Hamsa

Hand of FatimaKhamsaeyes of Fatimahands of Fatimaa very common talismanic symbolEye of FatimaFatima's handFatima's handsHamsa (musical group)Hand and Eye
The hamsa (خمسة khamsah;, also romanized khamsa; tafust) is a palm-shaped amulet popular throughout the Middle East and North Africa and commonly used in jewelry and wall hangings.wikipedia
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Jewellery

jewelryjewelledjeweler
The hamsa (خمسة khamsah;, also romanized khamsa; tafust) is a palm-shaped amulet popular throughout the Middle East and North Africa and commonly used in jewelry and wall hangings.
These may take the form of symbols (such as the ankh), stones, plants, animals, body parts (such as the Khamsa), or glyphs (such as stylised versions of the Throne Verse in Islamic art).

Evil eye

MalocchioMal de Ojoevil-eye
Depicting the open right hand, an image recognized and used as a sign of protection in many times throughout history, the hamsa is believed by some, predominantly Muslims and Jews, to provide defense against the evil eye.
Other popular amulets and talismans used to ward off the evil eye include the hamsa, while Italy (especially Southern Italy) employs a variety of other unique charms and gestures to defend against the evil eye, including the cornicello, the cimaruta, and the sign of the horns.

Amulet

talismanamuletscharms
The hamsa (خمسة khamsah;, also romanized khamsa; tafust) is a palm-shaped amulet popular throughout the Middle East and North Africa and commonly used in jewelry and wall hangings.
A counter-example, however, is the Hand of Miriam, an outline of a human hand.

Fatimah

FatimaFatima ZahraFatimah bint Muhammad
The Hamsa is also variously known as the Hand of Fatima after the daughter of the prophet Muhammad, the Hand of Mary, the Hand of Miriam, and the Hand of the Goddess.

Apotropaic magic

apotropaicapotropaic symbolused to ward off
According to Bruno Barbatti, at that time this motive was the most important sign of apotropaic magic in the Islamic world, though many modern representations continue to show an obvious origin from sex symbolism.

Emblem of Algeria

Coat of arms of Algeriacoat of armsemblem
Due to its significance in both Arabic and Berber culture, the hamsa is one of the national symbols of Algeria and appears in its emblem.
The hand of Fatima, a traditional symbol of the region, appears in front of the Atlas Mountains, below a rising sun representing a new era.

Southeastern Ceremonial Complex

Mississippian Ideological Interaction SphereS.E.C.C.Braden style
The Native American Southeastern Ceremonial Complex also contained images of a human hand with an eye in the palm.

Mimouna

MaimunaMimuna
At the Mimouna, a North African Jewish celebration held after Passover, tables are laid with various symbols of luck and fertility, with an emphasis on the number "5", such as five pieces of gold jewelry or five beans arranged on a leaf of pastry.
The repetition of the number five references the five-fingered hamsa amulet common in both Jewish and Muslim North African and Middle Eastern communities from pre-modern times.

Middle East

Middle Easternthe Middle EastMiddle-East
The hamsa (خمسة khamsah;, also romanized khamsa; tafust) is a palm-shaped amulet popular throughout the Middle East and North Africa and commonly used in jewelry and wall hangings.

North Africa

Northern AfricaNorth AfricanNorth
The hamsa (خمسة khamsah;, also romanized khamsa; tafust) is a palm-shaped amulet popular throughout the Middle East and North Africa and commonly used in jewelry and wall hangings.

Carthage

CarthaginianCarthaginiansCarthago
It has been theorized that its origins lie in Ancient Egypt or Carthage (modern-day Tunisia) and may have been associated with the Goddess Tanit. Early use of the hamsa has been traced to ancient Mesopotamia (modern-day Iraq) as well as ancient Carthage (modern day Tunisia).

Tunisia

TUNTunisianRepublic of Tunisia
It has been theorized that its origins lie in Ancient Egypt or Carthage (modern-day Tunisia) and may have been associated with the Goddess Tanit. Early use of the hamsa has been traced to ancient Mesopotamia (modern-day Iraq) as well as ancient Carthage (modern day Tunisia). Another theory traces the origins of the hamsa to Carthage (Phoenicia, modern Tunisia) where the hand (or in some cases vulva) of the supreme deity Tanit was used to ward off the evil eye, due to her venereal disease which caused her to have continual vaginal infections which created an offensive smell.

Tanit

goddess TankTanutlunar goddess
It has been theorized that its origins lie in Ancient Egypt or Carthage (modern-day Tunisia) and may have been associated with the Goddess Tanit. Another theory traces the origins of the hamsa to Carthage (Phoenicia, modern Tunisia) where the hand (or in some cases vulva) of the supreme deity Tanit was used to ward off the evil eye, due to her venereal disease which caused her to have continual vaginal infections which created an offensive smell.

Arabic

Arabic languageArabic-languageArab
Khamsah is an Arabic word that means "five", but also "the five fingers of the hand".

Mesopotamia

MesopotamianMesopotamiansAncient Iraq
Early use of the hamsa has been traced to ancient Mesopotamia (modern-day Iraq) as well as ancient Carthage (modern day Tunisia).

Inanna

IshtarIštarInana
The image of the open right hand is seen in Mesopotamian artifacts in the amulets of the goddess Ishtar or Inanna.

Aphrodite

CyprisVenusAphrodite Urania
Other symbols of divine protection based around the hand include the Hand-of-Venus (or Aphrodite), the Hand-of-Mary, that was used to protect women from the evil eye and/or boost fertility and lactation, promote healthy pregnancies and strengthen the weak.

Isis

Cult of Isissun disk between two cows horns above her headan Egyptian goddess
In this amulet, the Two Fingers represent Isis and Osiris and the thumb represents their child Horus.

Osiris

OsirianAserOsirian Mysteries
In this amulet, the Two Fingers represent Isis and Osiris and the thumb represents their child Horus.

Horus

HaroerisHorus the ElderHarakhti
In this amulet, the Two Fingers represent Isis and Osiris and the thumb represents their child Horus.

Phoenicia

PhoeniciansPhoenicianPhoenicio
Another theory traces the origins of the hamsa to Carthage (Phoenicia, modern Tunisia) where the hand (or in some cases vulva) of the supreme deity Tanit was used to ward off the evil eye, due to her venereal disease which caused her to have continual vaginal infections which created an offensive smell.

Vulva

pudendal cleftexternal female genitaliacunnus
Another theory traces the origins of the hamsa to Carthage (Phoenicia, modern Tunisia) where the hand (or in some cases vulva) of the supreme deity Tanit was used to ward off the evil eye, due to her venereal disease which caused her to have continual vaginal infections which created an offensive smell.

Eye of Horus

Horus eyeWadjet Eyedivine Eye
It refers to the Eye of Horus, which means humans cannot escape from the eye of conscience.

Kabbalah

KabbalistickabbalistKabbalists
The symbol of the hand appears in Kabbalistic manuscripts and amulets, doubling as the Hebrew letter "Shin", the first letter of "Shaddai", one of the names referring to God.