Map showing the Neolithic Austronesian migrations into the islands of the Indo-Pacific
Damaged trees and debris left by Super Typhoon Ioke in 2006 at the Memorial Chapel on Wake Island
Reception of the Manila Galleon by the Chamoru in the Ladrones Islands, ca. 1590 Boxer Codex
The "98 Rock" on Wilkes Island was carved by a World War II American civilian POW prior to his execution by Japanese Admiral Shigematsu Sakaibara.
Main street of Hagåtña, ca. 1899-1900
Ecologists on Wake Atoll spraying herbicide into the bark of an invasive ironwood tree, 2017
U.S. Marines walk through the ruins of Hagåtña, July 1944
Palm trees at Wake Island's lagoon
Photograph of Guam from space captured by NASA's now decommissioned Earth observation satellite, Earth Observing-1 (EO-1), on December 30, 2011
Lieutenant Charles Wilkes, commander of the U.S. Navy's United States Exploring Expedition, 1838–42
Guam National Wildlife Refuge beach at Ritidian Point
Commander Edward D. Taussig of USS Bennington (PG-4) takes formal possession of Wake Island for the United States with the raising of the flag and a 21-gun salute on January 17, 1899.
Previously extensively dredged, Tumon Bay is now a marine preserve.
Members of the Tanager Expedition explore an abandoned feather collecting camp on Peale Island.
The introduction of the brown tree snake nearly eradicated the native bird population
The Benjamin Constant
The Guam Museum in Hagåtña opened in 2016
Tanager Expedition tent camp in 1923 at Wake Island, established on the eastern end of Wilkes Island
Youth performance of traditional dance at Micronesia Mall, 2012
Pan American Airways (PAA) construction workers "lighter" building materials from SS North Haven to the dock at Wilkes Island, Wake Atoll.
Outrigger canoe team at Tumon
Aerial view of Pan American Airways Hotel and facilities on Peale Island at Wake Atoll. The hotel is on the left, the anchor from the Libelle shipwreck and the pergola leading to the "Clipper" seaplane dock is on the right.
Beaches at the tourist center of Tumon
The formal surrender of the Japanese garrison on Wake Island, September 7, 1945. Island commander Admiral Shigematsu Sakaibara is the Japanese officer in the right-foreground.
A proportional representation of Guam exports, 2019
U.S. Civilian POWs Memorial
Terminal at Antonio B. Won Pat International Airport. The airport hosts a hub of United Airlines, Guam's largest private-sector employer.
The original Drifter's Reef bar, built near the harbor area at Wake Island, opened its doors to aircrews, visitors and other "drifters" on November 8, 1949.
Map of U.S. military lands on Guam, 2010
President Harry S. Truman awards the Distinguished Service Medal, Fourth Oak Leaf Cluster, to General Douglas MacArthur during the Wake Island Conference.
Incumbent governor Lou Leon Guerrero
Vietnamese refugees on Wake Island await resettlement processing by U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service personnel in May 1975
Michael San Nicolas is the Delegate for Guam's at-large congressional district.
The unofficial flag of Wake Island was designed in 1976 to commemorate the United States Bicentennial. The three stars represent the three islands of the atoll, and the flag bears a resemblance to the flag of the Philippines, as many workers on the island at the time were from the country.
Hagåtña from Fort Santa Agueda
Passengers and crew of Pan Am's China Clipper II Boeing 747 at Wake Island during a 1985 trip across the Pacific to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the first China Clipper flight
Guam Highway 8 route marker
The insignia for Campaign Fierce Sentry (FTO-02 E2), a Missile Defense Agency Integrated Flight Test in 2015, depicts a map of Wake Island within the head of an eagle
Construction at the Port of Guam, 2014
A Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) interceptor is launched from a THAAD battery located on Wake Island, during Flight Test Operational (FTO)-02 Event 2a, conducted November 1, 2015.
The Umatac Outdoor Library, built in 1933, was the first library in southern Guam.
US Air Force Captain Allen Jaime, commander of Wake Island at the time, unveils the new Guam Memorial on June 8, 2017. The memorial honors 45 Chamorros from Guam who worked for Pan American Airlines and were on the island when the Japanese attacked on December 8, 1941. 10 of the men were killed during the attack and the remaining 35 were sent to prison camps in Japan and China.
The VFA-27 Royal Maces, a United States Navy F/A-18E Super Hornet squadron based in Atsugi, Japan, flies over the "Downtown" area of Wake Island.
Aerial view of Wake Island Atoll

Wake Island (Ānen Kio; also known as Wake Atoll) is a coral atoll in the western Pacific Ocean in the northeastern area of the Micronesia subregion, 1501 mi east of Guam, 2298 mi west of Honolulu, 1991 mi southeast of Tokyo and 898 mi north of Majuro.

