Grenadier

grenadiersGrenadier CompanyGranaderos1 Grenadiers3 Grenadiersarmoured grenadierGranatierigrenadesGrenadier CorpsGrenadier Division
A grenadier (, ; derived from the word grenade ) was originally a specialized soldier, first established as a distinct role in the mid-to-late 17th century, for the throwing of grenades and sometimes assault operations.wikipedia
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Horse Grenadier Guards

1st Troop of Horse Grenadier Guards2nd Troop Horse Grenadier Guards1st Troop Horse Grenadier Guards
Certain countries such as France (Grenadiers à Cheval de la Garde Impériale) and Argentina (Regiment of Mounted Grenadiers) established units of Horse Grenadiers and for a time the British Army had Horse Grenadier Guards.
Grenadiers, soldiers specially trained to carry and use hand grenades, first appeared in the British Army in 1677.

Regiment of Mounted Grenadiers

Mounted GrenadiersGranaderosGranaderos a Caballo
Certain countries such as France (Grenadiers à Cheval de la Garde Impériale) and Argentina (Regiment of Mounted Grenadiers) established units of Horse Grenadiers and for a time the British Army had Horse Grenadier Guards.
Non-commissioned officers and enlisted troops numbered nine cavalry sergeants, three cavalry corporals, 31 cavalry grenadiers and one cavalry trumpeter.

Bearskin

bearskin capbearskin capsbearskin hats
While there were some exceptions, the most typical grenadier headdress was either the mitre cap or the bearskin.
Traditionally, the bearskin was the headgear of grenadiers and remains in use by grenadier and guards regiments in various armies.

Fireteam

fire teamfire teamsfire-team
These soldiers operate as part of a fireteam.
Grenadier: One corporal or private carries a C7 rifle with an M203 grenade launcher.

Infantry

infantry regimentinfantrymanP.
Grenade usage declined significantly in the early 18th century, a fact that can be attributed to the improved effectiveness of massive infantry line tactics and flintlock technology.
Infantry equipped with special weapons were often named after that weapon, such as grenadiers for their grenades, or fusiliers for their fusils.

Shock troops

shock troopassault troopsshock trooper
However, the need for elite assault troops remained, and the existing grenadier companies were used for this purpose.
Grenadiers originated as specialized assault soldiers for siege operations.

Granatieri di Sardegna Mechanized Brigade

Granatieri di SardegnaGranatieri di Sardegna'' Mechanized Brigade21st Infantry Division ''Granatieri di Sardegna
The term grenadier was retained or adopted by various elite infantry units, including Potsdam Grenadiers, the Granatieri di Sardegna (Grenadiers of Sardinia) in Italy, the Foot Grenadiers, Fusilier-Grenadiers, Tirailleur-Grenadiers and Grenadiers à Cheval de la Garde Impériale, the Russian Empire's Imperial Guard, Britain's Grenadier Guards and the 101st Grenadiers.
The Granatieri di Sardegna Mechanized Brigade (Grenadiers of Sardinia Mechanized Brigade) is a mechanized infantry brigade of the Italian Army, based mainly in Rome and central Italy.

The British Grenadiers

British Grenadier Guards
In the British Army, when Trooping the Colour, "The British Grenadiers" march is played no matter which regiment is on the parade ground, as the colour party stands at the right-hand end of the line, as every regiment formerly had a company of grenadiers at the right of their formation.
The British Grenadiers refers to Grenadiers in general, not the Grenadier Guards Regiment and all Fusilier units were entitled to use it. It allegedly commemorates an assault in August 1695 by 700 British grenadiers on the French-held fortress of Namur during the Nine Years War.

Fusilier

fusiliersfusilsBritish Army Fusilier
Two major exceptions were France's Grande Armée (although in 1812, regulations changed grenadier uniforms to those more similar to the ones of fusiliers, except in guard regiments) and the Austrian Army.
Adopting a number of practices from the Portuguese military in the 19th century, the Brazilian Army uses the term fuzileiros (fusiliers) to designate the regular line infantry, as opposed to the grenadiers (granadeiros) and the light infantry (caçadores and atiradores). In addition, the Brazilian Marine Corps is called Fuzileiros Navais (Naval Fusiliers).

101st Grenadiers

1st Bombay Grenadiers1st Bombay Native Infantry (Grenadiers)1st Grenadier Regiment of Bombay Native Infantry
The term grenadier was retained or adopted by various elite infantry units, including Potsdam Grenadiers, the Granatieri di Sardegna (Grenadiers of Sardinia) in Italy, the Foot Grenadiers, Fusilier-Grenadiers, Tirailleur-Grenadiers and Grenadiers à Cheval de la Garde Impériale, the Russian Empire's Imperial Guard, Britain's Grenadier Guards and the 101st Grenadiers.
In 1783 the regiment's title was amended to become the 8th Grenadier Regiment of Bombay Sepoys, known informally as the Bombay Grenadiers. The regiment thus gained the claim to be the oldest grenadier regiment in the British Empire; the British Army's Grenadier Guards did not gain its Grenadier title until after the Battle of Waterloo in 1815.

