Greater Toronto Area

Greater TorontoGTATorontoToronto areaToronto CMAToronto Metropolitan AreaMetro Torontometropolitan areaGreater Toronto Area, Ontario;Greater Toronto Arena
The Greater Toronto Area (GTA) is the most populous metropolitan area in Canada.wikipedia
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Toronto

Toronto, OntarioToronto, CanadaToronto, ON
It consists of the central city, Toronto, along with 25 surrounding cities and towns distributed among four regional municipalities: Durham, Halton, Peel, and York.
Current to 2016, the Toronto census metropolitan area (CMA), of which the majority is within the Greater Toronto Area (GTA), held a population of 5,928,040, making it Canada's most populous CMA.

Regional Municipality of Durham

Durham RegionDurhamDurham Region, Ontario
It consists of the central city, Toronto, along with 25 surrounding cities and towns distributed among four regional municipalities: Durham, Halton, Peel, and York.
Located east of Toronto and the Regional Municipality of York, Durham forms the east-end of the Greater Toronto Area and the core part of the Golden Horseshoe region.

Regional Municipality of York

York RegionYorkYork Region, Ontario
It consists of the central city, Toronto, along with 25 surrounding cities and towns distributed among four regional municipalities: Durham, Halton, Peel, and York.
It replaced the former York County in 1971, and is part of the Greater Toronto Area and the inner ring of the Golden Horseshoe.

Golden Horseshoe

Greater Golden HorseshoeGolden Horseshoe areaGolden Horseshoe region
The Greater Toronto Area anchors a much larger urban agglomeration known as the Golden Horseshoe.
It includes the Greater Toronto Area.

Regional Municipality of Peel

PeelPeel RegionRegion of Peel
It consists of the central city, Toronto, along with 25 surrounding cities and towns distributed among four regional municipalities: Durham, Halton, Peel, and York.
The entire region is part of the Greater Toronto Area and the inner ring of Golden Horseshoe.

Oshawa

Oshawa, OntarioOshawa, ONCity of Oshawa
For example, Oshawa is the centre of its own CMA, yet deemed part of the Greater Toronto Area, while other municipalities, such as New Tecumseth in southern Simcoe County and Mono Township in Dufferin County are included in the Toronto CMA but not in the GTA.
It is commonly viewed as the eastern anchor of the Greater Toronto Area and of the Golden Horseshoe.

Greater Toronto and Hamilton Area

GTHAextendedGreater Toronto
The regional span of the Greater Toronto Area is sometimes combined with the city of Hamilton, located west of Halton Region, to form the Greater Toronto and Hamilton Area.
The GTHA consists of the Greater Toronto Area (GTA) and the city of Hamilton.

Simcoe County

SimcoeSimcoe County, OntarioCounty of Simcoe
For example, Oshawa is the centre of its own CMA, yet deemed part of the Greater Toronto Area, while other municipalities, such as New Tecumseth in southern Simcoe County and Mono Township in Dufferin County are included in the Toronto CMA but not in the GTA.
The county is just north of the Greater Toronto Area, stretching from the shores of Lake Simcoe in the east to Georgian Bay in the west.

Ajax, Ontario

AjaxAjax, ONTown of Ajax
Ajax (2016 population 119,677) is a town in Durham Region in Southern Ontario, Canada, located in the eastern part of the Greater Toronto Area.

Burlington, Ontario

BurlingtonBurlington, ONCity of Burlington
Much of the Greater Toronto Area is under Köppen Dfb, while Old Toronto (excluding the Toronto Islands) and Burlington are under Köppen Dfa.
Along with Milton to the north, Burlington forms the west end of the Greater Toronto Area, and is also part of the Hamilton metropolitan census area.

Halton Hills

Halton Hills, OntarioHornbyTown of Halton Hills
The unincorporated community of Acton (in Halton Hills), is the only community in the GTA that uses the 519 area code, which covers most of Southwestern Ontario.
Halton Hills is a town in the Regional Municipality of Halton, located in the northwestern end of the Greater Toronto Area, Ontario, Canada with a population of 61,161 (2016).

Milton, Ontario

MiltonMoffatMilton, ON
Milton (2016 census population 110,128) is a town in Southern Ontario, Canada, and part of the Halton Region in the Greater Toronto Area.

Brampton

Brampton, OntarioBrampton, ONCity of Brampton
Situated in Southern Ontario, it is a suburban city in the Greater Toronto Area (GTA) and the seat of Peel Region.

New Tecumseth

New Tecumseth, OntarioTecumsethAllimil
For example, Oshawa is the centre of its own CMA, yet deemed part of the Greater Toronto Area, while other municipalities, such as New Tecumseth in southern Simcoe County and Mono Township in Dufferin County are included in the Toronto CMA but not in the GTA.
While it is not officially a part of the Greater Toronto Area, it is counted, in terms of the census, as being a part of the Toronto Census Metropolitan Area.

Whitby, Ontario

WhitbyAbilities CentreWhitby, ON
It is approximately 20 km east of the Toronto borough of Scarborough, and it is known as a commuter suburb in the eastern part of the Greater Toronto Area.

Clarington

Clarington, OntarioDarlington TownshipClarke Township
Conversely, English first language schools in Clarington, a municipality within Durham Region, are managed by school boards based outside the GTA.
Clarington is part of the Oshawa census metropolitan area in the eastern end of the Greater Toronto Area (GTA).

Oakville, Ontario

OakvilleOakville, ONOakville Galleries
Oakville is part of the Greater Toronto Area, one of the most densely populated areas of Canada.

Caledon, Ontario

CaledonAltonCaledon East
Caledon (2016 population 66,502) is a town in the Regional Municipality of Peel in the Greater Toronto Area of Ontario, Canada.

Aurora, Ontario

AuroraAurora, ONTown of Aurora
Magna International, the world's most diversified car supplier, also has its headquarters in Aurora.
Aurora (2016 population 55,445 ) is a town in central York Region in the Greater Toronto Area, within the Golden Horseshoe of Southern Ontario, Canada.

Markham, Ontario

MarkhamMarkham TownshipMarkham, Canada
Markham is a city in the Regional Municipality of York within the Greater Toronto Area of Southern Ontario, Canada.

Mississauga

Mississauga, OntarioMississauga, ONCity of Mississauga
Public transit operators in the GTA include Brampton Transit, Burlington Transit, Durham Region Transit, GO Transit, Milton Transit, MiWay (serving Mississauga), Oakville Transit, Toronto Transit Commission (TTC), and York Region Transit.
With a population of 721,599 as of the 2016 census, Mississauga is the sixth-most populous municipality in Canada, third-most in Ontario, and second-most in the Greater Toronto Area.

Scugog

BlackstockGreenbankReach Township
Due to its location in the Greater Toronto Area, many residents commute to Toronto for work on a daily basis.

King, Ontario

KingKing TownshipTownship of King
King (2016 population 24,512) is a township in York Region north of Toronto, within the Greater Toronto Area in Ontario, Canada.

Whitchurch-Stouffville

Whitchurch–StouffvilleStouffvilleStouffville, Ontario
Whitchurch–Stouffville (2016 population 45,837 ) is a town in the Greater Toronto Area of Ontario, Canada, approximately 50 kilometres north of downtown Toronto, and 55 kilometres north-east of Toronto Pearson International Airport.

Newmarket, Ontario

NewmarketNewmarket, ONnamesake town
With the concession of Metro Toronto, the offices of York County were moved from Toronto to Newmarket.
It is part of Greater Toronto in the Golden Horseshoe region of Southern Ontario.