H. H. Asquith

AsquithH H AsquithH.H. AsquithAsquithianPrime Minister AsquithHerbert Henry Asquiththe Prime MinisterPrime MinisterH. H. Asquith, 1st Earl of Oxford and AsquithHerbert Henry Asquith, 1st Earl of Oxford and Asquith
Herbert Henry Asquith, 1st Earl of Oxford and Asquith, (12 September 1852 – 15 February 1928), generally known as '''H.wikipedia
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Liberal Party (UK)

LiberalLiberal PartyLiberals
H. Asquith''', was a British statesman and Liberal politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1908 to 1916.
Under prime ministers Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman (1905–1908) and H. H. Asquith (1908–1916), the Liberal Party passed the welfare reforms that created a basic British welfare state.

Balliol College, Oxford

Balliol CollegeBalliolBalliol College Oxford
After attending Balliol College, Oxford, he became a successful barrister.
The college's alumni include the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Boris Johnson MP, as well as three former prime ministers (H. H. Asquith, who once described Balliol men as possessing "the tranquil consciousness of an effortless superiority", Harold Macmillan, and Edward Heath), Harald V of Norway, Empress Masako of Japan, five Nobel laureates, and numerous literary and philosophical figures, including Adam Smith, Gerard Manley Hopkins, and Aldous Huxley.

Asquith coalition ministry

Asquith Coalitioncoalition governmentCoalition
He was forced to form a coalition with the Conservatives and Labour early in 1915.
Liberal Prime Minister H. H. Asquith formed a wartime coalition government in May 1915.

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

Prime MinisterBritish Prime MinisterPrime Minister of Great Britain
H. Asquith''', was a British statesman and Liberal politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1908 to 1916.
In 1928, Prime Minister H. H. Asquith described this characteristic of the British constitution in his memoirs: In this country we live ... under an unwritten Constitution.

East Fife (UK Parliament constituency)

East FifeFife EastEast Fife CC
In 1886 he was the Liberal candidate for East Fife, a seat he held for over thirty years.
It elected one Member of Parliament using the first-past-the-post voting system, and from 1886 to 1918 it was represented by the Liberal Prime Minister (1908–16), H. H. Asquith.

Liberal government, 1892–1895

Gladstone IVLiberal administrationLiberal administrations
In 1892 he was appointed as Home Secretary in Gladstone's fourth ministry, remaining in the post until the Liberals lost the 1895 election.

Liberal welfare reforms

Liberal reformswelfare reformsreforms
He was the last prime minister to lead a majority Liberal government, and he played a central role in the design and passage of major liberal legislation and a reduction of the power of the House of Lords.
Despite this, the Liberals led by Henry Campbell-Bannerman and later H. H. Asquith won a landslide victory and began introducing wide-ranging reforms as soon as they took office.

House of Lords

LordsBritish House of LordsThe House of Lords
He was the last prime minister to lead a majority Liberal government, and he played a central role in the design and passage of major liberal legislation and a reduction of the power of the House of Lords.
Prime Minister H. H. Asquith then proposed that the powers of the House of Lords be severely curtailed.

Huddersfield

Huddersfield Town HallHuddersfield, EnglandHuddersfield CB
Emily's father, William Willans, ran a successful wool-trading business in Huddersfield.
Two Prime Ministers spent part of their childhood in Huddersfield: Harold Wilson, who attended Royds Hall School, and H. H. Asquith.

City of London School

City of London School for BoysCity of LondonBoard of Governors of the City of London School
The boys were sent to the City of London School as dayboys.
Former pupils, known as Old Citizens, who have attained eminence in various fields are prime minister H. H. Asquith, First World War hero Theodore Bayley Hardy, Nobel Prize–winning scientists Frederick Gowland Hopkins and Peter Higgs, Justice of the Supreme Court Lawrence Collins, England cricket captain Mike Brearley and Booker Prize-winning authors Kingsley Amis and Julian Barnes, Hollywood film director Michael Apted, and actor Daniel Radcliffe.

Parliament Act 1911

Parliament ActParliament Bill1911 Parliament Act
After another general election in December 1910 he gained passage of the Parliament Act 1911, allowing a bill three times passed by the Commons in consecutive sessions to be enacted regardless of the Lords.
Following a second general election in December, the Act was passed with the assent of the monarch, George V, who agreed to carry out H. H. Asquith's threat to create enough new Liberal peers to overcome the then Conservative majority in the Lords.

Larne gun-running

Larne Gun RunningLarne gunrunning1914 UVF gun running
Repeated crises led to gun running and violence, verging on civil war.
They wanted to co-ordinate the paramilitary activities of Ulster’s unionists, as well as to give military backing to the threats of the Ulster Covenant to resist implementation of the Third Home Rule Bill, which had been introduced on 11 April 1912 by Prime Minister H. H. Asquith.

