Guan Yu

GuandiKwan TaiGuan GongGuan DiGuangongKwan YuLord GuanKwan KungGuan TiGuan Yinping
Guan Yu (died January or February 220), courtesy name Yunchang, was a general serving under the warlord Liu Bei during the late Eastern Han dynasty of China.wikipedia
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Zhang Fei

Cheung FeiZhang YideZhang Zun
Along with Zhang Fei, he shared a brotherly relationship with Liu Bei and accompanied him on most of his early exploits.
Zhang Fei and Guan Yu, who were among the earliest to join Liu Bei, shared a brotherly relationship with their lord and accompanied him on most of his early exploits.

Liu Bei

Lau Beifirst emperor of ShuLiu
Guan Yu (died January or February 220), courtesy name Yunchang, was a general serving under the warlord Liu Bei during the late Eastern Han dynasty of China.
Liu Bei received financial contributions from two wealthy horse merchants, Zhang Shiping and Su Shuang, and rallied a group of loyal followers, including Guan Yu, Zhang Fei and Jian Yong.

Yan Liang

While he is remembered for his loyalty towards Liu Bei, he is also known for repaying Cao Cao's kindness by slaying Yan Liang, a general under Cao Cao's rival Yuan Shao, at the Battle of Boma.
He was slain by Guan Yu at the Battle of Boma.

Lü Meng

Lu MengLui MungShimei Ryoumou
In 219, while he was away fighting Cao Cao's forces at the Battle of Fancheng, Liu Bei's ally Sun Quan broke the Sun–Liu alliance and sent his general Lü Meng to conquer Liu Bei's territories in Jing Province.
Two years later, in a carefully calculated military operation, Lü Meng led an invasion of Liu Bei's territories in southern Jing Province, swiftly and stealthily capturing all the lands from Liu Bei's general Guan Yu, who was captured and executed after his defeat.

Battle of Fancheng

Battle of Fan Castleattack an enemy garrisonattacking Fancheng
In 219, while he was away fighting Cao Cao's forces at the Battle of Fancheng, Liu Bei's ally Sun Quan broke the Sun–Liu alliance and sent his general Lü Meng to conquer Liu Bei's territories in Jing Province.
In November 218, Hou Yin, a military officer under Cao Cao, started a rebellion in Wan (宛; in present-day Nanyang, Henan) with his deputy Wei Kai and several thousand troops, and they requested help from Guan Yu.

Lü Meng's invasion of Jing Province

an invasionMa Zhonga stealth invasion
In 219, while he was away fighting Cao Cao's forces at the Battle of Fancheng, Liu Bei's ally Sun Quan broke the Sun–Liu alliance and sent his general Lü Meng to conquer Liu Bei's territories in Jing Province.
Guan Yu, Liu Bei's general guarding those territories, was captured and executed by Sun Quan's forces.

Green Dragon Crescent Blade

Blue Dragon Crescent Blade
Supposedly, Guan Yu's weapon was a guan dao named Green Dragon Crescent Blade, which resembled a podao, glaive, or naginata and was said to weigh 82 catties (about 49.2 kg or 108.4674 lbs).
The Green Dragon Crescent Blade is a legendary weapon wielded by the Chinese general Guan Yu in the 14th-century historical novel Romance of the Three Kingdoms.

Shu Han

ShuKingdom of ShuShu-Han
Guan Yu played a significant role in the events leading up to the end of the Han dynasty and the establishment of Liu Bei's state of Shu Han during the Three Kingdoms period.
Guan Yu, the general guarding Liu Bei's assets in Jing Province, was captured and executed by Sun Quan's forces.

Cao Cao

Cho Choambitious ruler of Chinaan imperial chancellor
While he is remembered for his loyalty towards Liu Bei, he is also known for repaying Cao Cao's kindness by slaying Yan Liang, a general under Cao Cao's rival Yuan Shao, at the Battle of Boma. In 219, while he was away fighting Cao Cao's forces at the Battle of Fancheng, Liu Bei's ally Sun Quan broke the Sun–Liu alliance and sent his general Lü Meng to conquer Liu Bei's territories in Jing Province.
So on Guo Jia's advice, Cao Cao attacked Liu Bei and utterly defeated him in Xu Province, capturing Guan Yu as well as Liu Bei's family members at the start of 200.

Three Kingdoms

Three Kingdoms periodThree Kingdoms eraThe Three Kingdoms
Guan Yu played a significant role in the events leading up to the end of the Han dynasty and the establishment of Liu Bei's state of Shu Han during the Three Kingdoms period.
Liu Bei, together with his followers Guan Yu and Zhang Fei, fled to Cao Cao, who accepted him.

Zhuge Liang

Zhuge(Zhuge) LiangChu-kot Leung
No explicit descriptions of Guan Yu's physical appearance exist in historical records, however the Sanguozhi recorded that Zhuge Liang once referred to Guan Yu as having a "peerless beard".
Guan Yu and Zhang Fei were displeased with their relationship and complained about it.

