A report on Greece

The entrance of the Treasury of Atreus (13th BC) in Mycenae
Herodotus (c. 484 BC—c. 425 BC), often considered the "father of history"
Fresco displaying the Minoan ritual of "bull leaping", found in Knossos
Greek territories and colonies during the Archaic period (750–550 BC)
The Parthenon on the Acropolis of Athens, icon of classical Greece.
Alexander the Great, whose conquests led to the Hellenistic Age.
Map of Alexander's short-lived empire (334–323 BC). After his death the lands were divided between the Diadochi
The Antikythera mechanism (c. 100 BC) is considered to be the first known mechanical analog computer (National Archaeological Museum, Athens).
A view from the ancient royal Macedonian tombs in Vergina
The Odeon of Herodes Atticus in Athens, built in 161 AD
Dome of Hagia Sophia, Thessaloniki (8th century), one of the 15 UNESCO's Paleochristian and Byzantine monuments of the city
The Palace of the Grand Master of the Knights of Rhodes, originally built in the late 7th century as a Byzantine citadel and beginning from 1309 used by the Knights Hospitaller as an administrative centre
The Byzantine (Eastern Roman) Empire after the death of Basil II in 1025
The Byzantine castle of Angelokastro successfully repulsed the Ottomans during the First Great Siege of Corfu in 1537, the siege of 1571, and the Second Great Siege of Corfu in 1716, causing them to abandon their plans to conquer Corfu.
The White Tower of Thessaloniki, one of the best-known Ottoman structures remaining in Greece.
The sortie (exodus) of Messolonghi, depicting the Third Siege of Missolonghi, painted by Theodoros Vryzakis.
The Battle of Navarino in 1827 secured Greek independence.
The Entry of King Otto in Athens, painted by Peter von Hess in 1839.
The territorial evolution of the Kingdom of Greece from 1832 to 1947.
Hellenic Army formation in the World War I Victory Parade in Arc de Triomphe, Paris, July 1919.
Map of Greater Greece after the Treaty of Sèvres, when the Megali Idea seemed close to fulfillment, featuring Eleftherios Venizelos as its supervising genius.
The Axis occupation of Greece.
People in Athens celebrate the liberation from the Axis powers, October 1944. Postwar Greece would soon experience a civil war and political polarization.
Signing at Zappeion by Constantine Karamanlis of the documents for the accession of Greece to the European Communities in 1979.
Navagio (shipwreck) bay, Zakynthos island
The Greek mainland and several small islands seen from Nydri, Lefkada
Mount Olympus is the highest mountain in Greece and mythical abode of the Gods of Olympus
The building of the Hellenic Parliament (Old Royal Palace) in central Athens.
Count Ioannis Kapodistrias, first governor, founder of the modern Greek State, and distinguished European diplomat
Kyriakos Mitsotakis, Prime Minister since 2019
Representation through: 
 embassy in another country
 general consulate
 no representation
GDP per capita development
A proportional representation of Greece exports, 2019
Greece's debt percentage since 1977, compared to the average of the Eurozone
Sun-drying of Zante currant on Zakynthos
Solar-power generation potential in Greece
Greek companies control 16.2% of the world's total merchant fleet making it the largest in the world. They are ranked in the top 5 for all kinds of ships, including first for tankers and bulk carriers.
Santorini, a popular tourist destination, is ranked as the world's top island in many travel magazines and sites.
The Rio–Antirrio bridge connects mainland Greece to the Peloponnese.
Thessaloniki Science Center and Technology Museum
Georgios Papanikolaou, a pioneer in cytopathology and early cancer detection
Hermoupolis, on the island of Syros, is the capital of the Cyclades.
Population pyramid of Greece in 2017
Our Lady of Tinos
Regions with a traditional presence of languages other than Greek. Today, Greek is the dominant language throughout the country.
A map of the fifty countries with the largest Greek diaspora communities.
The Academy of Athens is Greece's national academy and the highest research establishment in the country.
The Ionian Academy in Corfu, the first academic institution of modern Greece.
The Ancient Theatre of Epidaurus, still used for theatrical plays.
Close-up of the Charioteer of Delphi, a celebrated statue from the 5th century BC.
Towerhouses of Vatheia in Mani peninsula
Nobile Teatro di San Giacomo di Corfù, the first theatre and opera house of modern Greece
Parnassos Literary Society, painted by Georgios Roilos (Kostis Palamas is at the center)
A statue of Plato in Athens.
Cretan dancers of traditional folk music
Rebetes in Karaiskaki, Piraeus (1933). Left Markos Vamvakaris with bouzouki.
Mikis Theodorakis was one of the most popular and significant Greek composers
A Greek salad, with feta and olives.
Theodoros Angelopoulos, winner of the Palme d'Or in 1998, notable director in the history of the European cinema
Spyridon Louis entering the Panathenaic Stadium at the end of the marathon; 1896 Summer Olympics.
Angelos Charisteas scoring Greece's winning goal in the UEFA Euro 2004 Final
The Greek national basketball team in 2008. Twice European champions (1987 and 2005) and second in the world in 2006
Procession in honor of the Assumption of Virgin Mary (15 August)

Country in Southeast Europe.

