A report on Gujarati people

The king of Cambay (in present-day Gujarat) from "Figurae variae Asiae et Africae," a 16th-century Portuguese manuscript in the Casanatense Library in Rome (Codex Casanatense 1889)
Jinnah with Mahatma Gandhi in Bombay, 1944
Gujaratis have achieved a high demographic profile in many urban districts worldwide, notably in India Square, or Little Gujarat, in Bombay, Jersey City, New Jersey, USA, within the New York City Metropolitan Area, as large-scale immigration from India continues into New York,  with the largest metropolitan Gujarati population outside of India.
The Swaminarayan Temple at Neasden, London which is the largest Hindu Temple in Europe
Ali Velshi, multifaceted journalist, born in Nairobi, raised in Toronto, and now based in New York City.
Amla training with South Africa in 2009.
Vedhmi is a sweet lentil stuffed chapatis.
Excerpt from "My experiments with truth" - the autobiography of Mahatma Gandhi in its original Gujarati.
Women and men performing Garba as part of Navaratri celebrations in the city of Ahmedabad
Mer Dandiya, a sword dance performed by the martial communities of Saurashtra
Mahatma Gandhi, developed Satyagraha, the Father of India
Muhammed Ali Jinnah, the Father of Pakistan and 1st Governor-General of Pakistan
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, the 1st Deputy Prime Minister of India and Indian statesman
Narendra Modi, the 14th and current Prime Minister of India
Morarji Desai, the 4th Prime Minister of India
Vikram Sarabhai, physicist, father of the Indian space program, first Chairman of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO)
Gautam Adani, industrialist, richest man in Asia
Mukesh Ambani, business magnate, second richest man in Asia<ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-07-13/who-is-mukesh-ambani-asia-s-newest-richest-man-quicktake|title=Who Is Mukesh Ambani, Asia's Newest Richest Man?: QuickTake|website=www.bloomberg.com|access-date=2019-05-29}}</ref>
Asha Parekh, Bollywood actress
Alka Yagnik, playback singer
Dimple Kapadia, Bollywood actress
Dev Patel, English film actor
Dayananda Saraswati, Hindu philosopher and founder of the Arya Samaj, a global Hindu reform movement
Alia Bhatt, Bollywood actress
Shastriji Maharaj, founder of the Bochasanwasi Akshar Purushottam Swaminarayan Sanstha Hindu denomination
Azim Premji, billionaire businessman
Amit Shah, politician and the 36th and current Home Minister of India
Bhupendra Patel, politician and 17th and current Chief Minister of Gujarat
Jackie Shroff, Bollywood actor
Nagar Brahmins in western India (c. 1855–1862)
Bhatias in western India (c. 1855–1862)
Gujarati brokers in western India (c. 1855–1862)
Gujarati accountants in western India (c. 1855–1862)
Rajputs in western India (c. 1855–1862)
Parsis in western India (c. 1855–1862)
Parsi priests in western India (c. 1855–1862)
Lohanas in western India (c. 1855–1862)
Bohras in western India (c. 1855–1862)
Banians of Damnaggar (Kutch)
Khojas of Western India ca. 1855-1862
Memon men - photographs of Western India Series 1855-1862
Abdul Sattar Edhi, Philanthropist, Founder of Edhi Foundation

Indo-Aryan ethnolinguistic group who reside in or can trace their ancestry or heritage to the present-day western Indian state of Gujarat.

- Gujarati people

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From top and L-R: Sabarmati Ashram, Gujarati attire, Somnath Temple, Rann of Kutch, Dwarkadhish Temple, Statue of Unity, Laxmi Vilas Palace at Vadodara

Gujarat

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State along the western coast of India.

State along the western coast of India.

