Green belt (United Kingdom)

Designated areas of green belt in England; the Metropolitan Green Belt outlined in red
Value of land and buildings in the UK from 1995 to 2016 (trillions).

Policy for controlling urban growth.

- Green belt (United Kingdom)
Designated areas of green belt in England; the Metropolitan Green Belt outlined in red

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Greenbelt in Tehran, Iran

Green belt

Policy and land-use zone designation used in land-use planning to retain areas of largely undeveloped, wild, or agricultural land surrounding or neighboring urban areas.

Policy and land-use zone designation used in land-use planning to retain areas of largely undeveloped, wild, or agricultural land surrounding or neighboring urban areas.

Greenbelt in Tehran, Iran
The central core of Ottawa, located in the middle of the map, is surrounded by the Ottawa Greenbelt
Rennes Green Belt
Dunedin Town Belt flanks the hills above the central city
Green belts in England, with Metropolitan Green Belt outlined in red

There are fourteen green belt areas in the UK covering 16,716 km² or 13% of England, and 164 km² of Scotland; for a detailed discussion of these, see Green belt (UK).

CPRE (charity)

Charity in England with over 40,000 members and supporters.

Charity in England with over 40,000 members and supporters.

It also began arguing the case for protecting areas of England's most beautiful countryside, and for setting up green belts to preserve the character of towns and to give town dwellers easy access to the countryside.

Sandys in 1975

Duncan Sandys

British politician and minister in successive Conservative governments in the 1950s and 1960s.

British politician and minister in successive Conservative governments in the 1950s and 1960s.

Sandys in 1975

As Minister of Housing from 1954, he introduced the Clean Air Act and in 1955 introduced the green belts.

The Metropolitan Green Belt (outlined in red) among other green belts of England

Metropolitan Green Belt

The Metropolitan Green Belt (outlined in red) among other green belts of England
Green belt land in north Havering

The Metropolitan Green Belt is a statutory green belt around London, England.

Planning Policy Guidance Notes

In the United Kingdom, Planning Policy Guidance Notes (PPG) were statements of the Government's national policy and principles towards certain aspects of the town planning framework.

In the United Kingdom, Planning Policy Guidance Notes (PPG) were statements of the Government's national policy and principles towards certain aspects of the town planning framework.

Planning Policy Guidance 2: Green Belt

Sheffield Manor ruins as they appeared c. 1819

Sheffield

City in South Yorkshire, England, serving as the administrative centre of the City of Sheffield.

City in South Yorkshire, England, serving as the administrative centre of the City of Sheffield.

Sheffield Manor ruins as they appeared c. 1819
Sheffield in the 19th century. The dominance of industry in the city is evident.
Sheffield was targeted heavily by the Luftwaffe during WW2, owing to the city's industrial importance. The bombing campaign became known as the Sheffield Blitz.
The Women of Steel statue commemorates the women of Sheffield who worked in the city's steel industry during the First and Second World Wars.
Park Hill flats, an example of 1950s and 1960s council housing estates in Sheffield
Peace Gardens
Sheffield Town Hall
The Council Chamber at Sheffield Town Hall
Rivelin Valley
Gleadless Valley, demonstrating the hilly terrain within the city
Population of Sheffield from 1700 to 2011. The exponential population growth during the 19th century and the subsequent plateauing during the 20th century are evident.
St Paul's Place, 2010. St Paul's Tower, the tallest building in Sheffield, is in the centre. The St Paul's Place development constitutes a major redevelopment of the area and has attracted numerous large companies to the complex, such as DLA Piper, PriceWaterHouseCoopers and Barclays. The Department for Education and the Department for Business, Innovation & Skills have also established a presence within St Paul's Place.
Monument to Harry Brearley and the birthplace of stainless steel at the former Brown Firth Research Laboratories
Forgemasters steel works in Sheffield. The site was formerly run by Vickers Limited which was founded in Sheffield in 1828 and became one of the most prominent engineering companies in the world.
The Diamond, at the University of Sheffield. The university is a major public sector employer in the city
A view of Sheffield City Centre. Some of the major shopping precincts can be seen in the left and centre of the image.
Fargate shopping precinct
The Sheffield Parkway at Park Square, the opposite end connects to the M1 motorway at Junction 33.
Sheffield Interchange, served by National Express Coaches
A First South Yorkshire service
Meadowhall Interchange
Sheffield station
A Sheffield Supertram
Doncaster Sheffield Airport
Firth Court, the administrative and ceremonial centre of the University of Sheffield
Sheffield Hallam University city campus seen from South Street Park
Bramall Lane, the home of Sheffield United, is close to the city centre.
Hillsborough, the home of Sheffield Wednesday, is the city's largest stadium with a capacity of just under 40,000.
Ice hockey match at Sheffield Arena between Sheffield Steelers and Nottingham Panthers
English Institute of Sport, Sheffield
Ponds Forge (bottom left) with Sheffield City Centre behind and Park Square in the bottom right
Bishops' House
Sheffield Arena
Sheffield City Hall, a Grade II* listed building
The Crucible Theatre (centre) and Lyceum Theatre (right)
Kelham Island Museum. The museum is home to The Bessemer Converter,the most important technique for making steel from the 1850s to the 1950s.
Sheffield Winter Gardens & St Paul's Tower
Sheffield Botanical Gardens
Meadowhall with the M1 Motorway visible at the top of the photo.
Millennium Square, Sheffield.
BBC Radio Sheffield
The Royal Hallamshire Hospital
Sheffield Central Library
New Era Square
Victoria Quays
South Yorkshire Fire & Rescue HQ

