Great Lakes

North American Great LakesGreat Lakethe Great LakesLaurentian Great LakesGreat Lakes regionUpper Great LakesGreat Lakes of North AmericaCanadian Lakeslakes Great Lakes area
The Great Lakes (les Grands-Lacs), also called the Laurentian Great Lakes and the Great Lakes of North America, are a series of interconnected freshwater lakes primarily in the upper mid-east region of North America, on the Canada–United States border, which connect to the Atlantic Ocean through the Saint Lawrence River.wikipedia
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Lake Superior

SuperiorGitche GumeeLakehead
They consist of Lakes Superior, Michigan, Huron, Erie, and Ontario.
Lake Superior (lac Supérieur; ᑭᑦᒉᐁ-ᑲᒣᐁ), the largest of the Great Lakes of North America, is also the world's largest freshwater lake by surface area, and the third largest freshwater lake by volume.

Lake Michigan

Michiganlakefrontlake
They consist of Lakes Superior, Michigan, Huron, Erie, and Ontario.
Lake Michigan is one of the five Great Lakes of North America and the only one located entirely within the United States.

Canada–United States border

Canada–US borderCanadian borderInternational Boundary
The Great Lakes (les Grands-Lacs), also called the Laurentian Great Lakes and the Great Lakes of North America, are a series of interconnected freshwater lakes primarily in the upper mid-east region of North America, on the Canada–United States border, which connect to the Atlantic Ocean through the Saint Lawrence River.
The terrestrial boundary (including portions of maritime boundaries in the Great Lakes, and on the Atlantic, Pacific, and Arctic coasts) is 8,891 km long, of which 2,475 km is Canada's border with Alaska.

Lake Huron

HuronHHuron basin
They consist of Lakes Superior, Michigan, Huron, Erie, and Ontario.
Lake Huron is one of the five Great Lakes of North America.

Lake Erie

ErieLake Eirelake
They consist of Lakes Superior, Michigan, Huron, Erie, and Ontario.
Lake Erie is the fourth-largest lake (by surface area) of the five Great Lakes in North America, and the eleventh-largest globally if measured in terms of surface area.

Saint Lawrence River

St. Lawrence RiverSt Lawrence RiverSt. Lawrence
The Great Lakes (les Grands-Lacs), also called the Laurentian Great Lakes and the Great Lakes of North America, are a series of interconnected freshwater lakes primarily in the upper mid-east region of North America, on the Canada–United States border, which connect to the Atlantic Ocean through the Saint Lawrence River.
The Saint Lawrence River flows in a roughly north-easterly direction, connecting the Great Lakes with the Atlantic Ocean and forming the primary drainage outflow of the Great Lakes Basin.

Lake Ontario

OntariolakeLakes Ontario
They consist of Lakes Superior, Michigan, Huron, Erie, and Ontario.
Lake Ontario is one of the five Great Lakes of North America.

Lake Baikal

BaikalBaikal LakeLake Baykal
The total surface is 94250 sqmi, and the total volume (measured at the low water datum) is 5439 cumi, slightly less than the volume of Lake Baikal (, 22–23% of the world's surface fresh water).
With 23615.39 km3 of fresh water, it contains more water than the North American Great Lakes combined.

Great Lakes Basin

Great LakesGreat Lakes WatershedSt. Lawrence Divide
Though the five lakes lie in separate basins, they form a single, naturally interconnected body of fresh water, within the Great Lakes Basin.
The Great Lakes Basin consists of the Great Lakes and the surrounding lands of the states of Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin in the United States, and the province of Ontario in Canada, whose direct surface runoff and watersheds form a large drainage basin that feeds into the lakes.

Great Lakes Waterway

Great Lakesshipping route
The lakes form the Great Lakes Waterway.
The Great Lakes Waterway (GLW) is a system of natural channels and canals which enable navigation between the North American Great Lakes.

Michigan

MIState of MichiganMich.
The lakes are divided among the jurisdictions of the Canadian province of Ontario and the U.S. states of Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and New York.
The state has the longest freshwater coastline of any political subdivision in the world, being bounded by four of the five Great Lakes, plus Lake Saint Clair.

Illinois

ILState of IllinoisIll.
The lakes are divided among the jurisdictions of the Canadian province of Ontario and the U.S. states of Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and New York.
The Port of Chicago connects the state to international ports via two main routes: from the Great Lakes, via the Saint Lawrence Seaway, to the Atlantic Ocean and from the Great Lakes to the Mississippi River, via the Illinois Waterway to the Illinois River.