- Wake Island

Before World War II, Guam was one of five American jurisdictions in the Pacific Ocean, along with Wake Island in Micronesia, American Samoa and Hawaii in Polynesia, and the Philippines.

- Guam

6 related topics


Map of Micronesia (shown in dark magenta)


Subregion of Oceania, consisting of about two thousand small islands in the western Pacific Ocean.

Subregion of Oceania, consisting of about two thousand small islands in the western Pacific Ocean.

Map of Micronesia (shown in dark magenta)
Micronesia is one of three major cultural areas in the Pacific Ocean, along with Polynesia and Melanesia
Romanum Island, Chuuk, Micronesia
Mount Marpi in Saipan.
Beach scenery at Laura, Majuro, Marshall Islands
Spinner dolphins
Chronological dispersal of Austronesian peoples across the Indo-Pacific
Manila Galleon in the Marianas and Carolinas, c. 1590 Boxer Codex
German New Guinea before and after the German-Spanish treaty of 1899
Map from 1961 of the US Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, formerly Japan's South Seas Mandate.
A proportional representation of Micronesia exports, 2019
Chamorro people in 1915
Languages of Micronesia.
Image of the Castle Bravo nuclear test, detonated on 1 March 1954, at Bikini Atoll
An illustration of the Cross Spikes Club<ref>{{cite web|url= |archive-url= |url-status=dead |archive-date=21 May 2000 |title=Operation Crossroads: Bikini Atoll |work=Navy Historical Center |publisher=Department of the Navy |access-date=4 December 2013 }}</ref> of the US Navy on Bikini Atoll, one of several Marshall Islands used for atomic bomb tests.
Kili Island is one of the smallest islands in the Marshall Islands.
Aerial view of Nauru
Nauruan districts of Denigomodu and Nibok
Wake Island as depicted by the United States Exploring Expedition, drawn by Alfred Thomas Agate
Aerial view Wake Island, looking westward
Central Nan Madol (map)
Nan Madol
Latte stones
Rai stone

The Mariana Islands are affiliated with the United States; some of them belong to the U.S. Territory of Guam and the rest belong to the U.S. Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.

The sovereignty of Wake Island is contested: it is claimed both by the United States and by the Republic of the Marshall Islands.

Pacific Ocean

Largest and deepest of Earth's five oceanic divisions.

Largest and deepest of Earth's five oceanic divisions.

Partial picture of the Pacific Ocean from space, by the Apollo 11 crew
Model of a Fijian drua, an example of an Austronesian vessel with a double-canoe (catamaran) hull and a crab claw sail
Map showing the migration of the Austronesian peoples, the first seaborne human migration in history (c.3000-1500 BCE)
Map showing a large number of Spanish expeditions across the Pacific Ocean from the 16th to 18th centuries including the Manila galleon route between Acapulco and Manila, the first transpacific trade route in history.
Universalis Cosmographia, the Waldseemüller map dated 1507, from a time when the nature of the Americas was ambiguous, particularly North America, as a possible part of Asia, was the first map to show the Americas separating two distinct oceans. South America was generally considered a "new world" and shows the name "America" for the first time, after Amerigo Vespucci
The bathyscaphe Trieste, before her record dive to the bottom of the Mariana Trench, 23 January 1960
Abel Aubert du Petit-Thouars taking over Tahiti on 9 September 1842
Sunset over the Pacific Ocean as seen from the International Space Station. tops of thunderclouds are also visible.
The island geography of the Pacific Ocean Basin
Regions, island nations and territories of Oceania
Tarawa Atoll in the Republic of Kiribati
Sunset in Monterey County, California, U.S.
Impact of El Niño and La Niña on North America
Typhoon Tip at global peak intensity on 12 October 1979
Ring of Fire. The Pacific is ringed by many volcanoes and oceanic trenches.
Ulawun stratovolcano situated on the island of New Britain, Papua New Guinea
Mount Saint Helens in 2020
Pacific Ocean currents have created 3 "islands" of debris.
Marine debris on a Hawaiian coast
Prime Minister Suga declined to drink the bottle of Fukushima's treated radioactive water that he was holding, which would otherwise be discharged to the Pacific. 2020.
Made in 1529, the Diogo Ribeiro map was the first to show the Pacific at about its proper size
Map of the Pacific Ocean during European Exploration, circa 1754.
Maris Pacifici by Ortelius (1589). One of the first printed maps to show the Pacific Ocean<ref>{{cite web|url=|title=Library Acquires Copy of 1507 Waldseemüller World Map – News Releases (Library of Congress)||access-date=April 20, 2013}}</ref>
Map of the Pacific Ocean during European Exploration, circa 1702–1707
Ladrilleros Beach in Colombia on the coast of Chocó natural region
Tahuna maru islet, French Polynesia
Los Molinos on the coast of Southern Chile

