Gust Avrakotos

[Gust] AvrakotosGustav "Gus" AvrakotosGustav "Gust" Avrakotos
Gustav Lascaris Avrakotos (January 14, 1938 – December 1, 2005) was an American case officer and Afghan Task Force Chief for the United States Central Intelligence Agency.wikipedia
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Charlie Wilson's War (film)

Charlie Wilson's Warfilmmovie
The book, which portrays U.S. involvement in the Soviet–Afghan War as a partnership between Avrakotos and Texas Congressman Charles Wilson, was the basis of the film Charlie Wilson's War, released in 2007. Avrakotos was portrayed in the 2007 film Charlie Wilson's War by Academy Award winner Philip Seymour Hoffman.
Charlie Wilson's War is a 2007 American biographical comedy-drama film, based on the story of U.S. Congressman Charlie Wilson and CIA operative Gust Avrakotos, whose efforts led to Operation Cyclone, a program to organize and support the Afghan mujahideen during the Soviet–Afghan War.

Aliquippa, Pennsylvania

AliquippaAliquippa, PAWest Aliquippa
Avrakotos was born in Aliquippa, Pennsylvania, the son of a Greek American soft drink manufacturer, from the island of Lemnos. He briefly worked at Jones and Laughlin Steel mill in Aliquippa before graduating valedictorian from Aliquippa High School in 1955.

Soviet–Afghan War

Soviet invasion of AfghanistanSoviet invasionSoviet-Afghan War
The book, which portrays U.S. involvement in the Soviet–Afghan War as a partnership between Avrakotos and Texas Congressman Charles Wilson, was the basis of the film Charlie Wilson's War, released in 2007. Through intermediaries, mostly Zia ul-Haq's ISI in Pakistan, the CIA armed Afghanistan's Mujahideen during the Soviet–Afghan War.
In 1981, following the election of US President Ronald Reagan, aid for the mujahideen through Zia's Pakistan significantly increased, mostly due to the efforts of Texas Congressman Charlie Wilson and CIA officer Gust Avrakotos.

Aliquippa Junior/Senior High School

Aliquippa High SchoolAliquippaAliquippa (PA)
He briefly worked at Jones and Laughlin Steel mill in Aliquippa before graduating valedictorian from Aliquippa High School in 1955.

Central Intelligence Agency

CIAC.I.A.Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)
Gustav Lascaris Avrakotos (January 14, 1938 – December 1, 2005) was an American case officer and Afghan Task Force Chief for the United States Central Intelligence Agency.
Films include Charlie Wilson's War (2007), based on the story of U.S. Congressman Charlie Wilson and CIA operative Gust Avrakotos, who supported the Afghan mujahideen, and The Good Shepherd (2006), a fictional spy film produced and directed by Robert De Niro based loosely on the development of counter-intelligence in the CIA.

Andreas Papandreou

AndreasPapandreouAndreas '''Papandreou
According to the book [[Charlie Wilson's War: The Extraordinary Story of the Largest Covert Operation in History|Charlie Wilson's War]], he unofficially advised his associates in the Junta to assassinate Andreas Papandreou.
Gust Avrakotos, a high- ranking CIA officer in Greece who was close to the colonels who led the coup, advised them to "shoot the motherfucker because he's going to come back to haunt you".

Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq

Zia-ul-HaqZia ul HaqZia ul-Haq
Through intermediaries, mostly Zia ul-Haq's ISI in Pakistan, the CIA armed Afghanistan's Mujahideen during the Soviet–Afghan War.
American legislators and senior officials most notable were Zbigniew Brzezinski, Henry Kissinger, Charlie Wilson, Joanne Herring, and the civilian intelligence officers Michael Pillsbury and Gust Avrakotos, and senior US military officials General John William Vessey, and General Herbert M. Wassom, had been long associated with the Zia military regime where they had made frequent trips to Pakistan advising on expanding the idea of establishment in the political circle of Pakistan.

Operation Cyclone

military intelligence1980s Mujahideen resistance-assistancea program to arm the mujahideen through Pakistan's ISI
In the 1980s while at Langley, Avrakotos led Operation Cyclone, the largest covert operation in the CIA's history.
Although the CIA and Texas Congressman Charlie Wilson have received the most attention for their roles, the key architect of the strategy was Michael G. Vickers, a young CIA paramilitary officer working for Gust Avrakotos, the CIA's regional head who had a close relationship with Wilson.