From top and L-R: Sabarmati Ashram, Gujarati attire, Somnath Temple, Rann of Kutch, Dwarkadhish Temple, Statue of Unity, Laxmi Vilas Palace at Vadodara
From top and L-R: Sabarmati Ashram, Gujarati attire, Somnath Temple, Rann of Kutch, Dwarkadhish Temple, Statue of Unity, Laxmi Vilas Palace at Vadodara
A modern Zoroastrian Agiary in Western India
Jama Masjid, Ahmedabad
Portrait of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb
Peshwa Baji Rao I riding a horse
Bombay Presidency in 1909, northern portion
Mahatma Gandhi picking salt at Dandi beach, South Gujarat ending the Salt satyagraha on 5 April 1930
Gujarati written in Gujarati script
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Swarnim Sankul 2, Office of Gujarat Government
Mundra Port, Kutch
Tallest building in Gujarat: GIFT One
Shown here is the Tata Nano, the world's least expensive car. Sanand, Gujarat, is home to Tata Nano.
Surat is one of the fastest growing cities in the world.
Alang shipbreaking
Astonfield's 11.5 MW solar plant in Gujarat
Traditional farming
Amul plant at Anand
Hemchandra acharya with his disciple Kumarpal Raja. He is regarded as the father of the Gujarati language.
Depection of Shrimad Rajchandra writing Atmasiddhi in single sitting of 1.5 hrs, one of the longest Gujarati poetry based on Jain philosophy.
Gujarati thali
An Asiatic lion family, which occurs in and around Gir National Park
Greater flamingo, Jamnagar
Striped hyena at the Gir Forest National Park
Indroda Dinosaur and Fossil Park, Gandhinagar
Saputara – a hill station in Gujarat
Statue of Unity facing the Sardar Sarovar Dam on the river Narmada in Kevadiya colony
Tarnetar Fair, Tarnetar
A man in traditional costumes during Tarnetar fair
Kandla Port, Kutch
Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad
The Gujarat National Law University, Gandhinagar
Campus at Dhirubhai Ambani Institute of Information and Communication Technology, Gandhinagar
The clock tower in Gujarat University, Ahmedabad
Kala Bhavan, Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda
Rocket model at Science City, Ahmedabad
Mount Karo, Kutch
Cracked earth in the Rann of Kutch
The colourful Rann Utsav Festival is held annually in the Rann of Kutch.
People enjoying Raan Utsav at Dhordo, Kutch
Camel ride in Rann of Kutch
Greater Flamingo at Rann of Kutch
Hathisingh Jain Temple, Ahmedabad
Palitana temples
Modhera Sun Temple built by Bhimdev
Gurudwara Govinddham, Ahmedabad
Magen Abraham Jewish Synagogue
Jama Masjid (Friday Mosque, 15th century), Ahmedabad
Garba during Navaratri in Ahmedabad
Navratri Garba at Ambaji temple
Tourists playing Dandiya Raas
International Kite Festival, Ahmedabad
Statue of Mahatma Gandhi in Sabarmati Ashram, Ahmedabad
Somnath Temple, Veraval
Dwarkadhish Temple, Dwarka
Radha Damodar Temple, Junagadh
Kirti Toran, Vadnagar
Akshardham Gandhinagar
Jama Mosque, Champaner
Lakhota Museum in Jamnagar
Sun Temple, Modhera
Laxmi Vilas Palace, Vadodara
Vijay Vilas Palace, Mandvi, Kutch
Mahabat Maqbara, Junagadh
Vasai Jain Temple, Kutch
Wankaner palace, Wankaner
Mandvi Beach, Kutch
Muhammad ibn Qasim's conquest of Sindh (711-715 CE). 
Desert areas (Registan Desert and Thar Desert)
Zunbils
Kingdom of Sindh (c. 632– 712 CE)
Maitraka Kingdom (c.475–c.776 CE)

The Gujaratis are indigenous to the state and their language, Gujarati, is the state's official language.