Magellan stopped at one uninhabited Pacific island before stopping at Guam in March 1521.

Wake Island (US)

Chamorro people (1915)

Chamorro people

Chamorro people (1915)
Reception of the Manila Galleon by the Chamorro in the Ladrones Islands, ca. 1590 Boxer Codex
Reconstruction of how latte stone structures may have appeared
Chamorros fishing, 1819
Village scene depicting caste differences, 1819
Taotaomona are believed to live near Latte stones
Chamorro girls in the 1930s
Group of Chamorros on Guam in the mid-1940s
Chamorros at church in Inarajan, Guam in the mid-1940s
Peter Gumataotao is the first Chamorro two-star flag officer in the United States military
Chamorro red rice
Chamorro performers at the Pacific Islander Festival Association in San Diego
Pop singer Pia Mia is of mixed Chamorro ancestry

The Chamorro people ( also CHamoru) are the indigenous people of the Mariana Islands, politically divided between the United States territories of Guam and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands in Micronesia.

Before World War II, there were five American jurisdictions in the Pacific Ocean: Guam and Wake Island in Micronesia, American Samoa and Hawaii in Polynesia, and the Philippines in Southeast Asia.

Territories of the United States

Territories of the United States are sub-national administrative divisions overseen by the U.S. federal government.

Territories of the United States are sub-national administrative divisions overseen by the U.S. federal government.

The American Samoa Fono
Building where the Supreme Court of Guam is located
San Juan, Puerto Rico
Protestant Cay in Christiansted, U.S. Virgin Islands
Tumon Beach in Guam
Mount Tapochau in the Northern Mariana Islands
Ofu Beach on Ofu Island in American Samoa
Wake Island lagoon
Red-footed booby at Palmyra Atoll
Navy memorial and albatross monument with Laysan albatross chicks at Midway Atoll
The United States from 1868 to 1876, including nine organized and two unorganized (at the time) territories
View of El Yunque National Forest in Puerto Rico
Hand-drawn map, 2018
alt=Official photo, with American flag|Amata Coleman Radewagen (R), (American Samoa)
alt=Official photo|Michael San Nicolas (D), (Guam)
alt=Official photo|Gregorio Sablan (D), (Northern Mariana Islands)
alt=Official photo|Jenniffer González (R), (Puerto Rico)
alt=Official photo|Stacey Plaskett (D), (U.S. Virgin Islands)
alt=Lemanu Peleti Mauga|Lemanu Peleti Mauga (NP-D), (American Samoa)
alt=Lou Leon Guerrero|Lou Leon Guerrero (D), (Guam)
alt=A smiling Ralph Torres|Ralph Torres (R), (Northern Mariana Islands)
alt=Pedro Pierluisi|Pedro Pierluisi (PNP-D), (Puerto Rico)
alt=Albert Bryan|Albert Bryan (D), (U.S. Virgin Islands)
Tutuila and Aunu'u (American Samoa)
Saipan (Northern Mariana Islands)
Puerto Rico
U.S. Virgin Islands
alt=Satellite photo|Baker Island
alt=Satellite photo|Howland Island
alt=Satellite photo|Jarvis Island
alt=Satellite photo|Johnston Atoll
alt=Satellite photo|Kingman Reef
alt=Satellite photo|Midway Atoll
alt=Satellite photo|Navassa Island
alt=Satellite photo|Palmyra Atoll
alt=Satellite photo|Wake Island
American Samoa
Northern Mariana Islands
Puerto Rico
U.S. Virgin Islands
U.S. exclusive economic zone

Five territories (American Samoa, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands) are permanently inhabited, unincorporated territories; the other nine are small islands, atolls, and reefs with no native (or permanent) population.

Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Johnston Atoll, Kingman Reef, Midway Atoll, Palmyra Atoll, and Wake Island are in the Pacific Ocean while Navassa Island is in the Caribbean Sea.

