Great Moravia

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Great Moravia (Regnum Marahensium; Μεγάλη Μοραβία, Megálī Moravía; ; Veľká Morava ; Wielkie Morawy), the Great Moravian Empire, or simply Moravia, was the first major state that was predominantly West Slavic to emerge in the area of Central Europe, chiefly on what is now the territory of the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland (including Silesia), Hungary, and Serbia (Vojvodina).wikipedia
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Slovakia

🇸🇰SlovakSVK
Great Moravia (Regnum Marahensium; Μεγάλη Μοραβία, Megálī Moravía; ; Veľká Morava ; Wielkie Morawy), the Great Moravian Empire, or simply Moravia, was the first major state that was predominantly West Slavic to emerge in the area of Central Europe, chiefly on what is now the territory of the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland (including Silesia), Hungary, and Serbia (Vojvodina). Although the borders of his empire cannot be exactly determined, he controlled the core territories of Moravia as well as other neighbouring regions, including Bohemia, most of Slovakia and parts of Slovenia, Hungary, Poland and Ukraine, for some periods of his reign.
In the 7th century, they played a significant role in the creation of Samo's Empire and in the 9th century established the Principality of Nitra, which was later conquered by the Principality of Moravia to establish Great Moravia.

Czech Republic

🇨🇿CzechCZE
Great Moravia (Regnum Marahensium; Μεγάλη Μοραβία, Megálī Moravía; ; Veľká Morava ; Wielkie Morawy), the Great Moravian Empire, or simply Moravia, was the first major state that was predominantly West Slavic to emerge in the area of Central Europe, chiefly on what is now the territory of the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland (including Silesia), Hungary, and Serbia (Vojvodina).
The Czech state was formed in the late 9th century as the Duchy of Bohemia under the Great Moravian Empire.

Czechs

CzechBohemianCzech people
The only formation preceding it in these territories was Samo's Empire known from between 631 and 658 AD. Great Moravia was thus the first joint state of the Slavonic tribes that became later known as Czechs and Slovaks and that later formed Czechoslovakia.
During the Migration Period, West Slavic tribes of Bohemians settled in the area, "assimilated the remaining Celtic and Germanic populations", and formed a principality in the 9th century, which was part of Great Moravia, in form of Duchy of Bohemia and later Kingdom of Bohemia, the predecessors of the modern republic.

Silesia

ŚląskSilesianSchlesien
Great Moravia (Regnum Marahensium; Μεγάλη Μοραβία, Megálī Moravía; ; Veľká Morava ; Wielkie Morawy), the Great Moravian Empire, or simply Moravia, was the first major state that was predominantly West Slavic to emerge in the area of Central Europe, chiefly on what is now the territory of the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland (including Silesia), Hungary, and Serbia (Vojvodina).
The first known states to hold power there were probably those of Greater Moravia at the end of the 9th century and Bohemia early in the 10th century.

Bohemia

BohemianCzechČechy
Although the borders of his empire cannot be exactly determined, he controlled the core territories of Moravia as well as other neighbouring regions, including Bohemia, most of Slovakia and parts of Slovenia, Hungary, Poland and Ukraine, for some periods of his reign.
Bohemia was a duchy of Great Moravia, later an independent principality, a kingdom in the Holy Roman Empire, and subsequently a part of the Habsburg Monarchy and the Austrian Empire.

Hungary

🇭🇺HungarianHUN
Great Moravia (Regnum Marahensium; Μεγάλη Μοραβία, Megálī Moravía; ; Veľká Morava ; Wielkie Morawy), the Great Moravian Empire, or simply Moravia, was the first major state that was predominantly West Slavic to emerge in the area of Central Europe, chiefly on what is now the territory of the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland (including Silesia), Hungary, and Serbia (Vojvodina). Although the borders of his empire cannot be exactly determined, he controlled the core territories of Moravia as well as other neighbouring regions, including Bohemia, most of Slovakia and parts of Slovenia, Hungary, Poland and Ukraine, for some periods of his reign.
In the 9th century, East Francia, the First Bulgarian Empire and Great Moravia ruled the territory of the Carpathian Basin.