- Greece

449 related topics with Alpha



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Athena, patron goddess of Athens; (Varvakeion Athena, National Archaeological Museum)
Delian League, under the leadership of Athens before the Peloponnesian War in 431 BC
The Lycabettus Hill from the Pedion tou Areos park.
Snowfall in Athens on 16 February 2021
Changing of the Greek Presidential Guard in front of the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier at Syntagma Square.
The entrance of the National Gardens, commissioned by Queen Amalia in 1838 and completed by 1840
View of Vila Atlantis, in Kifissia, designed by Ernst Ziller.
Beach in the southern suburb of Alimos, one of the many beaches in the southern coast of Athens
The former mayor of Athens Giorgos Kaminis (right) with the ex–Prime Minister of Greece, George Papandreou Jr. (left).
View of the Athens Urban Area and the Saronic Gulf.
View of Neapoli, Athens
View of Athens and the Saronic Gulf from the Philopappou Hill.
The Athens Urban Area within the Attica Basin from space
Athens population distribution
The seven districts of the Athens Municipality
Ermou street, the main commercial street of Athens, near Syntagma Square.
The 28-storey Athens Tower was completed in 1971, and in a city often bound by low-rise regulations to ensure good views of the Acropolis, is Greece's tallest.
Athens railways network (metro, proastiakós and tram)
Athens Metro train (3rd generation stock)
Suburban rail
Vehicle of the Athens Tram.
The new Athens International Airport, that replaced the old Hellinikon International Airport, opened in 2001.
Interchange at the Attiki Odos airport entrance
View of Hymettus tangent (Periferiaki Imittou) from Kalogeros Hill
Facade of the Academy of Athens
The National Library of Greece.
The Artemision Bronze or God of the Sea, that represents either Zeus or Poseidon, is exhibited in the National Archaeological Museum.
The Cathedral of Athens (Athens Metropolis).
The Caryatides (Καρυάτιδες), or Maidens of Karyai, as displayed in the new Acropolis Museum. One of the female sculptures was taken away from the Erechteion by Lord Elgin and is kept in the British Museum.
Interior of the Academy of Athens, designed by Theophil Hansen.
The Zappeion Hall
Two apartment buildings in central Athens. The left one is a modernist building of the 1930s, while the right one was built in the 1950s.
The inner yard, still a feature of thousands of Athenian residences, may reflect a tradition evident since Antiquity.
The Old Parliament House, now home to the National History Museum. View from Stadiou Street.
The National Archaeological Museum in central Athens
The Acropolis Museum
The National Theatre of Greece, near Omonoia Square
The Stavros Niarchos Foundation Cultural Centre, home of the Greek National Opera and the new National Library.
10,000-meter final during the 2004 Olympic Games
Tondo of the Aison Cup, showing the victory of Theseus over the Minotaur in the presence of Athena. Theseus was responsible, according to the myth, for the synoikismos ("dwelling together")—the political unification of Attica under Athens.
The earliest coinage of Athens, {{circa}} 545–525/15 BC
Coat of Arms of the Duchy of Athens during the rule of the de la Roche family (13th century)
The Roman Agora and the Gate of Athena in Plaka district.
The Temple of Olympian Zeus with river Ilisos by Edward Dodwell, 1821
The Entry of King Otto in Athens, Peter von Hess, 1839.
The Stadiou Street in Central Athens in 1908.
thumb|Temporary accommodation for the Greek refugees from Asia Minor in tents in Thiseio. After the Asia Minor Catastrophe in 1922 thousands of families settled in Athens and the population of the city doubled.
The Hellenic Parliament
The Presidential Mansion, formerly the Crown Prince Palace, in Herodou Attikou Street.
The Maximos Mansion, official office of the Prime Minister of the Hellenic Republic, in Herodou Attikou Street.
The Athens City Hall in Kotzia Square was designed by Panagiotis Kolkas and completed in 1874.<ref>{{Cite web|url=http://www.eie.gr/archaeologia/gr/arxeio_more.aspx?id=39|title=ΑΡΧΕΙΟ ΝΕΟΤΕΡΩΝ ΜΝΗΜΕΙΩΝ - Δημαρχείο Αθηνών|website=www.eie.gr|access-date=26 February 2019|archive-date=26 February 2019|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20190226172829/http://www.eie.gr/archaeologia/gr/arxeio_more.aspx?id=39|url-status=live}}</ref>
The Embassy of France in Vasilissis Sofias Avenue.
The Italian Embassy in Vasilissis Sofias Avenue.
Fencing before the king of Greece at the 1896 Summer Olympics.
The Panathenaic Stadium of Athens (Kallimarmaron) dates back to the 4th century BC and has hosted the first modern Olympic Games in 1896.

