Greenland

🇬🇱GreenlandicGLSouth GreenlandEast GreenlandNorth GreenlandKalaallit NunaatSouthern GreenlandaboriginalContinental Biospheres
Greenland (Kalaallit Nunaat, ; Grønland, ) is an autonomous constituent country of the Kingdom of Denmark between the Arctic and Atlantic oceans, east of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago.wikipedia
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List of islands by area

world's largest islandlargest island in the worldlargest islands in the world
Greenland is the world's largest island.

Greenland ice sheet

Greenlandice sheetice cap
Three-quarters of Greenland is covered by the only permanent ice sheet outside Antarctica.
The Greenland ice sheet (Grønlands indlandsis, Sermersuaq) is a vast body of ice covering 1710000 km², roughly 80% of the surface of Greenland.

Nuuk

GodthåbGodthaabDK-3900 Nuuk
About a third of the population live in Nuuk, the capital and largest city. The capital, Nuuk, held the 2016 Arctic Winter Games.
Nuuk (, ; Godthåb) is the capital and largest city of Greenland.

Vikings

VikingNorseDanes
Norsemen settled the uninhabited southern part of Greenland beginning in the 10th century, having previously settled Iceland to escape persecution from the King of Norway and his central government.
Vikings (wicing—"pirate", Danish and ; Swedish and vikingar; víkingar, from Old Norse) were Norse seafarers, mainly speaking the Old Norse language, who during the late 8th to late 11th centuries, raided and traded from their Northern European homelands across wide areas of Europe, and explored westwards to Iceland, Greenland, and Vinland.

North America

NorthNAAmerica
Though physiographically a part of the continent of North America, Greenland has been politically and culturally associated with Europe (specifically Norway and Denmark, the colonial powers, as well as the nearby island of Iceland) for more than a millennium.
In the United States of America, usage of the term may refer only to Canada and the US, and sometimes includes Greenland and Mexico (as in the North American Free Trade Agreement), as well as offshore islands.

Constitution of Denmark

Danish ConstitutionconstitutionConstitution of 1849
Greenland became Danish in 1814, and was fully integrated in the Danish state in 1953 under the Constitution of Denmark.
The Constitutional Act of the Kingdom of Denmark (Danmarks Riges Grundlov), or simply the Constitution (Grundloven), is the constitution of the Kingdom of Denmark, applying equally in Denmark proper, Greenland and the Faroe Islands.

Administrative divisions of Greenland

MunicipalityMunicipalities5 municipalities
Greenland is divided into five municipalities – Sermersooq, Kujalleq, Qeqertalik, Qeqqata, and Avannaata.
Greenland is divided into five municipalities – Avannaata, Kujalleq, Qeqertalik, Qeqqata, and Sermersooq – as well as the large Northeast Greenland National Park which is unincorporated.

Denmark–Norway

DenmarkDano-NorwegianDanish-Norwegian
To strengthen trading and power, Denmark–Norway affirmed sovereignty over the island.
Denmark–Norway (Danish and Norwegian: Danmark–Norge), also known as the Dano-Norwegian Realm, the Oldenburg Monarchy or the Oldenburg realms, was an early modern multi-national and multi-lingual real union consisting of the Kingdom of Denmark, the Kingdom of Norway (Including Norwegian and Danish overseas possessions: the Faroe Islands, Iceland, Greenland, et cetera), the Duchy of Schleswig, and the Duchy of Holstein.

Sermersooq

Kommuneqarfik SermersooqmunicipalityNuuk
Greenland is divided into five municipalities – Sermersooq, Kujalleq, Qeqertalik, Qeqqata, and Avannaata.
Sermersooq (Greenlandic: [seʁmeʁsoːq̚], Place of Much Ice, Sted for Meget Is) is a municipality in Greenland, formed on 1 January 2009 from five earlier, smaller municipalities.

Kujalleq

Kommune KujalleqKUKujalleq municipality
Greenland is divided into five municipalities – Sermersooq, Kujalleq, Qeqertalik, Qeqqata, and Avannaata.
Kujalleq (Greenlandic: [kujaɬeq̚] The South, Den Syd) is a new municipality in the southern tip of Greenland, operational from 1 January 2009.

Northeast Greenland National Park

NE Greenland National ParkNational parks of GreenlandNortheast
Greenland contains the world's largest and most northerly national park, Northeast Greenland National Park (Kalaallit Nunaanni nuna eqqissisimatitaq). Established in 1974, and expanded to its present size in 1988, it protects 972001 km2 of the interior and northeastern coast of Greenland and is bigger than all but twenty-nine countries in the world.
Established in 1974 and expanded to its present size in 1988, it protects 972000 km2 of the interior and northeastern coast of Greenland and is bigger than all but twenty-nine countries in the world.

Arctic Umiaq Line

Arctic Umiaq ferryArctic Umiaq Line A/SAUL ferries
The Arctic Umiaq Line ferry acts as a lifeline for western Greenland, connecting the various cities and settlements.
Arctic Umiaq Line A/S (AUL) or Arctic Umiaq is a passenger and freight shipping line in Greenland.

