Great Colonnade at Apamea

Great Colonnade
The Great Colonnade at Apamea was the main colonnaded avenue of the ancient city of Apamea in the Orontes River valley in northwestern Syria.wikipedia
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Apamea, Syria

ApameaAfamiyaApameia
The Great Colonnade at Apamea was the main colonnaded avenue of the ancient city of Apamea in the Orontes River valley in northwestern Syria. The original Hellenistic colonnade was devastated, along with the rest of Apamea, in the 115 earthquake.
Amongst the impressive ancient remains, the site includes the Great Colonnade which ran for nearly 2 km making it among the longest in the Roman world and the Roman Theatre, one of the largest surviving theatres of the Roman Empire with an estimated seating capacity in excess of 20,000.

Great Colonnade at Palmyra

Great ColonnadeColonnadecolonnaded street
*Great Colonnade at Apamea

Colonnade

colonnadescolonnadedaraeosystyle
The Great Colonnade at Apamea was the main colonnaded avenue of the ancient city of Apamea in the Orontes River valley in northwestern Syria. The original Hellenistic colonnade was devastated, along with the rest of Apamea, in the 115 earthquake.

Orontes River

OrontesAsi RiverOrontes Valley
The Great Colonnade at Apamea was the main colonnaded avenue of the ancient city of Apamea in the Orontes River valley in northwestern Syria.

Syria

Syrian Arab RepublicSyrianEtymology of Syria
The Great Colonnade at Apamea was the main colonnaded avenue of the ancient city of Apamea in the Orontes River valley in northwestern Syria.

115 Antioch earthquake

an earthquake115 AD earthquake115 earthquake
It was built in the second century CE after Apamea's devastation in the 115 earthquake. The original Hellenistic colonnade was devastated, along with the rest of Apamea, in the 115 earthquake.

Cardo

cardo maximuscardinesCardo maximum
The avenue, which runs for nearly 2 km, made up the city's north-south axis, or the cardo maximus.

Roman Empire

RomanRomansEmpire
The monumental colonnade is among the longest and most famous in the Roman world.

Seleucid Empire

SeleucidSeleucidsSeleucid dynasty
The original Hellenistic colonnade was devastated, along with the rest of Apamea, in the 115 earthquake.

Decumanus Maximus

decumanusDecumanicrossing streets
The southern third, at around 1500 m, is marked by the intersection with the city's main east-west axis, or the decumanus maximus.

Agora

Agora Dhakamarket-placemarketplace
The colonnade was further intersected by side streets at regular intervals of 110 m. The colonnade passed through the center of the city and several important buildings were clustered around it, including the baths, the agora, the Temple of Tyche, the nymphaeum, the rotunda, the atrium church and the basilica.

Tyche

Agathe TycheFortuneAgathē Tychē
The colonnade was further intersected by side streets at regular intervals of 110 m. The colonnade passed through the center of the city and several important buildings were clustered around it, including the baths, the agora, the Temple of Tyche, the nymphaeum, the rotunda, the atrium church and the basilica.

Nymphaeum

nympheumnymphaeaninfeo
The colonnade was further intersected by side streets at regular intervals of 110 m. The colonnade passed through the center of the city and several important buildings were clustered around it, including the baths, the agora, the Temple of Tyche, the nymphaeum, the rotunda, the atrium church and the basilica.

Rotunda (architecture)

rotundarotundasband rotunda
The colonnade was further intersected by side streets at regular intervals of 110 m. The colonnade passed through the center of the city and several important buildings were clustered around it, including the baths, the agora, the Temple of Tyche, the nymphaeum, the rotunda, the atrium church and the basilica.

Atrium (architecture)

atriumatriaatriums
The colonnade was further intersected by side streets at regular intervals of 110 m. The colonnade passed through the center of the city and several important buildings were clustered around it, including the baths, the agora, the Temple of Tyche, the nymphaeum, the rotunda, the atrium church and the basilica.

Fluting (architecture)

flutedunflutedfluting
The columns display two main designs: a plain one, and the distinctive spiral-flutes.

Trajan

Emperor TrajanMarcus Ulpius TraianusTraianus
Archaeologist Jean Lassus argues that the former dates back to the Trajanic period, while the latter to that of Antoninus Pius.

Antoninus Pius

Antonius PiusAntoninusAntonine
Archaeologist Jean Lassus argues that the former dates back to the Trajanic period, while the latter to that of Antoninus Pius.

Byzantine Empire

ByzantineEastern Roman EmpireByzantines
Under the Byzantine Emperor, Justinian I, several parts of the colonnade were restored.

Justinian I

JustinianEmperor JustinianJustinian the Great
Under the Byzantine Emperor, Justinian I, several parts of the colonnade were restored.

Portico

tetrastylepronaoshexastyle
Justinian's changes included erecting a monumental tetrastylon made up of four 9 m high columns with a meter-high capitals.

Capital (architecture)

capitalscapitalcolumn capitals
Justinian's changes included erecting a monumental tetrastylon made up of four 9 m high columns with a meter-high capitals.

Sasanian Empire

SassanidSasanianSassanid Empire
The city, was however, later sacked by the Sasanians under Adarmahan.

Adarmahan

Adaarman
The city, was however, later sacked by the Sasanians under Adarmahan.