The great saphenous vein and landmarks along its course
Small saphenous vein and its tributaries. (Small saphenous vein labeled vertically at center.)
Superficial veins draining into the great saphenous and femoral vein.
Cross-section through middle of leg
Superficial veins of lower limb. Superficial dissection. Anterior view.
Nerves of the dorsum of the foot
Great saphenous vein. Deep dissection. Anterior view.
Illustration depicting veins of the leg including great saphenous vein (anterior view).

The origin of the small saphenous vein, (SSV) is where the dorsal vein from the fifth digit (smallest toe) merges with the dorsal venous arch of the foot, which attaches to the great saphenous vein (GSV).

- Small saphenous vein

At the ankle, the great saphenous vein receives branches from the sole of the foot through the medial marginal vein; in the lower leg it anastomoses freely with the small saphenous vein, communicates by perforator veins (Cockett perforators) with the anterior and posterior tibial veins and receives many cutaneous veins; near the knee it communicates with the popliteal vein by the Boyd perforator, in the thigh it communicates with the femoral vein by perforator veins (Dodd perforator) and receives numerous tributaries; those from the medial and posterior parts of the thigh frequently unite to form a large accessory saphenous vein which joins the main vein near the sapheno-femoral junction.

- Great saphenous vein
The great saphenous vein and landmarks along its course

3 related topics with Alpha

Overall

Superficial veins become more prominent when muscles are flexed

Superficial vein

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Vein that is close to the surface of the body.

Vein that is close to the surface of the body.

Superficial veins become more prominent when muscles are flexed
Superficial veins become more prominent when muscles are flexed

small saphenous vein

great saphenous vein – often "harvested" for coronary artery bypass surgery

Left leg of a male affected by varicose veins

Varicose veins

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Varicose veins, also known as varicoses, are a medical condition in which superficial veins become enlarged and twisted.

Varicose veins, also known as varicoses, are a medical condition in which superficial veins become enlarged and twisted.

Left leg of a male affected by varicose veins
How a varicose vein forms in a leg. Figure A shows a normal vein with a working valve and normal blood flow. Figure B shows a varicose vein with a deformed valve, abnormal blood flow, and thin, stretched walls. The middle image shows where varicose veins might appear in a leg.
Comparison of healthy and varicose veins

Stripping consists of removal of all or part the saphenous vein (great/long or lesser/short) main trunk.

The great saphenous vein and its tributaries.

Dorsal venous arch of the foot

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The great saphenous vein and its tributaries.
Dorsum of Foot. Ankle joint. Deep dissection
Dorsum of Foot. Ankle joint. Deep dissection.

The dorsal venous arch of the foot is a superficial vein that connects the small saphenous vein and the great saphenous vein.