A report on H. H. Asquith

Asquith (left) with his sister Emily and elder brother William, c. 1857
Early press mention of Asquith, 1869
Asquith in 1876
Asquith, caricatured by Spy, in Vanity Fair, 1891
Margot Asquith at about the time of her marriage
Campbell-Bannerman, Liberal leader from 1899
Asquith as Chancellor of the Exchequer, in the House of Commons
Asquith in 1908
This 1909 Punch cartoon suggests the Liberals were delighted when the Lords forced an election. Back row: Haldane, Churchill with arms up, being hugged by his ally Lloyd George. Asquith standing at right. Bottom row: McKenna, Lord Crewe (with moustache), Augustine Birrell leaning back
Asquith caricatured in Vanity Fair, 1910
Punch 1911 cartoon shows Asquith and Lloyd George preparing coronets for 500 new peers
Samuel Begg's depiction of the passing of the Parliament Bill in the House of Lords, 1911
Early 20th century suffragist lapel pin
Members of the Ulster Volunteer Force march through Belfast, 1914
The British Empire in 1910
Sir Edward Grey
Admiral "Jacky" Fisher
Bonar Law
Lord Kitchener's call to arms
Asquith visits the front during the Battle of the Somme, 1916
Raymond Asquith
"a man called Max Aitken"
Lord Northcliffe teeing up
Arthur Balfour
1919 portrait by André Cluysenaar
Asquith's grave at Sutton Courtenay
Asquith's great-granddaughter, the actress Helena Bonham Carter
Memorial to Asquith, Westminster Abbey
Blue plaque, 20 Cavendish Square, London

British statesman and Liberal Party politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1908 to 1916.

- H. H. Asquith

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Liberal Party (UK)

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One of the two major political parties in the United Kingdom, along with the Conservative Party, in the 19th and early 20th centuries.

One of the two major political parties in the United Kingdom, along with the Conservative Party, in the 19th and early 20th centuries.

Viscount Palmerston
William Gladstone
Liberal politicians David Lloyd George and Winston Churchill enacted the 1909 People's Budget which specifically aimed at the redistribution of wealth.
The results of the 1906 election
Liberal poster c. 1905–1910, clockwise from the left: Joseph Chamberlain (satirised as an unmarried mother leaving her baby at a Foundling hospital) abandons his commitment to old age pensions; Chancellor Austen Chamberlain threatens duties on consumer items which had been removed by Gladstone (in the picture on the wall); Chinese indentured labour in South Africa; John Bull contemplates his vote; and Joseph Chamberlain and Arthur Balfour (who favoured retaliatory tariffs) wearing top hats. The heading "ratepayers money for sectarian schools" refers to the Education Act 1902.
H. H. Asquith
Cartoonist John Bernard Partridge depicts Lloyd George as a giant with a cudgel labelled "Budget" in reference to his People's Budget while "a plutocrat" cowers beneath the table, Punch 28 April 1909. The caption, not shown, reads "Fee Fi Fo Phat, I smell the blood of a plutocrat. Be he alive or be he dead, I'll grind his bones to make my bread,"
David Lloyd George
Share of the vote received by Conservatives (blue), Whigs/Liberals/Liberal Democrats (orange), Labour (red) and others (grey) in general elections since 1832 shows that following success as the successor to the Whig party, the party's share of the popular vote plummeted after the First World War as it lost votes to the new Labour party and fractured into groups such as the National and Coalition Liberals
Herbert Samuel
A crowd waits outside Leeds Town Hall to see them elect a Liberal Party candidate during the 1880 general elections.
Leeds and County Liberal Club blue plaque

Under prime ministers Henry Campbell-Bannerman (1905–1908) and H. H. Asquith (1908–1916), the Liberal Party passed reforms that created a basic welfare state.

Campbell-Bannerman in 1902

Henry Campbell-Bannerman

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British statesman and Liberal politician.

British statesman and Liberal politician.

Campbell-Bannerman in 1902
Campbell-Bannerman in 1902
Campbell-Bannerman caricatured by Spy for Vanity Fair, 1899
Campbell-Bannerman in 1904
Sketch of Campbell-Bannerman
Punch cartoon dated 19 February, 1908, making fun of the relationship between House of Commons (Henry Campbell-Bannerman) and House of Lords (Lord Lansdowne).
Statue of Campbell-Bannerman in Stirling
Henry Campbell-Bannerman by Paul Raphael Montford
Blue plaque at 6 Grosvenor Place, London

Campbell-Bannerman resigned as Prime Minister in April 1908 due to ill-health and was replaced by his Chancellor, H. H. Asquith.

The Roaring Lion, a portrait by Yousuf Karsh at the Canadian Parliament, December 1941

Winston Churchill

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British statesman, soldier and writer who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945, during the Second World War, and again from 1951 to 1955.

British statesman, soldier and writer who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945, during the Second World War, and again from 1951 to 1955.