Naalakkersuisut

government of GreenlandGovernmenthome rule government
In 1979, Denmark granted home rule to Greenland, and in 2008, Greenlanders voted in favor of the Self-Government Act, which transferred more power from the Danish government to the local Greenlandic government.
The Naalakkersuisut is the government of Greenland, a "constituent country" (land) of the Kingdom of Denmark, takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic country, whereby the prime minister is the head of government, and of a multi-party system.

Qeqqata

QEQeqqata Kommunia
Greenland is divided into five municipalities – Sermersooq, Kujalleq, Qeqertalik, Qeqqata, and Avannaata.
Qeqqata (Greenlandic: [qeqːata], The Center, Den Midterste) is a municipality in western Greenland, operational from 1 January 2009.

Greenlandic language

GreenlandicKalaallisutGreenlandic Inuit
The name of the country in the indigenous Greenlandic language is Kalaallit Nunaat ("land of the Kalaallit").
Greenlandic is an Eskimo–Aleut language spoken by about 56,000 Greenlandic Inuit in Greenland.

Danish krone

DKKkronerkrone
It also retains control of monetary policy, providing an initial annual subsidy of DKK 3.4 billion, which is planned to diminish gradually over time.
The krone (plural: kroner; sign: kr.; code: DKK) is the official currency of Denmark, Greenland, and the Faroe Islands, introduced on 1 January 1875.

Disko Bay

Disco BayDisko Bay RegionDisko Bugt
Most finds of Saqqaq-period archaeological remains have been around Disko Bay, including the site of Saqqaq, after which the culture is named.
Disko Bay (Qeqertarsuup tunua; Diskobugten ) is a bay on the western coast of Greenland.

2016 Arctic Winter Games

2016
The capital, Nuuk, held the 2016 Arctic Winter Games.
The 2016 Arctic Winter Games, officially known with the slogan "Join — Feel — Jump", is a winter multi-sport event which took place in Nuuk, Greenland, between 6–12 March 2016.

1982 Greenlandic European Communities membership referendum

1982referendumreferendum in 1982
However, in a referendum in 1982, a majority of the population voted for Greenland to withdraw from the EEC, which was effected in 1985.
The Greenlandic European Communities membership referendum, 1982 was a referendum over whether Greenland should continue to be a member of the European Economic Community which took place on 23 February 1982.

Arctic Archipelago

Canadian arctic islandsArctic IslandsCanadian Arctic island
Greenland (Kalaallit Nunaat, ; Grønland, ) is an autonomous constituent country of the Kingdom of Denmark between the Arctic and Atlantic oceans, east of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago.
It is bounded on the west by the Beaufort Sea; on the northwest by the Arctic Ocean; on the east by Greenland, Baffin Bay and Davis Strait; and on the south by Hudson Bay and the Canadian mainland.

Erik the Red

Eric the RedEiríkur rauðiEirik the Red
The early Norse settlers named the island as Greenland. In the Icelandic sagas, the Norwegian-born Icelander Erik the Red was said to be exiled from Iceland for manslaughter.
Erik Thorvaldsson (950 – c. 1003), known as Erik the Red was a Norse explorer, remembered in medieval and Icelandic saga sources as having founded the first settlement in Greenland.

Fjord

fjordsfiordinlets
They formed three settlements—known as the Eastern Settlement, the Western Settlement and the Middle Settlement—on fjords near the southwestern-most tip of the island.
There are many fjords on the coasts of Alaska, Antarctica, British Columbia, Chile, Greenland, the Faroe Islands, Iceland, Kamchatka, the Kerguelen Islands, New Zealand, Norway, Novaya Zemlya, Labrador, Nunavut, Newfoundland, Quebec, Scotland, South Georgia Island, and Washington state.

Eastern Settlement

Eastern Norse SettlementEasterneasternmost of the Norse settlements
They formed three settlements—known as the Eastern Settlement, the Western Settlement and the Middle Settlement—on fjords near the southwestern-most tip of the island.
The Eastern Settlement was the first and largest of the three areas of Norse Greenland, settled c. AD 985 by Norsemen from Iceland.

Iceland

🇮🇸IcelandicISL
Norsemen settled the uninhabited southern part of Greenland beginning in the 10th century, having previously settled Iceland to escape persecution from the King of Norway and his central government. Though physiographically a part of the continent of North America, Greenland has been politically and culturally associated with Europe (specifically Norway and Denmark, the colonial powers, as well as the nearby island of Iceland) for more than a millennium. The early Norse settlers named the island as Greenland. In the Icelandic sagas, the Norwegian-born Icelander Erik the Red was said to be exiled from Iceland for manslaughter.
Iceland is closer to continental Europe than to mainland North America, although it is closest to Greenland (290 km), an island of North America.

Home rule

home-ruleIrish Home RuleHome Rule Charter
In 1979, Denmark granted home rule to Greenland, and in 2008, Greenlanders voted in favor of the Self-Government Act, which transferred more power from the Danish government to the local Greenlandic government.
It can also refer to the similar system under which Greenland and the Faroe Islands are associated with Denmark.