Guangzhou

CantonGuangzhou, ChinaCanton, ChinaGuangzhou CityGuangzhou, GuangdongCanton CityCanton (Guangzhou)CantoneseCanton City, ChinaCanton, Guangdong
"廣州" redirects here.wikipedia
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Guangdong

Guangdong ProvinceCantonKwangtung
Guangzhou ( or ; ), also known as Canton and formerly romanized as Kwangchow or Kwong Chow, is the capital and most populous city of the province of Guangdong in southern China.
The capital of the province is Guangzhou.

Dongguan

Dongguan, ChinaDong GuanDongguan City
Guangzhou is at the heart of the most-populous built-up metropolitan area in mainland China that extends into the neighboring cities of Foshan, Dongguan, Zhongshan and Shenzhen, forming one of the largest urban agglomerations on the planet.
An important industrial city in the Pearl River Delta, Dongguan borders the provincial capital of Guangzhou to the north, Huizhou to the northeast, Shenzhen to the south, and the Pearl River to the west.

Port of Guangzhou

GuangzhouHuangpu Portport
On the Pearl River about 120 km north-northwest of Hong Kong and 145 km north of Macau, Guangzhou has a history of over 2,200 years and was a major terminus of the maritime Silk Road, and continues to serve as a major port and transportation hub, as well as one of China's three largest cities.
Port of Guangzhou is the main seaport of Guangzhou city, Guangdong province, China.

First Opium War

FirstOpium WarFirst Anglo-Chinese War
Long the only Chinese port accessible to most foreign traders, Guangzhou fell to the British during the First Opium War.
European silver flowed into China through the Canton System, which confined incoming foreign trade to the southern port city of Canton.

Foshan

Foshan, ChinaFoshan CityFatshan
Guangzhou is at the heart of the most-populous built-up metropolitan area in mainland China that extends into the neighboring cities of Foshan, Dongguan, Zhongshan and Shenzhen, forming one of the largest urban agglomerations on the planet.
It forms part of the western side of the Pearl River Delta Economic Zone, which includes Guangzhou to the east and northeast and Zhongshan to the southeast.

Panyu District

PanyuPanyu CountyPhiên Ngung
Before acquiring its current name, the town was known as Panyu, a name still borne by one of Guangzhou's districts not far from the main city.
Panyu, formerly romanized as Punyu, is one of 11 urban districts of the prefecture-level city of Guangzhou, the capital of Guangdong Province, China.

Cantonese people

CantoneseCantonese immigrantsCanton
As an adjective, it is still used in describing the people, language, cuisine and culture of Guangzhou and the surrounding Liangguang region.
Although more accurately, "Cantonese" refers only to the people from Guangzhou and its satellite cities and towns and/or native speakers of Standard Cantonese, rather than simply and generally referring to the people of the Liangguang region.

Cantonese cuisine

CantoneseCantonese-styleCantonese dishes
As an adjective, it is still used in describing the people, language, cuisine and culture of Guangzhou and the surrounding Liangguang region.
Cantonese cuisine or more accurately, Guangdong cuisine, also known as Yue cuisine refers to the cuisine of the Guangdong province of China (particularly the provincial capital, Guangzhou, and the surrounding regions in the Pearl River Delta, including Hong Kong and Macau).

South China

southern ChinaSouthern ChineseSouth
Guangzhou ( or ; ), also known as Canton and formerly romanized as Kwangchow or Kwong Chow, is the capital and most populous city of the province of Guangdong in southern China.

Temple of the Five Immortals (Guangzhou)

Temple of the Five ImmortalsTemple of the Five Immortals in GuangzhouWuxian Temple
The city has long borne the nickname City of Rams or City of the Five Rams from the five stones at the old Temple of the Five Immortals said to have been the sheep or goats ridden by the Taoist culture heroes credited with introducing rice cultivation to the area around the time of the city's foundation.
The Temple of the Five Immortals, formerly translated as the Temple of the Five Genii, is a Taoist temple in Guangzhou, Guangdong, in China.

Macau

MacaoMacau, ChinaMacanese
On the Pearl River about 120 km north-northwest of Hong Kong and 145 km north of Macau, Guangzhou has a history of over 2,200 years and was a major terminus of the maritime Silk Road, and continues to serve as a major port and transportation hub, as well as one of China's three largest cities.
Foreign ships were required to first stop at Macau before further proceeding to Canton.

Hangzhou

Hangzhou, ChinaHangchowLin'an
The name of the city is taken from the ancient Guang Province (Guang Zhou), after it had become the prefecture's seat of government, which is how some other Chinese cities, including Hangzhou, Suzhou, and Fuzhou got their names.
By a longstanding convention also seen in other cities like Guangzhou and Fuzhou, the city took on the name of the area it administered and became known as Hangzhou.

