Gros Michel banana

Gros Michel
Gros Michel, often known as Big Mike, and literally 'Big Michael' in French, is an export cultivar of banana and was, until the 1950s, the main variety grown.wikipedia
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Banana

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Gros Michel, often known as Big Mike, and literally 'Big Michael' in French, is an export cultivar of banana and was, until the 1950s, the main variety grown.
The cultivars Dwarf Cavendish and Grand Nain (Chiquita Banana) gained popularity in the 1950s after the previous mass-produced cultivar, Gros Michel (also an AAA group cultivar), became commercially unviable due to Panama disease, caused by the fungus Fusarium oxysporum which attacks the roots of the banana plant.

List of banana cultivars

AAAAAAAB
Gros Michel is a triploid cultivar of the wild banana Musa acuminata, belonging to the AAA group.
Gros Michel banana

Musa acuminata

M. acuminataappledessert banana
Gros Michel is a triploid cultivar of the wild banana Musa acuminata, belonging to the AAA group.
Gros Michel banana

Panama disease

soil fungus outbreak
This variety was once the dominant export banana to Europe and North America, grown in Central America, but in the 1950s, Panama disease, a wilt caused by the fungus Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense, wiped out vast tracts of Gros Michel plantations in Central America, though it is still grown on non-infected land throughout the region. "Yes! We Have No Bananas", a novelty song about a grocer from the 1922 Broadway revue Make It Snappy, is said to have been inspired by a shortage of Gros Michel bananas, which began with the infestation of Panama disease early in the 20th century.
During the 1950s, a first outbreak of Panama disease almost wiped out the commercial Gros Michel banana production.

Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense

Tropical race 4F. oxysporum'' f. sp. ''cubenseFusarium oxysporum'' f. sp. ''cubense
This variety was once the dominant export banana to Europe and North America, grown in Central America, but in the 1950s, Panama disease, a wilt caused by the fungus Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense, wiped out vast tracts of Gros Michel plantations in Central America, though it is still grown on non-infected land throughout the region.
Before 1960, a total reliance was put on the cultivar 'Gros Michel', and it supplied almost all the export trade.

Cavendish banana

Cavendishbananasbanana
By the 1960s, the exporters of Gros Michel bananas were unable to keep trading such a susceptible cultivar, and started growing resistant cultivars belonging to the Cavendish subgroup (another Musa acuminata AAA).
Since the 1950s, these cultivars have been the most internationally traded bananas, replacing the Gros Michel banana (commonly known as 'Kampala banana' in Kenya and 'Bogoya' in Uganda), after crops of the latter were devastated by Panama disease.

Yes! We Have No Bananas

songYes We Have No Bananas
"Yes! We Have No Bananas", a novelty song about a grocer from the 1922 Broadway revue Make It Snappy, is said to have been inspired by a shortage of Gros Michel bananas, which began with the infestation of Panama disease early in the 20th century.
Silver may have been influenced by an actual shortage of Gros Michel bananas in the early 20th century, caused by Panama disease.

Cooking banana

plantainplantainscooking plantain
Cooking plantain
Gros Michel banana

Cultivar

cultivarsvarietycultivated variety
Gros Michel, often known as Big Mike, and literally 'Big Michael' in French, is an export cultivar of banana and was, until the 1950s, the main variety grown. Gros Michel is a triploid cultivar of the wild banana Musa acuminata, belonging to the AAA group.

Polyploidy

tetraploidpolyploidtriploid
Gros Michel is a triploid cultivar of the wild banana Musa acuminata, belonging to the AAA group.

Spanish language

SpanishSpanish-languageCastilian
Gros Michel is known as Guineo Gigante, Banano, and Plátano Roatán in Spanish.

Malaysia

🇲🇾MalaysianMalaya
It is also known as Pisang Ambon in Malaysia and Indonesia, Thihmwe in Burma, Chek Ambuong in Cambodia and Kluai hom thong in Thailand.

Indonesia

🇮🇩IndonesianRepublic of Indonesia
It is also known as Pisang Ambon in Malaysia and Indonesia, Thihmwe in Burma, Chek Ambuong in Cambodia and Kluai hom thong in Thailand.

Myanmar

BurmeseBurma🇲🇲
It is also known as Pisang Ambon in Malaysia and Indonesia, Thihmwe in Burma, Chek Ambuong in Cambodia and Kluai hom thong in Thailand.

Cambodia

🇰🇭KhmerCambodian
It is also known as Pisang Ambon in Malaysia and Indonesia, Thihmwe in Burma, Chek Ambuong in Cambodia and Kluai hom thong in Thailand.

Thailand

🇹🇭ThaiSiam
It is also known as Pisang Ambon in Malaysia and Indonesia, Thihmwe in Burma, Chek Ambuong in Cambodia and Kluai hom thong in Thailand.

Nicolas Baudin

BaudinCaptain BaudinBaudin expedition
French naturalist Nicolas Baudin carried a few corms of this banana from Southeast Asia, depositing them at a botanical garden on the Caribbean island of Martinique.

Corm

cormscorm-scalesGabi
French naturalist Nicolas Baudin carried a few corms of this banana from Southeast Asia, depositing them at a botanical garden on the Caribbean island of Martinique.

Southeast Asia

south-east AsiaSoutheastSouth East Asia
French naturalist Nicolas Baudin carried a few corms of this banana from Southeast Asia, depositing them at a botanical garden on the Caribbean island of Martinique.

Martinique

🇲🇶MartiniquaisMartinican
French naturalist Nicolas Baudin carried a few corms of this banana from Southeast Asia, depositing them at a botanical garden on the Caribbean island of Martinique.

Jamaica

🇯🇲JAMJamaican
In 1835, French botanist Jean François Pouyat carried Baudin's fruit from Martinique to Jamaica.

Honduras Foundation for Agricultural Research

The Honduras Foundation for Agricultural Research set out to breed Panama Disease resistant Gros Michel bananas, and after initial problems due to poor agronomic characteristics of the plants from which the pollen was taken (male parent), they developed an improved diploid (SH-3142) which served as the male parent for the development of various hybrids (FHIA-01, FHIA-18, FHIA-21 and FHIA-250).

Make It Snappy

"Yes! We Have No Bananas", a novelty song about a grocer from the 1922 Broadway revue Make It Snappy, is said to have been inspired by a shortage of Gros Michel bananas, which began with the infestation of Panama disease early in the 20th century.