A report on Guangdong–Hong Kong–Macau Greater Bay Area

The Guangdong–Hong Kong–Macau Greater Bay Area in green, with the Pearl River Delta Economic Zone indicated by the red line, excluding parts of Zhaoqing and Huizhou

Megalopolis, consisting of nine cities and two special administrative regions in South China.

- Guangdong–Hong Kong–Macau Greater Bay Area
The Guangdong–Hong Kong–Macau Greater Bay Area in green, with the Pearl River Delta Economic Zone indicated by the red line, excluding parts of Zhaoqing and Huizhou

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Portrait of the Grotto of the Five Immortals, the Taoist temple around the five stones which gave Guangzhou its nickname "The City of Rams".

Guangzhou

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Capital and the largest city of Guangdong province in southern China.

Capital and the largest city of Guangdong province in southern China.

Portrait of the Grotto of the Five Immortals, the Taoist temple around the five stones which gave Guangzhou its nickname "The City of Rams".
The jade burial suit of Zhao Mo in Guangzhou's Nanyue King Museum
Guangzhou (as 廣) on the 1136 Map of the Tracks of Yu
Old photograph of a commercial Guangzhou street
Guangzhou ("Canton") and the surrounding islands of Henan ("Hanan"), Pazhou ("Whampoa"), changzhou ("Dane's Island"), and Xiaoguwei ("French Island") during the First Opium War's Second Battle of Canton. The large East Indiamen of the Canton trade used the anchorage sheltered by these four islands, but the village and island of Huangpu for which it was named make up no part of present-day Guangzhou's Huangpu District.
Mausoleum of the 72 Martyrs
Map of Guangzhou (labeled as KUANG-CHOU (CANTON) 廣州) in surrounding region (AMS, 1954)
Tiantang Peak, highest mountain in Guangzhou
The first Canton Fair (1957) at the Sino-Soviet Friendship Building
The east square of Guangzhou railway station in 1991.
Guangzhou Opera House
Guangdong Olympic Stadium
Tianhe Stadium is the home of Guangzhou F.C.
Yuexiushan Stadium is the home of Guangzhou City F.C.
Canton Tower
Bombax ceiba, Guangzhou's official flower
Shangxiajiu Pedestrian Street
Sun Yat-sen University main gate
The College of Medical Science at Sun Yat-sen University
Guangzhou Library
Nieuhof's imaginative 1665 map of "Kanton",<ref>{{citation |last=La Carpentier |first=Jean-Baptiste |author-link=Jean-Baptiste Le Carpentier |title=L'Ambassade de la Compagnie Orientale des Provinces Unies vers l'Empereur de la Chine [Embassy of the United Provinces' East India Company to the Emperor of China] |date=1655 |language=fr}}</ref> made from secondhand accounts when Europeans were still forbidden from entering the walled city
The Thirteen Factories {{c.|1805|lk=no}}, displaying the flags of Denmark, Spain, the United States, Sweden, Britain, and the Netherlands
An 1855 painting of the gallery of Tingqua, one of the most successful suppliers of "export paintings" for Guangzhou's foreign traders.
Vrooman's 1860 map of the "City and Entire Suburbs of Canton", one of the first made after the treaties of Tianjin and Beijing permitted foreigners full access to Guangzhou's walled city
The Flowery Pagoda at the Temple of the Six Banyan Trees in 1863
The Five-story Pagoda atop Yuexiu Hill {{c.|1880|lk=no}}
The Sacred Heart Cathedral towering over the one- and two-story homes of old Guangzhou {{c.|1880|lk=no}}
Street scene in Guangzhou, 1919
The US Navy's Dept of Navigation's 1920 map of "Canton"<ref>{{citation |url=https://archive.org/stream/cantonchina00unitrich#page/4/mode/2up |title=US Navy Ports of the World: Canton |publisher=US Bureau of Navigation |series=Ditty Box Guide Book Series |year=1920 |at=Canton}}</ref>
Sun Yat-sen and Chiang Kai-shek at the opening of the Whampoa Military Academy on 16 June 1924
The Guangzhou Bund in 1930, with rows of Tanka boats.
The People's Liberation Army entering Guangzhou on 14 October 1949
Map of Guangzhou (labeled as KUANG-CHOU (CANTON))
Guangzhou skyline
The former Canton Fair site at Yuexiu's Liuhua Complex
Interior of the current Canton Fair site in Pazhou, 2006
Gongyuanqian Station of the Guangzhou Metro
Tianhe Sports Center Station (GBRT)
Baiyun International Airport in Huadu District
A CRH3 Train at Guangzhou South Railway Station
A Tram at Wanshengwei Station
Guangzhou's Temple of the Five Immortals
{{nowrap|The Hall of the 500 Arhats}} at the {{nowrap|Flowery Forest Temple}} (Hualin) in the 1870s
{{nowrap|The Temple of Bright Filial Piety}}
Guangzhou's City God Temple
The sacred pigs of the Ocean Banner Temple ({{nowrap|Hoi Tong)}} in the 1830s
{{nowrap|The Flower Pagoda}} at the Temple of the Six Banyan Trees (Liurong)
The Thousand Buddha Tower at the present-day {{nowrap|Hoi Tong Monastery}}
Sacred Heart Cathedral
Tianhe Church, built in 2017
The Pearl River at Haiyin Bridge
Zhujiang New City from Pakwan or Baiyun Mountain
A brick carving at the Guangzhou Folk Art Museum, housed in the Chen Clan Ancestral Hall
Canton Custom House (est. 1916), one of the oldest surviving in China
Aiqun Hotel, Guangzhou's tallest building from 1937 to 1967
Our Lady of Lourdes Chapel on Shamian
The old provincial capitol, now the Museum of Revolutionary History
Guangzhou's CBD, including the IFC (right)

