Guam

Map showing the Neolithic Austronesian migrations into the islands of the Indo-Pacific
Reception of the Manila Galleon by the Chamoru in the Ladrones Islands, ca. 1590 Boxer Codex
Main street of Hagåtña, ca. 1899-1900
U.S. Marines walk through the ruins of Hagåtña, July 1944
Photograph of Guam from space captured by NASA's now decommissioned Earth observation satellite, Earth Observing-1 (EO-1), on December 30, 2011
Guam National Wildlife Refuge beach at Ritidian Point
Previously extensively dredged, Tumon Bay is now a marine preserve.
The introduction of the brown tree snake nearly eradicated the native bird population
The Guam Museum in Hagåtña opened in 2016
Youth performance of traditional dance at Micronesia Mall, 2012
Outrigger canoe team at Tumon
Beaches at the tourist center of Tumon
A proportional representation of Guam exports, 2019
Terminal at Antonio B. Won Pat International Airport. The airport hosts a hub of United Airlines, Guam's largest private-sector employer.
Map of U.S. military lands on Guam, 2010
Incumbent governor Lou Leon Guerrero
Michael San Nicolas is the Delegate for Guam's at-large congressional district.
Hagåtña from Fort Santa Agueda
Guam Highway 8 route marker
Construction at the Port of Guam, 2014
The Umatac Outdoor Library, built in 1933, was the first library in southern Guam.

Organized, unincorporated territory of the United States in the Micronesia subregion of the western Pacific Ocean.

- Guam

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Tropical dry forest on Saipan

Mariana Islands

The Mariana Islands (also the Marianas; in Chamorro: Manislan Mariånas) are a crescent-shaped archipelago comprising the summits of fifteen mostly dormant volcanic mountains in the western North Pacific Ocean, between the 12th and 21st parallels north and along the 145th meridian east.

The Mariana Islands (also the Marianas; in Chamorro: Manislan Mariånas) are a crescent-shaped archipelago comprising the summits of fifteen mostly dormant volcanic mountains in the western North Pacific Ocean, between the 12th and 21st parallels north and along the 145th meridian east.

Tropical dry forest on Saipan
Geology of the west Pacific in the area of the Mariana Islands. The Mariana Islands are at map-right, east of the Philippine Sea and just west of the Mariana Trench in the ocean floor.
Map showing the Neolithic Austronesian migrations into the islands of the Indo-Pacific
Ruins of Guma Taga on Tinian. The pillars/columns are called latte (pronounced læ'di) stones, a common architectural element of prehistoric structures in the Mariana Islands, upon which elevated buildings were built. Earthquakes had toppled the other latte at this site by the time this photo was taken; an earthquake in 1902 toppled the one seen on the left, and today only the one on the right remains standing.
Reception of the Manila Galleon by the Chamorro in the Ladrones Islands, ca. 1590 Boxer Codex
A stamp from the Marianas' late Spanish colonial period, 1898–1899
A 1901 stamp from the German-era Marianas
A U.S. Marine talks a terrified Chamorro woman and her children into abandoning their refuge. Battle of Saipan, 1944.
Chamorro red rice

They are found in the northern part of the western Oceanic sub-region of Micronesia, and are politically divided into two jurisdictions of the United States: the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands and, at the southern end of the chain, the territory of Guam.

Hafa Adai sign at Antonio B. Won Pat International Airport in Guam

Chamorro language

Hafa Adai sign at Antonio B. Won Pat International Airport in Guam

Chamorro (Finuʼ Chamorro (CNMI), Finoʼ CHamoru (Guam) ) is an Austronesian language spoken by about 58,000 people (about 25,800 people on Guam and about 32,200 in the rest of the Mariana Islands and elsewhere).

Map of Micronesia (shown in dark magenta)

Micronesia

Subregion of Oceania, consisting of about two thousand small islands in the western Pacific Ocean.

Subregion of Oceania, consisting of about two thousand small islands in the western Pacific Ocean.

