A report on Great Plains and Llano Estacado

The Great Plains near a farming community in central Kansas
Farmland in Sioux and Lyon Counties, Iowa (2013)
Dust cloud moving across the Llano Estacado near Ransom Canyon, Texas
The northern edge of the Llano Estacado in New Mexico
Herd of Plains Bison of various ages resting in Elk Island Park, Alberta
Caprock Escarpment south of Ralls, Texas
The Great Plains as seen in Minnesota's upland prairie at Glacial Lakes State Park
Agricultural land and canyons on the eastern side of the Llano Estacado
The High Plains of Kansas, in the Smoky Hills near Nicodemus
Wind turbines
Short-grass prairie near the front range of the Rockies in Colorado
Map of Texas counties with population density
View of Lake Lawtonka and wind turbines from Mount Scott, Oklahoma
Lubbock, Texas, the largest city on the Llano
A tornado touching down in Park County, Colorado, July 23, 2018
A shot of downtown Amarillo, Texas
American bison (Bison bison), Wichita Mountain Wildlife Refuge, Oklahoma
Midland, "The Tall City" of West Texas
Excavation of a fossil Daemonelix burrow at Agate Fossil Beds National Monument.
Downtown Odessa
Scotts Bluff National Monument, Nebraska
Buffalo hunt under the wolf-skin mask, George Catlin, 1832–33.
This painting by Alfred Jacob Miller is a portrayal of Plains Indians chasing buffalo over a small cliff. The Walters Art Museum.
Great Plains in North Dakota c. undefined 2007, where communities began settling in the 1870s.
Fort William, the first Fort Laramie, as it looked prior to 1840. Painting from memory by Alfred Jacob Miller
Grange in session, 1873
Withdrawal rates from the Ogallala Aquifer
Wind farm in the plains of West Texas
Black-footed ferret (Mustela nigripes) National Black-footed Ferret Conservation Center, Colorado
Swift fox (Vulpes velox), Colorado
Lesser prairie-chicken (Tympanuchus pallidicinctus) on a lek in the Red Hills of Kansas
Great Plains ratsnake (Pantherophis emoryi), Missouri
Great Plains toad (Anaxyrus cognatus)
Homesteaders in central Nebraska in 1886
The Great Plains before the native grasses were plowed under, Haskell County, Kansas, 1897, showing a man near a buffalo wallow
Cattle herd and cowboy, c. 1902
Wheat field on Dutch flats near Mitchell, Nebraska, 1910

The Llano Estacado lies at the southern end of the Western High Plains ecoregion of the Great Plains of North America; it is part of what was once called the Great American Desert.

- Llano Estacado

High Plains – southeastern Wyoming, southwestern South Dakota, western Nebraska (including the Sand Hills), eastern Colorado, western Kansas, western Oklahoma, eastern New Mexico, and northwestern Texas (including the Llano Estacado and Texas Panhandle);

- Great Plains
The Great Plains near a farming community in central Kansas

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State in the South Central region of the United States.

State in the South Central region of the United States.

Early Native American tribal territories
Nicolas de La Fora's 1771 map of the northern frontier of New Spain clearly shows the Provincia de los Tejas.
Stephen F. Austin was the first American empresario given permission to operate a colony within Mexican Texas.
Mexico in 1824. Coahuila y Tejas is the northeasternmost state.
Surrender of Santa Anna. Painting by William Henry Huddle, 1886.
The Republic of Texas with present-day borders superimposed
Captain Charles A. May's squadron of the 2nd Dragoons slashes through the Mexican Army lines. Resaca de la Palma, Texas, May 1846
Spindletop, the first major oil gusher
Sam Rayburn Reservoir
Texas Hill Country
Steinhagen Reservoir
Palo Duro Canyon
Franklin Mountains State Park
Big Bend National Park
Köppen climate types in Texas
Colonia in the Rio Grande Valley near the Mexico–United States border
A geomap depicting income by county as of 2014
Cotton modules after harvest in West Texas
An oil well
Brazos Wind Farm
Electronic Data Systems headquarters in Plano
Astronaut training at the Johnson Space Center in Houston
The Alamo is one of the most recognized symbols of Texas.
Big Tex presided over every Texas State Fair since 1952 until it was destroyed by a fire in 2012. Since then a new Big Tex was created.
The University of Texas at Austin
University of Houston
Texas A&M University
Rice University
The Texas Medical Center in Houston
The High Five Interchange in Dallas
"Welcome to Texas" sign
Terminal D at Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport
Terminal E at George Bush Intercontinental Airport in Houston
Port of Houston along the Houston Ship Channel
The Texas State Capitol at night
Lyndon B. Johnson of Texas, 36th president of the United States
George W. Bush of Texas, 43rd president of the United States
AT&T Stadium, home of the Dallas Cowboys
Playoff game between the San Antonio Spurs and the Los Angeles Lakers in 2007

One classification system divides Texas, in order from southeast to west, into the following: Gulf Coastal Plains, Interior Lowlands, Great Plains, and Basin and Range Province.

