Grenadier

grenadiersgrenadier companyGranaderosMitreGrenadier Corpsmitre capsPalace GrenadiersGrenadiers royaux de FrancegrenadesGrenadier Division
A grenadier (, ; derived from the word grenade ) was originally a specialized soldier, first established as a distinct role in the mid-to-late 17th century, for the throwing of grenades and sometimes assault operations.wikipedia
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Horse Grenadier Guards

1st Troop of Horse Grenadier Guards2nd Troop Horse Grenadier Guards1st Troop Horse of Grenadier Guards
Certain countries such as France (Grenadiers à Cheval de la Garde Impériale) and Argentina (Regiment of Mounted Grenadiers) established units of Horse Grenadiers and for a time the British Army had Horse Grenadier Guards.
Grenadiers, soldiers specially trained to carry and use hand grenades, first appeared in the British Army in 1677.

Bearskin

bearskin capbearskinsbearskin caps
While there were some exceptions, the most typical grenadier headdress was either the mitre cap or the bearskin.
Traditionally, the bearskin was the headgear of grenadiers and remains in use by grenadier and guards regiments in various armies.

Granatieri di Sardegna Mechanized Brigade

Granatieri di SardegnaGranatieri di Sardegna'' Mechanized BrigadeMechanized Brigade ''Granatieri di Sardegna
The term grenadier was retained or adopted by various elite infantry units, including Potsdam Grenadiers, the Granatieri di Sardegna (Grenadiers of Sardinia) in Italy, the Foot Grenadiers, Fusilier-Grenadiers, Tirailleur-Grenadiers and Grenadiers à Cheval de la Garde Impériale, the Russian Empire's Imperial Guard, Britain's Grenadier Guards and the 101st Grenadiers.
The Granatieri di Sardegna Mechanized Brigade (Grenadiers of Sardinia Mechanized Brigade) is a mechanized infantry brigade of the Italian Army, based mainly in Rome and central Italy.

101st Grenadiers

1st Bombay Grenadiers1st Grenadier Regiment of Bombay Native Infantry1st Bombay Native Infantry (Grenadiers)
The term grenadier was retained or adopted by various elite infantry units, including Potsdam Grenadiers, the Granatieri di Sardegna (Grenadiers of Sardinia) in Italy, the Foot Grenadiers, Fusilier-Grenadiers, Tirailleur-Grenadiers and Grenadiers à Cheval de la Garde Impériale, the Russian Empire's Imperial Guard, Britain's Grenadier Guards and the 101st Grenadiers.
In 1783 the regiment's title was amended to become the 8th Grenadier Regiment of Bombay Sepoys, known informally as the Bombay Grenadiers. The regiment thus gained the claim to be the oldest grenadier regiment in the British Empire; the British Army's Grenadier Guards did not gain its Grenadier title until after the Battle of Waterloo in 1815.

Infantry

infantry regimentinfantrymanP.
Grenade usage declined significantly in the early 18th century, a fact that can be attributed to the improved effectiveness of massive infantry line tactics and flintlock technology.
Infantry equipped with special weapons were often named after that weapon, such as grenadiers for their grenades, or fusiliers for their fusils.

Regiment of Mounted Grenadiers

Mounted GrenadiersGranaderos a CaballoGranaderos
Certain countries such as France (Grenadiers à Cheval de la Garde Impériale) and Argentina (Regiment of Mounted Grenadiers) established units of Horse Grenadiers and for a time the British Army had Horse Grenadier Guards.
Non-commissioned officers and enlisted troops numbered nine cavalry sergeants, three cavalry corporals, 31 cavalry grenadiers and one cavalry trumpeter.

Fusilier

fusiliersfusilsFüsilier
Two major exceptions were France's Grande Armée (although in 1812, regulations changed grenadier uniforms to those more similar to the ones of fusiliers, except in guard regiments) and the Austrian Army.
Adopting a number of practices from the Portuguese military in the 19th century, the Brazilian Army uses the term fuzileiros (fusiliers) to designate the regular line infantry, as opposed to the grenadiers (granadeiros) and the light infantry (caçadores and atiradores). In addition, the Brazilian Marine Corps is called Fuzileiros Navais (Naval Fusiliers).

The British Grenadiers

British Grenadier Guards
In the British Army, when Trooping the Colour, "The British Grenadiers" march is played no matter which regiment is on the parade ground, as the colour party stands at the right-hand end of the line, as every regiment formerly had a company of grenadiers at the right of their formation.
The British Grenadiers refers to Grenadiers in general, not the Grenadier Guards Regiment and all Fusilier units were entitled to use it. It allegedly commemorates an assault in August 1695 by 700 British grenadiers on the French-held fortress of Namur during the Nine Years War.

Shock troops

shock troopassault troopsshock trooper
However, the need for elite assault troops remained, and the existing grenadier companies were used for this purpose.
Grenadiers originated as specialized assault soldiers for siege operations.

Panzergrenadier

panzergrenadiersPanzer GrenadierPanzer Grenadiers
The term Panzergrenadier was adopted in the German Wehrmacht to describe mechanized heavy infantry elements whose greater protection and mobility allowed them to keep pace with (and provide intimate protection to) armoured units and formations.
In 1942, when Infantry Regiments were renamed as Grenadier Regiments by Hitler as a historical homage to Frederick the Great's Army, the Schützen regiments (and the soldiers in them) began to be redesignated as Panzergrenadier regiments, as did Motorized Infantry units and soldiers.