The International Date Line around the antimeridian (180° longitude)

International Date Line

Internationally accepted demarcation on the surface of Earth, running between the South Pole and North Pole and serving as the boundary between one calendar day and the next.

Internationally accepted demarcation on the surface of Earth, running between the South Pole and North Pole and serving as the boundary between one calendar day and the next.

The International Date Line around the antimeridian (180° longitude)
A simplified illustration of the relation between date line, date and time of day. Each colour represents a different date.
Example depicting situation at 04:00 GMT Tuesday. (Times are approximate, since time zone boundaries generally do not exactly coincide with meridians. Night and day is illustrative only; daylight hours depend on latitude and time of year.)
Erroneous International Date Line from the 1888 Meyers Konversations-Lexikon, running between the Spanish Philippine Islands and British Hong Kong. The Philippine Islands and the rest of New Spain are shown on the eastern side of the IDL, even though they were moved to the western side in 1845. Also placed to the east of the IDL were the Bonin Islands and Fiji, which are actually to the west of the line.

Thus, all of Russia is to the west of the IDL, and all of the United States is to the east except for the insular areas of Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, and Wake Island.

Pan Am

The principal and largest international air carrier and unofficial overseas flag carrier of the United States for much of the 20th century.

The principal and largest international air carrier and unofficial overseas flag carrier of the United States for much of the 20th century.

Flown cover autographed by pilot Cy Caldwell and carried from Key West, Florida, to Havana, Cuba, on the first contract airmail flight operated by Pan American Airways, October 19, 1927
"Birthplace of Pan American World Airways", Key West, Florida
PAA routes as of 1936
1941 advertising mailer for Pan Am's "Flying Clipper Cruises" to South America
PAA's China Clipper service cut the time of a transpacific crossing from as much as six weeks by sea to just six days by air.
Stamps issued by the United States and Philippine Islands for Air Mail carried on the first flights in each direction of PAA's Transpacific "China Clipper" service between San Francisco, California, and Manila, Philippines. (November 22 – December 6, 1935)
Flown cover carried around the world on PAA Boeing 314 Clippers and by Imperial Airways, June 24 – July 28, 1939
Pan Am's flying boat terminal at Dinner Key in Miami, Florida, was a hub of inter-American travel during the 1930s and 1940s.
Pan Am Lockheed L-049 Constellation Clipper Great Republic at London Heathrow
Pan Am Boeing 377 Stratocruiser Clipper Seven Seas at London Heathrow in 1954
Pan American DC-4 at Piarco Airport, Trinidad in the 1950s
A Boeing 707-120 at the Pan Am Worldport in 1961. The terminal was once the center of the airline's New York operations; it was transferred to Delta Air Lines in 1991, and demolished by Delta and the Port Authority in 2013.
Douglas DC-8-32 of Pan American at Amsterdam Airport Schiphol in 1967
Boeing 747-100 Clipper Neptune's Car (N742PA) at Zurich Airport
The Pan Am Building in Midtown Manhattan, now the MetLife Building, was Pan Am headquarters
Pan Am Building from Park Avenue, 1989
Pan Am Holiday pamphlet for destination New Zealand (1966)
Pan American Douglas DC-6B operating an Internal German Service at Hanover Airport in May 1964.
Pan Am Boeing 747-100 ("Clipper Star of the Union") at John F. Kennedy Airport in May 1973
A Pan Am flight attendant in 1970s uniform
Clipper Spreeathen at Zurich in 1985
Clipper Miles Standish (N805PA), an Airbus A310
Clipper Sparking Wave (N741PA), a Boeing 747-100 on short final into Berlin Tempelhof Airport, wearing Pan Am's final "billboard" style livery
ATR 42 (N4209G) of Pan Am Express at Sylt Airport, 1991
Pan Am Clipper Guilford (N342PA), Boeing 727-200
A former Maine Central boxcar painted in the new Pan Am Railways livery in 2005
A Pan Am ballcap.
The Sikorsky S-42 was one of Pan Am's earlier flying boats and was used to survey the San Francisco – China route.

After negotiating traffic rights in 1934 to land at Pearl Harbor, Midway Island, Wake Island, Guam, and Subic Bay (Manila), Pan Am shipped $500,000 worth of aeronautical equipment and construction crews westward in March 1935 using the S.S. North Haven, a 15,000-ton merchant ship chartered for the purpose of provisioning each island that the clippers would stop at on their 4- to 5-day flight.