Guangzhou is at the heart of the Guangdong–Hong Kong–Macau Greater Bay Area, the most-populous built-up metropolitan area in the world, which extends into the neighboring cities of Foshan, Dongguan, Zhongshan, Shenzhen and part of Jiangmen, Huizhou, Zhuhai and Macao, forming the largest urban agglomeration on Earth with approximately 65,594,622 residents and part of the Pearl River Delta Economic Zone.

Pearl River Delta

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Low-lying area surrounding the Pearl River estuary, where the Pearl River flows into the South China Sea.

Low-lying area surrounding the Pearl River estuary, where the Pearl River flows into the South China Sea.

An 1888 map of the mouth of the Pearl River Delta, showing the locations of Macau and Hong Kong
Many electronic markets in Huaqiangbei, Shenzhen specialize in selling electronic components to the manufacturers of electric and electronic goods.
Removal of floating trash from the surface of the Pearl River in Guangzhou

It is also part of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Greater Bay Area.

Zhuhai

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Prefecture-level city located on the west bank of Pearl River estuary on the central coast of southern Guangdong province, People's Republic of China, on the southeastern edge of Pearl River Delta.

Prefecture-level city located on the west bank of Pearl River estuary on the central coast of southern Guangdong province, People's Republic of China, on the southeastern edge of Pearl River Delta.

Meizu
Jida panorama from Shijing mountain (石景山)
Zhuhai Jinwan Airport
Gongbei Port
Zhuhai Railway Station
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Xiangzhou fishing harbor, with the forested Yeli Island in the horizon
Fisher Girl statue in Xianglu Bay

The core of Zhuhai, Xiangzhou District along with Macao, in the northeastern portion of the administrative division, are part of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Greater Bay Area, the biggest built-up area in the world with more than 65,565,622 inhabitants as of the 2020 census, encompassing Shenzhen, Dongguan, Foshan, Zhongshan, Macau, the main part of Guangzhou, and small parts of Jiangmen and Huizhou cities but with Hong Kong not quite conurbated yet.

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Megalopolis

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Group of metropolitan areas which are perceived as a continuous urban area through common systems of transport, economy, resources, ecology, and so on.

