A report on Shaanxi and Guanzhong

China during the warring states period. Guanzhong (Qin) is the southeast corner of the rectangle formed by the Yellow and Wei rivers.
Shaanxi People's Government
Shaanxi cuisine
Terracotta Army
Education Department of Shaanxi Province
Shaanxi Science and Technology Museum
Temple of the Chenghuangshen (City God) of Weinan.
Guangren Temple of the Tibetan Buddhist tradition in Xi'an.
Road to the stupa of the Famen Temple (Chinese Buddhist).
Temple of Xuanyuan in Huangling, Yan'an.

Guanzhong (, formerly romanised as Kwanchung) region, also known as the Guanzhong Basin, Wei River Basin, or uncommonly as the Shaanzhong region, is a historical region of China corresponding to the crescentic graben basin within present-day central Shaanxi, bounded between the Qinling Mountains in the south (known as Guanzhong's "South Mountains"), and the Huanglong Mountain, Meridian Ridge and Long Mountain ranges in the north (collectively known as its "North Mountains").

- Guanzhong

The province is geographically divided into three parts, namely Northern, Central and Southern Shaanxi.

- Shaanxi

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Remains of carriages and horses in Fenghao during the Western Zhou (11th–8th cent.BC)

Xi'an

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Remains of carriages and horses in Fenghao during the Western Zhou (11th–8th cent.BC)
East Gate of Xi'an
Meibei Lake, Huyi District, Xi'an
Map including Xi'an (labeled as HSI-AN (SIAN) (walled)) (AMS, 1955)
Muslim Quarter in Xi'an
A pavilion of the City God Temple of Xi'an.
Xi'an Second Ring Road
Xi'an Hi-Tech Industries Development Zone
Xi'an Jiaotong University

Xi'an (, ; ; Chinese: ), frequently spelled as Xian and also known by other names, is the capital of Shaanxi Province.

A sub-provincial city on the Guanzhong Plain, the city is the third most populous city in Western China, after Chongqing and Chengdu, as well as the most populous city in Northwest China.

Detailed view of various mountain ranges and passes between Shaanxi and Sichuan

Qinling

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Detailed view of various mountain ranges and passes between Shaanxi and Sichuan
Mount Shaohua

The Qinling or Qin Mountains, formerly known as the Nanshan ("Southern Mountains"), are a major east–west mountain range in southern Shaanxi Province, China.

The mountains also acted as a natural defense against nomadic invasions from the North, as only four passes cross the mountains.

Sui dynasty c. 609

Sui dynasty

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Short-lived imperial dynasty of China of pivotal significance .

Short-lived imperial dynasty of China of pivotal significance .

Sui dynasty c. 609
Sui China divisions under Yangdi (western regions not depicted)
Administrative division of the Sui dynasty circa 610 AD
A Sui dynasty pilgrim flask made of stoneware
Tomb of An Bei panel showing a Sui dynasty banquet with Sogdian dance and music, 589 AD.
Chinese swords of the Sui dynasty, about 600, found near Luoyang. The P-shaped furniture of the bottom sword's scabbard is similar to and may have been derived from sword scabbards of the Sarmatians and Sassanians.
Strolling About in Spring, by Zhan Ziqian, Sui era artist
Model of a Pipa Player, Sui Dynasty
A Sui dynasty stone statue of the Avalokitesvara Boddhisattva (Guanyin)
Yang Guang depicted as Emperor of Sui

Founded by Emperor Wen of Sui, the Sui dynasty capital was Chang'an (which was renamed Daxing, modern Xi'an, Shaanxi) from 581–605 and later Luoyang (605–618).

The state capital of Chang'an (Daxing), while situated in the militarily secure heartland of Guanzhong, was remote from the economic centers to the east and south of the empire.

Weinan

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Xiyue Temple was first built in the Han Dynasty
Weinan Drum Tower, built in the Ming Dynasty
Weinan North railway station is connected by two high-speed railways.

Weinan is a prefecture-level city in the east central Shaanxi province, China.

Qin dynasty

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Map showing major states of Eastern Zhou
Map of the Warring States. Qin is shown in pink
Map of the Growth of Qin
Map showing the unification of Qin during 230–221 BC
Qin dynasty's expansion to the south
Stone rubbing of a Han dynasty carved relief depicting Jing Ke's assassination attempt on Qin Shi Huang (right) holding an imperial jade disc. Jing Ke (left) is held by a court physician (background). The dagger is stuck in the pillar. A soldier (far right) rushes to save his emperor.
Dujiangyan, an irrigation project completed in 256 BC during the Warring States period of China by the State of Qin. It is located on the Min River in Sichuan, near the provincial capital of Chengdu. Although a reinforced concrete weir has replaced Li Bing's original weighted bamboo baskets, the layout of the infrastructure remains the same and is still in use today to irrigate over 5,300 square kilometers of land in the region.
Stone slab with twelve small seal characters. Qin Dynasty (221 – 207 BC). The 12 characters on this slab of floor brick affirm that it is an auspicious moment for the First Emperor to ascend the throne, as the country is united and no men will be dying along the road. Small seal scripts were standardized by the First Emperor of China after he gained control of the country, and evolved from the larger seal scripts of previous dynasties. The text on it is "海内皆臣,歲登成熟,道毋飢人".
Terracotta Army, museum of the grave of Qin Shi Huang.
Qin warriors of the Terracotta Army.
An edict in bronze from the reign of the second Qin Emperor

The Qin dynasty, or Ch'in dynasty in Wade–Giles romanization , was the first dynasty of Imperial China, lasting from 221 to 206 BC. Named for its heartland in Qin state (modern Gansu and Shaanxi), the dynasty was founded by Qin Shi Huang, the First Emperor of Qin.

This was the heart of the Guanzhong region, as opposed to the Yangtze River drainage basin, known as Guandong.

Tongchuan

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Tongchuan is a prefecture-level city located in central Shaanxi province, People's Republic of China on the southern fringe of the Loess Plateau that defines the northern half of the province (Shanbei) and the northern reaches of the Guanzhong Plain.

Mount Liupan

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Mountain range in northwestern China, located mostly in southern Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region.

Mountain range in northwestern China, located mostly in southern Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region.

Its southern section is known as Mount Long, which strides southeast through eastern Gansu and western Shaanxi province before joining into the Qinling Mountains, giving rise to regional names like "Longxi" (陇西, lit. "west of Mount Long"), "Longdong" (陇东, "east of Mount Long", referring to the Jing River valley basin region around eastern Pingliang, southern Qingyang and northern Xianyang) and "Longnan" (陇南, "south of Mount Long").

It is the western boundary of the Guanzhong Plain, and is also the source of the Qian River (千河), a left tributary of the Wei River that flows through the prefectural city of Baoji.