Gujarati language

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1666 manuscript of a 6th-century Jain Prakrit text with a 1487 commentary in Old Gujarati
A page from the Gujarati translation of Dabestan-e Mazaheb prepared and printed by Fardunjee Marzban (25 December 1815)
Muhammad Ali Jinnah and Mahatma Gandhi were both native Gujarati speakers, though Jinnah was not from Gujarat and advocated for the use of Urdu.
India Square, or Little Gujarat, in Bombay, Jersey City, New Jersey.
Gujarati sample (Sign about Gandhi's hut)

Gujarati (ગુજરાતી, ) is an Indo-Aryan language native to the Indian state of Gujarat and spoken predominantly by the Gujarati people.

Gandhi in London, 1931

Mahatma Gandhi

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Indian lawyer, anti-colonial nationalist and political ethicist who employed nonviolent resistance to lead the successful campaign for India's independence from British rule, and to later inspire movements for civil rights and freedom across the world.

Indian lawyer, anti-colonial nationalist and political ethicist who employed nonviolent resistance to lead the successful campaign for India's independence from British rule, and to later inspire movements for civil rights and freedom across the world.

Gandhi in London, 1931
Gandhi (right) with his eldest brother Laxmidas in 1886.
Gandhi in London as a law student
This bronze statue of Gandhi commemorating the centenary of the incident at the Pietermaritzburg Railway Station was unveiled by Archbishop Desmond Tutu on Church Street, Pietermaritzburg, in June 1993
Gandhi with the stretcher-bearers of the Indian Ambulance Corps during the Boer War.
Gandhi (left) and his wife Kasturba (right) (1902)
Gandhi photographed in South Africa (1909)
Gandhi in 1918, at the time of the Kheda and Champaran Satyagrahas
Gandhi with Dr. Annie Besant en route to a meeting in Madras in September 1921. Earlier, in Madurai, on 21 September 1921, Gandhi had adopted the loin-cloth for the first time as a symbol of his identification with India's poor.
Gandhi spinning yarn, in the late 1920s
Indian workers on strike in support of Gandhi in 1930.
Gandhi and his personal assistant Mahadev Desai at Birla House, 1939
An admiring East End crowd gathers to witness the arrival of Mahatma Gandhi, 1931
In 1946, Gandhi with Jawaharlal Nehru, his designated political heir
Gandhi in 1942, the year he launched the Quit India Movement
Gandhi with Muhammad Ali Jinnah in 1944
Gandhi in 1947, with Louis Mountbatten, Britain's last Viceroy of India, and his wife Edwina Mountbatten
Memorial where Gandhi was assassinated in 1948. His stylised footsteps lead to the memorial.
Gandhi's funeral was marked by millions of Indians.
Cremation of Mahatma Gandhi at Rajghat, 31 January 1948. It was attended by Jawaharlal Nehru, Louis and Edwina Mountbatten, Maulana Azad, Rajkumari Amrit Kaur, Sarojini Naidu and other national leaders. His son Devdas Gandhi lit the pyre.
Gandhi with poet Rabindranath Tagore, 1940
Mohandas K. Gandhi and other residents of Tolstoy Farm, South Africa, 1910
Plaque displaying one of Gandhi's quotes on rumour
"God is truth. The way to truth lies through ahimsa (nonviolence)" – Sabarmati, 13 March 1927
Gandhi picking salt during Salt Satyagraha to defy colonial law giving salt collection monopoly to the British. His satyagraha attracted vast numbers of Indian men and women.
Gandhi with textile workers at Darwen, Lancashire, 26 September 1931
Gandhi's last political protest using fasting, in January 1948
Coverage of the assassination attempt, The Bombay Chronicle, 27 June 1934
Young India, a weekly journal published by Gandhi from 1919 to 1932
Statue of Mahatma Gandhi at York University
Mahatma Gandhi on a 1969 postage stamp of the Soviet Union
Mahatma Gandhi at Praça Túlio Fontoura, São Paulo, Brazil.
Monument to Gandhi in Madrid, Spain
The Gandhi Mandapam, a temple in Kanyakumari, Tamil Nadu in India, was erected to honour M.K. Gandhi.
Family tree of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi and Kasturba Gandhi. Source: Gandhi Ashram Sabarmati
Commemorative plaque at 20 Baron's Court Road, Barons Court, London

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on 2 October 1869 into a Gujarati Hindu Modh Bania family in Porbandar (also known as Sudamapuri), a coastal town on the Kathiawar Peninsula and then part of the small princely state of Porbandar in the Kathiawar Agency of the Indian Empire.

