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Gold

Aunative goldgold dust
Group 11, by modern IUPAC numbering, is a group of chemical elements in the periodic table, consisting of copper (Cu), silver (Ag), and gold (Au).
Chemically, gold is a transition metal and a group 11 element.

Copper

CuCu 2+ cupric
Group 11, by modern IUPAC numbering, is a group of chemical elements in the periodic table, consisting of copper (Cu), silver (Ag), and gold (Au).
Copper, silver, and gold are in group 11 of the periodic table; these three metals have one s-orbital electron on top of a filled d-electron shell and are characterized by high ductility, and electrical and thermal conductivity.

Silver

Agsilver orenative silver
Group 11, by modern IUPAC numbering, is a group of chemical elements in the periodic table, consisting of copper (Cu), silver (Ag), and gold (Au).
Silver is similar in its physical and chemical properties to its two vertical neighbours in group 11 of the periodic table, copper and gold.

Coinage metals

coinage metalcopper coinage11
Group 11 is also known as the coinage metals, due to their former usage.
Historically, most coinage metals (or alloys) are from the three nonradioactive members of group 11 of the periodic table: copper, silver and gold, the copper usually being augmented with tin and often other metals to form bronze.

Periodic table

periodic table of elementsperiodic table of the elementsperiodic system
Group 11, by modern IUPAC numbering, is a group of chemical elements in the periodic table, consisting of copper (Cu), silver (Ag), and gold (Au).
There are exceptions to these trends: for example, in group 11, electronegativity increases farther down the group.

Roentgenium

Rg111
Roentgenium (Rg) is also placed in this group in the periodic table, although no chemical experiments have yet been carried out to confirm that it behaves like the heavier homologue to gold.
It is a member of the 7th period and is placed in the group 11 elements, although no chemical experiments have been carried out to confirm that it behaves as the heavier homologue to gold in group 11 as the ninth member of the 6d series of transition metals.

Group (periodic table)

groupgroupsChemical series
Group 11, by modern IUPAC numbering, is a group of chemical elements in the periodic table, consisting of copper (Cu), silver (Ag), and gold (Au).

Chemical element

elementelementschemical elements
Group 11, by modern IUPAC numbering, is a group of chemical elements in the periodic table, consisting of copper (Cu), silver (Ag), and gold (Au).

Homology (chemistry)

homologuehomologhomologues
Roentgenium (Rg) is also placed in this group in the periodic table, although no chemical experiments have yet been carried out to confirm that it behaves like the heavier homologue to gold.

Native element minerals

native elementsNative mineralsnative
Copper, silver, and gold all occur naturally in elemental form.

Electron configuration

electronic configurationconfigurationelectronic structure
Like other groups, the members of this family show patterns in electron configuration, especially in the outermost shells, resulting in trends in chemical behavior, although roentgenium is probably an exception:

Corrosion

corrosion resistancecorrodecorrosive
All Group 11 elements are relatively inert, corrosion-resistant metals.

Metal

metalsmetal ionsmetal ion
All Group 11 elements are relatively inert, corrosion-resistant metals.

Electrical resistivity and conductivity

electrical conductivityresistivityconductivity
These elements have low electrical resistivity so they are used for wiring.

Wire bonding

wire bondwire bondsbonding pad
Bond wires for integrated circuits are usually gold.

Integrated circuit

integrated circuitsmicrochipchip
Bond wires for integrated circuits are usually gold.

Chalcopyrite

copper pyritescopper pyritepyrites
Various natural ores of copper are: copper pyrites (CuFeS 2 ), cuprite or ruby copper (Cu 2 O), copper glance (Cu 2 S), malachite, (Cu(OH) 2 CuCO 3 ), and azurite (Cu(OH) 2 2CuCO 3 ).

Cuprite

Various natural ores of copper are: copper pyrites (CuFeS 2 ), cuprite or ruby copper (Cu 2 O), copper glance (Cu 2 S), malachite, (Cu(OH) 2 CuCO 3 ), and azurite (Cu(OH) 2 2CuCO 3 ).

Chalcocite

Copper Glancechalcositechalcocite (aka "copper glance")
Various natural ores of copper are: copper pyrites (CuFeS 2 ), cuprite or ruby copper (Cu 2 O), copper glance (Cu 2 S), malachite, (Cu(OH) 2 CuCO 3 ), and azurite (Cu(OH) 2 2CuCO 3 ).

Malachite

Bremen greenlaminar malachiteMalachit
Various natural ores of copper are: copper pyrites (CuFeS 2 ), cuprite or ruby copper (Cu 2 O), copper glance (Cu 2 S), malachite, (Cu(OH) 2 CuCO 3 ), and azurite (Cu(OH) 2 2CuCO 3 ).

Azurite

azurite (mineral)lapis armenius
Various natural ores of copper are: copper pyrites (CuFeS 2 ), cuprite or ruby copper (Cu 2 O), copper glance (Cu 2 S), malachite, (Cu(OH) 2 CuCO 3 ), and azurite (Cu(OH) 2 2CuCO 3 ).

Electrum

green goldargentian goldalloy of the same name
Silver is found in native form, as an alloy with gold (electrum), and in ores containing sulfur, arsenic, antimony or chlorine.

Sulfur

sulphurSbrimstone
Silver is found in native form, as an alloy with gold (electrum), and in ores containing sulfur, arsenic, antimony or chlorine.

Arsenic

AsAs 2 Arsenate
Silver is found in native form, as an alloy with gold (electrum), and in ores containing sulfur, arsenic, antimony or chlorine.

Antimony

Sbantimonialantimonium
Silver is found in native form, as an alloy with gold (electrum), and in ores containing sulfur, arsenic, antimony or chlorine.