Guernica (Picasso)

GuernicapaintingGuernica'' paintingPicasso's paintinga famous paintingGernika [Guernica] 1936 – Palestina 1948Guernica (painting)Guernica'' (painting)massive paintingPicasso's Guernica
Guernica is a large 1937 oil painting on canvas by Spanish artist Pablo Picasso.wikipedia
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Pablo Picasso

PicassoPablo Ruiz PicassoPicassos
Guernica is a large 1937 oil painting on canvas by Spanish artist Pablo Picasso.
Among his most famous works are the proto-Cubist Les Demoiselles d'Avignon (1907), and Guernica (1937), a dramatic portrayal of the bombing of Guernica by the German and Italian airforces during the Spanish Civil War.

Bombing of Guernica

GuernicaBombing of GernikaOperation Rügen
Picasso painted Guernica at his home in Paris in response to the bombing of Guernica, a Basque Country town in northern Spain, by Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy at the request of the Spanish Nationalists.
The bombing is the subject of the anti-war painting Guernica by Pablo Picasso, which was commissioned by the Spanish Republic.

Guernica

GernikaGernika-LumoBasque town of the same name
Picasso painted Guernica at his home in Paris in response to the bombing of Guernica, a Basque Country town in northern Spain, by Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy at the request of the Spanish Nationalists.
It inspired the painting Guernica by Pablo Picasso.

Exposition Internationale des Arts et Techniques dans la Vie Moderne

Exposition Internationale des Arts et Techniques dans la Vie Moderne (1937)1937 World's Fair1937 Paris Exhibition
Upon completion, Guernica was exhibited at the Spanish display at the 1937 Paris International Exposition and then at other venues around the world. In January 1937, the Spanish Republican government commissioned Picasso to create a large mural for the Spanish pavilion at the 1937 Paris World's Fair.
The pavilion included Pablo Picasso's Guernica, the now-famous depiction of the horrors of war, as well as Alexander Calder's sculpture Mercury Fountain and Joan Miró's painting Catalan peasant in revolt.

Dora Maar

American artist John Ferren assisted him in stretching the monumental canvas, and photographer Dora Maar, who had been working with Picasso since mid-1936 photographing his studio and teaching him the technique of cameraless photography, documented its creation.
She took pictures in his studio at the Grands Augustins and tracked the latter stages of his epic work, Guernica.

The Dream and Lie of Franco

In The Dream and Lie of Franco, a series of narrative sketches Picasso also created for the World's Fair, Franco is depicted as a monster that first devours his own horse and later does battle with an angry bull.
The Dream and Lie of Franco is significant as Picasso's first overtly political work and prefigures his iconic political painting Guernica.

George Steer

G. L. SteerGeorge Lowther Steer
A few days later, on 1 May, Picasso read George Steer's eyewitness account of the bombing.
His reporting did much to inspire Pablo Picasso to record the atrocity for posterity in his massive painting.

Anti-war movement

anti-warantiwaranti-war activist
One of Picasso's best known works, Guernica is regarded by many art critics as one of the most moving and powerful anti-war paintings in history, It is exhibited in the Museo Reina Sofía in Madrid.
Pablo Picasso's 1937 painting Guernica, on the other hand, used abstraction rather than realism to generate an emotional response to the loss of life from the fascist bombing of Guernica during the Spanish Civil War.

John Ferren

John M. Ferren
American artist John Ferren assisted him in stretching the monumental canvas, and photographer Dora Maar, who had been working with Picasso since mid-1936 photographing his studio and teaching him the technique of cameraless photography, documented its creation.
He became quite friendly with Picasso who mentored him, and together they stretched the canvas for Guernica, in 1937.

Second Spanish Republic

Spanish RepublicRepublicanSecond Republic
In January 1937, the Spanish Republican government commissioned Picasso to create a large mural for the Spanish pavilion at the 1937 Paris World's Fair.
The bombing of Guernica was probably the most infamous event of the war and inspired Picasso's painting.

Max Aub

Max Aub, one of the officials in charge of the Spanish pavilion, was compelled to defend the work against a group of Spanish officials who objected to the mural's modernist style and sought to replace it with a more traditional painting that was also commissioned for the exhibition, Madrid 1937 (Black Aeroplanes) by Horacio Ferrer de Morgado.
In 1937, he was responsible for placing Picasso's "Guernica" on display at the International Exposition, and took part in the organisation of the Second Congress of Anti-Fascists Writers.

Spanish Civil War

Civil WarSpaincivil war in Spain
The painting soon became famous and widely acclaimed, and it helped bring worldwide attention to the Spanish Civil War.
Pablo Picasso painted Guernica in 1937, taking inspiration from the bombing of Guernica, and in Leonardo da Vinci's Battle of Anghiari.

