Great Offices of State

officea senior positionGreat Office of Stategreat officers of state
The Great Offices of State in the United Kingdom are the four most senior and prestigious posts in the British government.wikipedia
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Chancellor of the Exchequer

ChancellorChancellors of the ExchequerSpokesperson for the Treasury
They are the Prime Minister, Chancellor of the Exchequer, Foreign Secretary and Home Secretary. Malcolm Rifkind and David Miliband later held the position of Foreign Secretary, with Michael Howard and Leon Brittan serving as Home Secretary and Nigel Lawson as Chancellor of the Exchequer.
The position is considered one of the four Great Offices of State, and in recent times has come to be the most powerful office in British politics after the prime minister.

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

Prime MinisterBritish Prime MinisterUK Prime Minister
They are the Prime Minister, Chancellor of the Exchequer, Foreign Secretary and Home Secretary. Following the resignation of The Earl of Derby in 1868, Benjamin Disraeli became the first person of an ethnic minority to attain one of the Great Offices of State and the first person of Jewish heritage to become Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
The Office is one of the Great Offices of State.

Home Secretary

Home SecretariesSecretary of State for the Home DepartmentSecretary of State
They are the Prime Minister, Chancellor of the Exchequer, Foreign Secretary and Home Secretary. Malcolm Rifkind and David Miliband later held the position of Foreign Secretary, with Michael Howard and Leon Brittan serving as Home Secretary and Nigel Lawson as Chancellor of the Exchequer.
Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for the Home Department, normally referred to as the Home Secretary, is a senior official as one of the Great Offices of State within Her Majesty's Government and head of the Home Office.

James Callaghan

CallaghanJim CallaghanJames Callaghan, Baron Callaghan of Cardiff
James Callaghan is the only person to date to have served in all four positions.
So far the only holder of all four of the Great Offices of State, Callaghan served as Chancellor of the Exchequer (1964–1967), Home Secretary (1967–1970) and Foreign Secretary (1974–1976) prior to his appointment as Prime Minister.

Theresa May

MayPrime MinisterMrs May
Prime Minister: Margaret Thatcher (1979–1990) (Conservative), Theresa May (2016–present) (Conservative) Home Secretary: Jacqui Smith (2007–2009) (Labour), Theresa May (2010–2016) (Conservative), Amber Rudd (2016–2018) (Conservative)
On 12 May 2010, when May was appointed Home Secretary and Minister for Women and Equality by Prime Minister David Cameron as part of his first Cabinet, she became the fourth woman to hold one of the British Great Offices of State, after Margaret Thatcher (Prime Minister), Margaret Beckett (Foreign Secretary) and Jacqui Smith (Home Secretary).

Rab Butler

R. A. ButlerR.A. ButlerButler
Rab Butler and Sir John Simon served as Chancellor of the Exchequer, Foreign Secretary and Home Secretary.
Butler had an exceptionally long ministerial career and was one of only two British politicians (the other being John Simon, 1st Viscount Simon) to have served in three of the four Great Offices of State but never to have been Prime Minister, for which he was passed over in 1957 and 1963.

John Major

Sir John MajorMajorPrime Minister
In the past hundred years, several other people have come close to achieving this distinction: Herbert Henry Asquith and Winston Churchill both served as Chancellor, Prime Minister and Home Secretary while Harold Macmillan and John Major served as Prime Minister, Chancellor and Foreign Secretary.
This meant that, despite only being in the Cabinet for little over two years, Major had gone from the most junior position in the Cabinet to holding two of the Great Offices of State.

Sajid Javid

Sajid Javid MPSajid '''JavidThe Rt. Hon Sajid Javid
After Amber Rudd's resignation following the Windrush scandal, Sajid Javid became the first Muslim to hold the position of one of the Great Offices of State as Home Secretary.
In becoming Home Secretary, he became the first person from an Asian background to hold one of the Great Offices of State in the UK. In his first months in charge, he put clear water between his tenure and Theresa May’s lengthy stint at the Home Office.

