Greater Poland

A map of Greater Poland/Great Poland during Piast period from the Codex diplomaticus Maioris Poloniae, based on data from historical documents
A map of Polish dialects. The area where Greater Poland's dialect is spoken is marked in violet.
Poznań Town Hall
Palace of the Raczyński family in Rogalin, within the Rogalin Landscape Park
Gniezno cathedral
Kalisz Town Hall
Leszno town hall
Marian sanctuary in Licheń near Konin

Historical region of west-central Poland.

- Greater Poland

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Greater Poland Voivodeship

Voivodeship, or province, in west-central Poland.

Historical coat of arms of the Greater Poland region
Soldiers during Greater Poland Uprising of 1918–19
Poznań is the capital of Greater Poland Voivodeship
Ostrów Wielkopolski Co-Cathedral
Gniezno, with its cathedral, is the seat of the Catholic Primate of Poland.
The Barycz Valley Landscape Park
A modern coal-fired power plant in Pątnów
The A2 motorway traverses the voivodeship.
Lake Kociołek in Greater Poland National Park

The province is named after the region called Greater Poland or Wielkopolska.

Grand Duchy of Posen

Part of the Kingdom of Prussia, created from territories annexed by Prussia after the Partitions of Poland, and formally established following the Napoleonic Wars in 1815.

The Grand Duchy of Posen (red) in 1848.
The Prussian Province of Posen. Yellow colour: Polish-speaking areas according to German authorities, as of 1905
The Grand Duchy of Posen (red) in 1848.
Grand Duchy of Posen (light blue) after its creation, in 1815

Originally part of the Kingdom of Poland, this area largely coincided with Greater Poland.


City in northwestern Poland and capital of Piła County, situated in the Greater Poland Voivodeship.

During the reign of King Casimir IV Jagiellon Piła became a royal city of the Kingdom of Poland
King Stephen Báthory confirmed old privileges of Piła in 1576 and moved the weekly market from Thursdays to Mondays
Birthplace of Stanisław Staszic, a leading figure of Polish Enlightenment
19th-century lithograph of the city
Barracks in Piła in 1915
Pre-war Polish Consulate, today a museum
A monument commemorating Poles imprisoned in the German Nazi camp Albatros in 1939
Piła Główna railway station
The Holy Family Church in Piła
Police School in Piła
Town Hall
Stanisław Staszic monument in Piła

It had 73,791 inhabitants as of 2017 making it the fourth-largest city in the voivodeship after Poznań, Kalisz and Konin and is the largest city in the northern part of Greater Poland.


The river Warta (, ; Warthe ; Varta) rises in central Poland and meanders greatly north-west to flow into the Oder, against the German border.

Warta River in Gorzów Wielkopolski
Warta River near Kostrzyn

The Warta rises in the Kraków-Częstochowa Upland at Kromołów in Zawiercie, Silesian Voivodeship, flows through Łódź Land, Greater Poland and Lubusz Land, where it empties into the Oder near Kostrzyn at the border with Germany.


