H. H. Asquith

AsquithAsquithianHerbert Henry AsquithHerbert AsquithH.H. AsquithHerbert Henry Asquith, 1st Earl of Oxford and AsquithPrime Minister Asquiththe Prime MinisterH H AsquithPrime Minister
Herbert Henry Asquith, 1st Earl of Oxford and Asquith, (12 September 1852 – 15 February 1928), generally known as H.wikipedia
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Liberal Party (UK)

LiberalLiberal PartyLiberals
Herbert Henry Asquith, 1st Earl of Oxford and Asquith, (12 September 1852 – 15 February 1928), generally known as H. H. Asquith, was a British statesman and Liberal Party politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1908 to 1916.
Under Prime Ministers Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman (1905–1908) and H. H. Asquith (1908–1916), the Liberal Party passed the welfare reforms that created a basic British welfare state.

Balliol College, Oxford

Balliol CollegeBalliolBaliol College
After attending Balliol College, Oxford, he became a successful barrister.
Among the college's alumni are three former prime ministers (H. H. Asquith, who once described Balliol men as possessing "the tranquil consciousness of an effortless superiority", Harold Macmillan, and Edward Heath), Harald V of Norway, five Nobel laureates, and numerous literary and philosophical figures, including Adam Smith, Gerard Manley Hopkins, and Aldous Huxley.

Asquith coalition ministry

Asquith Coalitioncoalition governmentCoalition
He was forced to form a coalition with the Conservatives and Labour early in 1915.
Prime Minister H. H. Asquith formed a wartime coalition government in May 1915.

East Fife (UK Parliament constituency)

East FifeFife EastEast Fife CC
In 1886, he was the Liberal candidate for East Fife, a seat he held for over thirty years.
It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) using the first-past-the-post voting system, and from 1886 to 1918 it was the seat of the Liberal Prime Minister, H. H. Asquith.

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

Prime MinisterBritish Prime MinisterUK Prime Minister
Herbert Henry Asquith, 1st Earl of Oxford and Asquith, (12 September 1852 – 15 February 1928), generally known as H. H. Asquith, was a British statesman and Liberal Party politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1908 to 1916.
In 1928, Prime Minister H. H. Asquith described this characteristic of the British constitution in his memoirs: In this country we live ... under an unwritten Constitution.

Liberal government, 1892–1895

Gladstone IVLiberal administrationLiberal administrations
In 1892, he was appointed as Home Secretary in Gladstone's fourth ministry, remaining in the post until the Liberals lost the 1895 election.

Liberal welfare reforms

welfare reformsliberal reformsreforms
He was the last prime minister to lead a majority Liberal government, and he played a central role in the design and passage of major liberal legislation and a reduction of the power of the House of Lords.
Despite this, the Liberals led by Henry Campbell-Bannerman and later H. H. Asquith won a landslide victory and began introducing wide-ranging reforms as soon as they took office.

House of Lords

LordsBritish House of Lordspeer
He was the last prime minister to lead a majority Liberal government, and he played a central role in the design and passage of major liberal legislation and a reduction of the power of the House of Lords.
Prime Minister H. H. Asquith then proposed that the powers of the House of Lords be severely curtailed.

Huddersfield

Huddersfield CBHuddersfield Town HallHuddersfield, Yorkshire
Emily's father, William Willans, ran a successful wool-trading business in Huddersfield.
Two Prime Ministers spent part of their childhood in Huddersfield: Harold Wilson and Herbert Asquith.

City of London School

Board of Governors of the City of London SchoolCity of LondonCity of London Boys
The boys were sent to the City of London School as dayboys.
Former pupils, known as Old Citizens, who have attained eminence in various fields are prime minister H. H. Asquith, First World War hero Theodore Bayley Hardy, Nobel Prize–winning scientists Frederick Gowland Hopkins and Peter Higgs, Justice of the Supreme Court Lawrence Collins, England cricket captain Mike Brearley and Booker Prize-winning authors Kingsley Amis and Julian Barnes, Hollywood film director Michael Apted, and actor Daniel Radcliffe.

Larne gun-running

1914 UVF gun runningat Larnegun running
Repeated crises led to gun running and violence, verging on civil war.
They wanted to co-ordinate the paramilitary activities of Ulster’s unionists, as well as to give military backing to the threats of the Ulster Covenant to resist implementation of the Third Home Rule Bill, which had been introduced on 11 April 1912 by Prime Minister H. H. Asquith.

Raymond Asquith

Raymondone son
Raymond Asquith (6 November 1878 – 15 September 1916), who married Katharine Horner (daughter of Sir John Horner) on 25 July 1907. They had three children.
Raymond Herbert Asquith (6 November 1878 – 15 September 1916) was an English barrister and son of British prime minister H. H. Asquith.