The Mumba Devi Temple, from whom the city of Mumbai may derive its name

Mumbai

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Capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra and the de facto financial centre of India.

Capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra and the de facto financial centre of India.

The Mumba Devi Temple, from whom the city of Mumbai may derive its name
Kanheri Caves contain Buddhist sculptures and paintings dating from the 1st century CE to the 10th century CE.
The Haji Ali Dargah was built in 1431, when Mumbai was under the rule of the Gujarat Sultanate.
The Madh Fort built by the Portuguese, was one of the most important forts in Salsette.
Two views of the English fort in Bombay, c. 1665
Ships in Bombay Harbour (c. 1731). Bombay emerged as a significant trading town during the mid-18th century.
Municipal Corporation Building, Bombay in 1950 (Victoria Terminus partly visible on far right)
The Hutatma Chowk memorial, built to honour the martyrs of the Samyukta Maharashtra movement (Flora Fountain on its left in the background)
Mumbai consists of two revenue districts.
Population density and elevation above sea level in Mumbai, India (2010). Mumbai is especially vulnerable to sea level rise.
Average temperature and precipitation in Mumbai
The Bombay Stock Exchange is the oldest stock exchange in Asia.
Three Sixty West Tower B occupied by The Ritz-Carlton is an important and one of the tallest commercial buildings in the city.
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Headquarters of the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC). The BMC is the largest civic organisation in the country.
The Bombay High Court exercises jurisdiction over Maharashtra, Goa, Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu.
First session of the Indian National Congress in Bombay (28–31 December 1885)
The Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, formerly known as Victoria Terminus, is the headquarters of the Central Railway and a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Shree Siddhivinayak Temple
"Parsis of Bombay", a wood engraving, ca. 1878. Mumbai is home to the largest population of Parsis in the world.
The Asiatic Society of Mumbai is one of the oldest public libraries in the city.
Girgaum Chowpatty beach. Beaches are a popular tourist attraction in the city.
The Times of India's first office is opposite the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus where it was founded.
Rajabai Clock Tower at the University of Mumbai is part of The Victorian and Art Deco Ensemble, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
University of Mumbai is one of the largest universities in the world.
Indian Institute of Technology Bombay is a premier engineering institute in the country.
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Bombay Citizens' Committee, an advocacy group of leading Gujarati industrialists lobbied for Bombay's independent status.

A Parsi Lady Mahadev V. Dhurandhar (c. 1928)

Parsis

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Ethnoreligious group of the Indian subcontinent whose religion is Zoroastrianism.

Ethnoreligious group of the Indian subcontinent whose religion is Zoroastrianism.

A Parsi Lady Mahadev V. Dhurandhar (c. 1928)
Parsis from India, c. 1870
Wedding portrait, 1948
Parsi Navjote ceremony (rites of admission into the Zoroastrian faith)
The geographical distribution of modern and ancient Parsis in India and Pakistan.
Map of the Sasanian Empire and its surrounding regions on the eve of the Muslim conquest of Persia
"Parsis of Bombay" a wood engraving, ca. 1878
Parsi wedding 1905.
Parsi Tower of Silence, Bombay.
Parsi Fire Temple Delhi
Parsi Fire Temple of Ahmedabad, India
Parsi Jashan ceremony (in this case, a house blessing)
Parsi funerary monument, St Mary’s Cemetery, Wandsworth
Freddie Mercury, lead singer of the rock band Queen
Jamsetji Tata, founder of Tata Group of companies.