Ontario

Ontario, CanadaONProvince of Ontario
The lakes are divided among the jurisdictions of the Canadian province of Ontario and the U.S. states of Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and New York.
Almost all of Ontario's 2700 km border with the United States follows inland waterways: from the westerly Lake of the Woods, eastward along the major rivers and lakes of the Great Lakes/Saint Lawrence River drainage system.

Great Lakes region

Great LakesGreat Lakes StatesGreat Lakes area
The surrounding region is called the Great Lakes region, which includes the Great Lakes Megalopolis.
The region centers on the Great Lakes and forms a distinctive historical, economic, and cultural identity.

Straits of Mackinac

Mackinac StraitsStrait of MackinacMackinac
Hydrologically, there are only four lakes, because Lakes Michigan and Huron join at the Straits of Mackinac.
The main strait flows under the Mackinac Bridge and connects two of the Great Lakes, Lake Michigan and Lake Huron.

Cleveland

Cleveland, OhioCleveland, OHCleveland Ohio
Reports about this issue on the U.S. side highlight five large municipal systems (those of Detroit, Cleveland, Buffalo, Milwaukee and Gary) as being the largest current periodic sources of untreated discharges into the Great Lakes.
This key link between the Ohio River and the Great Lakes connected it to the Atlantic Ocean via the Erie Canal and Hudson River, and later via the St. Lawrence Seaway.

Chicago

Chicago, IllinoisChicago, ILCity of Chicago
While enormous public investments such as the Deep Tunnel projects in Chicago and Milwaukee have greatly reduced the frequency and volume of these events, they have not been eliminated.
Located on the shores of freshwater Lake Michigan, Chicago was incorporated as a city in 1837 near a portage between the Great Lakes and the Mississippi River watershed and grew rapidly in the mid-19th century.

Sarnia

Sarnia, OntarioSarnia, ONCity of Sarnia
Sarnia is located on the eastern bank of the junction between the Upper and Lower Great Lakes where Lake Huron flows into the St. Clair River, which forms the Canada–United States border, directly across from Port Huron, Michigan.

Wisconsin

WIState of WisconsinGeography of Wisconsin
The lakes are divided among the jurisdictions of the Canadian province of Ontario and the U.S. states of Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and New York.
He canoed west from Georgian Bay through the Great Lakes in 1634, and it is traditionally assumed that he came ashore near Green Bay at Red Banks.

Owen Sound

Owen Sound, OntarioOwen Sound, ONOwen Sound Jail
The area around the upper Great Lakes has been home to the Ojibwe people since prehistory.

Chicago River

North Branch of the Chicago RiverChicagoSouth Branch of the Chicago River
The Great Lakes are also connected by the Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal to the Gulf of Mexico by way of the Illinois River (from the Chicago River) and the Mississippi River.
Though not especially long, the river is notable because it is one of the reasons for Chicago's geographic importance: the related Chicago Portage is a link between the Great Lakes and the Mississippi River Basin, and ultimately the Gulf of Mexico.

Sheboygan, Wisconsin

SheboyganSheboygan, WICity of Sheboygan
Lumbering was the first major industry, as trees were harvested and shipped to eastern markets through the Great Lakes.

Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario

Sault Ste. MarieSault Ste MarieSault Ste Marie, Ontario
Shipping traffic in the Great Lakes system bypasses the Saint Mary's Rapids via the American Soo Locks, the world's busiest canal in terms of tonnage that passes through it, while smaller recreational and tour boats use the Canadian Sault Ste. Marie Canal.

Detroit River

Detroitriverthe river
Alan B. McCullough has written that the fishing industry of the Great Lakes got its start "on the American side of Lake Ontario in Chaumont Bay, near the Maumee River on Lake Erie, and on the Detroit River at about the time of the War of 1812."
The Detroit River (Rivière Détroit) flows for 24 nmi from Lake St. Clair west and south to Lake Erie as a strait in the Great Lakes system.

Thunder Bay

Thunder Bay, OntarioThunder Bay, ONFort William
It grew into an important transportation hub with its port forming an important link in the shipping of grain and other products from western Canada, through the Great Lakes and the Saint Lawrence Seaway, to the east coast.