Hampshire

County of SouthamptonHampshire, EnglandCounty of HampshireHantsSouthamptonHampshire, UKHAMHants.Co. SouthamptonCounty of Hants
Hampshire (, ; postal abbreviation Hants.) is a county on the southern coast of England.wikipedia
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Southampton

Southampton, EnglandSouthampton, HampshireCity of Southampton
Its two largest cities, Southampton and Portsmouth, are administered separately as unitary authorities; the rest of the county is governed by Hampshire County Council.
Southampton is a city in Hampshire, South East England, 70 mi south-west of London and 15 mi north-west of Portsmouth.

Winchester

Winchester, HampshireWinchester, EnglandMatterley Basin
The county town is the city of Winchester.
Winchester is a city and the county town of Hampshire, England.

Portsmouth

Portsmouth, EnglandCity of PortsmouthPortsmouth, Hampshire
Its two largest cities, Southampton and Portsmouth, are administered separately as unitary authorities; the rest of the county is governed by Hampshire County Council.
Portsmouth is a port city in Hampshire, England, with a total population of 205,400 residents.

Isle of Wight

IOWWightIsland
The Isle of Wight, historically part of Hampshire, became a separate ceremonial county in 1974.
It is in the English Channel, between 2 and 5 miles off the coast of Hampshire, separated by the Solent.

Hampshire County Council

Hampshire
Its two largest cities, Southampton and Portsmouth, are administered separately as unitary authorities; the rest of the county is governed by Hampshire County Council.
Hampshire County Council (HCC) is the county council that governs the majority of the county of Hampshire in England.

South Downs National Park

South DownsSouth Downs National Park AuthorityNational Park
There are areas of downland and marsh, and two national parks: the New Forest, and part of the South Downs, which together cover 45 per cent of Hampshire.
The park, covering an area of 1627 sqkm in southern England, stretches for 140 km from Winchester in the west to Eastbourne in the east through the counties of Hampshire, West Sussex and East Sussex.

County town

administrative centrecounty townscounty seat
The county town is the city of Winchester.

Historic counties of England

Historicallyhistoric countyhistoric county boundaries
The Isle of Wight, historically part of Hampshire, became a separate ceremonial county in 1974.
Some abbreviations are not obvious, such as "Salop" for Shropshire, from the Norman-derived word for its county town Shrewsbury; "Oxon" for Oxfordshire, from Latin Oxonium (referring to both the county and the city of Oxford); "Hants" for Hampshire; and "Northants" for Northamptonshire.

Isambard Kingdom Brunel

BrunelBrunel gaugeI. K. Brunel
The county is known as the home of writers Jane Austen and Charles Dickens, the childhood home of Florence Nightingale and the birthplace of engineer Isambard Kingdom Brunel.
Isambard Kingdom Brunel was born on 9 April 1806 in Britain Street, Portsea, Portsmouth, Hampshire, where his father was working on block-making machinery.

Silchester

Church of St Mary the Virgin
By the Roman conquest, the oppidum at Venta Belgarum, modern-day Winchester, was the de facto regional administrative centre; Winchester was, however, of secondary importance to the Roman-style town of Calleva Atrebatum, modern Silchester, built further north by a dominant Belgic polity known as the Atrebates in the 50s BCE.
Silchester is a village and civil parish about 5 mi north of Basingstoke in Hampshire.

Danebury

Danbury hill fortDanebury Hill FortDanebury Hillfort
In the very late Bronze Age, fortified hilltop settlements known as hillforts began to appear in large numbers in many parts of Britain including Hampshire, and these became more and more important in the early and middle Iron Age; many of these are still visible in the landscape today and can be visited, notably Danebury Rings, the subject of a major study by archaeologist Barry Cunliffe.
Danebury is an Iron Age hill fort in Hampshire, England, about 19 km north-west of Winchester.

Portsmouth, New Hampshire

PortsmouthPortsmouth, NHPortsmouth, N.H.
The towns of Portsmouth, New Hampshire and Portsmouth, Virginia take their names from Portsmouth in Hampshire.
He had been captain of the port of Portsmouth, England, in the county of Hampshire, after which New Hampshire is named.

New Hampshire

NHState of New HampshireNew Hampshire, U.S.
Hampshire was the departure point of some of those who left England to settle on the east coast of North America during the 17th century, giving its name in particular to the state of New Hampshire.
The state was named after the southern English county of Hampshire by Captain John Mason.