Athens (Αθήνα ; (pl.) ) is the capital city of Greece.

Proto-Greek area of settlement (2200/2100-1900 B.C.) suggested by Katona (2000), Sakelariou (2016, 1980, 1975) and Phylaktopoulos (1975)


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Proto-Greek area of settlement (2200/2100-1900 B.C.) suggested by Katona (2000), Sakelariou (2016, 1980, 1975) and Phylaktopoulos (1975)
Mycenaean funeral mask known as "Mask of Agamemnon", 16th c. BC
Alexander the Great, whose conquests led to the Hellenistic Age.
The Hellenistic realms c. 300 BC as divided by the Diadochi; the Μacedonian Kingdom of Cassander (green), the Ptolemaic Kingdom (dark blue), the Seleucid Empire (yellow), the areas controlled by Lysimachus (orange) and Epirus (red)
Bust of Cleopatra VII (Altes Museum, Berlin), the last ruler of a Hellenistic Kingdom (apart the Indo-Greek Kingdom)
Scenes of marriage and family life in Constantinople
Emperor Basil II (11th century) is credited with reviving the Byzantine Empire.
Gemistos Plethon, one of the most renowned philosophers of the late Byzantine era, a chief pioneer of the revival of Greek scholarship in Western Europe
The Byzantine scholar and cardinal Basilios Bessarion (1395/1403–1472) played a key role in transmitting classical knowledge to the Western Europe, contributing to the Renaissance
Adamantios Korais, leading figure of the Modern Greek Enlightenment
The cover of Hermes o Logios, a Greek literary publication of the late 18th and early 19th century in Vienna with major contribution to the Modern Greek Enlightenment.
Map showing the major regions of mainland ancient Greece, and adjacent "barbarian" lands.
Alexander the Great in Byzantine Emperor's clothes, by a manuscript depicting scenes from his life (between 1204 and 1453)
Greek diaspora (20th century).
Greek colonization in antiquity.
Distribution of ethnic groups in 1918, National Geographic
Poet Constantine P. Cavafy, a native of Alexandria, Egypt
Early Greek alphabet, c. 8th century BC
Christ Pantocrator mosaic in Hagia Sophia, Istanbul
Renowned Greek soprano Maria Callas
Renowned Greek actress, singer, socialist, activist and politician Melina Mercouri
Aristarchus of Samos was the first known individual to propose a heliocentric system, in the 3rd century BC
The national flag of Greece is commonly used as a symbol for Greeks worldwide
The flag of the Greek Orthodox Church is based on the coat of arms of the Palaiologoi, the last dynasty of the Byzantine Empire.
Aristotle Onassis, the best known Greek shipping magnate worldwide.
Admixture analysis of autosomal SNPs of the Balkan region in a global context on the resolution level of 7 assumed ancestral populations: African (brown), South/West European (light blue), Asian (yellow), Middle Eastern (green), North/East European (dark blue) and Caucasian/Anatolian component (beige).
Factor Correspondence Analysis Comparing Different Individuals from European Ancestry Groups.

The Greeks or Hellenes (Έλληνες, Éllines ) are an ethnic group and nation indigenous to the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea regions, namely Greece, Cyprus, Albania, Italy, Turkey, Egypt and, to a lesser extent, other countries surrounding the Mediterranean Sea.