The Reaper (Miró painting)

The ReaperCatalan peasant in revoltThe Reaper'' (Miró painting)
The display of Guernica was accompanied by a poem by Paul Éluard, and the pavilion displayed The Reaper by Joan Miró and Mercury Fountain by Alexander Calder, both of whom were sympathetic to the Republican cause.
A concrete sculpture by Alberto Sánchez Pérez, El pueblo español tiene un camino que conduce a una estrella ("The Spanish people have a path which leads to a star") was displayed outside while Alexander Calder's Mercury Fountain and Pablo Picasso's Guernica were on display on the ground floor.

The Charnel House

The art critic Clement Greenberg was also critical of Guernica, and in a later essay he termed the painting "jerky" and "too compressed for its size", and compared it unfavorably to the "magnificently lyrical" The Charnel House (1944–1948), a later antiwar painting by Picasso.
It is considered to be Picasso's second major anti-war painting, the first being the monumental Guernica (1937), but it is not thought to be as significant as that work because the artist left it unfinished.

Tony Shafrazi

Tony Shafrazi GalleryShafrazi GalleryShafrazi, Tony
These were usually peaceful and uneventful, but on 28 February 1974, Tony Shafrazi—ostensibly protesting Second Lieutenant William Calley's petition for habeas corpus following his indictment and sentencing for the murder of 109 Vietnamese civilians during the My Lai massacre—defaced the painting with red spray paint, painting the words "KILL LIES ALL".
On February 28, 1974, Shafrazi spray-painted Picasso's painting Guernica, which hung in the Museum of Modern Art, with the words "KILL LIES ALL" in foot-high letters.

Roland Penrose

Sir Roland PenroseRoland Algernon Penrose
This stop was organized by Sir Roland Penrose with Labour Party leader Clement Attlee, and the painting arrived in London on 30 September, the same day the Munich Agreement was signed by the leaders of the United Kingdom, France, Italy, and Germany.
In 1938, Penrose organised a tour of Picasso's Guernica that raised funds for the Republican Government in Spain.

Mercury fountain

The display of Guernica was accompanied by a poem by Paul Éluard, and the pavilion displayed The Reaper by Joan Miró and Mercury Fountain by Alexander Calder, both of whom were sympathetic to the Republican cause.
A direct counterpart is Picasso's Guernica, Calder's Mercury Fountain, now at the Fundació Joan Miró in Barcelona, is displayed behind glass for safety reasons.

Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía

Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina SofiaMuseo Reina SofiaMuseo Reina Sofía
One of Picasso's best known works, Guernica is regarded by many art critics as one of the most moving and powerful anti-war paintings in history, It is exhibited in the Museo Reina Sofía in Madrid.
The most famous masterpiece in the museum is Picasso's painting Guernica.

Casón del Buen Retiro

Upon its arrival in Spain in September 1981, it was first displayed behind bomb-and bullet-proof glass screens at the Casón del Buen Retiro in Madrid in time to celebrate the centenary of Picasso's birth, 25 October.
Picasso's Guernica canvas, and the sketches associated with its creation, were on display at the Casón from 1981, when it was delivered to Spain from New York's Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), to 1992, when it was moved to its current permanent location in a purpose-built gallery at the Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía.

Whitechapel Gallery

Whitechapel Art GalleryWhitechapelWhitechapel Open
Starting in late September Guernica was exhibited in London's Whitechapel Art Gallery.
The Whitechapel Gallery exhibited Pablo Picasso's Guernica in 1938 as part of a touring exhibition organised by Roland Penrose to protest against the Spanish Civil War.

Javier Tusell

Tusell, Javier
The Spanish historian Javier Tusell was one of the negotiators.
At this time, he oversaw negotiations between the family of Pablo Picasso and the Museum of Modern Art to return Picasso's iconic painting, Guernica, to Spain.

Etxerat

Senideak
An example is the organization Etxerat, which uses a reversed image of the lamp as its symbol.
Its current logo is a reversed version of the lamp in Pablo Picasso's painting Guernica.

Headquarters of the United Nations

United Nations HeadquartersUN HeadquartersUnited Nations Building
A full-size tapestry copy of Picasso's Guernica, by Jacqueline de la Baume Dürrbach, is hung at the Headquarters of the United Nations in New York City at the entrance to the Security Council room.
A full-size tapestry copy of Pablo Picasso's Guernica, by Jacqueline de la Baume Dürrbach, is on the wall of the United Nations building at the entrance to the Security Council room.

Madrid

Madrid, SpaincapitalCity of Madrid
The other two museums are the Thyssen Bornemisza Museum, established from a mixed private collection, and the Reina Sofía Museum, where Pablo Picasso's Guernica is exhibited, returned to Spain from New York after more than two decades.

Guernica (sculpture)

Guernicaa sculptureGuernica'' (sculpture)
* Guernica, 1937 sculpture by René Iché.
* Guernica – painting by Pablo Picasso