A 2004 study in which Parsi mitochondrial DNA (matrilineal) was compared with that of the Iranians and Gujaratis determined that Parsis are genetically closer to Gujaratis than to Iranians.

Jinnah in 1945

Muhammad Ali Jinnah

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Barrister, politician and the founder of Pakistan.

Barrister, politician and the founder of Pakistan.

Jinnah in 1945
Portrait of Jinnah's father, Jinnahbhai Poonja
Lincoln's Inn, seen in 2006
Jinnah as a barrister
Jinnah in 1910
Marriage certificate of Jinnah and Rattanbai Petit
Jinnah's passport
Jinnah (front, left) with the Working Committee of the Muslim League after a meeting in Lucknow, October 1937
Jinnah addresses the Muslim League session at Patna, 1938
Jinnah seated with Iqbal at the round table conference
The leaders of the Muslim League, 1940. Jinnah is seated at centre.
Jinnah and Gandhi arguing in 1939
Jinnah makes a speech in New Delhi, 1943
Jinnah with Mahatma Gandhi in Bombay, 1944
Nehru (left) and Jinnah walk together at Simla, 1946
Lord Louis Mountbatten and his wife Edwina Mountbatten with Jinnah in 1947
Jinnah announcing the creation of Pakistan over All India Radio on 3 June 1947
Jinnah speaking at the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan on 14 August 1947
Jinnah's arrival at Lahore to discuss the Kashmir crisis in 1948
Jinnah spent many of the last days of his life at Quaid-e-Azam Residency, Ziarat, Pakistan.
Jinnah and his sister Fatima Jinnah's wax statues at the museum in the Pakistan Monument, Islamabad
Special services and prayers were held in the Kwitang mosque of Jakarta (Indonesia) after the death of Jinnah.
Tomb of Muhammad Ali Jinnah in Karachi
Statue of Jinnah at York University in Toronto
Blue Plaque in London dedicated to Jinnah

He was of a Gujarati Khoja Nizari Isma'ili Shi’a Muslim background, though Jinnah later followed the Twelver Shi'a teachings and was considered an ethnic Muhajir because of his Indian bcakground.

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Ahmedabad

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Most populous city in the Indian state of Gujarat.

Most populous city in the Indian state of Gujarat.

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Ahmedabad and its environs, ca 1914
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Gujarat High Court in Ahmedabad
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Swaminarayan Temple, Ahmedabad
Gujarat university, Ahmedabad
Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad
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Sabarmati Railway Station
Ahmedabad BRTS
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel International Airport, Ahmedabad
Ahmedabad 132 feet Ring Road Skyline
Participants in Sabarmati Marathon
The marble screen from the exterior of Sidi Saiyyed Mosque
Jama Masjid, Ahmedabad
Pol area of Old Ahmedabad
Sabarmati Riverfront
Kankaria Lake, Ahmedabad
Sidi Saiyyed Mosque
Hutheesing Jain Derasar main entrance

Most of the residents of Ahmedabad are native Gujaratis. The city is home to some 2000 Parsis and some 125 members of the Bene Israel Jewish community. There is also one synagogue in the city. Atheism is also on the rise in Ahmedabad.

Clive House at Fort St. George, Madras said to be the first English settlement in India during 1609

Chennai

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Capital city of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.

Capital city of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.