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Inscription reading "To Queen Thessalonike, (Daughter) of Philip", Archaeological Museum of Thessaloniki
GDP of the Thessaloniki regional unit 2000–2011
Ancient coin depicting Cassander, son of Antipater, and founder of the city of Thessaloniki
The 4th-century AD Rotunda of Galerius, one of several Roman monuments in the city and a UNESCO World Heritage Site
Section of the Walls of Thessaloniki
Church of the Acheiropoietos (5th century) at the city's centre
A mosaic of Saint George in Saint Demetrios Church
Hot chamber of the men's baths in the Bey Hamam (1444).
Demographics of Thessaloniki between 1500-1950
The White Tower of Thessaloniki, on the edge of Nikis Avenue, a prominent Ottoman addition to the city walls, built in 1430 and rebuilt in 1535, and symbol of the city
Constantine I of Greece with George I of Greece and the Hellenic army enter the city.
Allied armies in Thessaloniki, World War I
The 1st Battalion of the Army of National Defence marches on its way to the Macedonian front.
Aerial photograph of the Great Fire of 1917
Registration of the male Jews of Thessaloniki in July 1942, Eleftherias Square. 96% of deported Jews perished in Nazi concentration camps.
Part of Eleftherias Square and Stein mansion during the Axis occupation
Indian troops sweep for mines in Salonika 1944
Thessaloniki's urban and metropolitan areas
Mayor Yiannis Boutaris (2011-19)
The Government House, now the Ministry for Macedonia and Thrace, designed by Vitaliano Poselli in 1891
The Prefecture building (Villa Allatini)
Plan for central Thessaloniki by Ernest Hébrard. Much of the plan can be seen in today's city center.
The old Hotel Astoria on Tsimiski Street, typical beaux-arts architecture of the post-fire architecture boom
A street in Ladadika district
Xirokrini neighbourhood.
The cultural center (including MOMus–Museum of Modern Art–Costakis Collection and two theatres of the National Theatre of Northern Greece), former Catholic Lazarist Monastery (Moni Lazariston).
Villa Mordoch (arch. Xenophon Paionidis) on Vasilissis Olgas Avenue
The church of Saint Demetrius, patron saint of the city, built in the 4th century, is the largest basilica in Greece and one of the city's most prominent Paleochristian monuments.
Panagia Chalkeon church in Thessaloniki (1028 AD), one of the 15 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in the city
The Byzantine Bath of the Upper Town.
The equestrian statue of Alexander the Great on the promenade
Aerial view of the newest section of the promenade (Nea Paralia), which was opened to the public in January 2014
The old building of Banque de Salonique, now Stoa Malakopi
A building of the Bank of Greece
View of the port
The GDP of Thessaloniki in comparison to that of Attica and the rest of the country (2012)
Paths of Jewish immigration to the city
Jewish family of Salonika in 1917
"Jews not welcomed" sign during the Axis occupation
Monastir Synagogue
The building of the Society of Macedonian studies, seat of the National Theatre of Northern Greece.
Thessaloniki Concert Hall
Marina of Aretsou
Part of the coastline of the southeastern suburb of Peraia on the Thermaic Gulf, with views towards Thessaloniki
View of the Museum of Byzantine Culture
View of the Thessaloniki Science Center and Technology Museum (also known as NOESIS) on the road to Thermi
View of the Roman Forum (Ancient Agora)
Olympion Theatre, seat of the International Film Festival
Kaftanzoglio National Stadium
Mosaic of Saint Demetrius of Thessaloniki in the Church of Saint Demetrius in Thessaloniki
Frappé coffee
Bougatsa, typical Thessalonian treat
Hotel Luxemvourgo on Komninon Street (1924, arch. Eli Modiano)
View of the Makedonia Palace on the promenade
Aerial view of the campus of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (to the right), the largest university in Greece and the Balkans
The old tram lines on Agiou Mina Street
An OASTH bus
Map of the Thessaloniki Metro under construction (Lines 1 and 2), and its planned extensions
Suburban Railway services
Thessaloniki International Airport
New railway station
Road map of Thessaloniki and its suburbs from OpenStreetMap
Part of the ring road (Peripheriaki Odos)
Taxi in Thessaloniki
Commemorative stele in Melbourne

Thessaloniki (Θεσσαλονίκη, ), also known as Thessalonica, Saloniki or Salonica is the second-largest city in Greece, with over 1 million inhabitants in its metropolitan area, and the capital of the geographic region of Macedonia, the administrative region of Central Macedonia and the Decentralized Administration of Macedonia and Thrace.


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Transcontinental country located mainly on the Anatolian Peninsula in Western Asia, with a small portion on the Balkan Peninsula in Southeast Europe.

Transcontinental country located mainly on the Anatolian Peninsula in Western Asia, with a small portion on the Balkan Peninsula in Southeast Europe.

