Guam

Territory of GuamGUGuamanianGUMIsland of GuamGuam operating areaU.S. Territory of GuamChristianity in GuamClimate of GuamEducation in Guam
Guam (Guåhån ; is an unincorporated and organized territory of the United States in Micronesia in the western Pacific Ocean. It is the westernmost point and territory of the United States, along with the Northern Mariana Islands. The capital city of Guam is Hagåtña and the most populous city is Dededo. The inhabitants of Guam are called Guamanians, and they are American citizens by birth. The indigenous Guamanians are the Chamorros, who are related to other Austronesian natives of Eastern Indonesia, the Philippines, and Taiwan. Guam has been a member of the Pacific Community since 1983.wikipedia
6,578 Related Articles

Territories of the United States

territoriesU.S. territoriesterritory
Guam (Guåhån ; is an unincorporated and organized territory of the United States in Micronesia in the western Pacific Ocean.
Five territories (American Samoa, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands) are permanently inhabited, unincorporated territories; the other nine are small islands, atolls and reefs with no native (or permanent) population.

Northern Mariana Islands

Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana IslandsNorthern MarianasNorthern Marianas Islands
It is the westernmost point and territory of the United States, along with the Northern Mariana Islands.
The CNMI includes the 14 northernmost islands in the Mariana Archipelago except the southernmost island of the chain, Guam, which is a separate U.S. territory.

Micronesia

MicronesiansMicronesianFSM
Guam (Guåhån ; is an unincorporated and organized territory of the United States in Micronesia in the western Pacific Ocean.
Politically, the islands of Micronesia are divided between six sovereign nations: the Caroline Islands are divided between the Republic of Palau and the Federated States of Micronesia, the latter often shortened to "FSM" or "Micronesia" and not to be confused with the overall region; the Gilbert Islands and the Line Islands comprise the Republic of Kiribati, except for three of the Line Islands that are United States territories (Palmyra Atoll being noteworthy as the only current incorporated U.S. Territory); the Mariana Islands are in union with the United States, divided between the U.S. Territory of Guam and the U.S. Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands; Nauru is a fully sovereign nation, coextensive with the island of the same name; and the Republic of the Marshall Islands is coextensive with that island group.

Wake Island

WakeWake AtollGeography of Wake Island
Before World War II, there were five American jurisdictions in the Pacific Ocean: Guam and Wake Island in Micronesia, American Samoa and Hawaii in Polynesia, and the Philippines.
Wake Island (also known as Wake Atoll) is a coral atoll in the western Pacific Ocean in the northeastern area of the Micronesia subregion, 1,501 mi east of Guam, 2,298 mi west of Honolulu, 1,991 mi southeast of Tokyo, and 898 mi north of Majuro.

Inarajan, Guam

InarajanInalåjan
Among its municipalities, Mongmong-Toto-Maite has the highest population density at 3,691 /mi2, whereas Inarajan and Umatac have the lowest density at 119 /mi2.
Inarajan (Inalåhan) is a village located on the southeastern coast of the United States territory of Guam.

Battle of Guam (1944)

Battle of GuamGuamRecapture of Guam
American forces recaptured the island on July 21, 1944; Liberation Day commemorates the victory.
The Second Battle of Guam (21 July – 10 August 1944) was the American recapture of the Japanese-held island of Guam, a U.S. territory in the Mariana Islands captured by the Japanese from the U.S. in the 1941 First Battle of Guam during the Pacific campaign of World War II.

Spanish–American War

Spanish-American Warwar with SpainSpanish American War
During the Spanish–American War, the United States captured Guam on June 21, 1898.
The result was the 1898 Treaty of Paris, negotiated on terms favorable to the U.S. which allowed it temporary control of Cuba and ceded ownership of Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippine islands.

American Samoa

America SamoaSamoaAS
Before World War II, there were five American jurisdictions in the Pacific Ocean: Guam and Wake Island in Micronesia, American Samoa and Hawaii in Polynesia, and the Philippines.
As of September 9, 2014, the local U.S. Army recruiting station in Pago Pago was ranked first in production out of the 885 Army recruiting stations and centers under the United States Army Recruiting Command, which includes the 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Guam, the U.S. Virgin Islands, the Commonwealth of Northern Mariana Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia, Palau, the Marshall Islands, South Korea, Japan, and Europe.

Battle of Guam (1941)

Battle of GuamGuaminvasion of Guam
On December 7, 1941, hours after the attack on Pearl Harbor, Guam was captured by the Japanese, who occupied the island for two and a half years.
The First Battle of Guam was an engagement during the Pacific War in World War II, and took place from 8 December to 10 December 1941 on Guam in the Mariana Islands between Japan and the United States.

Economy of Guam

GUthe economy
Since the 1960s, the economy has been supported by two industries: tourism and the United States Armed Forces.
More than 1.1 million tourists visit Guam each year including about 1,000,000 from Japan and 150,000 from Korea.

Diego Luis de San Vitores

San VitoresPadre San VitoresDiego de San Vitores
Guam was colonized by Spain in 1668 with settlers, including Diego Luis de San Vitores, a Catholic Jesuit missionary. Spanish colonization commenced on June 15, 1668, with the arrival of Diego Luis de San Vitores and Pedro Calungsod, who established the first Catholic church.
Diego Luis de San Vitores (November 12, 1627 – April 2, 1672) was a Spanish Jesuit missionary who founded the first Catholic church on the island of Guam.

