Gros Michel banana

Gros Michel
Gros Michel, often known as Big Mike, is an export cultivar of banana and was, until the 1950s, the main variety grown.wikipedia
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Banana

bananasbanana treebanana flower
Gros Michel, often known as Big Mike, is an export cultivar of banana and was, until the 1950s, the main variety grown.
The cultivars Dwarf Cavendish and Grand Nain (Chiquita Banana) gained popularity in the 1950s after the previous mass-produced cultivar, Gros Michel (also an AAA group cultivar), became commercially unviable due to Panama disease, caused by the fungus Fusarium oxysporum which attacks the roots of the banana plant.

List of banana cultivars

AAAAABanana cultivars
Gros Michel is a triploid cultivar of the wild banana Musa acuminata, belonging to the AAA group.

Musa acuminata

M. acuminataMusa nanaapple
Gros Michel is a triploid cultivar of the wild banana Musa acuminata, belonging to the AAA group.

Panama disease

soil fungus outbreak
This variety was once the dominant export banana to Europe and North America, grown in Central America, but in the 1950s, Panama disease, a wilt caused by the fungus Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense, wiped out vast tracts of Gros Michel plantations in Central America, though it is still grown on non-infected land throughout the region. "Yes! We Have No Bananas", a novelty song about a grocer from the 1922 Broadway revue Make It Snappy, is said to have been inspired by a shortage of Gros Michel bananas, which began with the infestation of Panama disease early in the 20th century.
During the 1950s, a first outbreak of Panama disease almost wiped out the commercial Gros Michel banana production.

Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense

Tropical race 4F. oxysporum'' f. sp. ''cubenseFusarium oxysporum'' f. sp. ''cubense
This variety was once the dominant export banana to Europe and North America, grown in Central America, but in the 1950s, Panama disease, a wilt caused by the fungus Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense, wiped out vast tracts of Gros Michel plantations in Central America, though it is still grown on non-infected land throughout the region.
Before 1960, a total reliance was put on the cultivar 'Gros Michel', and it supplied almost all the export trade.

Cavendish banana

CavendishbananasCavendish banana subgroup
By the 1960s, the exporters of Gros Michel bananas were unable to keep trading such a susceptible cultivar, and started growing resistant cultivars belonging to the Cavendish subgroup (another Musa acuminata AAA).
They replaced the Gros Michel banana (commonly known as Kampala banana in Kenya and Bogoya in Uganda) after it was devastated by Panama disease.

Cultivar

cultivarscultivated varietyvariety
Gros Michel, often known as Big Mike, is an export cultivar of banana and was, until the 1950s, the main variety grown. Gros Michel is a triploid cultivar of the wild banana Musa acuminata, belonging to the AAA group.

Polyploidy

tetraploidpolyploidtriploid
Gros Michel is a triploid cultivar of the wild banana Musa acuminata, belonging to the AAA group.

Malaysia

Federation of MalaysiaMalaysianMalaya

Cambodia

Kingdom of CambodiaKampucheaKhmer

Nicolas Baudin

Nicholas BaudinBaudinCaptain Baudin
French naturalist Nicolas Baudin carried a few corms of this banana from Southeast Asia, depositing them at a botanical garden on the Caribbean island of Martinique.

Corm

cormscorm-scalesGabi
French naturalist Nicolas Baudin carried a few corms of this banana from Southeast Asia, depositing them at a botanical garden on the Caribbean island of Martinique.

Southeast Asia

South East AsiaSouth-East AsiaSoutheast Asian
French naturalist Nicolas Baudin carried a few corms of this banana from Southeast Asia, depositing them at a botanical garden on the Caribbean island of Martinique.

Martinique

MartiniquaisMartinicanMartiniquan
French naturalist Nicolas Baudin carried a few corms of this banana from Southeast Asia, depositing them at a botanical garden on the Caribbean island of Martinique.

Jamaica

JAMJamaicanJamaica, West Indies
In 1835, French botanist Jean François Pouyat carried Baudin's fruit from Martinique to Jamaica.

Black sigatoka

Mycosphaerella fijiensisBlackM. fijiensis
A 2013 paper described experiments to create a version of Gros Michel which is resistant to black sigatoka.

Yes! We Have No Bananas

Yes, We Have No BananassongYes We Have No Bananas
"Yes! We Have No Bananas", a novelty song about a grocer from the 1922 Broadway revue Make It Snappy, is said to have been inspired by a shortage of Gros Michel bananas, which began with the infestation of Panama disease early in the 20th century.

Make It Snappy

"Yes! We Have No Bananas", a novelty song about a grocer from the 1922 Broadway revue Make It Snappy, is said to have been inspired by a shortage of Gros Michel bananas, which began with the infestation of Panama disease early in the 20th century.