Some henges at Göbekli Tepe were erected as far back as 9600 BC, predating those of Stonehenge, England, by over seven millennia.
The Great Seljuk Empire in 1092, upon the death of Malik Shah I
The Second Ottoman Siege of Vienna in 1683 (the First Siege was in 1529) initiated the Great Turkish War (1683–1699) between the Ottomans and a Holy League of European states.
Armenian civilians being deported during the Armenian genocide
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, founder and first President of the Turkish Republic, with the Liberal Republican Party leader Fethi Okyar (right) and Okyar's daughter in Yalova, 13 August 1930.
Eighteen female deputies joined the Turkish Parliament with the 1935 general elections. Turkish women gained the right to vote and to hold elected office as a mark of the far-reaching social changes initiated by Atatürk.
Roosevelt, İnönü and Churchill at the Second Cairo Conference, 1943.
Anıtkabir, the mausoleum of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk in Ankara, is visited by large crowds every year during national holidays, such as Republic Day on 29 October.
Istanbul Çağlayan Justice Palace is a courthouse in the Şişli district of Istanbul.
After becoming one of the early members of the Council of Europe in 1950, Turkey became an associate member of the EEC in 1963, joined the EU Customs Union in 1995 and started full membership negotiations with the European Union in 2005.
The Turkish Armed Forces collectively rank as the second-largest standing military force in NATO, after the US Armed Forces. Turkey joined the alliance in 1952.
The 2015 G20 Summit held in Antalya, Turkey, a founding member of the OECD (1961) and G20 (1999).
TAI Anka and Bayraktar TB2 are the unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) used by the Turkish Armed Forces.
TCG Anadolu (L-400) is an amphibious assault ship-aircraft carrier developed for the Turkish Navy
Feminist demonstration in Kadıköy, Istanbul on 29 July 2017
Turkish journalists protesting the imprisonment of their colleagues on Human Rights Day in 2016.
Istanbul Pride organized in 2003 for the first time. Since 2015, parades in Istanbul were denied permission by the government. The denials were based on security concerns, but critics claimed the bans were ideological. Despite the refusal hundreds of people defied the ban each year.
Topographic map of Turkey
Sumela Monastery in the Pontic Mountains, which form an ecoregion with diverse temperate rainforest types, flora and fauna in northern Anatolia.
A white Turkish Angora cat with odd eyes (heterochromia), which is common among the Angoras.
Köppen climate classification of Turkey
Istanbul is the largest city and financial centre of Turkey.
A proportional representation of Turkey's exports, 2019
Marmaris in the Turkish Riviera
Istanbul Airport main terminal building has an annual passenger capacity of 90 million and making it the world's largest airport terminal building under a single roof.
A TCDD HT80000 high-speed train of the Turkish State Railways
Göktürk-1, Göktürk-2 and Göktürk-3 are the Earth observation satellites of the Turkish Ministry of National Defense, while state-owned Türksat operates the Türksat series of communications satellites.
Total fertility rate in Turkey by province (2021)
CIA map of areas with a Kurdish majority
Sancaklar Mosque is a contemporary mosque in Istanbul
The Church of St. Anthony of Padua on İstiklal Avenue, in the Beyoğlu district of Istanbul. There are 234 active churches in the city.
Istanbul Technical University is the world's third-oldest technical university.
Istanbul University was founded in 1453 as a Darülfünûn. On 1 August 1933 it was reorganised and became the Republic's first university.
Acıbadem Hospital in Altunizade neighborhood of Üsküdar, İstanbul
Ortaköy Mosque is a good example of the Westernisation of Islamic-Ottoman architecture. Many Baroque architecture elements can be seen in it.
Ottoman miniature which can be linked to the Persian miniature tradition, as well as strong Chinese artistic influences.
Namık Kemal's works had a profound influence on Atatürk and other Turkish statesmen who established the Turkish Republic.
Nobel-laureate Turkish novelist Orhan Pamuk and his Turkish Angora cat at his personal writing space
Süreyya Opera House is situated in the Asian side of Istanbul and Atatürk Cultural Center is the main Opera House in the European side of the city.
Referred to as Süperstar by the Turkish media, Ajda Pekkan is a prominent figure of Turkish pop music, with a career spanning decades and a repertoire of diverse musical styles.
Barış Manço was a Turkish rock musician and one of the founders of the Anatolian rock genre.
Turkey won the silver medal at the 2010 FIBA World Championship.
VakıfBank S.K. has won the FIVB Volleyball Women's Club World Championship in 2017 and 2018, and the 2017–18 CEV Women's Champions League for the fourth time in their history.
TRT World is the international news platform of the Turkish Radio and Television Corporation.
The closing ceremony of the annual International Antalya Golden Orange Film Festival takes place at the Aspendos amphitheatre.

It shares borders with the Black Sea to the north; Georgia to the northeast; Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Iran to the east; Iraq to the southeast; Syria and the Mediterranean Sea to the south; the Aegean Sea to the west; and Greece and Bulgaria to the northwest.


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Country in Southeastern Europe.

Country in Southeastern Europe.