Map of Micronesia (shown in dark magenta)
Micronesia is one of three major cultural areas in the Pacific Ocean, along with Polynesia and Melanesia
Romanum Island, Chuuk, Micronesia
Mount Marpi in Saipan.
Beach scenery at Laura, Majuro, Marshall Islands
Spinner dolphins
Chronological dispersal of Austronesian peoples across the Indo-Pacific
Manila Galleon in the Marianas and Carolinas, c. 1590 Boxer Codex
German New Guinea before and after the German-Spanish treaty of 1899
Map from 1961 of the US Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, formerly Japan's South Seas Mandate.
A proportional representation of Micronesia exports, 2019
Chamorro people in 1915
Languages of Micronesia.
Image of the Castle Bravo nuclear test, detonated on 1 March 1954, at Bikini Atoll
An illustration of the Cross Spikes Club<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.history.navy.mil/ac/bikini/bikini1.htm |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20000521071018/http://history.navy.mil/ac/bikini/bikini1.htm |url-status=dead |archive-date=21 May 2000 |title=Operation Crossroads: Bikini Atoll |work=Navy Historical Center |publisher=Department of the Navy |access-date=4 December 2013 }}</ref> of the US Navy on Bikini Atoll, one of several Marshall Islands used for atomic bomb tests.
Kili Island is one of the smallest islands in the Marshall Islands.
Aerial view of Nauru
Nauruan districts of Denigomodu and Nibok
Wake Island as depicted by the United States Exploring Expedition, drawn by Alfred Thomas Agate
Aerial view Wake Island, looking westward
Central Nan Madol (map)
Nan Madol
Leluh
Latte stones
Rai stone

The Mariana Islands are affiliated with the United States; some of them belong to the U.S. Territory of Guam and the rest belong to the U.S. Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.

Wake Island

Damaged trees and debris left by Super Typhoon Ioke in 2006 at the Memorial Chapel on Wake Island
The "98 Rock" on Wilkes Island was carved by a World War II American civilian POW prior to his execution by Japanese Admiral Shigematsu Sakaibara.
Ecologists on Wake Atoll spraying herbicide into the bark of an invasive ironwood tree, 2017
Palm trees at Wake Island's lagoon
Lieutenant Charles Wilkes, commander of the U.S. Navy's United States Exploring Expedition, 1838–42
Commander Edward D. Taussig of USS Bennington (PG-4) takes formal possession of Wake Island for the United States with the raising of the flag and a 21-gun salute on January 17, 1899.
Members of the Tanager Expedition explore an abandoned feather collecting camp on Peale Island.
The Benjamin Constant
Tanager Expedition tent camp in 1923 at Wake Island, established on the eastern end of Wilkes Island
Pan American Airways (PAA) construction workers "lighter" building materials from SS North Haven to the dock at Wilkes Island, Wake Atoll.
Aerial view of Pan American Airways Hotel and facilities on Peale Island at Wake Atoll. The hotel is on the left, the anchor from the Libelle shipwreck and the pergola leading to the "Clipper" seaplane dock is on the right.
The formal surrender of the Japanese garrison on Wake Island, September 7, 1945. Island commander Admiral Shigematsu Sakaibara is the Japanese officer in the right-foreground.
U.S. Civilian POWs Memorial
The original Drifter's Reef bar, built near the harbor area at Wake Island, opened its doors to aircrews, visitors and other "drifters" on November 8, 1949.
President Harry S. Truman awards the Distinguished Service Medal, Fourth Oak Leaf Cluster, to General Douglas MacArthur during the Wake Island Conference.
Vietnamese refugees on Wake Island await resettlement processing by U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service personnel in May 1975
The unofficial flag of Wake Island was designed in 1976 to commemorate the United States Bicentennial. The three stars represent the three islands of the atoll, and the flag bears a resemblance to the flag of the Philippines, as many workers on the island at the time were from the country.
Passengers and crew of Pan Am's China Clipper II Boeing 747 at Wake Island during a 1985 trip across the Pacific to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the first China Clipper flight
The insignia for Campaign Fierce Sentry (FTO-02 E2), a Missile Defense Agency Integrated Flight Test in 2015, depicts a map of Wake Island within the head of an eagle
A Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) interceptor is launched from a THAAD battery located on Wake Island, during Flight Test Operational (FTO)-02 Event 2a, conducted November 1, 2015.
US Air Force Captain Allen Jaime, commander of Wake Island at the time, unveils the new Guam Memorial on June 8, 2017. The memorial honors 45 Chamorros from Guam who worked for Pan American Airlines and were on the island when the Japanese attacked on December 8, 1941. 10 of the men were killed during the attack and the remaining 35 were sent to prison camps in Japan and China.
The VFA-27 Royal Maces, a United States Navy F/A-18E Super Hornet squadron based in Atsugi, Japan, flies over the "Downtown" area of Wake Island.
Aerial view of Wake Island Atoll

Wake Island (Ānen Kio; also known as Wake Atoll) is a coral atoll in the western Pacific Ocean in the northeastern area of the Micronesia subregion, 1501 mi east of Guam, 2298 mi west of Honolulu, 1991 mi southeast of Tokyo and 898 mi north of Majuro.

