Growth medium

mediummediaculture mediumgrowth mediaculture mediafastidiousselective mediumnutrient brothnutrient mediummicrobiological media
A growth medium or culture medium is a solid, liquid or semi-solid designed to support the growth of microorganisms or cells, or small plants like the moss Physcomitrella patens.wikipedia
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Microbiological culture

culturepure culturecultured
The two major types of growth media are those used for cell culture, which use specific cell types derived from plants or animals, and microbiological culture, which are used for growing microorganisms, such as bacteria or fungi.
A microbiological culture, or microbial culture, is a method of multiplying microbial organisms by letting them reproduce in predetermined culture medium under controlled laboratory conditions.

Media dispenser

Liquid media are often mixed with agar and poured via a sterile media dispenser into Petri dishes to solidify.
A media dispenser or a culture media dispenser is a device for repeatedly delivering small fixed volumes (typically between 1 ml and 50 ml) of liquid such as a laboratory growth medium like molten agar or caustic or volatile solvents like toluene into a series of receptacles (Petri dishes, test tubes, Fernbach flasks, etc.).

Cell culture

cultureculturedcell line
The two major types of growth media are those used for cell culture, which use specific cell types derived from plants or animals, and microbiological culture, which are used for growing microorganisms, such as bacteria or fungi.
Alternatively, pieces of tissue can be placed in growth media, and the cells that grow out are available for culture.

Microorganism

microorganismsmicrobemicrobes
A growth medium or culture medium is a solid, liquid or semi-solid designed to support the growth of microorganisms or cells, or small plants like the moss Physcomitrella patens.
Louis Pasteur (1822–1895) exposed boiled broths to the air, in vessels that contained a filter to prevent particles from passing through to the growth medium, and also in vessels without a filter, but with air allowed in via a curved tube so dust particles would settle and not come in contact with the broth.

Agar

agar-agaragar agaragar gel
Liquid media are often mixed with agar and poured via a sterile media dispenser into Petri dishes to solidify.
Agar has been used as an ingredient in desserts throughout Asia, and also as a solid substrate to contain culture media for microbiological work.

Lysogeny broth

LB mediumLBLuria Broth
The most common growth media for microorganisms are nutrient broths (liquid nutrient medium) or LB medium (lysogeny broth).
Lysogeny broth (LB) is a nutritionally rich medium primarily used for the growth of bacteria.

Yeast extract

Vitam-Rautolyzed yeastautolyzed yeast extract
An undefined medium has some complex ingredients, such as yeast extract or casein hydrolysate, which consist of a mixture of many chemical species in unknown proportions.
Yeast extracts consist of the cell contents of yeast without the cell walls; they are used as food additives or flavorings, or as nutrients for bacterial culture media.

Bacteria

bacteriumbacterialEubacteria
The two major types of growth media are those used for cell culture, which use specific cell types derived from plants or animals, and microbiological culture, which are used for growing microorganisms, such as bacteria or fungi.
Solid growth media, such as agar plates, are used to isolate pure cultures of a bacterial strain.

Chemically defined medium

chemically defined mediachemically definedculture media
A chemically defined medium is a growth medium suitable for the in vitro cell culture of human or animal cells in which all of the chemical components are known.

Trypticase soy agar

tryptic soy agarTSAbio-trypticase
Trypticase soy agar or tryptone soya agar (TSA) and Trypticase soy broth or tryptone soya broth (TSB) with agar are growth media for the culturing of bacteria.

YM (selective medium)

YMG agarYM
YM Agar and Broth, is a selective growth medium with low pH useful for cultivating yeasts, molds, or other acid-tolerant or acidophilic organisms, while deterring growth of most bacteria and other acid intolerant organisms.

MacConkey agar

MacConkey's agarMAC agarMacConkey lactose media
MacConkey agar is an indicator, a selective and differential culture medium for bacteria designed to selectively isolate Gram-negative and enteric (normally found in the intestinal tract) bacilli and differentiate them based on lactose fermentation.

Mannitol salt agar

Mannitol salt agar or MSA is a commonly used selective and differential growth medium in microbiology.

HIS-selective medium

HIS-selective medium is a type cell culture medium that lacks the amino acid histidine.

Agar plate

blood agarblood agar plateagar plates
The most common growth media for microorganisms are nutrient broths and agar plates; specialized media are sometimes required for microorganism and cell culture growth.
An agar plate is a Petri dish that contains agar as a solid growth medium plus nutrients, used to culture microorganisms.

XLD agar

XyloseXylose lysine deoxycholate
Xylose Lysine Deoxycholate agar (XLD agar) is a selectivegrowth medium used in the isolation of Salmonella and Shigella species from clinical samples and from food.

Buffered charcoal yeast extract agar

BCYEcharcoal yeast extractCYE agar
Buffered charcoal yeast extract (BCYE) agar is a selective growth medium used to culture or grow certain types of bacteria, particularly the Gram-negative species Legionella pneumophila.

Granada medium

Granada medium is a selective and differential culture medium designed to selectively isolate Streptococcus agalactiae (Group B streptococcus, GBS) and differentiate it from other microorganisms.

Magnesium

MgMg 2+ Mg2+
Magnesium salts are included in various foods, fertilizers (magnesium is a component of chlorophyll), and microbe culture media.

Thioglycolate broth

thioglycollate brothThioglycolateThio
Thioglycolate broth is a multipurpose, enriched, differential medium used primarily to determine the oxygen requirements of microorganisms.

Eosin methylene blue

EMBEMB agar
EMB is a differential microbiological medium, which slightly inhibits the growth of Gram-positive bacteria and provides a color indicator distinguishing between organisms that ferment lactose (e.g., ''E.

Chocolate agar

chocolate
Chocolate agar is enriched with heat-treated blood (40–45 °C), which turns brown and gives the medium the color for which it is named.
Chocolate agar (CHOC) or chocolate blood agar (CBA), is a nonselective, enriched growth medium used for isolation of pathogenic bacteria.

Proline

ProL-proline L -proline
Media lacking an amino acid such as proline in conjunction with E. coli unable to synthesize it were commonly used by geneticists before the emergence of genomics to map bacterial chromosomes.
The growth medium used in plant tissue culture may be supplemented with proline.