Belgian Land Component

Belgian ArmyLand ComponentBelgian
The Belgian Land Component retains two regiments of grenadiers based in Brussels.
1 regiment of grenadiers (three active battalions, one inactive and one company in each regiment depot)

M79 grenade launcher

M79M-79M-79 grenade launcher
He was usually armed with an M79 grenade launcher, although towards the end of the war it was replaced with an XM148 grenade launcher underslinging an M16 rifle in very small numbers.
Moreover, its size meant that a grenadier armed with the M79 could not carry a rifle, having only a sidearm to use in a firefight after expending his grenades, though some grenadiers opted to carry a slung M16 rifle in lieu of a sidearm.

Fireteam

fire teamfire teamsfire-team
These soldiers operate as part of a fireteam.
Grenadier Rifleman (GR): Provides limited high-angle fire over 'Dead zones'. A grenadier is equipped with an M4/M16 with the M203 grenade launcher (or newer M320 grenade launcher) mounted to the weapon.

Charles Cotesworth Pinckney

Charles C. PinckneyCharles PinckneyPinckney
New York City also had a Grenadier unit, as did South Carolina - the elite 1st South Carolina Regiment, raised and commanded by Charles Cotesworth Pinckney.
As a senior company commander with the rank of captain, Pinckney raised and led the elite Grenadiers of the 1st South Carolina Regiment.

Special Forces Command (Switzerland)

Special Forces CommandSwiss Special Forces Command (SFC)Grenadiers
The Swiss Kommando Spezialkräfte specialize in urban warfare, guerrilla warfare, anti-terrorist operations, commando tactics, sniper missions, hand-to-hand combat, and other special operations.
Soldiers denominated "grenadiers" have long been part of Switzerland's military tradition: even before the 19th century, grenadiers served as part of the cantonal contingents of the Swiss Confederacy.

Mitre

miterbishop's mitremitred abbot
By 1700, grenadiers in the English and other armies had adopted a cap in the shape of a bishop's mitre, usually decorated with the regimental insignia in embroidered cloth.
During the 18th century (and in a few cases the 19th), soldiers designated as grenadiers in various northern European armies wore a mitre (usually called a "mitre cap") similar in outline to those worn by western bishops.

Imperial Guard (Russia)

Imperial GuardImperial GuardsRussian Imperial Guard
The term grenadier was retained or adopted by various elite infantry units, including Potsdam Grenadiers, the Granatieri di Sardegna (Grenadiers of Sardinia) in Italy, the Foot Grenadiers, Fusilier-Grenadiers, Tirailleur-Grenadiers and Grenadiers à Cheval de la Garde Impériale, the Russian Empire's Imperial Guard, Britain's Grenadier Guards and the 101st Grenadiers.

Canadian Army

CanadianArmyCanada
The Canadian Grenadier Guards is one of the longest serving units in the Canadian Army's Primary Reserve, it still continues today, both in its reserve role and as a ceremonial guard at the National War Memorial, Rideau Hall, and other places of symbolic importance.
The Army infantry uses the C7 Rifle or C8 Carbine as the basic assault rifle, with grenadiers using the C7 with an attached M203 grenade launcher, and the C9 squad automatic weapon.

M203 grenade launcher

M203grenade launchersColt M203
Modern US squads have continued the concept of the grenadier armed with an M203 or M320 Grenade Launcher Module attached to an M16 or M4.
Grenadier

1st King's Immemorial Infantry Regiment

1st King's Immemorial Infantry Regiment of AHQRegimiento de Infantería Inmemorial del ReyKing's Own Immemorial Regiment
There is one company of the 1st King's Immemorial Infantry Regiment which during ceremonies is authorized to use grenadier uniforms of the Charles III period.
The period chosen was that from 1780 to 1786, during which in accordance with the organization of Spanish Infantry, each Regiment had two Battalions, each one formed of nine companies, one of grenadiers and eight of fusiliers.

Battle of Tarqui

battle at Tarqui
The unit stands guard at Quito's Carondelet Palace and retains the uniform worn during the Battle of Tarqui of 1829, reporting as part of the Ecuadorian Army.
In honor of the Ecuadorian fallen of the battle the Presidential Horse Guards Squadron of the Ecuadorian Army has the nickname "Tarqui Grenadiers" in honor of the battle, as a horse grenadier unit served with the Colombian army during the battle and was manned partly by Ecuadorian personnel.

Guard of honour

honor guardhonour guardguard of honor
The Grenadier Company is the honor guard of the Swedish Army's Life Guards for state ceremonies.
The Grenadier company of the Life Guards is used as an honour guard at state visit welcoming ceremonies.

List of German divisions in World War II

Hermann Göring Divisions256th Volksgrenadier Division356th Infantry Division
Grenadier: A traditional term for heavy infantry.

Thomas Thetcher

– 1764), also known simply as The Hampshire Grenadier, was a grenadier in the North Regiment of the Hants Militia.