John Hay, Secretary of State, signing the memorandum of ratification on behalf of the United States

Treaty of Paris (1898)

Treaty signed by Spain and the United States on December 10, 1898, that ended the Spanish–American War.

Treaty signed by Spain and the United States on December 10, 1898, that ended the Spanish–American War.

John Hay, Secretary of State, signing the memorandum of ratification on behalf of the United States

Under it, Spain relinquished all claim of sovereignty over and title to Cuba and also ceded Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines to the United States.

Marines planting the US flag

Battle of Guam (1944)

Marines planting the US flag
24px
Seabee welcome sign left for the U.S. Marine Corps on Guam. - U.S. Navy
Bombardment of Guam on 14 July 1944 before the battle, as seen from the USS New Mexico (BB-40)
U.S. Marines move inland.
Map showing the progress of the Guam campaign
U.S. Marines show their appreciation to the Coast Guard.
Three Marine officers of an amphibian tractor battalion who took part in the invasion of Guam (left to right): Major Erwin F. Wann, Major W. W. Butler, and Lt. Colonel Sylvester Stephens

The Battle of Guam (21 July–10 August 1944) was the American recapture of the Japanese-held island of Guam, a U.S. territory in the Mariana Islands captured by the Japanese from the United States in the First Battle of Guam in 1941 during the Pacific campaign of World War II.

Ferdinand Magellan, in a 16th or 17th century anonymous portrait

Ferdinand Magellan

Portuguese explorer and a subject of the Hispanic Monarchy from 1518.

Portuguese explorer and a subject of the Hispanic Monarchy from 1518.

Ferdinand Magellan, in a 16th or 17th century anonymous portrait
House where Magellan lived, in Sabrosa, Portugal
Effigy of Ferdinand Magellan in the Monument of the Discoveries, in Lisbon, Portugal.
Victoria, the sole ship of Magellan's fleet to complete the circumnavigation. Detail from a map by Ortelius, 1590.
Magellan's voyages; the double line represents Magellan's trip from Portugal to the Moluccas. The single line traces his long, continuous voyage from Spain to the Philippines.
A depiction of the Battle of Mactan in the Magellan shrine in Mactan, Philippines
A 1561 map of America showing Magellan's name for the Pacific, Mare pacificum, and the Strait of Magellan, labelled Frenum Magaliani
Magellan's Cross in present day Cebu.
The original image of Santo Niño de Cebú, an image of the Child Jesus given by Magellan to the Cebuanos, now enshrined at the Basilica Minore del Santo Niño.
The monument of Lapulapu at Mactan Shrine, the site of the Battle of Mactan.

The expedition reached Guam and, shortly after, the Philippine islands.

Dededo

Micronesia Mall, Guam's largest shopping mall
Santa Barbara School
Maria A. Ulloa Elementary School in Dededo

Dededo (Dedidu; formerly in Spanish:, in Japanese: デデド, Dededo) is the most populated village in the United States territory of Guam.

(clockwise from top left) Signal Corps extending telegraph lines

USS Iowa (BB-4)

Filipino soldiers wearing Spanish pith helmets outside Manila

The Spanish signing the Treaty of Paris

Roosevelt and his Rough Riders at San Juan Hill

Replacing of the Spanish flag at Fort San Antonio Abad (Fort Malate)

Spanish–American War

Period of armed conflict between Spain and the United States.

Period of armed conflict between Spain and the United States.

(clockwise from top left) Signal Corps extending telegraph lines

USS Iowa (BB-4)