The remains of Kamenica Tumulus in the county of Korçë.
Founded in the 4th century BC, Scodra was a significant city of the Illyrian tribes of the Ardiaei and Labeates.
Apollonia was an important Ancient Greek colony on the Illyrian coast along the Adriatic Sea and one of the western points of the Via Egnatia route, that connected Rome and Constantinople.
The town of Krujë was the capital of the Principality of Arbanon in the Middle Ages.
Ismail Qemali is regarded as the founding father of the modern Albanian nation.
Zog I was the first and only king of Albania; his reign lasted 11 years (1928–1939).
Enver Hoxha served as Prime Minister and First Secretary of the Party of Labour of Albania.
A bunker overlooking the Albanian Alps. By 1983, approximately 173,371 concrete bunkers were scattered across the country.
In 1988, the first foreigners were allowed to walk into the car-free Skanderbeg Square in Tirana.
The earthquake of November 2019 was the strongest to hit Albania in more than four decades.
The Albanian Alps are an extension and simultaneously the highest section of the Dinaric Alps.
Gjipe is located on the confluence of the Adriatic and Ionian Sea.
Panorma Bay on the Albanian Riviera in the south has a mediterranean climate.
The Albanian Alps in the north have a subarctic climate.
The golden eagle is the national symbol and animal of Albania.
The common bottlenose dolphin is a frequent visitor to the waters of the Albanian Adriatic and Ionian Sea Coasts.
The Lagoon of Karavasta within the Divjakë-Karavasta National Park is renowned for hosting the rare Dalmatian pelican.
Assisted by the governments of Kosovo and Albania, an official application for the inclusion of the Arbëreshë people in the list of UNESCO's Intangible Cultural Heritage is being prepared.
Albanian soldiers in the Province of Kandahar, Afghanistan.
GPD per capita development of Albanien since 1913
Tirana is the economic hub of the country. It is home to major domestic and foreign companies operating in the country.
Grapes in Berat. Due to the mediterranean climate, wine, olives and citrus fruits are mostly produced in Southern Albania.
The Antea factory in Fushë-Krujë
The Islets of Ksamil in the south of the Albanian Ionian Sea Coast.
Rruga e Kombit connects the Adriatic Sea across the Western Lowlands with the Albanian Alps.
Tirana International Airport is named in honour of the Albanian nun and missionary Mother Teresa.
The University of Arts is the largest higher education institute dedicated to the study of arts.
The Albanian cuisine from the Mediterranean, which is characterised by the use of fruits, vegetables and olive oil, contributes to the good nutrition of the country's population.
Electricity production in Albania from 1980 to 2019.
Lake Koman was formed as a result of the construction of the Koman Hydroelectric Power Station in 1985.
Development of the population of Albania over the last sixty years.
The dialects of the Albanian language in Albania.
Representatives of the Sunni, Orthodox, Bektashi and Catholic Albanian communities and in Paris.
The double-headed eagle on the walls of the St. Anthony Church.
Butrint has been included in the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites since 1992.
The Codices of Berat are eminently important for the global community and the development of ancient biblical, liturgical and hagiographical literature. In 2005, it was inscribed on the UNESCO's Memory of the World Register.
Bukë misri (cornbread) is a staple on the Albanian table.
Speca të ferguara (roasted peppers) served with pite, a traditional and prominent layered Albanian pie.
The former grounds of the headquarters of Radio Tirana in the capital of Tirana. Radio Televizioni Shqiptar (RTSH) was initially inaugurated as Radio Tirana in 1938 prior to the World War II.
Albanian iso-polyphony is designated as an UNESCO Masterpiece of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity.
The Albanian Dancer (1835) by French artist Alexandre-Gabriel Decamps; the dancers are depicted wearing the fustanella, the national costume of Albania
An excerpt from the Meshari (The Missal) written by Gjon Buzuku. (1555)
Parashqevi Qiriazi - teacher and feminist (1880–1970)
Arena Kombëtare in central Tirana

It is located on the Adriatic and Ionian Seas within the Mediterranean Sea and shares land borders with Montenegro to the northwest, Kosovo to the northeast, North Macedonia to the east and Greece to the south.

Macedonia (Greece)

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The expansion of the ancient Macedonian Kingdom up to the death of Phillip II
The Lion of Amphipolis; erected in 4th BC in honour of Laomedon of Mytilene, general of Alexander the Great
View of the Roman-era Arch of Galerius in Thessaloniki, capital of Roman Macedonia
View of the Byzantine fortress in the old town of Kavala.
The Frankish Platamon Castle.
Metrophanes Kritopoulos, theologian, monk and Patriarch of Alexandria who was born in Veria in 1589.
The 1st Battalion of the National Defence marches on its way to the Front, during WWI.
Topographic map of Macedonia
Köppen climate classification map of Macedonia
The port of Thessaloniki, the major economic and industrial centre
View of the Egnatia odos highway
A beach in Chalkidiki
Polyphytos artificial lake on the Haliacmon, the longest river in Greece
Saint Gregory Palamas Metropolitan Cathedral in Thessaloniki
Fanos, an old carnival custom of Kozani
Population pyramid of Macedonia from the 2011 census
Ethnic map of the Balkans in 1876, showing the mix of nationalities in Macedonia
Apogevmatini headline quoting Kostas Karamanlis: "I myself am a Macedonian, just as 2.5 million Greeks."
A man in Macedonomachos uniform
The Aromanian (Vlach) village of Nymfaio, example of traditional architecture
Distribution of the Macedonian and other languages in the Florina and Aridaia regions of Greek Macedonia
Jewish woman from Thessaloniki, gravour of late 19th century
The Jewish synagogue of Veria

Macedonia (Μακεδονία, Makedonía ) is a geographic and former administrative region of Greece, in the southern Balkans.

Venizelos in 1919

Eleftherios Venizelos

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Greek statesman and a prominent leader of the Greek national liberation movement.

Greek statesman and a prominent leader of the Greek national liberation movement.