Chinese folk religion

ChineseChinese religionChinese traditional religion
He is a deity worshipped in Chinese folk religion, popular Confucianism, Taoism, and Chinese Buddhism, and small shrines to him are almost ubiquitous in traditional Chinese shops and restaurants.
There are shén of nature; gods who were once people, such as the warrior Guan Gong; household gods, such as the Stove God; as well as ancestral gods (zu or zuxian).

Romance of the Three Kingdoms

classical novel of the same titlenovel of the same titleRomance of Three Kingdoms
Through generations of story telling, culminating in the 14th-century historical novel Romance of the Three Kingdoms, his deeds and moral qualities have been given immense emphasis, making Guan Yu one of East Asia's most popular paradigms of loyalty and righteousness.
Liu Bei and his oath brothers Guan Yu and Zhang Fei swore allegiance to the Han Empire in the Oath of the Peach Garden and pledged to do their best for the people.

Sun Quan

Suen KuenDa of Eastern WuDa
In 219, while he was away fighting Cao Cao's forces at the Battle of Fancheng, Liu Bei's ally Sun Quan broke the Sun–Liu alliance and sent his general Lü Meng to conquer Liu Bei's territories in Jing Province.
Meantime, Lu Su and Gan Ning advanced to Yiyang with 10,000 men (to block Guan Yu) and took over command of the army at Lukou .

End of the Han dynasty

end of the Eastern Han dynastyendlate Eastern Han dynasty
Guan Yu played a significant role in the events leading up to the end of the Han dynasty and the establishment of Liu Bei's state of Shu Han during the Three Kingdoms period.
Liu Bei's general Guan Yu surrendered to Cao Cao and temporarily served under Cao.

Guandao

guan daoKwan DaoBlue Dragon Crescent Moon Blade
Supposedly, Guan Yu's weapon was a guan dao named Green Dragon Crescent Blade, which resembled a podao, glaive, or naginata and was said to weigh 82 catties (about 49.2 kg or 108.4674 lbs).
According to legend, the guandao was invented by the famous general Guan Yu during the early 3rd century AD, hence the name.

Wen Ping

Guan Yu later engaged Yue Jin and Wen Ping at Xunkou and lost.
During his tenure as a general under the warlord Cao Cao, he was credited with defeating the enemy general Guan Yu and defending Cao Cao's interests in Jiangxia Commandery from the eastern warlord Sun Quan.

Jingzhou (ancient China)

Jing ProvinceJingzhouJing
After Liu Bei gained control of Yi Province in 214, Guan Yu remained in Jing Province to govern and defend the area for about seven years.
In 219, Sun Quan's general Lü Meng attacked and seized Liu Bei's lands in Jingzhou, which were defended by Liu's general Guan Yu.

Lu Su

Lou Suk
Lu Su (the overall commander of Sun Quan's forces in Jing Province) later invited Guan Yu to attend a meeting to settle the territorial dispute.
Fourthly, in 215, he represented Sun Quan at the negotiations with Liu Bei's general Guan Yu during the Sun–Liu territorial dispute over Jing Province.

Yu Jin

Yu Kam
Cao Cao sent Yu Jin to lead reinforcements to help Cao Ren.
In 219, Yu Jin was tasked with leading forces to relief Cao Cao's general Cao Ren, who was being besieged in Fancheng by Liu Bei's general Guan Yu, but his armies were destroyed in a flood due to heavy rains.

Battle of Jiangling (208)

Battle of JianglingattackBattle of Nan Commandery
During the Battle of Jiangling, Guan Yu's mission was to block Cao Ren's supply lines via infiltration so he led a special force to attack Xiangyang, which was guarded by Cao Cao's general Yue Jin.
Zhou Yu was worried about Cao Cao's unscathed units totalling over 100,000 strong, which were scattered around strategic locations, so he urged Liu Bei to send Guan Yu to block Cao Ren's supply lines via infiltration.

Guan Ping

Kanpei
He told his son Guan Ping, "I am growing weaker this year. I might not even return alive."
Guan Ping was the eldest son of Guan Yu.

Xu Huang

Tsui Fong
Cao Cao later sent Xu Huang to lead another army to reinforce Cao Ren at Fancheng.
Xu Huang is best noted for breaking the siege at the Battle of Fancheng in 219 by routing the enemy commander Guan Yu on the field.

Records of the Three Kingdoms

Records of Three KingdomsSanguozhiSanguo Zhi
The authoritative historical source on Guan Yu's life is the Records of the Three Kingdoms (Sanguozhi) written by Chen Shou in the third century.

Battle of Boma

Bomaattack on BomaBattle of Baima
While he is remembered for his loyalty towards Liu Bei, he is also known for repaying Cao Cao's kindness by slaying Yan Liang, a general under Cao Cao's rival Yuan Shao, at the Battle of Boma.
Cao Cao sent Zhang Liao and Guan Yu (newly surrendered to Cao Cao after Liu Bei was defeated in Xu Province) to lead the vanguard.