14th-century seal showing Poznań's coat of arms
Monument of Mieszko I and Boleslaus I the Brave, Golden Chapel at the Poznań Cathedral
Poznań Cathedral (center) and the smaller Church of Holy Virgin Mary to its right, standing on the site of the original ducal residence
Royal Castle after its total reconstruction
Poznań, c. undefined 1617, view from the north
Interior details in the Parish Church, or simply Fara, built in 1651–1701. One of the most stunning and best preserved examples of baroque architecture in Poland
Raczyński Library (1828) at Liberty Square in 2016
Old Market Square in 1934. The Odwach guardhouse and the 1893's New Town Hall, which was not rebuilt after World War II
The skyline of Poznań, as seen from the east bank of the Warta river
Malta lake, the Mound of Freedom and artificial ski slope Malta-ski
Administrative division into 42 osiedla auxiliary units since 2011
The pre-1990 city division into main districts dzielnica, which are still retained for some administrative purposes
Bałtyk office building
A view of Stary Browar, Poznań Financial Centre, and Andersia Tower from the Collegium Altum of the University of Economics
Historical Herbrand B3/H0 horse-drawn tram used in Poznań between 1880 and 1898
The Renaissance Town Hall from 1560 served as the seat of local government until 1939 and now houses a museum
Grand Theatre behind Adama Mickiewicza Park
St. Martin's croissant
Collegium Minus of the Adam Mickiewicz University
AMU's Faculty of Political Science and Journalism at the Campus Morasko
Faculty of Chemical Technologies – Poznań University of Technology
Academy of Music
Municipal Stadium
Hala Arena before planned modernization
Poznań Główny – main railway station
Greater Poland Railways train at the Poznań Główny
A2 motorway before the six-lane expansion done in 2019
Moderus Gamma tram, which is produced near Poznań, in city's eastern underground section
City Bike's station
Solaris bus; they are also produced near Poznań
Eurocopter EC135 Lifeguard 9 waiting for an emergency dispatch at the Ławica Airport
Freedom Square (Plac Wolności)
Imperial Castle, now the Zamek Culture Centre
Merchant houses, originally 16th century's herring stalls, at the Old Market Square
Bamberka fountain at the Old Market Square
Śródka's Tale Mural in 2015
Stary Browar, Kufel by Wojciech Kujawski (Guinness ratified largest beer mug in the world), and Art Stations Foundation gallery in the background
Poznań Goat mascot, Old Market Square
Rogalin's Raczyński Palace within Rogalin Landscape Park, some 8 mi south of Poznań. Rear view

Poznań is a city on the River Warta in west-central Poland, within the Greater Poland region.


City in central Poland, on the Warta River.

The Stone Signpost of Konin is the oldest European signpost beyond the boundaries of the former Roman Empire
Gosławice district: Rural architecture, reflected in an open-air museum
Romanesque-Gothic St Bartholomew's Church
Mannerist tombstone of Grand Marshal of the Polish Crown Stanisław Przyjemski in the St. Bartholomew's Church
Warta-Gopło Canal
German soldiers executing Polish hostages in Konin in 1939
Konin Synagogue
Remains of Jewish tombstones
15th-century medieval castle in the Gosławice district
St. Bartholomew's Church
St. Andrew's Church
Monastery and St. Mary Magdalene's Church of Reformed Franciscans
Old Town Hall
Primary School No. 1
Rondo Hall Centre for Sport, in New Town
House of writer Zofia Urbanowska
House of 16th-century physician Jan Zemełka
Liberty Square (Plac Wolności)
Old cottage in Gosławice
A nook in the castle at Gosławice
City Hall
Former hotel, currently one of the city offices
Boulevard by the Warta River
1 Zamkowy Square
Romanesque cross on the north wall of St. Bartholomew's Church
Inscriptions carved by local figures through the ages, on the wall of St. Bartholomew's Church
No. 10 Wolności Square
No. 78 3 Maja Street
Interior of St. Adalbert's Church
Pipe organ of St. Bartholomew's Church
August Sunset, Konin 2008
Kasy Powiatowej House, on the Warta
Sikorski Building, Kilińskiego Street
Belfry of St. Bartholomew's Church
Belfry of St. Andrew's Church
Kolska Street gate of the Lutheran Cemetery
Hotel Pałacyk
A bridge on Józef Piłsudski Road
Europe's most modern coal powered plant (2008), in the Pątnów district
Park at the corner of 1 Maja and Dworcowa Streets
Former hospital in Kolska Street, now a secondary school
The Old Water Tower

(The name Stare Miasto first appeared in use later, after Konin had been reestablished elsewhere.) What remains from that time is SS Peter and Paul's Parish Church, with its magnificent carved portal and a solar clock on the south wall, perhaps the oldest solar clock in Greater Poland.

Łęczyca Voivodeship

Unit of administrative division and local government in Poland from the 14th century until the partitions of Poland in 1772–1795.

Łęczyca Voivodeship of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.
Łęczyca Voivodeship of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.

It was part of Province of Greater Poland, and its capital was in Łęczyca.

