Remnants of basalt flows from the Uinkaret volcanic field are seen here descending into the Grand Canyon, where they dammed the Colorado over 10 times in the past 2 million years.
Navajo woman and child, photographed by Ansel Adams, c. 1944
Pueblos and cliff dwellings such as this one in New Mexico were inhabited by people of the Colorado River basin between 2,000 and 700 years ago.
Two Mohave warriors beside the Colorado River in 1871
La conquista del Colorado, by Augusto Ferrer-Dalmau, depicts Francisco Vázquez de Coronado's 1540–1542 expedition
Coronado Sets Out to the North, by Frederic Remington, c. 1905
Lithograph of Fort Yuma, c. 1875
Marble Canyon, one of the many gorges that Powell's expedition traversed
The steamboat Mohave No. 2 at Yuma, c. 1876
John D. Lee, date and photographer unknown. He established a permanent ferry across the Colorado.
Harrison Gray Otis, president of the Colorado River Land Company
Hoover Dam releasing water in 1998
The Grand Ditch, one of the earliest water diversions of the Colorado River, is still in use today.
Hoover Dam under construction, 1934
The Imperial Dam (bottom right) diverts water into the All-American Canal (center) running towards Imperial Valley.
Glen Canyon Dam, the largest dam of the Colorado River Storage Project
The main canal of the Central Arizona Project, crossing the Sonoran Desert
Lake Mead in 2010, showing the "bathtub ring" left behind by low water levels
Heavily forested banks of the Colorado River near Topock, Arizona
The Colorado was named for the reddish color caused by its natural sediment loads, but damming the river has caused it to acquire a clear green hue as seen here in lower Glen Canyon.
A rafting party on the Colorado River

Starting in the central Rocky Mountains of Colorado, it flows generally southwest across the Colorado Plateau and through the Grand Canyon before reaching Lake Mead on the Arizona–Nevada border, where it turns south toward the international border.

Grand Canyon–Parashant National Monument

Petroglyphs at Grand Canyon–Parashant

Grand Canyon–Parashant National Monument (sometimes referred to as Parashant National Monument) is located on the northern edge of the Grand Canyon in northwest Arizona.

Francisco Vázquez de Coronado

Spanish conquistador and explorer who led a large expedition from what is now Mexico to present-day Kansas through parts of the southwestern United States between 1540 and 1542.

Francisco Vázquez Coronado in the Plaza Mayor de Salamanca
The Coronado Expedition (1540–1542) from Mexico north through the future U.S. states of Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, Oklahoma, and Kansas.
Coronado Sets Out to the North (Frederic Remington, c. 1900)
The Coronado Expedition, 1540–1542 (DjVu format)
La conquista del Colorado, by Augusto Ferrer-Dalmau, depicts Coronado's 1540–1542 expedition.
Episode from the Conquest of America by Jan Mostaert (c. 1545), probably Vázquez de Coronado in New Mexico

His expedition marked the first European sightings of the Grand Canyon and the Colorado River, among other landmarks.