Grossglockner

GroßglocknerGlockner
The Grossglockner (Großglockner or just Glockner) is, at 3,798 metres above the Adriatic (12,461 ft), the highest mountain in Austria and the highest mountain in the Alps east of the Brenner Pass.wikipedia
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Central Eastern Alps

Austrian AlpsAustrian Central AlpsCentral Alps
It is part of the larger Glockner Group of the Hohe Tauern range, situated along the main ridge of the Central Eastern Alps and the Alpine divide.
The highest mountain in the Austrian Central Alps is Grossglockner at 3798 m.

High Tauern

Hohe TauernHigh Tauern National ParkHohe Tauern National Park
It is part of the larger Glockner Group of the Hohe Tauern range, situated along the main ridge of the Central Eastern Alps and the Alpine divide.
The range includes Austria's highest mountain, the Grossglockner at 3798 m above the Adriatic.

Glockner Group

GlocknerGlocknergruppe
It is part of the larger Glockner Group of the Hohe Tauern range, situated along the main ridge of the Central Eastern Alps and the Alpine divide. The peak is part of the Glocknerkamm ridge in the Glockner Group that branches off the main chain of the Alps at Mt. Eiskögele, heading in a southeasterly direction and forming the boundary between the East Tyrolean municipality of Kals am Großglockner, about 8 km in the southwest at 1324 m, and Carinthian Heiligenblut, about 12 km in the northeast at 1291 m. This boundary is also the watershed between the Kals Valley and its Teischnitz and Ködnitz side valleys on the Tyrolean side and the Möll Valley with the Pasterze glacier on the Carinthian side.
The highest summit of the Glockner Group and also the highest peak in Austria is the Großglockner, which gives the mountain group its name.

Kleinglockner

The characteristic pyramid-shaped peak actually consists of two pinnacles, the Grossglockner and the Kleinglockner (3770 m, from German: groß, "big", klein, "small"), separated by the Glocknerscharte col.
However, with a prominence of only 17 metres it is arguable whether it can be counted as an independent mountain, or just as a subpeak of the Großglockner.

Carinthia

KärntenCarinthianAustrian Carinthia
The Grossglockner lies on the border between the Austrian states of Carinthia and Tyrol (East Tyrol).
The High Tauern mountain range with Mt Grossglockner, 3797 m, separates it from the state of Salzburg in the northwest.

Pasterze Glacier

Pasterze
The Pasterze, Austria's most extended glacier, lies on the Grossglockner's eastern slope.
It lies within the Glockner Group of the High Tauern mountain range in Carinthia, directly beneath Austria's highest mountain, the Grossglockner.

Tyrol (state)

TyrolTirolTyrolean
The Grossglockner lies on the border between the Austrian states of Carinthia and Tyrol (East Tyrol).
The highest mountain in the state is the Großglockner, part of the Hohe Tauern range on the border with Carinthia.

Heiligenblut am Großglockner

HeiligenblutHeiligenblut (Kärnten)
The peak is part of the Glocknerkamm ridge in the Glockner Group that branches off the main chain of the Alps at Mt. Eiskögele, heading in a southeasterly direction and forming the boundary between the East Tyrolean municipality of Kals am Großglockner, about 8 km in the southwest at 1324 m, and Carinthian Heiligenblut, about 12 km in the northeast at 1291 m. This boundary is also the watershed between the Kals Valley and its Teischnitz and Ködnitz side valleys on the Tyrolean side and the Möll Valley with the Pasterze glacier on the Carinthian side.
It is situated at the foot of the Grossglockner, the highest mountain in Austria, and of the Pasterze Glacier.

List of Alpine peaks by prominence

List of ultra-prominent summits of the Alpsalpine ultra-prominent peakhighest
Even its topographic prominence, at 2424 m, is the second highest after Mont Blanc in the entire Alps (see the list of Alpine peaks by prominence).

Kals am Großglockner

KalsKalser
The denotation Glogger is mentioned a 1583 description of the Tyrolean Kals legal district, then referring to the whole ridge south of the Alpine main chain.
Located in the valleys of Kalser and Iseltals on the Kalserbach river, Kals is dominated by mountains, and the famous Großglockner mountain, the tallest mountain in all of Austria, is located partly in the municipality.

Möll

River Möll
The peak is part of the Glocknerkamm ridge in the Glockner Group that branches off the main chain of the Alps at Mt. Eiskögele, heading in a southeasterly direction and forming the boundary between the East Tyrolean municipality of Kals am Großglockner, about 8 km in the southwest at 1324 m, and Carinthian Heiligenblut, about 12 km in the northeast at 1291 m. This boundary is also the watershed between the Kals Valley and its Teischnitz and Ködnitz side valleys on the Tyrolean side and the Möll Valley with the Pasterze glacier on the Carinthian side.
The river rises in the High Tauern range of the Central Eastern Alps on the Pasterze Glacier at the foot of the Grossglockner, the highest mountain in Austria.

Double summit

double peaktwin summittwin peak
Together with the Kleinglockner to the southeast it forms a distinctive double peak.
One well known double summit is Austria’s highest mountain, the Großglockner, where the main summit of the Großglockner is separated from that of the Kleinglockner by the Glocknerscharte col in the area of a geological fault.