Rastislav of Moravia

RastislavRostislavRastiz
Moravia experienced significant cultural development under King Rastislav, with the arrival in 863 of the mission of Saints Cyril and Methodius.
Rastislav or Rostislav, also known as St. Rastislav, (Latin: Rastiz, Greek: Ῥασισθλάϐος / Rhasisthlábos) was the second known ruler of Moravia (846–870).

Glagolitic script

GlagoliticGlagolithicfirst Slavic alphabet
The kingdom saw the rise of the first ever Slavic literary culture in the Old Church Slavonic language as well as the expansion of Christianity after the arrival of St. Cyril and St. Methodius in 863 and the creation of the Glagolitic alphabet, the first alphabet dedicated to a Slavonic language, which had significant impact on most Slavic languages and stood at the beginning of the modern Cyrillic alphabet.
He and his brother, Saint Methodius, were sent by the Byzantine Emperor Michael III in 863 to Great Moravia to spread Christianity among the West Slavs in the area.

Old Church Slavonic

SlavonicOld SlavonicOld Bulgarian
The kingdom saw the rise of the first ever Slavic literary culture in the Old Church Slavonic language as well as the expansion of Christianity after the arrival of St. Cyril and St. Methodius in 863 and the creation of the Glagolitic alphabet, the first alphabet dedicated to a Slavonic language, which had significant impact on most Slavic languages and stood at the beginning of the modern Cyrillic alphabet.
The language was standardized for the mission of the two apostles to Great Moravia (the territory of today's western Slovakia and Czech Republic; see Glagolitic alphabet for details).

Vojvodina

Autonomous Province of VojvodinaAP VojvodinaSerbia
Great Moravia (Regnum Marahensium; Μεγάλη Μοραβία, Megálī Moravía; ; Veľká Morava ; Wielkie Morawy), the Great Moravian Empire, or simply Moravia, was the first major state that was predominantly West Slavic to emerge in the area of Central Europe, chiefly on what is now the territory of the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland (including Silesia), Hungary, and Serbia (Vojvodina).
The first Slavic states that ruled over this region included the Bulgarian Empire, Great Moravia and Ljudevit's Pannonian Duchy.

Slovaks

SlovakSlovakianSlovakians
The only formation preceding it in these territories was Samo's Empire known from between 631 and 658 AD. Great Moravia was thus the first joint state of the Slavonic tribes that became later known as Czechs and Slovaks and that later formed Czechoslovakia.
The Principality of Nitra become a part of Great Moravia, a common state of (later) Moravians and Slovaks (Czech ancestors were joined only for a few years).

Moravia

MoravaMoravianMähren
Although the borders of his empire cannot be exactly determined, he controlled the core territories of Moravia as well as other neighbouring regions, including Bohemia, most of Slovakia and parts of Slovenia, Hungary, Poland and Ukraine, for some periods of his reign.
In 833 AD, this became the state of Great Moravia with the conquest of the Principality of Nitra (present-day Slovakia).

Samo's Empire

kingdomSlavic tribesstate of Samo
The only formation preceding it in these territories was Samo's Empire known from between 631 and 658 AD. Great Moravia was thus the first joint state of the Slavonic tribes that became later known as Czechs and Slovaks and that later formed Czechoslovakia.
The settlements of the later Moravian and Nitrian principalities (see Great Moravia) are often identical with those from the time of Samo's Empire.

Kopčany

Záhorie also boasts the only surviving building from Great Moravian times, the chapel at Kopčany just across the Morava from the archaeological site of Mikulčice.
In the 9th century, Kopčany was part of the agglomeration of Mikulčice, an important center and possibly the capital of Great Moravia.

Lesser Poland

East MałopolskaLesser PolishLittle Poland
Lesser Poland, Pannonia, and other regions were forced to accept, at least formally and often only for a short period, his suzerainty.
Their land, which had probably been part of Great Moravia, and Bohemia, was annexed by Mieszko I of Poland some time in the late 10th century.