Sheffield is within a green belt region that extends into the wider surrounding counties, and is in place to reduce urban sprawl, prevent the towns and areas in the Sheffield built-up area conurbation from further convergence, protect the identity of outlying communities, encourage brownfield reuse, and preserve nearby countryside.

Adam Smith Institute

Not to be confused with the Smith Institute or Adam Smith International

Not to be confused with the Smith Institute or Adam Smith International

Madsen Pirie, President of the ASI, has been described as the leading architect of Margaret Thatcher's privatisation programme
Rail passengers in Great Britain from 1829 to 2021 showing the increase in passengers that started just before privatisation.

The ASI has written extensively about the effect the green belt has had on house prices by restricting where houses can be built.

United Kingdom housing affordability as described by mortgage payments as a percentage of take-home pay from 1983 to 2015

Affordability of housing in the United Kingdom

The affordability of housing in the UK reflects the ability to rent or buy property.

The affordability of housing in the UK reflects the ability to rent or buy property.

United Kingdom housing affordability as described by mortgage payments as a percentage of take-home pay from 1983 to 2015
United Kingdom housing affordability as described by house price to earnings ratio from 1984 to 2015
A semi-detached house for sale in London zone 5 (Croydon) in 2007
Value of land and buildings in the UK from 1995 to 2016 (trillions).

A report by the Adam Smith Institute found that by using 4% of London's green belt, one million homes could be built within a 10-minute walk of a railway station.

Frank Pick, 1939

Frank Pick

British transport administrator.

British transport administrator.

Frank Pick, 1939
The first Underground branded map from 1908, showing the UERL's lines and those of the other tube companies and the Metropolitan Railway
One of Pick's first poster commissions from 1908, extolling the benefits of living in Golders Green, which the Underground had recently reached
One of the early red disc station "bulls-eyes" introduced by Frank Pick, still in place at Ealing Broadway
South Wimbledon station (1926), one of Charles Holden's new stations on the C&SLR extension to Morden
Day and Night
Sudbury Town station (1931), the first of Charles Holden's stations on the Piccadilly line
The London Passenger Transport Area (outlined in red) extended far beyond the area of the County of London (shaded grey)
Pick's home at 15 Wildwood Road, Hampstead Garden Suburb

Concerned about the uncontrolled and unchecked growth of London, partly facilitated by the new lines that London Underground was building, Pick was a strong supporter of the need for a green belt around the capital to maintain open space within reach of urban areas.

Partizánske in Slovakia – an example of a typical planned European industrial city founded in 1938 together with a shoemaking factory in which practically all adult inhabitants of the city were employed.

London Society (organisation)

British membership organisation established to encourage public interest and participation in urban planning and transport matters in London as well as to study and celebrate the capital's unique history and character.

British membership organisation established to encourage public interest and participation in urban planning and transport matters in London as well as to study and celebrate the capital's unique history and character.

Partizánske in Slovakia – an example of a typical planned European industrial city founded in 1938 together with a shoemaking factory in which practically all adult inhabitants of the city were employed.

This was the first attempt to envisage the management of London as a functional metropolitan region and a key step in developing the notion of a green belt.