Hampshire Downs

The Hampshire Downs are one of the breadbaskets of Southern England. Here wheat is growing on the free draining chalk downs above Alresford.

The Hampshire Downs form a large area of downland in central, southern England, mainly in the county of Hampshire but with parts in Berkshire and Wiltshire.

- Hampshire Downs

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South Downs

The South Downs are a range of chalk hills that extends for about 260 sqmi across the south-eastern coastal counties of England from the Itchen valley of Hampshire in the west to Beachy Head, in the Eastbourne Downland Estate, East Sussex, in the east.

The dip slope of the South Downs, as seen from Angmering Park Estate near Arundel (panoramic view).
Geological map of south-east England, with areas that have chalk bedrock shown in light-green.
A north-south cross-section through the Weald-Artois Anticline, East Sussex.
Plan of Cissbury fort showing shafts
The Long Man of Wilmington, inscribed into the scarp face of the South Downs in East Sussex
The Litlington White Horse in the village of Litlington
Looking east along the Downs towards the Devil's Dyke, Sussex
South Downs close to Beachy Head
Trig Point on Kithurst Hill West Sussex. Located on the South Downs Way above the village of Storrington. 699 ft high at the summit.
Typical topography (Treyford Hill): steep wooded northern slope (left), gently sloping southern slope of pasture and woodland.
Photo taken near Lewes, East Sussex

It is bordered by the Hampshire Downs, the Wealden Greensand, the Low Weald and the Pevensey Levels to the north and the South Hampshire Lowlands and South Coast Plain to the south.

Dorset Downs

Area of chalk downland in the centre of the county Dorset in south west England.

The top of the downs from above Cerne Abbas, looking south east towards the River Piddle valley
Map of Dorset, including the Dorset Downs, showing the geology

The downs are the most western part of a larger chalk formation which also includes (from west to east) Cranborne Chase, Salisbury Plain, Hampshire Downs, Chiltern Hills, North Downs and South Downs.


Market town in Surrey, England, within the Borough of Waverley.

The entrance to Farnham Castle
William Cobbett's birthplace
St Andrew's Parish Church
Front of Farnham railway station
Castle Street
The Museum of Farnham in 2018
The Maltings creative arts centre on the River Wey and Bridge Square, Farnham
Cricket is played in the ground north of Farnham Castle
Farnham Town Hall in South Street
John Henry Knight with his car

The most prominent geological feature is the chalk of the North Downs which forms a ridge (the Hog's Back) to the east of the town, and continues through Farnham Park to the north of the town centre, and westwards to form the Hampshire Downs.


For the ship anchorage, see The Downs (ship anchorage).

Culver Down, Isle of Wight
Galium verum (L.) Lady's Bedstraw, a typical English chalk downland plant

To the southwest, downlands continue via Cranborne Chase into Dorset as the Dorset Downs and southwards through Hampshire as the Hampshire Downs onto the Isle of Wight.

North Wessex Downs

Located in the English counties of Berkshire, Hampshire, Oxfordshire and Wiltshire.

The southwestern slopes of Walbury Hill
Uffington White Horse and Dragon Hill
Watership Down, taken from the north-east

The name North Wessex Downs is not a traditional one, the area covered being better known by various overlapping local names, including the Berkshire Downs, the North Hampshire Downs, the White Horse Hills, the Lambourn Downs, the Marlborough Downs, the Vale of Pewsey and Savernake Forest.


Largest town in the county of Hampshire.

The remains of the 16th-century Chapel of the Holy Ghost, Basingstoke
St Michael's Church
Festival Place shopping centre
The former town hall, now the Willis Museum
View of The Malls from Basingstoke railway station before the 2011 refurbishment
Eastrop Park, with Fanum House in the background
Stagecoach Dart 35211 in Jazz Livery

Situated in a valley through the Hampshire Downs at an average elevation of 88 m Basingstoke is a major interchange between Reading, Newbury, Andover, Winchester, and Alton, and lies on the natural trade route between the southwest of England and London.


County in South East England on the coast of the English Channel.

Danebury Fort – aerial image
Plaque on Freemantle Common marking the route of the Roman Road from Chichester to Bitterne
Portchester combined Roman and Norman castles
Portsmouth historic dockyard, 2005
South West Hampshire & South East Dorset green belt (shown in green)
New Forest Pony in Burley
Winchester Cathedral
Hampshire County Council offices and Jubilee Fountain
Eastleigh railway works
Southampton Docks
The M3 near Basingstoke
County flag of Hampshire
Milestones Museum, Basingstoke
Ageas Bowl cricket ground, West End, 2010
Fratton Park football ground, Portsmouth, from Milton End, 2006
Former Hampshire Chronicle office in Winchester, circa 1999

Natural England identifies a number of national character areas that lie wholly or partially in Hampshire: the Hampshire Downs, New Forest, South Hampshire Lowlands, South Coast Plain, South Downs, Low Weald and Thames Basin Heaths

Grafton, Wiltshire

Civil parish in Wiltshire, England, in the Vale of Pewsey about 7 mi southeast of Marlborough.

Eight exclaves of highly anomalous Cowley, all in Hillingdon, then in Middlesex.

The parish is within the North Wessex Downs Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, while Marten lies under the northwest edge of the Hampshire Downs.

Watership Down, Hampshire

Watership Down, seen from the northeast

Watership Down is a hill or a down at Ecchinswell in the civil parish of Ecchinswell, Sydmonton and Bishops Green in the English county of Hampshire, as part of the Hampshire Downs.

Thames Basin Heaths

The Thames Basin Heaths are a natural region in southern England in Berkshire, Hampshire and Surrey, a slightly mottled east-west belt of ecologically recognised and protected land.

Chobham Common looking towards Sunningdale Golf Course
Track through the forestry plantation in the Broadmoor to Bagshot Woods and Heaths SSI

Inset towns include Newbury, Camberley, Ascot and Woking, To the west sit the Berkshire Downs, across similar size, well-drained, and intensively farmed, sports-use or settled Thames floodplains to the north are the similarly protected Chilterns and to the near south are the Hampshire Downs.