Guadeloupe

GuadaloupeBasse-Terre IslandBasse-TerreGuadeloupeanîle de Basse-TerreHistory of GuadeloupeBasse TerreGuadalupeGuadelopeEconomy of Guadeloupe
Guadeloupe (, ; Antillean Creole: Gwadloup) is an archipelago forming an overseas region of France in the Caribbean.wikipedia
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Marie-Galante

Marie GalanteMarie-Galante Island
It consists of six inhabited islands, Basse-Terre, Grande-Terre, Marie-Galante, La Désirade, and the Îles des Saintes, as well as many uninhabited islands and outcroppings.
Marie-Galante is one of the islands that form Guadeloupe, an overseas department of France.

Grande-Terre

Grande TerreGrand-Terre Islandmain island of New Caledonia
It consists of six inhabited islands, Basse-Terre, Grande-Terre, Marie-Galante, La Désirade, and the Îles des Saintes, as well as many uninhabited islands and outcroppings.
Grande-Terre Island (île de Grande-Terre / île de la Grande-Terre) is the name of the eastern-half of Guadeloupe proper, in the Lesser Antilles.

Basse-Terre

Basse TerreBasseterreBasse-Terre, Guadeloupe
Its capital is Basse-Terre on the west coast; however, the largest city is Pointe-à-Pitre.
Basse-Terre is a French commune in the Guadaloupe department of France in the Lesser Antilles.

Dominica

Commonwealth of DominicaDominicanDMA
It lies south of Antigua and Barbuda and Montserrat, and north of Dominica.
The island is located near Guadeloupe to the northwest and Martinique to the south-southeast.

Regions of France

regionrégionadministrative region
Guadeloupe (, ; Antillean Creole: Gwadloup) is an archipelago forming an overseas region of France in the Caribbean.
Before 2011, there were four overseas regions (French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, and Réunion); in 2011 Mayotte became the fifth.

Pointe-à-Pitre

Pointe-a-PitrePointe à PitrePointe a Pitre
Its capital is Basse-Terre on the west coast; however, the largest city is Pointe-à-Pitre.
Pointe-à-Pitre (Pointe-à-Pitre, ; Creole: Lapwent, ) is the largest city of Guadeloupe, an overseas région and département of France located in the Lesser Antilles, of which it is a sous-préfecture, being the seat of the Arrondissement of Pointe-à-Pitre.

La Désirade

DesiradeLa DesiradeDeseada
It consists of six inhabited islands, Basse-Terre, Grande-Terre, Marie-Galante, La Désirade, and the Îles des Saintes, as well as many uninhabited islands and outcroppings.
It forms part of Guadeloupe, an overseas region of France.

Antillean Creole

CreoleFrench CreoleAntillean Creole French
Guadeloupe (, ; Antillean Creole: Gwadloup) is an archipelago forming an overseas region of France in the Caribbean.
Antillean Creole is spoken natively, to varying degrees, in Dominica, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Îles des Saintes, Martinique, Saint-Barthélemy (St.

Caribbean

the CaribbeanWest IndiesWest Indian
Guadeloupe (, ; Antillean Creole: Gwadloup) is an archipelago forming an overseas region of France in the Caribbean.
Others possess rugged towering mountain-ranges like the islands of Saint Martin, Cuba, Hispaniola, Puerto Rico, Jamaica, Dominica, Montserrat, Saba, Sint Eustatius, Saint Kitts, Saint Lucia, Saint Thomas, Saint John, Tortola, Grenada, Saint Vincent, Guadeloupe, Martinique and Trinidad and Tobago.

Charles Liénard de L'Olive

Charles Liènard de l'Olive
The Compagnie des Îles de l'Amérique settled in Guadeloupe in 1635, under the direction of Charles Liénard de L'Olive and Jean du Plessis d'Ossonville; they formally took possession of the island for France and brought in French farmers to colonise the land.
1601 – 1643) was a French colonial leader who was the first governor of Guadeloupe.

Jean du Plessis d'Ossonville

The Compagnie des Îles de l'Amérique settled in Guadeloupe in 1635, under the direction of Charles Liénard de L'Olive and Jean du Plessis d'Ossonville; they formally took possession of the island for France and brought in French farmers to colonise the land.
Jean du Plessis, sieur d’Ossonville (died 4 December 1635) was a joint leader of the French expedition that established a colony on the island of Guadeloupe in 1635.

French West India Company

Compagnie des Indes occidentalesRoyal West Indies CompanyCompagnie Française des Indes Occidentales
Ownership of the island then passed to the French West India Company before it was annexed to France in 1674 under the tutelage of their Martinique colony.
It was supposed to populate Canada, using the profits of the sugar economy that began in Guadeloupe.