Venizelos in 1919
The house of Venizelos in Mournies.
Portrait of Kyriakos Venizelos, father of Eleftherios.
Venizelos at Akrotiri, 1897.
Ethnic composition of the Balkans according to the Atlas Général Vidal-Lablache, Librairie Armand Colin, Paris, 1898.
Ethnic composition map of the Balkans by the Greek diplomat Ioannis Gennadius, published by the English cartographer E. Stanford in 1877.
The council of Crete in which Venizelos participated. He is the second from the left.
Venizelos at the beginning of the 20th century.
A speech by Venizelos on 25 March 1905.
The committee for the drafting of a new constitution for Crete in 1906–07.
Popular lithograph celebrating the coup's success. Greece steps triumphantly over the dead monster of the old-party system, cheered by the army and the people.
The boundaries of the Balkan states before the Balkan Wars.
With the Serbian Prime Minister Nikola Pasic in 1913
Venizelos with Constantine
Territorial changes as a result of the First Balkan war, as of April 1913.
Demonstration in Greece during the Balkan Wars with the words "Long Live Venizelos".
Venizelos with other participants in Bucharest peace treaty negotiations
Bust of Eleftherios Venizelos in Belgrade, Serbia.
The "Triumvirate of National Defence" in Thessaloniki. L-R: Admiral Pavlos Kountouriotis, Venizelos, and General Panagiotis Danglis.
The 1st Battalion of the National Defence army marches before the White Tower on its way to the front.
French troops in Athens, with the Acropolis in the background, after the Noemvriana.
Venizelos reviews a section of the Greek army on the Macedonian front during the First World War, 1918. He is accompanied by Admiral Pavlos Koundouriotis (left) and General Maurice Sarrail (right).
Greek lithograph depicting Venizelos along with the principal Allied leaders of World War I, David Lloyd George, Georges Clemenceau, Ferdinand Foch and Woodrow Wilson.
Painting depicting Greek military units in the World War I Victory Parade in Arc de Triomphe, Paris. July 1919.
Venizelos in 1919.
Photo of the members of the commission of the League of Nations created by the Plenary Session of the Preliminary Peace Conference, Paris, France 1919. Venizelos is on the right.
Map of Greater Greece after the Treaty of Sèvres, when the Megali Idea seemed close to fulfillment, featuring Eleftherios Venizelos.
The assassination attempt by Greek royalists at the Gare de Lyon.
Venizelos on the journey back to Greece, injured from the Paris assassination attempt
Caricature related to the 1920 parliamentary election, depicting Venizelos and his main political opponent Dimitrios Gounaris.
Eleftherios Venizelos on the cover of Time magazine, 18 February 1924.
With Kemal Atatürk in Ankara; 27 October 1930.
Venizelos, wearing his typical side cap, sitting at his desk (1930).
The car of Venizelos after the assassination attempt of 1933
Venizelos' gravestone in Akrotiri, near Chania, Crete.
A statue in Theriso, Crete.
Venizelos father's shop in Chania.
Venizelos in 1935
Building 22 rue Beaujon in Paris where Venizelos died.
A statue in Thessaloniki (sculpt. Giannis Pappas).
A bust by Athanasios Apartis

He is noted for his contribution to the expansion of Greece and promotion of liberal-democratic policies.

The Balkan states
 Political communities that are included in the Balkans 
 Political communities that are often included in the Balkans


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Geographic area in southeastern Europe with various geographical and historical definitions.

Geographic area in southeastern Europe with various geographical and historical definitions.

The Balkan states
 Political communities that are included in the Balkans 
 Political communities that are often included in the Balkans
Western Balkan countries – Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, Montenegro, North Macedonia, and Serbia. Croatia (yellow) joined the EU in 2013.
Panorama of the Balkan Mountains (Stara Planina). Its highest peak is Botev at a height of 2,376 m.
Sutjeska National Park contains Perućica, which is the largest primeval forests in the Balkans, and one of the last remaining in Europe.
View toward Rila, the highest mountain of the Balkans and Southeast Europe (2,925 m).
Lake Skadar is the largest lake in the Balkans and Southern Europe.
The Jireček Line
Pula Arena, the only remaining Roman amphitheatre to have four side towers and with all three Roman architectural orders entirely preserved.
Remnants of the Felix Romuliana Imperial Palace, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Apollonia ruins near Fier, Albania.
The Balkans in 850 AD
Modern political history of the Balkans from 1796 onwards.
Hagia Sophia, built in sixth century Constantinople (now Istanbul, Turkey) as an Eastern Orthodox cathedral, later a mosque, then a museum, and now both a mosque and a museum
Tsarevets, a medieval stronghold in the former capital of the Bulgarian Empire – Veliko Tarnovo.
The 13th-century church of St. John at Kaneo and the Ohrid Lake in North Macedonia. The lake and town were declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1980.
State entities on the former territory of Yugoslavia, 2008
View from Santorini in Greece. Tourism is an important part of the Greek economy.
Dubrovnik in Croatia, a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1979.
View towards Sveti Stefan in Montenegro. Tourism makes up a significant part of the Montenegrin economy.
View towards Piran in Slovenia. Tourism is a rapidly growing sector of the Slovenian economy.
Golden Sands, a popular tourist destination on the Bulgarian coast.
Belgrade is a major industrial city and the capital of Serbia.
The Stari Most in Mostar, a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2005.
Map showing religious denominations
Approximate distribution of religions in Albania
Ethnic map of the Balkans (1880)
Transhumance ways of the Romance-speaking Vlach shepherds in the past

