Han Chinese

HanChineseHan peopleethnic Chineseethnic HanHansChinese peopleHan cultureHan-ChineseHan ethnicity
Unless otherwise specified, Chinese text in this article is written in the format Simplified Chinese / Traditional Chinese, Pinyin.wikipedia
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Taiwan

Republic of ChinaFormosaRepublic of China (Taiwan)
In Taiwan they make about 95% of the population.
In the 17th century, Dutch rule opened the island to mass Han immigration.

Han dynasty

Eastern Han dynastyHanWestern Han dynasty
The Han dynasty is considered to be one of the first great eras in Chinese history, as it made China the major regional power in East Asia and projected much of its influence on its neighbours while rivalling the Roman Empire in population size and geographical reach.
To this day, China's majority ethnic group refers to themselves as the "Han Chinese" (Han Zu) and the Chinese script is referred to as "Han characters".

Huaxia

ChineseHua XiaHuáxià
The Han Chinese trace a common ancestry to the Huaxia, a name for the initial confederation of agricultural tribes living along the Yellow River. Prior to the Han dynasty, ancient Chinese scholars used the term Huaxia (, "the magnificent Xia") in texts to describe China proper, while the Chinese populus were referred to as either the "various Hua" or the "various Xia".
It came forth out of a self-awareness of the Han Chinese people towards their ancestral tribes, collectively known as the Huaxia.

Chinese language

ChineseChinese:Regional dialect
Similarly, the Chinese language also came to be named the "Han language" ever since.
Chinese languages are spoken by the ethnic Chinese majority and many minority ethnic groups in China.

Han Taiwanese

HanTaiwaneseTaiwanese Han
In the Encyclopedia of the Peoples of Asia and Oceania, the Han are called the dominant population in "China, as well as in Taiwan and Singapore."
Han Taiwanese or Taiwanese Hans are a subgroup of Han Chinese.

Chinese Singaporeans

ChineseChinese SingaporeanSingaporean Chinese
In the Encyclopedia of the Peoples of Asia and Oceania, the Han are called the dominant population in "China, as well as in Taiwan and Singapore."
Chinese Singaporeans, are Singaporeans of full or partial Chinese – particularly southern Chinese – ancestry from numerous different regions.

Ethnic groups in Chinese history

List of past Chinese ethnic groupsHu peopleethnic groups
Huaxia culture spread southward from its heartland in the Yellow River Basin, absorbing various non-Chinese ethnic groups that became sinicised over the centuries at various points in China's history.
Even then, ethnonyms were sometimes assigned by geographic location or surrounding features, rather than by any features of the people themselves, and often carried little distinction of who the Han Chinese authors considered Chinese and non-Chinese for differences such as lifestyle, language, or governance.

Chinese culture

ChinesecultureCulture of China
The Han Chinese people are bound together with a shared history inhabiting an ancient ancestral territory for over four thousand years, deeply rooted with many different cultural traditions and customs.
China's majority ethnic group, the Han Chinese are an East Asian ethnic group and nation.

Overseas Chinese

ChineseChinese diasporaChinese immigrants
This gave rise to a term commonly used nowadays by overseas Chinese as an ethnic identity for the Chinese diaspora – Huaren (, "the Chinese people"), Huaqiao (, "the Chinese immigrant" meaning overseas Chinese) as well as a literary name for China – Zhonghua (, "the central Chinese").
Overseas Chinese are people of ethnic Chinese birth or descent who reside outside the territories of Mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan.

Names of China

Sinaename for ChinaMiddle Kingdom
This gave rise to a term commonly used nowadays by overseas Chinese as an ethnic identity for the Chinese diaspora – Huaren (, "the Chinese people"), Huaqiao (, "the Chinese immigrant" meaning overseas Chinese) as well as a literary name for China – Zhonghua (, "the central Chinese").
Hàn and Táng are common names given for the Chinese ethnicity.

Ethnic group

ethnicityethnicethnic groups
The Han Chinese, Hanzu, Han people ( or ), are an East Asian ethnic group and nation native to China.
The largest ethnic groups in modern times comprise hundreds of millions of individuals (Han Chinese being the largest), while the smallest are limited to a few dozen individuals (numerous indigenous peoples worldwide).

Hua–Yi distinction

barbariansHua-Yi distinctionbarbarian
In addition, the term Huaxia (literally "the civilized Xia people") was distinctively used to represent a civilized ethnic group in contrast to what was perceived as barbaric peoples around them.
The Han dynasty (221 BCE–206 CE) further contributed to the divide with its creation of a persistent Han ethnocultural identity.

East Asian people

East AsiansEast AsianEast
The Han Chinese, Hanzu, Han people ( or ), are an East Asian ethnic group and nation native to China.
The major ethnic groups that form the core of East Asia are the Han, Korean and Yamato.