Filipino soldiers wearing Spanish pith helmets outside Manila

The Spanish signing the Treaty of Paris

Roosevelt and his Rough Riders at San Juan Hill

Replacing of the Spanish flag at Fort San Antonio Abad (Fort Malate)
Cuban War of Independence
A Spanish satirical drawing published in La Campana de Gràcia (1896) criticizing U.S. behavior regarding Cuba by Manuel Moliné. Upper text reads (in old Catalan): "Uncle Sam's craving", and below: "To keep the island so it won't get lost".
An American cartoon published in Judge, February 6, 1897: Columbia (representing the American people) reaches out to the oppressed Cuba (the caption under the chained child reads "Spain's 16th Century methods") while Uncle Sam (representing the U.S. government) sits blindfolded, refusing to see the atrocities or use his guns to intervene (cartoon by Grant E. Hamilton).
Illustrated map published by the Guardia Civil showing the Kingdom of Spain and its remaining colonial possessions in 1895 (Caroline and Mariana Islands, as well as Spanish Sahara, Morocco, Guinea and Guam are not included.)
The American transport ship Seneca, a chartered vessel that carried troops to Puerto Rico and Cuba
Spanish Vessels captured up to evening of May 1, 1898
CHAP. 189. – An Act Declaring that war exists between the United States of America and the Kingdom of Spain on April 25, 1898.
The last stand of the Spanish Garrison in Cuba by Murat Halstead, 1898
The Pacific theatre of the Spanish–American War
Spanish Marines trenched during the Battle of Manila Bay
The Battle of Manila Bay
Spanish artillery regiment during the Philippine Campaign
Group of Tagalog Filipino revolutionaries during the Spanish-American War of 1898
Spanish infantry troops and officers in Manila
The Spanish armored cruiser, which was destroyed during the Battle of Santiago on July 3, 1898
Detail from Charge of the 24th and 25th Colored Infantry and Rescue of Rough Riders at San Juan Hill, July 2, 1898, depicting the Battle of San Juan Hill
Mauser Model 1893 rifle, used by the Spanish infantry and superior to American rifles; the Springfield Model 1892-99 and the Krag-Jørgensen rifle. Because of this superiority the US Army developed the M1903 Springfield.
Charge of the Rough Riders
Receiving the news of the surrender of Santiago
The Santiago Campaign (1898)
Crewmen pose under the gun turrets of USS Iowa (BB-4) in 1898.
Spanish troops before they departed to engage the American forces at Hormigueros, Puerto Rico
A monument in Guánica, Puerto Rico, for the U.S. infantrymen who lost their lives in the Spanish–American War in 1898.
Oil on canvas painted and signed with initials A.A. by Antonio Antón and Antonio Iboleón, around 1897. It is an ideal view of the Spanish Squadron of Instruction in 1896, before the war of 1898, since the ships represented never sailed together. On the left the Battleship Pelayo with insignia, followed by the cruisers Cristóbal Colón, Infanta María Teresa and Alfonso XIII; on the right, the cruiser Carlos V with insignia, Almirante Oquendo and Vizcaya. On the starboard side of the Pelayo sails the torpedo boat Destructor; Two Furor-class destroyer boats sail along the bows of the Carlos V. Stormy sea and partly cloudy skies.
Cámara's squadron in the Suez Canal in July 1898. His flagship, the battleship Pelayo, can be seen in the foreground. The last ship of the line is the armored cruiser Carlos V. Finally this squad would not fight in the war.
Jules Cambon, the French ambassador to the United States, signing the memorandum of ratification on behalf of Spain
US Army "War with Spain" campaign streamer
Cross of Military Merit for Combat in Cuba

The treaty ceded ownership of Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippine islands from Spain to the United States and granted the United States temporary control of Cuba.

Northern Mariana Islands

Unincorporated territory and commonwealth of the United States consisting of 14 islands in the northwestern Pacific Ocean.

Unincorporated territory and commonwealth of the United States consisting of 14 islands in the northwestern Pacific Ocean.

Reception of the Manila galleon by the Chamorro in the Ladrones Islands, c. 1590. From Boxer Codex.
Colonial tower, a vestige of the former Spanish colony
Saipan under the administration of Japan
Marine infantrymen in Garapan, Saipan
The island of Saipan
Map showing the Northern Mariana Islands and its exclusive economic zone (left) in the United States
Saipan seen from the International Space Station
Map of the Northern Mariana Islands
Ralph Torres, the governor of the Northern Mariana Islands
Map showing the four municipalities of the Northern Mariana Islands, with Guam shown for context and indicating which islands have airports.
Saipan sunset
Long Beach, Tinian
TTPI High Court judges (some time between 1968 and 1978)
Pagan Island
A proportional representation of Northern Mariana Islands exports, 2019
Our Lady of Mount Carmel Cathedral, Chalan Kanoa
Chamorro people
Francisco M. Palacios Baseball Field

The CNMI includes the 14 northernmost islands in the Mariana Archipelago; the southernmost island, Guam, is a separate U.S. territory.