Share of total area in brackets within the Balkan Peninsula by country, by the Danube–Sava definition, with Bulgaria and Greece occupying almost the half of the territory of the Balkan Peninsula, with around 23% of the total area each:

North Macedonia

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Country in Southeast Europe.

Country in Southeast Europe.

Tribal ethnes in the Southern Balkans prior to the expansion of Macedon
Heraclea Lyncestis, a city founded by Philip II of Macedon in the 4th century BC; ruins of the Byzantine "Small Basilica"
Miniature from the Manasses Chronicle, depicting the defeat of Samuil by Basil II and the return of his blinded soldiers
Nikola Karev, head of the provisional government of the short-lived Kruševo Republic during the Ilinden uprising
Celebration of the Ilinen Uprising in Kruševo during WWI Bulgarian occupation of Southern Serbia.
Members of the pro-Bulgarian Macedonian Youth Secret Revolutionary Organization (MYSRO) during the Skopje Student Trial in 1927. In December, 20 local youths were accused of fighting for an Independent Macedonia.
The division of the Ottoman territories in Europe (including the region of Macedonia) after the Balkan Wars according to the Treaty of Bucharest
Dimitar Vlahov, Mihajlo Apostolski, Metodija Andonov-Čento, Lazar Koliševski and others, greeted in Skopje on 20 November 1944, a week after its liberation
Lazar Koliševski was the political leader of SR Macedonia and briefly of SFR Yugoslavia.
Map of operations during the 2001 insurgency
Symbolic signing of the Prespa agreement
North Macedonia commemorates its accession to NATO at the US Department of State.
Mount Korab, the highest mountain in North Macedonia.
Matka Canyon
Köppen–Geiger climate classification map for North Macedonia
The Parliament Building of North Macedonia in Skopje.
Army of the Republic of North Macedonia
The flag of the then-Republic of Macedonia between 1992 and 1995, bearing the Vergina Sun
Rural/Urban municipalities
Statistical regions of North Macedonia
Vineyard in North Macedonia
Graphical depiction of North Macedonia's product exports.
The church of St. John at Kaneo and Lake Ohrid, one of the most popular tourist destinations in North Macedonia
Map of current and planned highways
European route E75 in North Macedonia
The Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje.
A 19th-century silver Hanukkah Menorah
Linguistic map of North Macedonia, 2002 census
Folk dancers
Tavče gravče
Toše Proeski Arena
The welcoming ceremony for RK Vardar after winning the 2016–17 EHF Champions League
Milcho Manchevski is a critically acclaimed Macedonian film and TV director who won the Golden Lion at Venice Film Festival

It is a landlocked country bordering Kosovo to the northwest, Serbia to the north, Bulgaria to the east, Greece to the south, and Albania to the west.


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The Corinth Canal.
Landscape in Arcadia.
A map of the regions of the Peloponnese of classical antiquity.
The Lion Gate in Mycenae.
The Temple of Hera, Olympia.
View of the Acrocorinth.
A map of Byzantine Greece ca. 900 AD, with the themes and major settlements.
The Frankish castle of Clairmont (Chlemoutsi).
The court of the Byzantine despots in Mystras, now a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Ethnographic map of the Peloponnese, 1890
The Venetian Lion of Saint Mark and halberds from the time of the Kingdom of the Morea in the National Historical Museum, Athens.
"Commander Panagiotis Kephalas plants the flag of liberty upon the walls of Tripolizza", Siege of Tripolitsa, by Peter von Hess.
The flag of the revolutionaries in the Peloponnese raised by the Kolokotronis family during 1821. Commonly associated with the Peloponnese region(unofficial).
The Battle of Navarino, on October 1827, marked the effective end of Ottoman rule in Greece.
Panoramic view of Nafplion, first capital of modern Greece
The Rio–Antirrio bridge, completed in 2004, links the western Peloponnese with mainland Greece.
The rock of Monemvasia
The Peloponnese within Greece
The Peloponnese from ISS, 2014
View of Patras from the Patras Castle
The ancient theatre of Epidaurus
View of the ancient Asclepeion in Messene

The Peloponnese, Peloponnesia, or Peloponnesus (Πελοπόννησος, ) is a peninsula and geographic region in southern Greece.