Fujian

Fujian ProvinceFukienHokkien
Up until the past few decades, overseas Han communities originated predominantly from areas in southern China (especially the Guangdong, Fujian, and Zhejiang areas).
While its population is chiefly of Han origin, it is one of the most culturally and linguistically diverse provinces in China.

Zhonghua minzu

Chinese nationChineseChinese people
Zhonghua refers more to the culture of Chinese people, although it may also be seen as equivalent to Zhonghua minzu.
Zhonghua minzu was established during the early Republican (1912–27) and Nationalist (1928–49) periods to include Han Chinese people and four major non-Han ethnic groups: the Man (Manchus), the Meng (Mongols), the Hui (ethnic groups of Islamic faith in Northwest China), and the Zang (Tibetans), under the notion of a republic of five races ( or Wǔzú gònghé) advocated by Sun Yat Sen and the Chinese Nationalist Party.

Xinjiang

Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous RegionXinjiang Uygur Autonomous RegionSinkiang
Han Chinese are almost the majority in every Chinese province, municipality, and autonomous region except for the autonomous regions of Xinjiang (38% or 40% in 2010) and Tibet Autonomous Region (8% in 2014), where Uighurs and Tibetans are the majority, respectively.
It is home to a number of ethnic groups, including the Uyghur, Han, Kazakhs, Tibetans, Hui, Tajiks, Kyrgyz, Mongols, Russians and Xibe.

Hanzhong

Hanzhong CommanderyHanHanchung
The Han dynasty's founding emperor, Liu Bang, was made king of the Hanzhong region after the fall of the Qin dynasty, a title that was later shortened to "the King of Han" during the Chu-Han contention.
In this way, Hanzhong was responsible for the naming of the Han dynasty, which was later hailed as the first golden age in Chinese history, as well as the principal ethnic group who proudly inherited the name from the dynasty's prominence.

Han River (Hubei)

Han RiverHanHanshui
The name "Hanzhong", in turn, was derived from the Han River, which flows through the region's plains.
The river gave its name to the Han dynasty and, through it, to the Han Chinese, the dominant ethnicity in China and the most populous ethnic group in the world.

Yellow Emperor

HuangdiHuang DiXuanyuan
Writers during the Western Zhou and Han dynasties derived ancestral lineages based on Shang dynasty-era legendary materials, while the Han dynasty historian Sima Qian's Records of the Grand Historian places the reign of the Yellow Emperor, the legendary leader of Youxiong tribes, at the beginning of Chinese history.
Having waned in influence during most of the imperial period, in the early twentieth century Huangdi became a rallying figure for Han Chinese attempts to overthrow the rule of the Qing dynasty, which they considered foreign because its emperors were Manchu people.

China

People's Republic of ChinaChineseCHN
The vast majority of Han Chinese – over 1.2 billion – live in areas under the jurisdiction of the People's Republic of China (PRC), where they constitute about 92% of its population.
Following a widespread civil war during which the imperial library at Xianyang was burned, the Han dynasty emerged to rule China between 206 and 220, creating a cultural identity among its populace still remembered in the ethnonym of the Han Chinese.

Sinicization

sinicizedsinicisedsinicize
Huaxia culture spread southward from its heartland in the Yellow River Basin, absorbing various non-Chinese ethnic groups that became sinicised over the centuries at various points in China's history.
Sinicization, sinicisation, sinofication, or sinification, or sinonization is a process whereby non-Chinese societies come under the influence of Chinese culture, particularly Han Chinese culture, language, societal norms, and ethnic identity.

Xia dynasty

XiaKing of the Xia dynastyXia Kingdom
Prior to the Han dynasty, ancient Chinese scholars used the term Huaxia (, "the magnificent Xia") in texts to describe China proper, while the Chinese populus were referred to as either the "various Hua" or the "various Xia".
According to tradition, the Huaxia were the ancestral people of the Han Chinese.

Guangdong

Guangdong ProvinceCantonKwangtung
Up until the past few decades, overseas Han communities originated predominantly from areas in southern China (especially the Guangdong, Fujian, and Zhejiang areas).
As time passed, the demographics of what is now Guangdong gradually shifted to (Han) Chinese dominance as the populations intermingled due to commerce along the great canals, and abruptly shifted through massive migration from the north during periods of political turmoil and nomadic incursions from the fall of the Han dynasty onwards.

List of contemporary ethnic groups

List of ethnic groupsLists of ethnic groupsworld's largest ethnic group
They constitute the world's largest ethnic group, making up about 18% of the global population.

Uyghurs

UyghurUighurUighurs
Han Chinese are almost the majority in every Chinese province, municipality, and autonomous region except for the autonomous regions of Xinjiang (38% or 40% in 2010) and Tibet Autonomous Region (8% in 2014), where Uighurs and Tibetans are the majority, respectively.
Masud Sabri viewed the Hui people as Muslim Han Chinese and separate from his people, while Bughrain criticized Sheng for his designation of Turkic Muslims into different ethnicities which could sow disunion among Turkic Muslims.