First Bulgarian Empire

Bulgarian EmpireBulgariaBulgarian
Nevertheless, the expulsion had a significant impact on countries where the disciples settled and from there continued their evangelizing missions - especially Southeastern Europe, firstly Bulgaria, and later Eastern Europe.
For ten years the country fought against the Byzantine Empire, Eastern Francia, Great Moravia, the Croats and the Serbs forming several unsuccessful alliances and changing sides.

Bratislava

PressburgPozsonyPreßburg
Settlement complexes from the period were unearthed, for instance, near modern Bratislava, Brno, and Olomouc.
In the 9th century, the castles at Bratislava (Brezalauspurc) and Devín (Dowina) were important centres of the Slavic states: the Principality of Nitra and Great Moravia.

Brno

BrünnBrno, Czech RepublicBrunn
Settlement complexes from the period were unearthed, for instance, near modern Bratislava, Brno, and Olomouc.
The Brno basin has been inhabited since prehistoric times, but the town's direct predecessor was a fortified settlement of the Great Moravia Empire known as Staré Zámky which was inhabited from the Neolithic Age to the early 11th century.

March of Pannonia

PannoniaMargrave of PannoniaUpper Pannonia
Pribina fled to Ratpot who administered the March of Pannonia from around 833.
It was erected in the mid-ninth century in the lands of the former Avar Khaganate against the threat of Great Moravia and lasted only as long as the strength of that state.

Principality of Nitra

NitraDuke of Nyitraanother Slavic principality
Historians who identify Pribina as the ruler of an autonomous state, the Principality of Nitra – for instance, Bartl, Kirschbaum, and Urbańczyk – add that that "Great Moravia" emerged through the enforced integration of his principality into Moravia under Mojmír.
The territory's status is subject to scholarly debate; some modern historians describe it as an independent polity that was annexed either around 833 or 870 by the Principality of Moravia, while others say that it was under influence of the neighbouring West Slavs from Moravia from its inception.

Mojmir I of Moravia

Mojmir IMojmír IMojmir
The core of Great Moravia was established, according to legend, in the early 830s, when Mojmir I of Moravia crossed the Morava and conquered the principality of Nitra (present-day western Slovakia). Conversio Bagoariorum et Carantanorum narrates that Mojmír, "duke of the Moravians" expelled "one Pribina" across the Danube.
Mojmir I, Moimir I or Moymir I (Latin: Moimarus, Moymarus, Czech and Slovak: Mojmír I.) was the first known ruler of the Moravian Slavs (820s/830s–846) and eponym of the House of Mojmir.

Pribina

Conversio Bagoariorum et Carantanorum narrates that Mojmír, "duke of the Moravians" expelled "one Pribina" across the Danube.
He was attacked and expelled from his homeland by Mojmir I, duke of Moravia.

Nitra

NyitraNitra, SlovakiaLitra
For instance, Urbańczyk writes that Mojmir and Pribina were two of the many Moravian princes in the early 9th century, while according to Havlík, Třeštík and Vlasto Pribina was Mojmír's lieutenant in Nitra.
In 833, Pribina was ousted by the Moravian prince Mojmír I and both regions were united into the early medieval empire of Great Moravia.

Mikulčice

Mikulčice-Valy
Záhorie also boasts the only surviving building from Great Moravian times, the chapel at Kopčany just across the Morava from the archaeological site of Mikulčice.
The settlement was one of the main centres of the Great Moravian Empire, plausibly its capital city.

Spiš

SpiszZipsSpis
They are known exclusively from areas which were not under direct Avars influence, but probably not only as a protection against them, because some of them are known also from northern territories (Orava, Spiš) Variation in pottery implies the existence of at least three tribes inhabiting the wider region of the northern Morava river in the early 9th century.
It belonged to the state of Great Moravia (Veľká Morava), and after its dissolution became part of Poland.