Jacqui Smith

Rt Hon Jacqui Smith Jacqui Smith momentSmith
Home Secretary: Jacqui Smith (2007–2009) (Labour), Theresa May (2010–2016) (Conservative), Amber Rudd (2016–2018) (Conservative)
She was the Member of Parliament for Redditch from 1997 until 2010, the first female Home Secretary and the third woman to hold one of the Great Offices of State, after Margaret Thatcher (Prime Minister) and Margaret Beckett (Foreign Secretary).

Benjamin Disraeli

DisraeliLord BeaconsfieldBeaconsfield
Following the resignation of The Earl of Derby in 1868, Benjamin Disraeli became the first person of an ethnic minority to attain one of the Great Offices of State and the first person of Jewish heritage to become Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
He is the only British Prime Minister to have been Jewish by birth and the first person from an ethnic minority background to hold one of the Great Offices of State.

Margaret Beckett

Margaret JacksonDame Margaret Beckett The Right Honourable '''Margaret Beckett
Foreign Secretary: Margaret Beckett (2006–2007) (Labour)
She was later the Leader of the House of Commons and Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, before becoming Foreign Secretary in 2006, the first woman to hold that position, and—after Margaret Thatcher—the second woman to hold one of the Great Offices of State.

Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs

Foreign SecretaryBritish Foreign SecretarySecretary of State for Foreign Affairs
They are the Prime Minister, Chancellor of the Exchequer, Foreign Secretary and Home Secretary. Malcolm Rifkind and David Miliband later held the position of Foreign Secretary, with Michael Howard and Leon Brittan serving as Home Secretary and Nigel Lawson as Chancellor of the Exchequer.
The Foreign Secretary is a member of the Cabinet, and the post is considered one of the Great Offices of State.

Amber Rudd

RuddAmberRt. Hon. Amber Rudd
Home Secretary: Jacqui Smith (2007–2009) (Labour), Theresa May (2010–2016) (Conservative), Amber Rudd (2016–2018) (Conservative)
Rudd was the third female Home Secretary, the fifth woman to hold one of the Great Offices of State and the fastest-rising politician to a Great Office of State since the Second World War.

Peter Carington, 6th Baron Carrington

Lord CarringtonThe Lord CarringtonPeter Carington
Foreign Secretary: Conservative Lord Carrington (5 May 1979 – 5 April 1982): The Lord Carrington is the most recent peer to hold one of the Great Offices of State.
Since his resignation, no other member of the House of Lords has held any of the four Great Offices of State.

List of shadow holders of the Great Offices of State

List of shadow holders of the Great Offices of State
This is a list of people who have shadowed one of the Great Offices of State in the United Kingdom's Official Opposition Shadow Cabinet.

Nigel Lawson

Lord LawsonLord Lawson of BlabyNigel Lawson, Baron Lawson of Blaby
Malcolm Rifkind and David Miliband later held the position of Foreign Secretary, with Michael Howard and Leon Brittan serving as Home Secretary and Nigel Lawson as Chancellor of the Exchequer.
Great Offices of State) he had held the highest political office of any guest.

Great Officer of State

Great Officers of StateRoyal householdGreat Office
Great Officer of State
Great Offices of State

United Kingdom

British🇬🇧UK
The Great Offices of State in the United Kingdom are the four most senior and prestigious posts in the British government.

H. H. Asquith

AsquithAsquithianHerbert Henry Asquith
In the past hundred years, several other people have come close to achieving this distinction: Herbert Henry Asquith and Winston Churchill both served as Chancellor, Prime Minister and Home Secretary while Harold Macmillan and John Major served as Prime Minister, Chancellor and Foreign Secretary.

Winston Churchill

ChurchillSir Winston ChurchillChurchill, Winston
In the past hundred years, several other people have come close to achieving this distinction: Herbert Henry Asquith and Winston Churchill both served as Chancellor, Prime Minister and Home Secretary while Harold Macmillan and John Major served as Prime Minister, Chancellor and Foreign Secretary.

Harold Macmillan

MacmillanHarold Macmillan, 1st Earl of StocktonMacmillan Government
In the past hundred years, several other people have come close to achieving this distinction: Herbert Henry Asquith and Winston Churchill both served as Chancellor, Prime Minister and Home Secretary while Harold Macmillan and John Major served as Prime Minister, Chancellor and Foreign Secretary.