Great Offices of State

Great Office of Stateofficea senior positiongreat officers of state
The Great Offices of State in the United Kingdom are the four most senior and prestigious posts in the British government.wikipedia
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Chancellor of the Exchequer

ChancellorSecond Lord of the TreasuryChancellors of the Exchequer
They are the Prime Minister, Chancellor of the Exchequer, Foreign Secretary and Home Secretary. Malcolm Rifkind and David Miliband later held the position of Foreign Secretary, with Michael Howard and Leon Brittan serving as Home Secretary and Nigel Lawson as Chancellor of the Exchequer.
The position is considered one of the four Great Offices of State, and in recent times has come to be the most powerful office in British politics after the prime minister.

Home Secretary

Secretary of State for the Home DepartmentHome SecretariesBritish Home Secretary
They are the Prime Minister, Chancellor of the Exchequer, Foreign Secretary and Home Secretary. Malcolm Rifkind and David Miliband later held the position of Foreign Secretary, with Michael Howard and Leon Brittan serving as Home Secretary and Nigel Lawson as Chancellor of the Exchequer. Priti Patel was appointed as the Home Secretary by Boris Johnson, becoming first woman of ethnic minority to take the position.
It is a high profile position, one of the four Great Offices of State, and is widely recognised as one of the most prestigious and important roles in the British Cabinet.

Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs

Foreign SecretarySecretary of State for Foreign AffairsBritish Foreign Secretary
They are the Prime Minister, Chancellor of the Exchequer, Foreign Secretary and Home Secretary. Malcolm Rifkind and David Miliband later held the position of Foreign Secretary, with Michael Howard and Leon Brittan serving as Home Secretary and Nigel Lawson as Chancellor of the Exchequer.
The Foreign Secretary is a member of the Cabinet, and the post is considered one of the Great Offices of State.

Sajid Javid

Sajid Javid MPJavidSajid '''Javid
After Amber Rudd's resignation following the Windrush scandal, Sajid Javid became the first person of Pakistani descent to hold a Great Office of State as Home Secretary and later Chancellor of the Exchequer.
Javid was the first British Asian to hold one of the Great Offices of State in the UK.

Rab Butler

R. A. ButlerR.A. ButlerButler
Rab Butler and Sir John Simon served as Chancellor of the Exchequer, Foreign Secretary and Home Secretary.
Butler had an exceptionally long ministerial career and was one of only two British politicians (the other being John Simon, 1st Viscount Simon) to have served in three of the four Great Offices of State but never to have been Prime Minister, for which he was passed over in 1957 and 1963.

John Major

Sir John MajorMajorPrime Minister
In the past hundred years, several other people have come close to achieving this distinction: H. H. Asquith and Winston Churchill both served as Chancellor, Prime Minister and Home Secretary while Harold Macmillan and John Major served as Prime Minister, Chancellor and Foreign Secretary.
This meant that, despite only being in the Cabinet for little over two years, Major had gone from the most junior position in the Cabinet to holding two of the Great Offices of State.

Jacqui Smith

Rt Hon Jacqui Smith Jacqui Smith momentRichard Timney
She was the Member of Parliament for Redditch from 1997 until 2010, the first female Home Secretary and the third woman to hold one of the Great Offices of State, after Margaret Thatcher (Prime Minister) and Margaret Beckett (Foreign Secretary).

Margaret Beckett

Margaret JacksonDame Margaret Beckett The Right Honourable '''Margaret Beckett
*Margaret Beckett (2006–2007) (Labour)
She was later the Leader of the House of Commons and Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, before becoming Foreign Secretary in 2006, the first woman to hold that position, and—after Margaret Thatcher—the second woman to hold one of the Great Offices of State.

Theresa May

MayPrime Ministernew Prime Minister
*Theresa May (2016–2019) (Conservative)
On 12 May 2010, when May was appointed Home Secretary and Minister for Women and Equality by Prime Minister David Cameron as part of his first Cabinet, she became the fourth woman to hold one of the British Great Offices of State, after Margaret Thatcher (Prime Minister), Margaret Beckett (Foreign Secretary) and Jacqui Smith (Home Secretary).

Amber Rudd

AmberRt. Hon. Amber RuddRudd
Rudd was the third female Home Secretary, the fifth woman to hold one of the Great Offices of State and the fastest-rising politician to a Great Office of State since the Second World War.

List of shadow holders of the Great Offices of State

List of shadow holders of Great Offices of State
This is a list of people who have shadowed one of the Great Offices of State in the United Kingdom's Official Opposition Shadow Cabinet.

Peter Carington, 6th Baron Carrington

Lord CarringtonThe Lord CarringtonPeter Carington
Since his resignation, no other member of the House of Lords has held any of the four Great Offices of State.

Nigel Lawson

Lord LawsonLord Lawson of BlabyNigel Lawson, Baron Lawson of Blaby
Malcolm Rifkind and David Miliband later held the position of Foreign Secretary, with Michael Howard and Leon Brittan serving as Home Secretary and Nigel Lawson as Chancellor of the Exchequer.
In 1996, Lawson appeared on the BBC satirical and topical quiz show Have I Got News For You and, as a former Chancellor (the position of Chancellor being one of the Great Offices of State) he had held the highest political office of any guest.

Great Officer of State

Great Officers of StateRoyal householdGreat Office
The Great Offices of State are derived from the most senior positions in the Royal Household – the Great Officers of State.

United Kingdom

BritishUKBritain
The Great Offices of State in the United Kingdom are the four most senior and prestigious posts in the British government.

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

Prime MinisterBritish Prime MinisterPrime Minister of Great Britain
They are the Prime Minister, Chancellor of the Exchequer, Foreign Secretary and Home Secretary.

Boris Johnson

JohnsonAlexander Boris de Pfeffel JohnsonBoris
Priti Patel was appointed as the Home Secretary by Boris Johnson, becoming first woman of ethnic minority to take the position.

Priti Patel

PatelPriti '''Patel
Priti Patel was appointed as the Home Secretary by Boris Johnson, becoming first woman of ethnic minority to take the position.

Secretary of State for International Development

International Development SecretaryMinister for Overseas DevelopmentMinister of Overseas Development

Royal household

householdImperial HouseholdBritish Royal Household
The Great Offices of State are derived from the most senior positions in the Royal Household – the Great Officers of State.

Secretary of State (England)

Secretary of StateEnglish Secretary of Stateprincipal secretary
The medieval origins of the Chancellorship of the Exchequer make it the oldest surviving Great Office of State, while the position of Secretary of State came into being in the late 16th century and the office of Prime Minister evolved gradually in the 18th and 19th centuries.

James Callaghan

Jim CallaghanCallaghanJames Callaghan, Baron Callaghan of Cardiff
James Callaghan is the only person to date to have served in all four positions.
To date, Callaghan remains the only person to have held all four Great Offices of State, having served as Chancellor of the Exchequer (1964–1967), Home Secretary (1967–1970) and Foreign Secretary (1974–1976) prior to his appointment as Prime Minister.

H. H. Asquith

AsquithH H AsquithH.H. Asquith
In the past hundred years, several other people have come close to achieving this distinction: H. H. Asquith and Winston Churchill both served as Chancellor, Prime Minister and Home Secretary while Harold Macmillan and John Major served as Prime Minister, Chancellor and Foreign Secretary.