Capture of Guam

captured Guamcapturedcaptures Guam
During the Spanish–American War, the United States captured Guam on June 21, 1898.
The U.S. Navy sent a single cruiser, to capture the island of Guam, then under Spanish control.

Treaty of Paris (1898)

Treaty of ParisTreaty of Paris of 18981898 Treaty of Paris
Under the Treaty of Paris, Spain ceded Guam to the United States on December 10, 1898.
In the treaty, Spain relinquished all claim of sovereignty over and title to Cuba, and ceded Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines to the United States.

Pacific Community

Secretariat of the Pacific CommunitySouth Pacific CommissionJimmie Rodgers
Guam has been a member of the Pacific Community since 1983.
Initially the Games were held at three-year intervals although this was subsequently expanded to 4 following the Tumon Games in Guam.

List of extreme points of the United States

Extreme points of the United Stateseasternmost pointnorthernmost point
It is the westernmost point and territory of the United States, along with the Northern Mariana Islands.

Hagåtña, Guam

HagåtñaAganaHagatna, Guam
The capital city of Guam is Hagåtña and the most populous city is Dededo.
Hagåtña (formerly in English: Agana, in Spanish: Agaña) is the capital village of the United States territory of Guam.

Miguel López de Legazpi

Miguel Lopez de LegazpiLegazpiMiguel Lopez de Legaspi
Despite Magellan's visit, Guam was not officially claimed by Spain until January 26, 1565, by General Miguel López de Legazpi.
He was the first Governor-General of the Spanish East Indies which included the Philippines and other Pacific archipelagos, namely Guam and the Marianas Islands.

Rota (island)

RotaRota IslandRota Municipality
A possible source for these stones, the Rota Latte Stone Quarry, was discovered in 1925 on Rota.
It lies approximately 40 nmi north-northeast of the United States territory of Guam.

Spanish East Indies

SpanishPhilippinesSpanish Philippines
The islands were part of the Spanish East Indies, and in turn part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain, based in Mexico City.
At one time or another, they included the Philippines, Marianas, Carolines, Palaos and Guam, as well as parts of Formosa (Taiwan), Sulawesi (Celebes) and the Moluccas (Maluku).

Umatac, Guam

UmatacHumåtakUmatac Bay
Among its municipalities, Mongmong-Toto-Maite has the highest population density at 3,691 /mi2, whereas Inarajan and Umatac have the lowest density at 119 /mi2.
Umatac (Humåtak), formerly called Umata, is a village on the southwestern coast of the United States territory of Guam.

Chief Kepuha

Chief QuipuhaQuipuhaKepuha or Quipuha
Precipitated by the death of Quipuha, and the murder of Father San Vitores and Pedro Calungsod by local rebel chief Matapang, tensions led to a number of conflicts.
Chief Kepuha (died February 2, 1669), also spelled Kipuhá or Quipuha, was the island of Guam's first Catholic chief.

Mount Lamlam

LamlamMounts Lamlam
The highest point is Mount Lamlam at 1332 ft above sea level.
Mount Lamlam (meaning lightning in Chamoru) is a peak on the United States island of Guam.

Pedro Calungsod

Saint Pedro CalungsodSan Pedro CalungsodBlessed Pedro Calungsod
Spanish colonization commenced on June 15, 1668, with the arrival of Diego Luis de San Vitores and Pedro Calungsod, who established the first Catholic church.
Saint Pedro Calungsod (Petrus Calungsod, Pedro Calúñgsod or archaically Pedro Calonsor, Pietro Calungsod; July 21, 1654 – April 2, 1672), also known as Peter Calungsod and Pedro Calonsor, was a Catholic Filipino migrant, sacristan and missionary catechist who, along with the Spanish Jesuit missionary Diego Luis de San Vitores, suffered religious persecution and martyrdom in Guam for their missionary work in 1672.

New Spain

Viceroyalty of New SpainSpanishNueva España
The islands were part of the Spanish East Indies, and in turn part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain, based in Mexico City.
It included what is now Mexico plus the current U.S. states of California, Nevada, Colorado, Utah, New Mexico, Arizona, Texas, Oregon, Washington, Florida and parts of Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, Kansas, Oklahoma, Alabama, Mississippi and Louisiana; as well as the southwestern part of British Columbia of present-day Canada; plus the Captaincy General of Guatemala (which included the current countries of Guatemala, the Mexican state of Chiapas, Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua); the Captaincy General of Cuba (current Cuba, Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico and Trinidad and Tobago); and the Captaincy General of the Philippines (including the Philippines, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, the Caroline Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia, Palau, the Marshall Islands and the short lived Spanish Formosa in modern-day northern Taiwan, as well as during a century the island of Tidore and the briefly occupied Sultanate of Ternate, both in modern-day Indonesia).

William McKinley

McKinleyPresident McKinleyPresident William McKinley
Guam was transferred to the United States Navy control on December 23, 1898, by Executive Order 108-A from 25th President William McKinley.
As part of the peace settlement, Spain turned over to the United States its main overseas colonies of Puerto Rico, Guam and the Philippines while Cuba was promised independence, but at that time remained under the control of the United States Army.