Grenade

hand grenadegrenadeshand grenades
A grenadier (, ; derived from the word grenade ) was originally a specialized soldier, first established as a distinct role in the mid-to-late 17th century, for the throwing of grenades and sometimes assault operations.
Grenadier

Mitre

miterbishop's mitremitred abbot
By 1700, grenadiers in the English and other armies had adopted a cap in the shape of a bishop's mitre, usually decorated with the regimental insignia in embroidered cloth.
During the 18th century (and in a few cases the 19th), soldiers designated as grenadiers in various northern European armies wore a mitre (usually called a "mitre cap") similar in outline to those worn by western bishops.

Imperial Guard (Russia)

Imperial GuardImperial GuardsRussian Imperial Guard
The term grenadier was retained or adopted by various elite infantry units, including Potsdam Grenadiers, the Granatieri di Sardegna (Grenadiers of Sardinia) in Italy, the Foot Grenadiers, Fusilier-Grenadiers, Tirailleur-Grenadiers and Grenadiers à Cheval de la Garde Impériale, the Russian Empire's Imperial Guard, Britain's Grenadier Guards and the 101st Grenadiers.

Canadian Army

CanadianArmyCanada
The Canadian Grenadier Guards is one of the longest serving units in the Canadian Army's Primary Reserve, it still continues today, both in its reserve role and as a ceremonial guard at the National War Memorial, Rideau Hall, and other places of symbolic importance.
The Army infantry uses the C7 Rifle or C8 Carbine as the basic assault rifle, with grenadiers using the C7 with an attached M203 grenade launcher, and the C9 squad automatic weapon.

M203 grenade launcher

M203grenade launchersColt M203
US squads have continued the concept of the grenadier armed with an M203 or M320 Grenade Launcher Module attached to an M16 or M4.
Grenadier

1st King's Immemorial Infantry Regiment

1st King's Immemorial Infantry Regiment of AHQ1st Infantry Regiment ''"King's ImmemorialKing's Immemorial Infantry Regiment
There is one company of the 1st King's Immemorial Infantry Regiment which during ceremonies is authorized to use grenadier uniforms of the Charles III period.
The period chosen was that from 1780 to 1786, during which in accordance with the organization of Spanish Infantry, each Regiment had two Battalions, each one formed of nine companies, one of grenadiers and eight of fusiliers.

Guard of honour

honor guardhonour guardguard of honor
The Grenadier Company is the honor guard of the Swedish Army's Life Guards for state ceremonies.
The Grenadier company of the Life Guards is used as an honour guard at state visit welcoming ceremonies.

Forlorn hope

chance to go out in a blaze of glorydie in futile military actionfirst wave
Grenadiers would also often lead the storming of fortification breaches in siege warfare, although this role was more usually fulfilled by all-arm units of volunteers called forlorn hopes, and might also be fulfilled by sappers or pioneers.

H. C. McNeile

sappersappersengineers
Grenadiers would also often lead the storming of fortification breaches in siege warfare, although this role was more usually fulfilled by all-arm units of volunteers called forlorn hopes, and might also be fulfilled by sappers or pioneers.

Pioneer (military)

pioneerpioneersPionier
Grenadiers would also often lead the storming of fortification breaches in siege warfare, although this role was more usually fulfilled by all-arm units of volunteers called forlorn hopes, and might also be fulfilled by sappers or pioneers.

Grenadiers à Cheval de la Garde Impériale

Grenadiers à ChevalHorse GrenadiersFrench Guard Horse Grenadiers
Certain countries such as France (Grenadiers à Cheval de la Garde Impériale) and Argentina (Regiment of Mounted Grenadiers) established units of Horse Grenadiers and for a time the British Army had Horse Grenadier Guards. The term grenadier was retained or adopted by various elite infantry units, including Potsdam Grenadiers, the Granatieri di Sardegna (Grenadiers of Sardinia) in Italy, the Foot Grenadiers, Fusilier-Grenadiers, Tirailleur-Grenadiers and Grenadiers à Cheval de la Garde Impériale, the Russian Empire's Imperial Guard, Britain's Grenadier Guards and the 101st Grenadiers.

Heavy cavalry

cavalryheavymounted knights
Like their infantry grenadier counterparts, these horse-mounted soldiers were chosen for their size and strength (heavy cavalry).

Grenade launcher

grenade launchersunderslung grenade launcherlauncher
Today, the term is also used to describe a soldier armed with a grenade launcher, a weapon that fires a specially-designed large-caliber projectile, often with an explosive, smoke or gas warhead.

Ming dynasty

MingMing ChinaMing Empire
The concept of throwing grenades may go back to the Ming China, when Chinese soldiers on the Great Wall were reported to be using this weapon.

Great Wall of China

Great WallThe Great WallThe Great Wall of China
The concept of throwing grenades may go back to the Ming China, when Chinese soldiers on the Great Wall were reported to be using this weapon.