Hérode et Mariamne

Mariamneon the same storyVoltaire
Hérode et Mariamne or Mariamne is a 1724 tragedy by Voltaire.wikipedia
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Voltaire

VoltairianFrançois-Marie Arouet (Voltaire)Voltairianism
Hérode et Mariamne or Mariamne is a 1724 tragedy by Voltaire.
While the poem was an instant success, Voltaire's new play, Mariamne, was a failure when it first opened in March 1724.

Mariamne I

MariamneMariammeHasmonean wife
Adapted from the writings of the historian Josephus, it is set in ancient Jerusalem, and portrays the tragic death of Mariamne at the hands of her jealous husband, Herod the Great, king of Judea, who suspects her of an intrigue with Varus, the Roman governor of Syria.
Mariamne (1723), a French drama by Voltaire

Mariamne (Nadal play)

MariamneNadal
This failure encouraged Augustin Nadal to produce his Mariamne in February 1725, but that was also hostilely received, with calls for the return of Voltaire's version of the story.
Nadal was encouraged to produce the play after his rival Voltaire's play on the same story had failed after only one performance the previous year (1724).

Artémire (tragedy)

Artémire
Alluding to Voltaire's re-use of material from his earlier failed tragedy Artémire, Rousseau described the play as "the second delivery of an abortion, taken again into the womb of its mother to receive fresh nourishment... I can discern nothing from the head to the tail but a number of disjointed and monstrous parts instead of a complete whole. In short it is impossible to reconcile this farrago with common sense."
Voltaire reused some of the material from Artémire in his 1724 play Hérode et Mariamne.

Tragedy

tragediestragictragedian
Hérode et Mariamne or Mariamne is a 1724 tragedy by Voltaire.

Josephus

Flavius JosephusTitus Flavius JosephusJosephus’s
Adapted from the writings of the historian Josephus, it is set in ancient Jerusalem, and portrays the tragic death of Mariamne at the hands of her jealous husband, Herod the Great, king of Judea, who suspects her of an intrigue with Varus, the Roman governor of Syria.

Jerusalem

QudsJerusalem, Israelal-Quds
Adapted from the writings of the historian Josephus, it is set in ancient Jerusalem, and portrays the tragic death of Mariamne at the hands of her jealous husband, Herod the Great, king of Judea, who suspects her of an intrigue with Varus, the Roman governor of Syria.

Herod the Great

HerodKing HerodHerodian
Adapted from the writings of the historian Josephus, it is set in ancient Jerusalem, and portrays the tragic death of Mariamne at the hands of her jealous husband, Herod the Great, king of Judea, who suspects her of an intrigue with Varus, the Roman governor of Syria.

Judea

JudaeaJudahJudaean
Adapted from the writings of the historian Josephus, it is set in ancient Jerusalem, and portrays the tragic death of Mariamne at the hands of her jealous husband, Herod the Great, king of Judea, who suspects her of an intrigue with Varus, the Roman governor of Syria.

Roman Syria

SyriaSyrianRoman province of Syria
Adapted from the writings of the historian Josephus, it is set in ancient Jerusalem, and portrays the tragic death of Mariamne at the hands of her jealous husband, Herod the Great, king of Judea, who suspects her of an intrigue with Varus, the Roman governor of Syria.

Adrienne Lecouvreur

demoiselle Le Couvreur
The play premiered with Adrienne Lecouvreur as Mariamne, Baron as Hérode and Duclos as Salome, but it was withdrawn after just one performance when the audience gave it a critical reception.

Augustin Nadal

Nadal
This failure encouraged Augustin Nadal to produce his Mariamne in February 1725, but that was also hostilely received, with calls for the return of Voltaire's version of the story.

Comédie-Française

Théâtre-FrançaisThéâtre FrançaisComédie Française
It re-premiered at the Comédie-Française as Hérode et Mariamne on 25 April 1725.

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

RousseauJ.-J. RousseauJean Jacques Rousseau
Rousseau's reaction to the play was one of the causes of his long dispute with Voltaire.

Praetor

praetor peregrinuspraetor urbanuspraetors
Varus, Roman praetor and governor of Syria

Hasmonean dynasty

HasmoneanHasmoneansHasmonean Kingdom
Nabal, an old officer of the Hasmonean kings (possibly a satirical side-swipe at Nadal)

Herod

Herodian dynasty

HerodianHerodian PrincessHerodian Prince
Herod features in two 18th century French plays on Mariamne, by Nadal and Voltaire.

Mariamne

*Voltaire's play Mariamne and Augustin Nadal's rival play Mariamne.