Haji Sudi

Ahmed Warsama "Haji Sudi" / Xaaji Suudi Shabeel (1858–1920) was one of the leaders behind the Somali Dervish movement.wikipedia
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Isaaq

Habar JecloArapSheikh Isaaq Bin Ahmed Al Hashimi
He hailed from the Habr Toljalaa (Adan Madobe, a sub clan of the Isaaq.
Haji Sudi of the Habar Jeclo was the highest ranking Dervish after Mohammed Abdullah Hassan, he died valiantly defending the Taleh fort during the RAF bombing campaign.

Nur Ahmed Aman

Sultan Nur Ahmed AmanSultan NurSultan Nur Aman
Captain McNeill in his book " in pursuit of the Mad Mullah" having faced Haji Sudi, the Mulah and Sultan Nur in the first expeditions narrated this version of Sudi's brother murder and Sudi's joining the Tariqa or Zawiya (institution) at Kob Fardod:
The movement had its spiritual leader Mohammed Abdullah Hassan, it's Sultan Nur Ahmed Aman and its Chief Lieutenant Ahmed Warsama Haji Sudi.

Mohammed Abdullah Hassan

Mad MullahSayyid Mohammed Abdullah HassanMuhammad Abdullah Hassan
In mid-February 1899 Mohammed Abdullah Hassan, later the spiritual head of the Dervish movement, for the first time came to the attention of the British authority at Berbera.

Somalis

SomaliSomali peopleSomali clan
Ahmed Warsama "Haji Sudi" / Xaaji Suudi Shabeel (1858–1920) was one of the leaders behind the Somali Dervish movement.

Dervish

dervishesDerwishDarviš
Ahmed Warsama "Haji Sudi" / Xaaji Suudi Shabeel (1858–1920) was one of the leaders behind the Somali Dervish movement.

William Hewett

Sir William HewettWilliam Nathan Wrighte HewettAdmiral Hewett
He accompanied William Hewett on his mission to Abyssinia according to Cecil Lowther who hired him as a guide and a headman for his 1894 big game hunting expedition in Somaliland.

Cecil Lowther

Sir Cecil LowtherHenry Cecil LowtherSir Henry Cecil Lowther
He accompanied William Hewett on his mission to Abyssinia according to Cecil Lowther who hired him as a guide and a headman for his 1894 big game hunting expedition in Somaliland.

Suakin Expedition

Suakin 1885SuakinSuakin Field Force
In 1884-1885 Haji Sudi spent time as an interpreter during the Suakin Expedition against Osman Digna dervishes directly observing the ways of the Sudanes Dervish during his work abroad HMS Ranger under William Hewett.

Osman Digna

In 1884-1885 Haji Sudi spent time as an interpreter during the Suakin Expedition against Osman Digna dervishes directly observing the ways of the Sudanes Dervish during his work abroad HMS Ranger under William Hewett.

HMS Ranger

HMS ''RangerRanger
In 1884-1885 Haji Sudi spent time as an interpreter during the Suakin Expedition against Osman Digna dervishes directly observing the ways of the Sudanes Dervish during his work abroad HMS Ranger under William Hewett.

Muhammad Ahmad

MahdiMuhammad Ahmedthe Mahdi
almost fifteen years later Haji Sudi will teach the Mullah what he learned of the methods of Osman Digna and Muhammad Ahmad Al-Mahdi.

John Walter Gregory

J.W. GregoryJ. W. GregoryDr John W Gregory
In 1892 he accompanied John Walter Gregory to east Africa, Gregory observing Haji Sudi's habit and manners in 1892-1893 expedition made the following observation regarding his character and his religious dervish zeal.

James Hayes Sadler (colonial administrator)

James Hayes SadlerSir James SadlerSir James Hayes Sadler
James Hayes Sadler updating the colonial office on 12 April 1899, stated that the Somali Coastal Administration initially came to hear about this Mullah of Kob Fardod on mid February 1899 when the new Stipendiary Akil Ahmed Muhammad Shermarki (Habr Yunis, Mussa Arrah) raided some livestock belonging to the religious mullahs of Kob Fardod.

Tariqa

Sufi ordertariqahSufi orders
Captain McNeill in his book " in pursuit of the Mad Mullah" having faced Haji Sudi, the Mulah and Sultan Nur in the first expeditions narrated this version of Sudi's brother murder and Sudi's joining the Tariqa or Zawiya (institution) at Kob Fardod: Some British colonial record claim that the tariqa of Mohammed Abdullah Hassan interfered and meditated between the two clans thus introducing Sudi to the mullahs community at Kob Fardod, but most likely in late 19 century Somaliland due to the small populations and the nomadic nature of the tribes most notable Somalis knew one another personally.

Zawiya (institution)

zawiyazaouiatekke
Captain McNeill in his book " in pursuit of the Mad Mullah" having faced Haji Sudi, the Mulah and Sultan Nur in the first expeditions narrated this version of Sudi's brother murder and Sudi's joining the Tariqa or Zawiya (institution) at Kob Fardod:

William Manning (colonial governor)

William ManningWilliam Henry ManningSir William Henry Manning
The third expedition was launched January 3, 1903 with a new commander, Sir William Henry Manning.

Charles Egerton (Indian Army officer)

Charles EgertonSir Charles EgertonCharles Comyn Egerton
The command of the British forces was taken over by major-general Charles Egerton with fresh reinforcement from India and Aden, on July 4, 1903 Egerton arrived at Berbera.

Darod

HartiDaroodAbsame
immediately not long after the Dervish resumed their old method of raiding Somali clans in particular and almost exclusively the Daarood clan which the Mullah himself belonged to.

Hastings Ismay, 1st Baron Ismay

Hastings IsmayGeneral IsmayLord Ismay
Hastings Ismay ( later the first Secretary General of NATO from 1952 to 1957.) then an intelligence officer In Somaliland in 1918 described Haji Sudi as “ the Mullah’s right hand in the earlier days of his rise and is still a great power in the land “.

Burao

BurcoBuro
In the end of late August of that year the Dervish leaders and their clan followers assembled at Burao, Mohammed Abdullah Hassan with his followers from the Dhulbahante, the various Habar Jeclo sub clans with their principle headman Haji Sudi, and Sultan Nur Ahmed Aman with his followers from the Habr Yunis clan, declared open hostility.

Dervish movement (Somali)

Dervish StateDervish movementDervish
According to Robert Hess, two of Hasan's chief advisors were Sultan Nur – previously Habr Yunis chief, and Haji Sudi Shabeel also known as Ahmad Warsama from Adan Madoba Habr Toljaala who was fluent in English.

Taleh

TaleexTaleeh
Among the casualties at Taleh were Ibrahim Buqul and Haji Sudi.