Danebury Fort – aerial image
A reconstruction of Old Sarum in the 12th century, housed at Salisbury Cathedral
Plaque on Freemantle Common marking the route of the Roman Road from Chichester to Bitterne
An 1829 sketch of Old Sarum by John Constable, displaying the site of the abandoned hillfort
Portchester combined Roman and Norman castles
A 1916 plan of Old Sarum by the Ordnance Survey (300 ft ≈ 92 m)
Portsmouth historic dockyard, 2005
Aerial view of Old Sarum
South West Hampshire & South East Dorset green belt (shown in green)
The present ruins: the exposed foundations of the cathedral in the foreground and the Norman central motte behind
New Forest Pony in Burley
The exposed foundations of the cathedral
Winchester Cathedral
Hampshire County Council offices and Jubilee Fountain
Eastleigh railway works
Southampton Docks
The M3 near Basingstoke
County flag of Hampshire
Milestones Museum, Basingstoke
Ageas Bowl cricket ground, West End, 2010
Fratton Park football ground, Portsmouth, from Milton End, 2006
Former Hampshire Chronicle office in Winchester, circa 1999

The great stone circles of Stonehenge and Avebury were erected nearby and indications of prehistoric settlement have been discovered from as early as 3000 BC. An Iron Age hillfort was erected around 400 BC, controlling the intersection of two trade paths and the Hampshire Avon.

- Old Sarum

Two major Roman roads, Ermin Way and Port Way, cross the north of the county connecting Calleva Atrebatum with Corinium Dobunnorum, modern Cirencester, and Old Sarum respectively.

- Hampshire
Danebury Fort – aerial image

4 related topics

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Corfe Castle, captured and destroyed by Cromwell's army in 1646

Dorset

County in South West England on the English Channel coast.

County in South West England on the English Channel coast.

Corfe Castle, captured and destroyed by Cromwell's army in 1646
Geological map of Dorset
Durdle Door, a natural arch near Lulworth Cove
The beach near Bournemouth Pier. Dorset's coastline is a major attraction for tourists.
The Keep Military Museum in Dorchester
Traction engines on display at the Great Dorset Steam Fair
Thomas Hardy
Sherborne Abbey

Covering an area of 2653 km2, Dorset borders Devon to the west, Somerset to the north-west, Wiltshire to the north-east, and Hampshire to the east.

Founded in AD 705 by Aldhelm, the Abbey contained the chair of the Bishop of Sherborne and was granted cathedral status until 1075 when the diocese was transferred to Old Sarum.

River Avon, Hampshire

The start of the lower half, near Fordingbridge
The 17th-century navigation channel near Britford is still in water
Longford Castle overlooks the river
Hale Park
Breamore House

The River Avon is in the south of England, rising in Wiltshire, flowing through that county's city of Salisbury and then west Hampshire, before reaching the English Channel through Christchurch Harbour in the Bournemouth, Christchurch and Poole conurbation of Dorset.

Many prehistoric sites and broader "landscapes" are found on either side of the river, the largest being the World Heritage Site zone of Stonehenge, Avebury and Associated Sites, followed by the Old Sarum knoll fortification and the Thornham Down prehistoric and medieval landscape.

Wessex

Anglo-Saxon kingdom in the south of Great Britain, from 519 until England was unified by Æthelstan in 927.

Anglo-Saxon kingdom in the south of Great Britain, from 519 until England was unified by Æthelstan in 927.

Imaginary depiction of Cerdic from John Speed's 1611 "Saxon Heptarchy"
The Celtic and Anglo-Saxon kingdoms in around 600
Anglo-Saxon–Viking coin weight, used for trading bullion and hacksilver. The material is lead and it weighs 36 g. Embedded with an Anglo-Saxon sceat (Series K type 32a) dating to 720–750 and minted in Kent. It is edged in a dotted triangle pattern. Its origin is the Danelaw region and dates to 870–930.
England in the late 9th century
Unification of England and Defeat of the Danelaw in the 10th century under Wessex.
The Bayeux Tapestry, depicting the death of Harold II, 14 October 1066. At left can be seen his "Dragon Standard".
Wessex Division Formation patch
map of Thomas Hardy's Wessex

The Saxons attacked Cerdicesford in 519, intending to cross the River Avon and block a road which connected Old Sarum and Badbury Rings, a British stronghold.

(William of Malmesbury claimed that the Britons and Saxons inhabited Exeter "as equals" until 927.) As a result of the Mercian conquest of the northern portion of its early territories in Gloucestershire and Oxfordshire, the Thames and the Avon now probably formed the northern boundary of Wessex, while its heartland lay in Hampshire, Wiltshire, Berkshire, Dorset and Somerset.

Stonehenge, the most famous antiquity on Salisbury Plain

Salisbury Plain

Chalk plateau in the south western part of central southern England covering 300 sqmi.

Chalk plateau in the south western part of central southern England covering 300 sqmi.

Stonehenge, the most famous antiquity on Salisbury Plain
Rough map of military training area (green) on Salisbury Plain within Wiltshire (blue) (it accounts for about half the area of Salisbury Plain)
Stonehenge, on Salisbury Plain
Military use makes some areas of the plain inaccessible to the public.
Typical grassland at Netheravon Down.
The burnt-tip orchid (Neotinea ustulata) can be found on Salisbury Plain
The Duke of Burgundy butterfly (Hamearis lucina)
The cuckoo bee Nomada armata
The fairy shrimp Chirocephalus diaphanus
The stone curlew

It is part of a system of chalk downlands throughout eastern and southern England formed by the rocks of the Chalk Group and largely lies within the county of Wiltshire, but stretches into Hampshire.

Roman roads are visible features, probably serving a settlement near Old Sarum.