Clive House at Fort St. George, Madras said to be the first English settlement in India during 1609
Diogo Lopes de Sequeira, Viceroy of Portuguese India, established the first European settlement in Chennai with the construction of the port of São Tomé de Meliapor in 1522.
Surrender of the City of Madras in 1746 to de La Bourdonnais, by Jacques François Joseph Swebach
An 18th-century portrait depicting Fort St. George, the first major English settlement in India and the foundation stone of Chennai
St.Thomas Mount, Chennai
Map of Madras, ca 1914
Cooum River near its mouth in Chennai city
Satellite image of Chennai
Chitlapakkam lake in the southern part of the city
Divisions of Chennai district.
The Ripon Building, commissioned in 1913, houses the Greater Chennai Corporation
Madras High Court
A police patrol car
Tamil Nadu legislative assembly
Triumph of Labour
Parry's Corner, one of the oldest business areas of Chennai, lined up with Art Deco buildings.
Southern Railway Headquarters, one of the fine examples of Indo-Saracenic architecture in the city
Kapaleeshwarar Temple, a Hindu shrine in the neighborhood of Mylapore.
Santhome Basilica, a Christian cathedral in Mylapore as well.
Triplicane Big Mosque, a prominent mosque in Chennai.
National Art Gallery (Chennai)
MGR Memorial at Marina beach, Chennai
Corporate headquarters of the $10 billion Murugappa Group in Chennai
India Land Tech Park, Ambattur
Infosys at Mahindra World City, Chennai
Ashok Leyland Corporate Headquarters in Guindy, Chennai.
TATA Consultancy Services, Chennai
Cognizant's Delivery Center in Chennai
Zoho Headquarters in Chennai
Tidel Park
World Trade Center towers
World Bank Office in Chennai
Madras Atomic Power Station
Vallur Thermal Power Station
Government General Hospital
ITC Grand Chola Hotel, Chennai, is the largest hotel in South India.
Marina Beach is a famous landmark in the city.
Anna Centenary Library, one of the largest libraries in Asia
Headquarters of Sun Network, India's largest private TV broadcaster
Government law college, Chennai
Indian Institute of Technology, Madras is a premier engineering institute in India
College of Engineering, Guindy is the oldest engineering college in India established in 1794
University of Madras Senate House
Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium multipurpose stadium
M. A. Chidambaram Stadium, one of the premier cricket venues in India
Chennai Open match at the SDAT Tennis Stadium
Madras Motor Race Track circuit, in Irungattukottai
The American consulate in Chennai.

Minorities include Telugus, Marwaris, Gujaratis, Parsis, Sindhis, Odias, Goans, Kannadigas, Anglo-Indians, Bengalis, Punjabi, and Malayalees.

The Hesaraghatta Lake in Bangalore

Bangalore

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Capital and largest city of the Indian state of Karnataka.

Capital and largest city of the Indian state of Karnataka.

The Hesaraghatta Lake in Bangalore
Sunset over the city from Nagawara
Lord Shiva statue at Shivoham Shiva Temple
Infosys headquarters in Bangalore
Mercedes-Benz R&D in Whitefield, Bangalore
World Trade Center Bangalore at Rajajinagar
The Kempegowda International Airport is located in Devanahalli.
Namma Metro (Green line)
BMTC's Vajra buses are a popular in the IT corridor. It was introduced in 2005 BMTC is the first RTC to do so in India. Special Volvo buses to airports are known as Vayu Vajra.
Indian Cartoon Gallery, Bangalore
National Law School of India University, a premier law university
The Chinnaswamy Stadium During a Test Match
Aerial view of Sree Kanteerava Stadium
Banner unveiled by fans at Bengaluru FC vs Shillong Lajong on 7 January 2017.

The migrant communities include Maharashtrians, Punjabis, Rajasthanis, Gujaratis, Tamilians, Telugus, Malayalis, Odias, Sindhis, Biharis, Jharkhandis, and Bengalis.

Surat in 1690

Surat

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City in the western Indian state of Gujarat.

City in the western Indian state of Gujarat.

Surat in 1690
Surat in 1877
Dutch-Armenian Cemetery of Surat
Tapi river
ONGC plant in Hazira
Metropolitan Surat economic centers and industries map
Surat's Textile District Ring Road in 2007
Surat International Airport
Muglisarai SMC Surat
Science Center And Science Museum
Pandit DinDayal Upadhyay Indoor Stadium, Surat
Locho and Idada

During 1790–1791, an epidemic killed 100,000 Gujaratis in Surat.