The Great Plains region in Central Texas spans through the state's panhandle and Llano Estacado to the state's hill country near Lago Vista and Austin.

Flag of the Comanche Nation


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Flag of the Comanche Nation
LaDonna Harris, Comanche activist and founder of Americans for Indian Opportunity
War on the plains: Comanche (right) trying to lance an Osage warrior. Painting by George Catlin, 1834
Comanches watching an American caravan in West Texas, 1850, by the US Army officer, Arthur Lee
Comanche warriors, c. 1867–1874
Quanah Parker, prominent chief of the Comanche Indians with a feather fan. Photo by James Mooney, 1892.
Mac Silverhorn (Comanche), grandson of Silver Horn, drumming with friend at Redstone Baptist Church
Uwat (Comanche), photograph by Edward Curtis, 1930
Comanche mother and baby son in cradleboard, photo by Edward Curtis
Comanche cradleboard held at the Birmingham Museum of Art
A 19th-century Comanche child.
Comanches of West Texas in war regalia, c. 1830.
Comanche Tipis painted by George Catlin.
Comanche warrior Ako and horse. Photo by James Mooney, 1892.
Three mounted Comanche warriors, left, Frank Moetah. Photo by James Mooney, 1892.
Comanche Feats of Horsemenship, George Catlin 1834.
Comanches chasing bison, painted by George Catlin. Bison were the primary food source for the Comanche.
Comanche headdress at the Ethnologisches Museum, Berlin.
Chosequah, a Comanche warrior wearing full traditional regalia. Painted by E.A Burbank, 1897.
Comanche beaded ration bag, c. 1880, collection of the Oklahoma History Center
Charles Chibitty, Comanche code talker in World War II
Mo'o-wai ("Pushing aside" or "Pushing-in-the-middle"), aka "Shaking Hand", chief of the Kotsoteka
Karita Coffey, Comanche professor, ceramic artist, and sculptor at the Institute of American Indian Arts, Santa Fe, New Mexico, 2014
Comancheria 1770-1850.

The Comanche or Nʉmʉnʉʉ ("the people" ) are a Native American tribe from the Southern Plains of the present-day United States.

The "Western Comanche" lived in the region of the upper Arkansas, Canadian, and Red Rivers, and the Llano Estacado.

Francisco Vázquez Coronado in the Plaza Mayor de Salamanca

Francisco Vázquez de Coronado

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Spanish conquistador and explorer who led a large expedition from what is now Mexico to present-day Kansas through parts of the southwestern United States between 1540 and 1542.

Spanish conquistador and explorer who led a large expedition from what is now Mexico to present-day Kansas through parts of the southwestern United States between 1540 and 1542.

Francisco Vázquez Coronado in the Plaza Mayor de Salamanca
The Coronado Expedition (1540–1542) from Mexico north through the future U.S. states of Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, Oklahoma, and Kansas.
Coronado Sets Out to the North (Frederic Remington, c. 1900)
The Coronado Expedition, 1540–1542 (DjVu format)
La conquista del Colorado, by Augusto Ferrer-Dalmau, depicts Coronado's 1540–1542 expedition.
Episode from the Conquest of America by Jan Mostaert (c. 1545), probably Vázquez de Coronado in New Mexico

In Spring 1541 he led his army and priests and indigenous allies onto the Great Plains to search for Quivira.

With the Turk guiding him, Vázquez de Coronado and his army might have crossed the flat and featureless steppe called the Llano Estacado in the Texas Panhandle and Eastern New Mexico, passing through the present-day communities of Hereford and Canadian.

The High Plains ecology region is designated by 25 on this map.

High Plains (United States)

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The High Plains ecology region is designated by 25 on this map.
Childress County, Texas, June 1938.
High Plains in Oklahoma west of Guymon (2009)
Cimarron County near Boise City. (2009)
Grain silos, a common sight on the High Plains. (2009)
High Plains in Southeastern Colorado (2009)
The High Plains are broken in places by canyons, such as this one in Sabinoso Wilderness in New Mexico.

The High Plains are a subregion of the Great Plains, mainly in the Western United States, but also partly in the Midwest states of Nebraska, Kansas, and South Dakota, generally encompassing the western part of the Great Plains before the region reaches the Rocky Mountains.

The southern region of the Western High Plains ecology region contains the geological formation known as Llano Estacado which can be seen from a short distance or on satellite maps.

Canadian River

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Longest tributary of the Arkansas River in the United States.

Longest tributary of the Arkansas River in the United States.

Canadian River Canyon in Kiowa National Grassland, Eastern New Mexico
Wooden bridge over the Canadian River in Hemphill County, Texas
Canadian River at Calvin, Oklahoma

The canyon the river carves through eastern New Mexico and the Texas Panhandle is the northern border of the Llano Estacado, separating it from the rest of the Great Plains.