Cyril Asquith, Baron Asquith of Bishopstone

Cyril AsquithLord Asquith of BishopstoneAsquith LJ
His official biographers, J. A. Spender and Cyril Asquith, commented that in his first months at Oxford "he voiced the orthodox Liberal view, speaking in support, inter alia, of the disestablishment of the Church of England, and of non-intervention in the Franco-Prussian War".
The youngest child of British prime minister H. H. Asquith, Asquith followed the steps of his father and eldest brother into a distinguished academic career at Balliol College, Oxford, before serving in the British Army during the First World War.

Violet Bonham Carter

Violet AsquithLady Violet Bonham CarterViolet
Violet Asquith (15 April 1887 – 19 February 1969), who married Sir Maurice Bonham Carter on 30 November 1915. They had four children.
She was the daughter of H. H. Asquith, Prime Minister from 1908–1916, and later became active in Liberal politics herself, being a leading opponent of appeasement, standing for Parliament and being made a life peer.

Herbert Asquith (poet)

Herbert AsquithHerbertAsquith, Herbert
Herbert Asquith (11 March 1881 – 5 August 1947), who married Lady Cynthia Charteris (daughter of Hugo Richard Charteris, 11th Earl of Wemyss and 7th Earl of March) on 28 July 1910. They had three children.
Nicknamed "Beb" by his family, he was the second son of H. H. Asquith, British Prime Minister — with whom he is frequently confused — and younger brother of Raymond Asquith.

The Spectator

SpectatorThe Spectator AustraliaRowan Dean
Between 1876 and 1884 Asquith supplemented his income by writing regularly for The Spectator, which at that time had a broadly Liberal outlook.
In 1887, Townsend was succeeded by John St Loe Strachey, a young aristocrat who had replaced H.H. Asquith (the future Prime Minister) as a leader-writer during the previous year.

January 1910 United Kingdom general election

January 1910 general electionJanuary 19101910
Asquith called an election for January 1910, and the Liberals won, though were reduced to a minority government.
The general election resulted in a hung parliament, with the Conservative Party led by Arthur Balfour and their Liberal Unionist allies receiving the largest number of votes, but the Liberals led by H. H. Asquith winning the largest number of seats, returning two more MPs than the Conservatives.

Alfred Milner, 1st Viscount Milner

Lord MilnerAlfred MilnerSir Alfred Milner
He sometimes debated against his Balliol contemporary Alfred Milner, who although then a Liberal was already an advocate of British imperialism.
The choice was cordially approved by the leaders of the Liberal party and warmly recognized at a farewell dinner on 28 March 1897 presided over by the future prime minister Herbert Henry Asquith.

December 1910 United Kingdom general election

December 1910December 1910 general election1910
After another general election in December 1910 he gained passage of the Parliament Act 1911, allowing a bill three times passed by the Commons in consecutive sessions to be enacted regardless of the Lords.
The Conservatives, led by Arthur Balfour with their Liberal Unionist allies, and the Liberals, led by H. H. Asquith, could not break the deadlock produced in the January general election, with the Conservatives again winning the largest number of votes.

Charles Stewart Parnell

ParnellParnellite1890
The commission had been set up in the aftermath of damaging statements in The Times, based on forged letters, that Irish MP Charles Stuart Parnell had expressed approval of Dublin's Phoenix Park killings.
Liberal leader H. H. Asquith called him one of the three or four greatest men of the 19th century, while Lord Haldane described him as the strongest man the House of Commons had seen in 150 years.

Katharine Asquith

KatharineKatharine HornerKatharine Frances Horner
Raymond Asquith (6 November 1878 – 15 September 1916), who married Katharine Horner (daughter of Sir John Horner) on 25 July 1907. They had three children.
She was the wife of Raymond Asquith and the daughter-in-law of wartime prime minister H. H. Asquith.

Margot Asquith

Margot TennantMargothis wife
Asquith had known Margot Tennant slightly since before his wife's death, and grew increasingly attached to her in his years as a widower.
She was married to H. H. Asquith, a Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, from 1894 until his death in 1928.

Arthur Asquith

Arthur
Arthur Asquith ( 24 April 1883 – 25 August 1939), who married The Honorable Betty Constance Manners (daughter of John Manners-Sutton, 3rd Baron Manners) on 30 April 1918. They had four daughters.
His father, H. H. Asquith was the British Prime Minister during the first three years of the conflict and later became the Earl of Oxford and Asquith.

Elizabeth Bibesco

Elizabeth AsquithElizabethElizabeth, Princess Bibesco
Elizabeth Asquith (26 February 1897 – 7 April 1945), she married Prince Antoine Bibesco on 30 April 1919. They had one daughter.
Elizabeth Charlotte Lucy was the first child of Herbert Henry Asquith (British Prime Minister, 1908–1916) and his second wife, Margot Tennant.

Richard Haldane, 1st Viscount Haldane

Richard HaldaneLord HaldaneViscount Haldane
Richard Haldane, a close friend of Asquith's and also a struggling young barrister, had been Liberal MP for the nearby Haddingtonshire constituency since December 1885.
In 1881 Haldane met H. H. Asquith, and they soon became firm friends often meeting the Blue Post Public house on Cork Street.