Glocknerwand

Hofmannspitze
The latter faces are bounded by the Northwest Ridge, part of the main Glockner crest, which runs over the Grögerschneid, 3660 m, and the ridge elevations of Glocknerhorn, 3680 m, and Teufelshorn, 3677 m, to the Untere Glocknerscharte, 3598 m, which connects to the 3721 m high Glocknerwand.
It is separated from Austria's highest peak, the neighbouring Großglockner, by the col known as the Untere Glocknerscharte (3596 m).

Teufelshorn (Glockner Group)

TeufelshornGlocknerhorn
The latter faces are bounded by the Northwest Ridge, part of the main Glockner crest, which runs over the Grögerschneid, 3660 m, and the ridge elevations of Glocknerhorn, 3680 m, and Teufelshorn, 3677 m, to the Untere Glocknerscharte, 3598 m, which connects to the 3721 m high Glocknerwand.
It lies on the Northwest Ridge (Nordwestgrat) of Austria's highest peak, the neighbouring Großglockner, along which the border between the Austrian federal states of Tyrol (East Tyrol) and Carinthia runs.

Mountaineering

mountaineermountain climbingmountain climber
Due to its low topographic prominence and isolation as well as its close links in climbing history, it is counted as part of that of the Grossglockner in historic publications; however, in view of its separate climbing routes it is counted as an independent peak in mountaineering literature.
By the early 19th century, many of the alpine peaks were reached, including the Grossglockner in 1800, the Ortler in 1804, the Jungfrau in 1811, the Finsteraarhorn in 1812, and the Breithorn in 1813.

Main chain of the Alps

Alpine crestAlpine dividemain chain
It is part of the larger Glockner Group of the Hohe Tauern range, situated along the main ridge of the Central Eastern Alps and the Alpine divide.
The main alpine divide head east, traversing the High Tauern range, crossing the Grossvenediger (3,666 m), passing just north of the Austria's highest peak (the Grossglockner), traversing Ankogel (3,252m), before curving northern across the Lower Tauern, traversing its highest peak, Hochgolling (2,863m) in the Schladming Tauern and then continuing on the same eastward path up to the Schober Pass in Styria.

Eastern Alps

Tyrolean AlpsAlpineEastern
He travelled the Eastern Alps from 1779 to 1781 and published an itinerary in 1783, describing the Glokner mountain and stating that it had not been climbed yet.
Excepting other peaks in the Bernina range, the next highest is the Ortler at 3905 m in Italian South Tyrol and third the Großglockner at 3798 m, the highest mountain of Austria.

Col

saddlenotcha saddle
The characteristic pyramid-shaped peak actually consists of two pinnacles, the Grossglockner and the Kleinglockner (3770 m, from German: groß, "big", klein, "small"), separated by the Glocknerscharte col.
For example, the highest col in Austria, the Obere Glocknerscharte ("Upper Glockner Col", ), lies between the Kleinglockner and Großglockner mountains, giving the Kleinglockner a minimum prominence of 17 metres.

East Tyrol

East TirolEastern TyrolE-Tyrol
The Grossglockner lies on the border between the Austrian states of Carinthia and Tyrol (East Tyrol).
The High Tauern National Park is in East Tyrol, along with several mountains including the Großglockner (Austria's highest mountain, 3798 m), and Großvenediger.

Ortler

Monte OrtlerOrtlesCima Ortles
Its view over more than 150000 km2 of the earth's surface reaches as far as the Upper Swabian Plateau in the northwest, to Regensburg and the peaks of the Bohemian Forest in the north, to Mt. Ortler in the west, to the Padan Plain in the south, and to Mt. Triglav and the Totes Gebirge range in the east.
The ascent had been a request of Archduke Johann of Austria, who felt strongly that after the first ascent of the Großglockner (3,798 m) in 1800, the highest mountain in his brother's empire ought to be climbed.

Via ferrata

Klettersteigvie ferrateextremely difficult (ED)
Johann Stüdl had a via ferrata erected along the southwestern ridge the next year and the Stüdlhütte erected at its foot in 1868.
In 1869 a rope was fixed between the summits of Grossglockner, and in 1873 fixed protection was installed on the Zugspitze.

Martin Klotz

Martin
The two "Glockners" are usually identified as the brothers Joseph (Sepp) and Martin Klotz, however, this surname is not listed in the Heiligenblut parish register.
With his brother Sepp he led the first party to reach the summit of Großglockner, the highest mountain in Austria.

William Adolf Baillie Grohman

William Adolf Baillie-Grohman
The first winter ascent of the Grossglockner was made on January 2, 1875 by William Adolf Baillie Grohman, a member of the Alpine Club.
He was an expert mountaineer and made the first winter ascent of the Großglockner, the highest mountain in Austria (3798m), on 2 January 1875, and was a member of the Alpine Club.

David Heinrich Hoppe

HoppeDavid Henricus HoppeHeinrich Hoppe
On 28 July 1800, 62 people, among them the pedagogue Franz Michael Vierthaler and the botanist David Heinrich Hoppe, started again into the Leitertal valley.
He explored the region around Heiligenblut and the Grossglockner several times, where he found and described Eriophorum scheuchzeri, Sesleria ovata, Polytrichum sexangulare, Pedicularis asplenifolia, and Braya alpina.

List of elevation extremes by country

Country high pointList of countries by highest pointList of countries by lowest point