Southern Han

Great YueSouthern Han dynastyEmperor
Under the Southern Han, the city was renamed Xingwang.
The kingdom greatly expanded its capital Xingwang Fu (, present-day Guangzhou).

List of cities in China by population

List of cities in the People's Republic of China by populationList of urban agglomerations in ChinaShanghai
Guangzhou is at the heart of the most-populous built-up metropolitan area in mainland China that extends into the neighboring cities of Foshan, Dongguan, Zhongshan and Shenzhen, forming one of the largest urban agglomerations on the planet.

Provinces of China

ProvinceprovincesChinese provinces
Guangzhou ( or ; ), also known as Canton and formerly romanized as Kwangchow or Kwong Chow, is the capital and most populous city of the province of Guangdong in southern China.

Zhongshan

Zhongshan CityXiangshan CountyXiangshan
Guangzhou is at the heart of the most-populous built-up metropolitan area in mainland China that extends into the neighboring cities of Foshan, Dongguan, Zhongshan and Shenzhen, forming one of the largest urban agglomerations on the planet.
It lies south of Guangzhou and Foshan and north of Zhuhai and Macau.

Huang Chao

Huang Chao RebellionEmperor Huang ChaoQi
Relations were not always peaceful: Arab and Persian pirates sacked the city on 30 October 758 and were massacred by the Chinese rebel Huang Chao in 878, along with the city's Jews, Christians, and Parsis.
After splitting with Wang, his army turned south and conquered Guangzhou.

Fuzhou

FoochowFuzhou, ChinaFuzhou, Fujian
The name of the city is taken from the ancient Guang Province (Guang Zhou), after it had become the prefecture's seat of government, which is how some other Chinese cities, including Hangzhou, Suzhou, and Fuzhou got their names.
The Hualin Temple (華林寺, not to be confused with the temple of the same name in Guangzhou), founded in 964, is one of the oldest surviving wooden structures in China.

National Central City

National Central Citiescentral cityMajor Cities
Administratively, the city holds sub-provincial status and is one of China's nine National Central Cities.
In February 2010, the ministry issued the "National Urban System Plan" and designated five major cities, Beijing and Tianjin in the Bohai Economic Rim, Shanghai in the Yangtze River Delta Economic Zone, Guangzhou in the Pearl River Delta Economic Zone, and Chongqing in the West Triangle Economic Zone as the National Central Cities.

Pearl River (China)

Pearl RiverSecond BarCanton River
On the Pearl River about 120 km north-northwest of Hong Kong and 145 km north of Macau, Guangzhou has a history of over 2,200 years and was a major terminus of the maritime Silk Road, and continues to serve as a major port and transportation hub, as well as one of China's three largest cities.
The waters that converge east of the Bei Jiang are first referred to as the Pearl River just north of Guangzhou.

Shanghai

Shanghai, ChinaSHAShanghai Municipality
Together with Shanghai, Beijing and Shenzhen, Guangzhou has one of the most expensive real estate markets in China.
It is roughly equidistant from Beijing and Guangzhou, bordering the East China Sea to the east, Zhejiang to the south, and Jiangsu to the west and north.

Guangzhou massacre

a raid on Cantonkilled a large number of foreign merchants resident there: Muslims, Jews, Christians, and Parseesmassacre
Relations were not always peaceful: Arab and Persian pirates sacked the city on 30 October 758 and were massacred by the Chinese rebel Huang Chao in 878, along with the city's Jews, Christians, and Parsis.
The Guangzhou Massacre was a massacre of the inhabitants of the prosperous port city of Guangzhou in 878–879 by the rebel army of Huang Chao who was attempting to overthrow the Tang dynasty.

Suzhou

Suzhou, ChinaSuzhou, JiangsuSoochow
The name of the city is taken from the ancient Guang Province (Guang Zhou), after it had become the prefecture's seat of government, which is how some other Chinese cities, including Hangzhou, Suzhou, and Fuzhou got their names.
Guangzhou, Hangzhou, etc.).

Zhao Tuo

Triệu ĐàTriệu Vũ ĐếZiu To
Upon the fall of the Qin, General Zhao Tuo established his own kingdom of Nanyue and made Panyu its capital in 204.
After the fall of the Qin, he established the independent kingdom of Nanyue (Nam Viet) with its capital in Panyu (now Guangzhou) in 204 BCE.

Shenzhen

Shenzhen, ChinaShenzenShenzhen, Guangdong
Guangzhou is at the heart of the most-populous built-up metropolitan area in mainland China that extends into the neighboring cities of Foshan, Dongguan, Zhongshan and Shenzhen, forming one of the largest urban agglomerations on the planet. Together with Shanghai, Beijing and Shenzhen, Guangzhou has one of the most expensive real estate markets in China.
Lingdingyang and Pearl River to the west and Mirs Bay to the east and roughly 100 km southeast of the provincial capital of Guangzhou.