Two examples of Guisarmes
Illustration of a scene from Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, showing an axe-shaped "giserne".

Pole weapon used in Europe primarily between 1000 and 1400.

- Guisarme

13 related topics



European polearm, consisting of a single-edged blade on the end of a pole.

Glaives (from Handbook of Weapon Knowledge: Weaponry in Its Historical Development from the Beginning of the Middle Ages to the End of the 18th Century by Wendelin Boeheim, c. undefined 1890)
Image taken from the Morgan Bible (Folio 10 Verso – top). Notice the Warbrand in the forefront slicing into a mounted soldier.

Such blades are called glaive-guisarmes.


Close combat weapon in which the main fighting part of the weapon is fitted to the end of a long shaft, typically of wood, thereby extending the user's effective range and striking power.

A selection of polearms, mostly halberds
Evolution of various European polearms
Shang dynasty polearm weapon
Triple dagger-axe ji, Warring States period
Two ge, two ancient ji, two Song dynasty ji

A guisarme (sometimes gisarme, giserne or bisarme) was a polearm used in Europe primarily between 1000 and 1400.

Japanese martial arts

Japanese martial arts refer to the variety of martial arts native to the country of Japan.

Late 19th-century photograph of a yamabushi fully robed and equipped, armed with a naginata and tachi.
Disarming an attacker using a tachi-dori ("sword-taking") technique.
Jujutsu training at an agricultural school in Japan around 1920.
A matched set (daisho) of antique Japanese (samurai) swords and their individual mountings (koshirae), katana on top and wakisashi below, Edo period.
A samurai wielding a naginata.
Judoka executing a throw (o-soto-gari).
Kendo training at an agricultural school in Japan around 1920.
Aikido shihōnage technique.
A full draw (kai).
The "yin-yang" symbol (Chinese: taijitu).

Naginatajutsu (長刀術:なぎなたじゅつ) is the Japanese art of wielding the naginata, a weapon resembling the medieval European glaive or guisarme.

List of medieval weapons

List of Wikipedia articles of the types of weapons that were in use during the post-classical historical period .

Selection of weapons collected by security officers at an airport



[[File:Fauchard.jpg|thumb|1. 1300s fauchard

"Coupe-marc", a French agricultural tool from the 19th or 20th century, often mislabeled as a fauchard. Most polearms originated from pole-mounted agricultural tools because of their heft and reach.
Soldiers with various polearms including a fauchard and glaive
Weapons in a French museum, illustrating differing name usage between languages. Left: A weapon called a fauchard, resembling a bill. Right: An ornate crescent-bladed halberd labelled "partisan".
Pole Arms: The Development of Their Commoner Forms During the Centuries (Fauchards are near the middle)

The cutting edge was only on the convex side of the blade, unlike the guisarme or bill.

Melee weapon

Any handheld weapon used in hand-to-hand combat, i.e. for use within the direct physical reach of the weapon itself, essentially functioning as an additional extension of the user's limbs.

Selection of weapons collected by security officers at an airport


Lances fournies

Medieval equivalent to the modern army squad that would have accompanied and supported a man-at-arms (a heavily armoured horseman popularly known as a "knight") in battle.

The Cross of Mathilde, a crux gemmata made for Mathilde, Abbess of Essen (973–1011), who is shown kneeling before the Virgin and Child in the enamel plaque. The figure of Christ is slightly later. Probably made in Cologne or Essen, the cross demonstrates several medieval techniques: cast figurative sculpture, filigree, enamelling, gem polishing and setting, and the reuse of Classical cameos and engraved gems.

While the basic lance was the familiar three man structure of man-at-arms, coutilier and page, dependent on the wealth of the man-at-arms, additional archers or juzarmiers (that is, men equipped with a guisarme) were added.

List of premodern combat weapons

List of historical pre-modern weapons grouped according to their uses, with rough classes set aside for very similar weapons.

An illustration of an "eruptor", a proto cannon from the 14th century Ming Dynasty book Huolongjing. The cannon was capable of firing proto shells, cast iron bombs filled with gunpowder.

Guisarme (European)

Korean spears

Over time, various types of Korean spears have developed and evolved.

Homology and analogy in mammals and insects: on the horizontal axis, the structures are homologous in morphology, but different in function due to differences in habitat. On the vertical axis, the structures are analogous in function due to similar lifestyles but anatomically different with different phylogeny.

Galgorichang: This was a hook spear that was used as an anti-cavalry weapon. It was about 3 yards long and it had a hook like blade on the side of it; somewhat like a scythe, but with a shorter blade. (see also Guisarme)

Warfare in Medieval Poland

Warfare in Medieval Poland covers the military history of Poland during the Piast and Jagiellon dynasties (10th–16th centuries).

Battle of Orsza 1514. National Museum in Warsaw, unknown author of 16th century. Observe the masses of heavy armoured cavalry and lightly equipped hussars
Władysław I the Elbow-high in the composite armour of the 14th century
Armors of 15th century
Battle of Legnica, 1241 (miniature of the Picturesque Legend of saint Hedwig of Andechs)
Battle of Grunwald (fragment), by Jan Matejko

Different armament was used by infantry, which marched onto the battlefield in close order formations of shield-bearers covering heavy cavalry detachments, or mobile units of bowmen and cross-bowmen, and sometimes irregulars, who used different weapons specialized to fight both foot soldiers and cavalry: (war hammer, war scythe, glaive, fork, flail, morgenstern, guisarme, halberd, bardiche).