Group of metropolitan areas which are perceived as a continuous urban area through common systems of transport, economy, resources, ecology, and so on.

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Northeast megalopolis (United States) (top) and Taiheiyō Belt (Japan) (bottom).
Yangtze River Delta
The Jing-Jin-Ji Metropolitan Region is the central part of the Bohai Economic Rim
Taiheiyō Belt
Skyline of Taipei, capital city of Taiwan in 2016.
Istanbul, Kocaeli, and Sakarya provinces at night
Mega Manila
Quebec City in Quebec City–Windsor Corridor
Mexico City megalopolis
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Midtown Manhattan facing toward Lower Manhattan, New York City, in the Northeast megalopolis
Downtown Dallas, the largest metro of the Texas Triangle
Aerial view of Seattle with Lake Union in the foreground, part of Cascadia
Satellite image of Greater Buenos Aires at night. Urban sprawl created a vast conurbation of 12,801,365 inhabitants including the City of Buenos Aires, a third of the total population of Argentina.
Expanded Metropolitan Complex of São Paulo, Brazil
The Blue Banana, the Golden Banana, the Green Banana, and the Gulf of Finland (red).
Beijing, China
Hong Kong (city-state)
Seoul, South Korea
Shanghai, China
Taipei, Taiwan
Tokyo, Japan
Bangkok, Thailand
Hanoi, Vietnam
Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
Jakarta, Indonesia
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Manila, Philippines
Singapore
Surabaya, Indonesia
Yangon, Myanmar
Satellite view of western Taiwan.
Satellite Image of South East Queensland megalopolis, nicknamed the '200km city'
Maracaibo Lake Narrows, the city of Maracaibo connected by bridge to the Eastern Coast cities.

Pearl River Delta Megalopolis (珠江三角洲) a.k.a. Guangdong–Hong Kong–Macau Greater Bay Area (粤港澳大湾区): Hong Kong, Shenzhen, Dongguan, Guangzhou, Foshan, Jiangmen, Zhongshan, Zhuhai, Macau, Huizhou (55,000,000). Pan-Pearl River Delta further includes provinces adjacent to Guangdong.

Foshan

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Prefecture-level city in central Guangdong Province, China.

Prefecture-level city in central Guangdong Province, China.

"Faesan" (Foshan), from Johan Nieuhof's 1665 Embassy of the Dutch East India Company to the Emperor of China
Foshan railway station
Foshan University's front gate
Foshan Ancestral Temple

As such, it is part of the Pearl River Delta and Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Greater Bay Area metropolis, centered on Guangzhou.

Huangpu District, Guangzhou

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One of 11 urban districts of the prefecture-level city of Guangzhou, the capital of Guangdong Province, China.

One of 11 urban districts of the prefecture-level city of Guangzhou, the capital of Guangdong Province, China.

Huangpu district is at the heart of the Greater Bay Area (GBA) and is home to a large development area, which is considered one of China's most important economic centres.

China

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Country in East Asia.

Country in East Asia.