The Roaring Lion, a portrait by Yousuf Karsh at the Canadian Parliament, December 1941
Jennie Spencer Churchill with her two sons, Jack (left) and Winston (right) in 1889.
Churchill in the military dress uniform of the 4th Queen's Own Hussars at Aldershot in 1895.
Churchill in 1900 around the time of his first election to Parliament.
Churchill in 1904 when he "crossed the floor".
Churchill and German Kaiser Wilhelm II during a military manoeuvre near Breslau, Silesia, in 1906.
Churchill and his fiancée Clementine Hozier shortly before their marriage in 1908.
Churchill (second left) photographed at the Siege of Sidney Street.
As First Lord of the Admiralty, Churchill's London residency was Admiralty House (music room pictured).
Churchill commanding the 6th Battalion, the Royal Scots Fusiliers, 1916. His second-in-command, Archibald Sinclair, is seated on the left.
Churchill meets female workers at Georgetown's filling works near Glasgow in October 1918.
Churchill as Secretary of State for the Colonies during his visit to Mandatory Palestine, Tel Aviv, 1921.
Churchill with children Randolph and Diana in 1923.
Churchill on Budget Day with his wife Clementine and children Sarah and Randolph, 15 April 1929.
Churchill meeting with film star Charlie Chaplin in Los Angeles in 1929.
Churchill and Neville Chamberlain, the chief proponent of appeasement.
Churchill with Lord Halifax in 1938
Churchill takes aim with a Sten sub-machine gun in June 1941. The man in the pin-striped suit and fedora to the right is his bodyguard, Walter H. Thompson.
Churchill walks through the ruins of Coventry Cathedral with J A Moseley, M H Haigh, A R Grindlay and others, 1941.
Churchill and Roosevelt seated on the quarterdeck of for a Sunday service during the Atlantic Conference, 10 August 1941
Huge portraits of Churchill and Stalin, Brisbane, Australia, 31 October 1941
Stalin, Roosevelt and Churchill at the Tehran Conference in 1943.
Churchill in the Roman amphitheatre of ancient Carthage to address 3,000 British and American troops, June 1943
Churchill is greeted by a crowd in Québec City, Canada, 1943
Churchill's crossing of the Rhine river in Germany, during Operation Plunder on 25 March 1945.
Churchill, Roosevelt, and Stalin at the Yalta Conference, February 1945.
The destruction of Dresden, February 1945.
Churchill waving the Victory sign to the crowd in Whitehall on the day he broadcast to the nation that the war with Germany had been won, 8 May 1945. Ernest Bevin stands to his right.
Churchill at the Potsdam Conference, July 1945.
Churchill in 1949.
Churchill with Queen Elizabeth II, Prince Charles and Princess Anne, 10 February 1953.
Churchill with Anthony Eden, Dean Acheson and Harry Truman, 5 January 1952.
Churchill's grave at St Martin's Church, Bladon.
Allies (1995) by Lawrence Holofcener, a sculptural group depicting Franklin D. Roosevelt and Churchill in New Bond Street, London.
The statue of Churchill (1973) by Ivor Roberts-Jones in Parliament Square, London
The British Empire at its territorial peak in 1921.

In H. H. Asquith's Liberal government, Churchill served as President of the Board of Trade and Home Secretary, championing prison reform and workers' social security.

Bonar Law

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British Conservative politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from October 1922 to May 1923.

British Conservative politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from October 1922 to May 1923.

Bonar Law's home in New Brunswick where he lived until the age of twelve. The house overlooks the Richibucto River
Joseph Chamberlain
Bonar Law caricatured by Spy for Vanity Fair, 1905
Edward Carson, who along with Law was one of the few non-representatives to be aware of the "Truce of God"
Arthur Balfour, who preceded Law as Leader of the Conservative Party
Andrew Bonar Law
Lord Lansdowne, Law's primary speaker for the repeal of the Referendum Pledge
James Craig, who helped draft the January Memorandum
Blenheim Palace, where the anti-Home Rule factions held their meeting on 27 July 1912
King George V, who, after pressure from the Unionists, requested that the Liberals put Home Rule to the test of a general election
Andrew Bonar Law by James Guthrie (1924)

Law first held Cabinet office as Secretary of State for the Colonies in H. H. Asquith's Coalition Government (May 1915 – December 1916).

Conservative Party (UK)

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One of two main political parties in the United Kingdom, alongside its primary rival since the 1930s, the Labour Party.

One of two main political parties in the United Kingdom, alongside its primary rival since the 1930s, the Labour Party.

Robert Peel, twice Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and founder of the Conservative Party
Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, served as the first Conservative Secretary of State.
Winston Churchill, who was twice Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
1929 Conservative poster attacking the Labour Party
Harold Macmillan is closely associated with the post-war settlement.
Edward Heath, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1970–1974)
Margaret Thatcher, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1979–1990)
John Major, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1990–1997)
Rail modal share (rail's share of total travel), 1952–2015
David Cameron, Prime Minister (2010–2016)
Theresa May, Prime Minister (2016-2019
Prime Minister Theresa May, right, with U.S. President Donald Trump, left, at a joint press conference in 2019
Boris Johnson, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (2019–present)
Conservative Party supporters at Pride London in 2010
Margaret Thatcher (second left), Ronald Reagan (far left) and their respective spouses in 1988. Thatcher and Reagan developed a close relationship against the Soviet Union.
The National Conservative Convention is held during the Conservative Party Conference.
Share of the vote received by Conservatives (blue), Whigs/Liberals/Liberal Democrats (orange), Labour (red) and others (grey) in general elections since 1832
The Conservatives' "oak tree" logo in Union Jack colours at the 2011 party conference.