Charlie Wilson (Texas politician)

Charlie WilsonCharles WilsonCongressman Charlie Wilson
The book, which portrays U.S. involvement in the Soviet–Afghan War as a partnership between Avrakotos and Texas Congressman Charles Wilson, was the basis of the film Charlie Wilson's War, released in 2007.
The next year, CIA officer Gust Avrakotos directly approached Wilson—breaking the CIA's policy against lobbying Congress for money—asking Wilson for $50 million more.

Lee–Enfield

Lee-EnfieldLee–Enfield rifleEnfield rifle
Vickers urged them to drop the Enfield Rifle in favor of a mix of weapons like the AK-47, and to introduce new tactics, training, and logistics.
CIA officer Gust Avrakotos later arranged for the Egyptian Ministry of Defence to set up production lines of Enfield .303 ammunition specifically for the conflict.

Michael G. Vickers

Michael VickersMike Vickers
Avrakotos also plucked Michael G. Vickers from obscurity in the CIA's paramilitary group to revamp the strategy for the Mujahideen.

Michael Pillsbury

Dr. Michael Pillsbury
* Michael Pillsbury
George Crile stated in [[Charlie Wilson's War: The Extraordinary Story of the Largest Covert Operation in History|Charlie Wilson's War]] that, "Ironically, neither [[Gust Avrakotos|[Gust] Avrakotos]] nor [[Charles Wilson (Texas politician)|[Charlie] Wilson]] was directly involved in the decision and claims any credit."

Philip Seymour Hoffman

Philip S. HoffmanPhillip Seymour Hoffmanthat fat guy from
Avrakotos was portrayed in the 2007 film Charlie Wilson's War by Academy Award winner Philip Seymour Hoffman.
Mike Nichols's political film Charlie Wilson's War (2007) gave Hoffman his second Academy Award nomination, again for playing a real individual – Gust Avrakotos, the CIA agent who conspired with Congressman Charlie Wilson (played by Tom Hanks) to aid Afghani rebels in their fight against the Soviet Union.

Charlie Wilson's War: The Extraordinary Story of the Largest Covert Operation in History

Charlie Wilson's Warbook
According to the book [[Charlie Wilson's War: The Extraordinary Story of the Largest Covert Operation in History|Charlie Wilson's War]], he unofficially advised his associates in the Junta to assassinate Andreas Papandreou. Avrakotos was little known to the public until the book [[Charlie Wilson's War: The Extraordinary Story of the Largest Covert Operation in History]], by George Crile, was published in 2003.

George Crile III

George Crile
Avrakotos was little known to the public until the book [[Charlie Wilson's War: The Extraordinary Story of the Largest Covert Operation in History]], by George Crile, was published in 2003.

Greek Americans

Greek-AmericanGreek AmericanGreek
Avrakotos was born in Aliquippa, Pennsylvania, the son of a Greek American soft drink manufacturer, from the island of Lemnos.

Soft drink

soft drinkssodasoda pop
Avrakotos was born in Aliquippa, Pennsylvania, the son of a Greek American soft drink manufacturer, from the island of Lemnos.

Lemnos

LimnosLemnos IslandLemnian
Avrakotos was born in Aliquippa, Pennsylvania, the son of a Greek American soft drink manufacturer, from the island of Lemnos.

Jones and Laughlin Steel Company

Jones and Laughlin SteelJones & Laughlin SteelJ&L Steel
He briefly worked at Jones and Laughlin Steel mill in Aliquippa before graduating valedictorian from Aliquippa High School in 1955.

Valedictorian

valedictoryco-valedictoriandux
He briefly worked at Jones and Laughlin Steel mill in Aliquippa before graduating valedictorian from Aliquippa High School in 1955.

Eastern Europe

Eastern EuropeanEasternEast European
He would also sell beer and cigarettes to bars frequented by immigrants from eastern and central Europe.

Central Europe

CentralMiddle EuropeCentral European
He would also sell beer and cigarettes to bars frequented by immigrants from eastern and central Europe.

University of Pittsburgh

PittsburghPittWestern University of Pennsylvania
He returned to college at the University of Pittsburgh, where he graduated summa cum laude with a degree in economics.

Latin honors

magna cum laudesumma cum laudecum laude
He returned to college at the University of Pittsburgh, where he graduated summa cum laude with a degree in economics.