China (today's Guangdong), Mangi (inland of Xanton), and Cataio (inland of China and Chequan, and including the capital Cambalu, Xandu, and a marble bridge) are all shown as separate regions on this 1570 map by Abraham Ortelius
10,000 years old pottery, Xianren Cave culture (18000–7000 BCE)
Yinxu, the ruins of the capital of the late Shang dynasty (14th century BCE)
China's first emperor, Qin Shi Huang, is famed for having united the Warring States' walls to form the Great Wall of China. Most of the present structure, however, dates to the Ming dynasty.
Map showing the expansion of Han dynasty in the 2nd century BC
The Tang dynasty at its greatest extent
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The Qing conquest of the Ming and expansion of the empire
The Eight-Nation Alliance invaded China to defeat the anti-foreign Boxers and their Qing backers. The image shows a celebration ceremony inside the Chinese imperial palace, the Forbidden City after the signing of the Boxer Protocol in 1901.
Sun Yat-sen, the founding father of Republic of China, one of the first republics in Asia.
Chiang Kai-shek and Mao Zedong toasting together in 1945 following the end of World War II
Mao Zedong proclaiming the establishment of the PRC in 1949.
The 1989 Tiananmen Square protests was ended by a military-led massacre which brought condemnations and sanctions against the Chinese government from various foreign countries.
Satellite image of China from NASA WorldWind
Köppen-Geiger climate classification map for mainland China.
A giant panda, China's most famous endangered and endemic species, at the Chengdu Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding in Sichuan
The Three Gorges Dam is the largest hydroelectric dam in the world.
Earliest known written formula for gunpowder, from the Wujing Zongyao of 1044 CE
Huawei headquarters in Shenzhen. Huawei is the world's largest telecoms-equipment-maker and the second-largest manufacturer of smartphones in the world.
Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center, one of the first Chinese spaceports
Internet penetration rates in China in the context of East Asia and Southeast Asia, 1995–2012
The Duge Bridge is the highest bridge in the world.
The Beijing Daxing International Airport features the world's largest single-building airport terminal.
The Port of Shanghai's deep water harbor on Yangshan Island in the Hangzhou Bay is the world's busiest container port since 2010.
A 2009 population density map of the People's Republic of China and Taiwan. The eastern coastal provinces are much more densely populated than the western interior.
Ethnolinguistic map of China
A trilingual sign in Sibsongbanna, with Tai Lü language on the top
Map of the ten largest cities in China (2010)
Beijing's Peking University, one of the top-ranked universities in China
Chart showing the rise of China's Human Development Index from 1970 to 2010
Geographic distribution of religions in China.  
 Chinese folk religion (including Confucianism, Taoism, and groups of Chinese Buddhism)
 Buddhism tout court
 Islam
 Ethnic minorities' indigenous religions
 Mongolian folk religion
 Northeast China folk religion influenced by Tungus and Manchu shamanism; widespread Shanrendao
Fenghuang County, an ancient town that harbors many architectural remains of Ming and Qing styles.
A Moon gate in a Chinese garden.
The stories in Journey to the West are common themes in Peking opera.
Map showing major regional cuisines of China
Go is an abstract strategy board game for two players, in which the aim is to surround more territory than the opponent and was invented in China more than 2,500 years ago.
Long March 2F launching Shenzhou spacecraft. China is one of the only three countries with independent human spaceflight capability.
The Tang dynasty at its greatest extent and Tang's protectorates
Lihaozhai High School in Jianshui, Yunnan. The sign is in Hani (Latin alphabet), Nisu (Yi script), and Chinese.
The Qing conquest of the Ming and expansion of the empire
China topographic map with East Asia countries

China ranks first globally in the important indicators, including patents, utility models, trademarks, industrial designs, and creative goods exports and it also has 2 (Shenzhen-Hong Kong-Guangzhou and Beijing in the 2nd and 3rd spots respectively) of the global top 5 science and technology clusters, which is more than any other country.

Pearl River Delta Metropolitan Region intercity railway

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The Pearl River Delta Metropolitan Region Intercity Railway System (, abbreviated as PRDIR) is a regional higher-speed rail and suburban rail network being gradually constructed in the Pearl River Delta (Yuegang'ao Greater Bay Area), People's Republic of China.

Location map of the three first megalopolises in China: Jing-Jin-Ji Megalopolis (yellow), Yangtze River Delta Megalopolis (blue) and Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Greater Bay Area (silver).

Megalopolises in China

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Designation by the government to promote the development of a group of cities through transportation and communication links.

Designation by the government to promote the development of a group of cities through transportation and communication links.

Location map of the three first megalopolises in China: Jing-Jin-Ji Megalopolis (yellow), Yangtze River Delta Megalopolis (blue) and Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Greater Bay Area (silver).

The new city clusters identified in 2017 were Lanzhou-Xining, Hohhot-Baotou-Ordos-Yulin, Guanzhong Plain, Western Taiwan Straits Economic Zone, and the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Greater Bay Area.