Polans (western)

West Slavs of the 9th–10th centuries
A fragment of the Gesta Hammaburgensis ecclesiae pontificum (1073) by Adam of Bremen containing the name Polans – trans Oddaram sunt Polanos.

The Western Polans (also known as Polanes, Polanians; Polanie, derived from Old Slavic pole, "field" or "plain", from Proto-Indo-European *pleh₂- "flatland") were a West Slavic and Lechitic tribe, inhabiting the Warta River basin of the contemporary Greater Poland region starting in the 6th century.

History of Poland during the Piast dynasty

First major stage of the history of the Polish state.

Important early stages in the history of the Polish state and church took place on the island of Ostrów Tumski. Remnants of the original palatium–chapel complex of Poland's first Christian ruling couple have been found beneath the church in the foreground. The Poznań Cathedral is located on the right.
Expansion of the Polans territory under the Piast dynasty in the 10th century
An image on the Gniezno Doors at the entrance to Gniezno Cathedral depicts Bolesław buying Adalbert's body back from the Prussians
Poland (992–1025); area within dark pink color represents the borders at the end of the rule of Mieszko I (992); dark red border comprises the area at the end of the reign of Bolesław I (1025)
Mieszko II shown allegorically with Duchess Matilda of Swabia
St. Andrew's Church in Kraków (built in the 11th century)
St. Leonard's Crypt is all that remains of the second Romanesque Wawel Cathedral of Władysław Herman
Płock Cathedral is the burial place of Władysław I Herman and Bolesław III Wrymouth
Poland during the rule of Bolesław III Wrymouth
Collegiate church in Tum
Mongol invasion of Poland (late 1240–1241) culminated in the Battle of Legnica
Ostsiedlung or German settlement in the east, miniature from Sachsenspiegel
Thorn (Toruń), established by the Teutonic Knights became a member of the Hanseatic League
Henry IV of Wrocław in the Codex Manesse, about 1300
Archbishop Jakub Świnka
Gothic Cathedral of St. John the Baptist in Wrocław
A fragment of a sandstone sarcophagus depicting Władysław I the Elbow-high in Wawel Cathedral, Kraków
Sarcophagus of Casimir the Great at Wawel Cathedral
Poland at the end of the rule of Casimir III (1370) is shown within the dark red border; Silesia (yellow) was lost, while the kingdom had expanded to the east
Foundation of the Collegiate church in Wiślica by Casimir III the Great
Queen Jadwiga was the great-granddaughter of Władysław I the Elbow-high
St. Mary's Church in Kraków

The tribe of the Polans (Polanie, lit. "people of the fields") in what is now Greater Poland gave rise to a tribal predecessor of the Polish state in the early part of the 10th century, with the Polans settling in the flatlands around the emerging strongholds of Giecz, Poznań, Gniezno and Ostrów Lednicki.

Ostrów Wielkopolski

City in west-central Poland with 71 560 inhabitants (2020), situated in the Greater Poland Voivodeship; the seat of Ostrów Wielkopolski County.

Partyzancka Street in Ostrów Wielkopolski
Marshall Józef Piłsudski during his visit in Ostrów in 1919
Memorial plaque at the former German labor camp which existed during the occupation of Poland
Polish Army Barracks in 1971
Speedway match between KM Ostrów Wielkopolski and Śląsk Świętochłowice in Ostrów in the 1980s
Memorial plaque to Krzysztof Komeda
City hall at the Market Square
Ostrów Wielkopolski Co-Cathedral
Virgin Mary Queen of Poland church
I Liceum Ogólnokształcące
Main Post Office
Facades of old townhouses in the city center
Old Cemetery
Graves of participants of the Greater Poland Uprising
Monument of Mieczysław Halka-Ledóchowski
Elementary School No. 2
Former synagogue
Park Miejski

In 1845 the Royal Catholic Gymnasium was established, a significant Polish school in the Prussian Partition of Poland, which as the I Liceum Ogólnokształcące remains one of the most renowned high schools in Greater Poland.