Invasion of Guadeloupe (1759)

invasion of GuadeloupeGuadeloupeGuadeloupe 1759
During the Seven Years' War the English occupied Guadeloupe from the time of 1759 British Invasion of Guadeloupe until the 1763 Treaty of Paris.
After a six-month-long battle to capture Guadeloupe they finally received the formal surrender of the island, just days before a large French relief force arrived under Admiral Maximin de Bompart.

Free people of color

free woman of colorfree blacksgens de couleur
Under new revolutionary law free people of colour were entitled to equal rights.
The term arose in the French colonies, including La Louisiane and settlements on Caribbean islands, such as Saint-Domingue (Haiti), St.Lucia, Dominica, Guadeloupe, and Martinique, where a distinct group of free people of color developed.

Louis Delgrès

Battle of MatoubaColonel DelgrèsLouis Delgres
In 1802 the First French Empire reinstated the pre-revolutionary government and slavery, prompting a slave rebellion led by Louis Delgrès.
Louis Delgrès (August 2, 1766 – May 28, 1802) was a mulatto leader of the movement in Guadeloupe resisting reoccupation (and thus the reinstitution of slavery) by Napoleonic France in 1802.

Treaty of Paris (1763)

Treaty of Paris1763 Treaty of ParisTreaty of Paris of 1763
During the Seven Years' War the English occupied Guadeloupe from the time of 1759 British Invasion of Guadeloupe until the 1763 Treaty of Paris.
During the war, Great Britain had conquered the French colonies of Canada, Guadeloupe, Saint Lucia, Dominica, Grenada, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, and Tobago, the French "factories" (trading posts) in India, the slave-trading station at Gorée, the Sénégal River and its settlements, and the Spanish colonies of Manila (in the Philippines) and Havana (in Cuba).

Victor Hugues

Guiana`s governorJean Baptiste Victor HuguesVictor "Hughes
Taking advantage of the anarchic political situation, Britain invaded Guadeloupe in 1794, to which the French responded by sending in soldiers led by Victor Hugues, who retook the lands and abolished slavery.
Jean-Baptiste Victor Hugues sometimes spelled Hughes (born in Marseille July 20, 1762 and died in Cayenne August 12, 1826 ) was a French politician and colonial administrator during the French Revolution, who governed Guadeloupe from 1794 to 1798, emancipating the island's slaves under orders from the National Convention.

Saint Barthélemy

Saint-BarthélemySaint BarthelemySt. Barts
Through a referendum in 2003, Saint-Martin and Saint Barthélemy voted to separate from the administrative jurisdiction of Guadeloupe, this being fully enacted by 2007.
Saint Barthélemy was for many years a French commune forming part of Guadeloupe, which is an overseas region and department of France.

Félix Éboué

Félix EbouéAdolphe Félix Sylvestre ÉbouéEboue
In 1936 Félix Éboué became the first black governor of Guadeloupe.
He was the first black French man appointed to a high post in the French colonies, when appointed as Governor of Guadeloupe in 1936.

2009 French Caribbean general strikes

general strikesFrench Caribbean general strikesgeneral strike
In January 2009, labour unions and others known as the Liyannaj Kont Pwofitasyon went on strike for more pay.
The 2009 French Caribbean general strikes began in the French overseas region of Guadeloupe on 20 January 2009, and spread to neighbouring Martinique on 5 February 2009.

Martinique

MartiniquaisMartinicanMartiniquan
The strike lasted 44 days and had also inspired similar actions on nearby Martinique.
Like Guadeloupe, it is an overseas region (région d'outre-mer) of France, consisting of a single overseas department.

Jacques Bino

The situation quickly escalated, exacerbated by what was seen as an ineffectual response by the French government, turning violent and prompting the deployment of extra police after a union leader (Jacques Bino) was shot and killed.
Jacques Bino (died February 18, 2009) was a Guadeloupean tax agent, activist and trade union official and representative.

Leeward Islands

LeewardLeeward IslandLeewards
It is located in the Leeward Islands in the northern part of the Lesser Antilles, a partly volcanic island arc.
Starting with the Virgin Islands east of Puerto Rico, they extend southeast to Guadeloupe and its dependencies.

Charles Houël du Petit Pré

HouëlCharles HouëlCharles Houel sieur de Petit Pré
By 1640, however, the Compagnie des Îles de l'Amérique had gone bankrupt, and they thus sold Guadeloupe to Charles Houël du Petit Pré who began plantation agriculture, with the first African slaves arriving in 1650.
Charles Houël du Petit Pré (1616—22 April 1682) was a French governor of Guadeloupe from 1643 to 1664.

Collectivity of Saint Martin

Saint MartinSaint-MartinSaint Martin (French part)
Through a referendum in 2003, Saint-Martin and Saint Barthélemy voted to separate from the administrative jurisdiction of Guadeloupe, this being fully enacted by 2007.
Before 2007, the French region of Saint Martin formed a part of the French overseas région and département of Guadeloupe.