Raymond Asquith

Raymondone sonRaymond Herbert Asquith
But these mistakes were overshadowed by the limited progress and immense casualties of the Battle of the Somme, which began on 1 July 1916, and then by another devastating personal loss, the death of Asquith's son Raymond, on 15 September at the Battle of Flers–Courcelette.
Raymond Herbert Asquith (6 November 1878 – 15 September 1916) was an English barrister and eldest son of British prime minister H. H. Asquith.

Conservative Party (UK)

ConservativeConservative PartyConservatives
There was also an element of party interest: Asquith believed that votes for women would disproportionately benefit the Conservatives.
Liberal Prime Minister H. H. Asquith enacted a great deal of reform legislation, but the Unionists worked hard at grassroots organizing.

Cyril Asquith, Baron Asquith of Bishopstone

Lord Asquith of BishopstoneCyril AsquithAsquith LJ
His official biographers, J. A. Spender and Cyril Asquith, commented that in his first months at Oxford "he voiced the orthodox Liberal view, speaking in support, inter alia, of the disestablishment of the Church of England, and of non-intervention in the Franco-Prussian War".
The youngest child of British prime minister H. H. Asquith by his first wife, Cyril Asquith followed the steps of his father and eldest brother into a distinguished academic career at Balliol College, Oxford, before serving in the British Army during the First World War.

Violet Bonham Carter

Violet AsquithViolet Bonham-CarterLady Violet Bonham Carter
His only daughter by his first wife, Violet, later Violet Bonham Carter (1887–1969), became a well-regarded writer and a life peeress as Baroness Asquith of Yarnbury.
She was the daughter of H. H. Asquith, Prime Minister from 1908–1916, and later became active in Liberal politics herself, being a leading opponent of appeasement, standing for Parliament and being made a life peer.

Roy Jenkins

The Lord Jenkins of HillheadJenkins, RoyRoy Jenkins, Baron Jenkins of Hillhead
"There have been few major national figures whose Christian names were less well known to the public" according to biographer Roy Jenkins.
Since 1959 Jenkins had been working on a biography of the Liberal Prime Minister, H. H. Asquith.

Herbert Asquith (poet)

Herbert AsquithHerbertAsquith, Herbert
His second son Herbert (1881–1947) became a writer and poet and married Cynthia Charteris.
Nicknamed "Beb" by his family, he was the second son of H. H. Asquith, British Prime Minister — with whom he is frequently confused — and younger brother of Raymond Asquith.

January 1910 United Kingdom general election

January 1910 general electionJanuary 19101910
Asquith called an election for January 1910, and the Liberals won, though were reduced to a minority government.
The general election resulted in a hung parliament, with the Conservative Party led by Arthur Balfour and their Liberal Unionist allies receiving the largest number of votes, but the Liberals led by H. H. Asquith winning the largest number of seats, returning two more MPs than the Conservatives.

December 1910 United Kingdom general election

December 1910December 1910 general election1910
After another general election in December 1910 he gained passage of the Parliament Act 1911, allowing a bill three times passed by the Commons in consecutive sessions to be enacted regardless of the Lords.
The Conservatives, led by Arthur Balfour with their Liberal Unionist allies, and the Liberals, led by H. H. Asquith, could not break the deadlock produced in the January general election, with the Conservatives again winning the largest number of votes.

The Spectator

SpectatorThe Spectator AustraliaSpectator USA
Between 1876 and 1884 Asquith supplemented his income by writing regularly for The Spectator, which at that time had a broadly Liberal outlook.
In 1887, Townsend was succeeded by John St Loe Strachey, a young aristocrat who had replaced H.H. Asquith (the future Prime Minister) as a leader-writer during the previous year.

Alfred Milner, 1st Viscount Milner

Lord MilnerAlfred MilnerSir Alfred Milner
He sometimes debated against his Balliol contemporary Alfred Milner, who although then a Liberal was already an advocate of British imperialism.
The choice was cordially approved by the leaders of the Liberal party and warmly recognized at a farewell dinner on 28 March 1897 presided over by the future prime minister H. H. Asquith.

British entry into World War I

Great Britain and the British Empire into the First World War
In August 1914, Asquith took Great Britain and the British Empire into the First World War.
Unless the Liberal government acted decisively against the German invasion of France, its top leaders including Prime Minister H. H. Asquith, Foreign Minister Edward Grey, First Lord of the Admiralty Winston Churchill and others would resign, leading to a risk that the much more pro-war Conservative Party might form a government.

Margot Asquith

Margot TennantMargot Asquith, Countess of Oxford and AsquithMargot
She was married to H. H. Asquith, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, from 1894 until his death in 1928.

House of Commons of the United Kingdom

House of CommonsBritish House of CommonsCommons
He visited the public gallery of the House of Commons, studied the techniques of famous preachers, and honed his own skills in the school debating society.
In 1908, the Liberal Government under H. H. Asquith introduced a number of social welfare programmes, which, together with an expensive arms race, forced the Government to seek higher taxes.