Liberal Prime Minister H. H. Asquith enacted a great deal of reform legislation, but the Unionists worked hard at grassroots organizing.

Queen Anne addressing the House of Lords, c. 1708–14, by Peter Tillemans

House of Lords

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Upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

Upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

Queen Anne addressing the House of Lords, c. 1708–14, by Peter Tillemans
An early 19th-century illustration showing the east wall of the House of Lords in the centre.
The rejection of the People's Budget, proposed by David Lloyd George (above), precipitated a political crisis in 1909.
The House of Lords voting for the Parliament Act 1911
Punch 1911 cartoon shows Asquith and Lloyd George preparing coronets for 500 new peers to threaten takeover of House of Lords
The House of Lords paid tribute to Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, 12 April 2021
The number of members of the House of Lords since 1998
Charles Pepys as Lord Chancellor. The lord chancellor wore black-and-gold robes whilst presiding over the House of Lords.
Benches in the chamber are coloured red. In contrast, the benches in the House of Commons are green.
The royal thrones, c. 1902. Note that the Sovereign's throne (on left) is raised slightly higher than the consort's.

Prime Minister H. H. Asquith then proposed that the powers of the House of Lords be severely curtailed.

Richard Haldane, 1st Viscount Haldane

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Scottish lawyer and philosopher and an influential British Liberal and later Labour politician.

Scottish lawyer and philosopher and an influential British Liberal and later Labour politician.

17 Charlotte Square, Edinburgh, birthplace of Richard Haldane
Haldane caricatured by Spy in Vanity Fair, 1896
Haldane at West Point sometime before the Great War.
The Viscount Haldane, Lord Chancellor, 1912
Portrait by Philip de László, 1928

In 1881 Haldane met H. H. Asquith, and they soon became firm friends often meeting at the Blue Post Public house on Cork Street.

Violet Bonham Carter, 1915.

Violet Bonham Carter

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British politician and diarist.

British politician and diarist.

Violet Bonham Carter, 1915.
Violet Bonham Carter, 1915.
Violet Bonham Carter, Lady Ottoline Morrell, and an unidentified man

She was the daughter of H. H. Asquith, Prime Minister from 1908 to 1916, and she was known as Lady Violet, as a courtesy title, from her father's elevation to the peerage as Earl of Oxford and Asquith in 1925.

Front Quadrangle, Old Library

Balliol College, Oxford

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One of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in England.

One of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in England.

Front Quadrangle, Old Library
William Butterfield's chapel
The interior of the chapel
The gateway to Balliol, designed by Alfred Waterhouse.
Cricket on the Master's Field with the Jowett Walk buildings in the background
St Cross Church
Balliol College rowing to Head of the River in Summer Eights 2008
Balliol College Dining Hall
The front of the college in Broad Street
Garden Quad
Balliol College Hall and SCR (from Fellows' Garden), Oxford
H. H. Asquith, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Edward Heath, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Shoghi Effendi, Guardian of the Bahá’í Faith
Aldous Huxley, writer and philosopher
Boris Johnson, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Harold Macmillan, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Adam Smith, economist and author
Richard von Weizsäcker, former President of Germany
Sir Seretse Khama, Founding President of Botswana

The college's alumni include the incumbent Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Boris Johnson, as well as three former prime ministers (H. H. Asquith, Harold Macmillan and Edward Heath), Harald V of Norway, Empress Masako of Japan, five Nobel laureates, several Lords of Appeal in Ordinary, and numerous literary and philosophical figures, including Shoghi Effendi, Adam Smith, Gerard Manley Hopkins, and Aldous Huxley.

Alfred Milner, 1st Viscount Milner

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English statesman and colonial administrator who played a role in the formulation of British foreign and domestic policy between the mid-1890s and early 1920s.

English statesman and colonial administrator who played a role in the formulation of British foreign and domestic policy between the mid-1890s and early 1920s.

A caricature of Milner from Vanity Fair in 1897
The Imperial War Cabinet in 1917. Lord Milner is seated, 2nd from the left.
"Statesmen of World War I", depicting the low point of the war. Lord Milner is seated between PM Lloyd George and Winston Churchill.
The Stained Glass at Doullens Town Hall, commemorating the Doullens Conference and the Unity of Command. Lord Milner is standing, centre
Rue Nitot: England objects to the Treaty of Versailles, June 1, 1919.
The Treaty of Versailles, with Lord Milner's signature
The Lord Milner hotel in Matjiesfontein, South Africa
Milner's Kindergarten
Lord Milner's mission to Russia.
William Orpen's famous painting of the signing of The Treaty of Versailles. Lord Milner is seated, third from the right.

The choice was cordially approved by the leaders of the Liberal party and warmly recognised at a farewell dinner on 28 March 1897 presided over by the future prime minister H. H. Asquith.