Old Sarum

SarumSorviodunumSalisbury Castle
Two major Roman roads, Ermin Way and Port Way cross the north of the country connecting Calleva Atrebatum with Corinium Dobunnorum, modern Cirencester, and Old Sarum respectively.
An Iron Age hillfort was erected around 400 BC, controlling the intersection of two native trade paths and the Hampshire Avon.

Dorset

DorsetshireDorset, EnglandCounty of Dorset
Wessex, with its capital at Winchester, gradually expanded westwards into Brythonic Dorset and Somerset in the seventh century.
Covering an area of 2653 km2, Dorset borders Devon to the west, Somerset to the north-west, Wiltshire to the north-east, and Hampshire to the east.

Counties of England

English countycountyEnglish counties
Hampshire (, ; postal abbreviation Hants.) is a county on the southern coast of England.
Buckinghamshire, Cambridgeshire, Derbyshire, Devon, East Sussex, Essex, Gloucestershire, Hampshire, Kent, Lancashire, Leicestershire, Lincolnshire, North Yorkshire, Nottinghamshire, Somerset and Staffordshire are non-metropolitan counties with multiple districts and a county council, where one or more districts have been split off to form unitary authorities.

New Forest

New Forest National ParkThe New ForestYtene
There are areas of downland and marsh, and two national parks: the New Forest, and part of the South Downs, which together cover 45 per cent of Hampshire.
The New Forest is one of the largest remaining tracts of unenclosed pasture land, heathland and forest in Southern England, covering southwest Hampshire and southeast Wiltshire.

Somerset

SomersetshireSomerset, EnglandCounty of Somerset
Wessex, with its capital at Winchester, gradually expanded westwards into Brythonic Dorset and Somerset in the seventh century.
The first known use of Somersæte is in the law code of King Ine who was the Saxon King of Wessex from 688 to 726, making Somerset along with Hampshire, Wiltshire and Dorset one of the oldest extant units of local government in the world.

Hengistbury Head

Hengistbury
Notable sites from this period include Hengistbury Head (now in Dorset), which was a major port.
Historically part of Hampshire, the Local Government Act 1972 designated the area a part of Dorset.

Calleva Atrebatum

SilchesterCallevaSilchester Roman Town
By the Roman conquest, the oppidum at Venta Belgarum, modern-day Winchester, was the de facto regional administrative centre; Winchester was, however, of secondary importance to the Roman-style town of Calleva Atrebatum, modern Silchester, built further north by a dominant Belgic polity known as the Atrebates in the 50s BCE.
Its ruins lie to the west of, and partly beneath, the Church of St Mary the Virgin, Silchester, in the county of Hampshire.

Calshot Castle

Calshot
These include the Roman Portchester Castle which overlooks Portsmouth Harbour, and a series of forts built by Henry VIII including Hurst Castle, situated on a sand spit at the mouth of the Solent, Calshot Castle on another spit at the mouth of Southampton Water, and Netley Castle.
Calshot Castle is an artillery fort constructed by Henry VIII on the Calshot Spit, Hampshire, England, between 1539 and 1540.

Hurst Castle

HurstGovernor of Hurst CastleHurst Point
These include the Roman Portchester Castle which overlooks Portsmouth Harbour, and a series of forts built by Henry VIII including Hurst Castle, situated on a sand spit at the mouth of the Solent, Calshot Castle on another spit at the mouth of Southampton Water, and Netley Castle.
Hurst Castle is an artillery fort established by Henry VIII on the Hurst Spit in Hampshire, England, between 1541 and 1544.

Farnborough, Hampshire

FarnboroughSouth FarnboroughFarnborough, England
On 16 October 1908, Samuel Franklin Cody made the first powered flight of 400 yd in the United Kingdom at Farnborough, then home to the Army Balloon Factory.
Farnborough is a town in north east Hampshire, England, part of the borough of Rushmoor and the Farnborough/Aldershot Built-up Area.

Portchester Castle

Porchester CastlePortchesterPorchester
These include the Roman Portchester Castle which overlooks Portsmouth Harbour, and a series of forts built by Henry VIII including Hurst Castle, situated on a sand spit at the mouth of the Solent, Calshot Castle on another spit at the mouth of Southampton Water, and Netley Castle.
Portchester Castle is a medieval castle built within a former Roman fort at Portchester to the east of Fareham in the English county of Hampshire.

Siege of Basing House

Basing HouseThird siege of Basing Houseassaults on Basing House
Principal engagements were the Siege of Basing House between 1643 and 1645, and the Battle of Cheriton in 1644; both were significant Parliamentarian victories.
The siege of Basing House near Basingstoke in Hampshire, was a Parliamentarian victory late in the First English Civil War.