Grappling hold

Katame-wazaheadlocksubmission holdclinch holdsubmission holdsOsaekomi-wazasubmissionholdspinning holdsubmissions
A grappling hold commonly referred to simply as a hold and in Japanese referred to as katame-waza (固め技 "grappling technique") is a specific grappling, wrestling, judo or other martial arts grip that is applied to an opponent.wikipedia
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Grappling position

positionclinchclinching
Holds are principally used to control the opponent, and to advance in points or positioning.
A grappling position refers to the positioning and holds of combatants engaged in grappling.

Judo

judokayukojūdōka
A grappling hold commonly referred to simply as a hold and in Japanese referred to as katame-waza (固め技 "grappling technique") is a specific grappling, wrestling, judo or other martial arts grip that is applied to an opponent.
Its most prominent feature is its competitive element, where the objective is to either throw or take down an opponent to the ground, immobilize or otherwise subdue an opponent with a pin, or force an opponent to submit with a joint lock or a choke.

Chokehold

Strangleholdchokeschoke hold
Holds may be categorized by their function such as clinching, pinning or submission, while others can be classified by their anatomical effect: chokehold, joint-lock or compression lock.
A chokehold, choke, stranglehold or, in Judo, shime-waza (絞技; constriction technique) is a general term for a grappling hold that critically reduces or prevents either air (choking) or blood (strangling) from passing through the neck of an opponent.

Compression lock

Achilles lockCalf Crushercalf slicer
Holds may be categorized by their function such as clinching, pinning or submission, while others can be classified by their anatomical effect: chokehold, joint-lock or compression lock.
A compression lock, muscle lock, muscle slicer or muscle crusher, is a grappling hold that causes severe pain by pressing a muscle into a bone.

Grappling

grapplernewazane-waza
A grappling hold commonly referred to simply as a hold and in Japanese referred to as katame-waza (固め技 "grappling technique") is a specific grappling, wrestling, judo or other martial arts grip that is applied to an opponent.
While prolonged grappling in Muay Thai will result in a separation of the competitors, the art extensively uses the clinch hold known as a double collar tie.

Clinch fighting

clinchclinchingTrapping
A clinch hold (also known as a clinching hold) is a grappling hold which is used in clinch fighting with the purpose of controlling the opponent.
Clinch fighting is the part of stand-up fighting where the combatants are grappling in a clinch, typically using clinch holds.

Martial arts

martial artistmartial artmartial artists
A grappling hold commonly referred to simply as a hold and in Japanese referred to as katame-waza (固め技 "grappling technique") is a specific grappling, wrestling, judo or other martial arts grip that is applied to an opponent.

Bear hug

bearhugbody lockbear-hugged
In wrestling, a bear hug, also known as a bodylock, is a grappling clinch hold and stand-up grappling position where the arms are wrapped around the opponent, either around the opponent's chest, midsection, or thighs, sometimes with one or both of the opponent's arms pinned to the opponent's body.

Overhook

overSingle overhook
In wrestling, an overhook, also called a whizzer, is a clinch hold that is used to control the opponent.

Underhook

Double underhooksDouble underhooksingle underhook
An underhook is a clinch hold that is used in grappling to control the opponent.

Pinch grip tie

A pinch grip tie, or an over-under bodylock, is a clinch hold and stand-up grappling position that is an extension of the over-under position, but having both hands locked behind the opponents back.

Submission wrestling

submission grapplingsubmissionno-gi
Pinning holds are also used in submission wrestling and mixed martial arts, even though the pinning hold itself is not a winning condition.
Submission wrestling (also known as submission fighting, submission grappling, sport grappling or no-gi ju-jutsu) or combat wrestling (in Japan), is a form of competition and a general term for martial arts and combat sports that focus on clinch and ground fighting with the aim of obtaining a submission through the use of submission holds.

Catch wrestling

catch wrestlercatch-as-catch-canCatch as Catch Can wrestling
It was popularized by wrestlers of travelling funfairs who developed their own submission holds, or "hooks", into their wrestling to increase their effectiveness against their opponents.

Jujutsu

jujitsujiu-jitsuJu-jitsu
Jujutsu schools (ryū) may utilize all forms of grappling techniques to some degree (i.e. throwing, trapping, joint locks, holds, gouging, biting, disengagements, striking, and kicking).

Collar tie

Double collar tieThai clinchMuay Thai clinch
Collar tie is a grappling clinch hold that is used to control the opponent.

Nelson hold

full nelsonhalf nelsonMasterlock
A nelson hold is a grappling hold which is executed from behind the opponent, generally when both are on the mat face down with the opponent under the aggressor.

Ground fighting

groundfightingGroundground control
A pinning hold (also known as a hold down and in Japanese as osaekomi-waza, 抑え込み技, "pinning technique") is a general grappling hold used in ground fighting which is aimed to subdue by exerting superior control over an opponent and pinning the opponent to the ground.
Similarly to clinch fighting, ground fighting implies that the combatants are at a very close range, usually involving one or both combatants grappling the opponent using various grappling holds.

Mixed martial arts

mixed martial artistMMAground and pound
Pinning holds are also used in submission wrestling and mixed martial arts, even though the pinning hold itself is not a winning condition.
Practitioners of striking based arts such as boxing, kickboxing, and karate, who were unfamiliar with submission grappling, proved to be unprepared to deal with its submission techniques.

Wristlock

wrist lockpronating wristlockadductive wristlock
They are also used as submission holds in martial arts such as Brazilian jiu-jitsu (where the most common name is mão de vaca, "the cow's hand") and catch wrestling.

Armlock

armbarkimuraKimura lock
Armlocks, considered less dangerous techniques in combat sports allowing joint locks, are the most common joint locks used as submission holds.

Spinal lock

neck cranktwisterCrucifix neck crank
Neck cranks are usually banned from sports competitions, with notable exceptions in combat sports such as submission wrestling and mixed martial arts, where they are used as submission holds or as a guard passing technique.

Joint lock

joint locksJoint-lockKansetsu-waza
Holds may be categorized by their function such as clinching, pinning or submission, while others can be classified by their anatomical effect: chokehold, joint-lock or compression lock.
The variants involving lesser levering on a smaller joint (such as wristlocks) are often featured in law-enforcement or self-defense application, where they are used as pain compliance holds.

Submission (combat sports)

submissionthrew in the towelsubmit
In combat sports a submission hold (colloquially referred to as a "submission") is a grappling hold which is applied with the purpose of forcing an opponent to submit out of either extreme pain or fear of injury.

Brazilian jiu-jitsu

Brazilian Jiu JitsuBJJjiu-jitsu
Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu focuses on getting an opponent to the ground in order to neutralize possible strength or size advantages through ground fighting techniques and submission holds involving joint-locks and chokeholds.

Combat sport

combat sportsCombatcombat-sport
In combat sports a submission hold (colloquially referred to as a "submission") is a grappling hold which is applied with the purpose of forcing an opponent to submit out of either extreme pain or fear of injury. Pinning holds where both the opponent's shoulders touch the ground are considered winning conditions in several combat sports.