Handgun

Modern handguns (clockwise from top left) Glock 22 * Glock 21 * Kimber Stainless Raptor II * Dan Wesson Commander Classic Bobtail * Smith & Wesson Model 340 * Ruger Blackhawk * Ruger SP101 * SIG Sauer P220 Combat.
Hand cannon from the Chinese Yuan dynasty (1271–1368).
Early German musket with serpentine lock
A wheellock pistol or Puffer, Augsburg, c. 1580
Sparks generated by a flintlock mechanism
A flintlock pistol circa 1700–1730
A typical caplock
Colt Navy Mod 1851, cal .36
Smith & Wesson Army No 2 cal .32 Rimfire, 6 Shot
Colt Model 1873 Single-Action "New Model Army Metallic Cartridge Revolving Pistol"
Smith & Wesson Model 36 is small, concealable, 5 shot, .38 Special revolver
Smith & Wesson Model 19 with its cylinder open, loaded with Norma .357 Magnum ammo.
Philadelphia Deringer made by Henry Deringer. This was the pocket pistol used by John Wilkes Booth in the Abraham Lincoln Assassination.
Mauser C96, the first mass-produced and commercially successful semi-automatic pistol
The Walther PPK pistol is famous as fictional secret agent James Bond's gun in many of the films and novels: Ian Fleming's choice of the Walther PPK directly influenced its popularity and its notoriety.
All-black FN Five-seveN USG pistol surrounded by twenty FN 5.7×28mm cartridges—the contents of a standard magazine.

Short-barrelled firearm that can be held and used with one hand.

- Handgun
Modern handguns (clockwise from top left) Glock 22 * Glock 21 * Kimber Stainless Raptor II * Dan Wesson Commander Classic Bobtail * Smith & Wesson Model 340 * Ruger Blackhawk * Ruger SP101 * SIG Sauer P220 Combat.

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Colt Single Action Army

Revolver

Colt Single Action Army
Firing a Smith & Wesson Model 686 .357 Magnum
A Smith & Wesson Model 1, 2nd issue; a two patent date variety shown next to a period box of .22 Short black powder cartridges
Colt Single Action Army, serial No. 5773, issued to 7th Cavalry during the Indian War period
Smith & Wesson M&P revolver
Details of a Schmidt M1882, showing the hammer, chambers for the ammunition in the cylinder, and the mechanism to rotate the cylinder. Revolver of the Gendarmerie of Vaud, on display at Morges castle museum
An advertisement for Iver Johnson revolvers claimed they were safe enough for children to handle.
The LeMat Percussion Revolver, with 9 revolving chambers firing bullets and a center shotgun barrel firing lead shot, was used by the Confederate troops in the American Civil War.
LeMat Revolver, an unusual pinfire cartridge model
A fixed-cylinder Nagant M1895 with gate open for loading
An IOF .32 top-break revolver
Smith & Wesson Model 1 Third Issue open
A swing-out cylinder revolver.
From Top: Replica of 1849 vintage. .44 Colt Revolving Holster Pistol (Dragoon); Colt Single Action Army Model 1873; Ruger (New Model) Super Blackhawk- Mid and late 20th Century.
Colt Anaconda .44 Magnum double-action revolver
Enfield No. 2 Mk I* double-action-only revolver. Note the spurless hammer.
Circuit Judge carbine.
Closeup of MTs255
Mateba Autorevolver
Colt Anaconda .44 Magnum revolver
Colt Python .357 Magnum revolvers
Smith & Wesson Model 625 for IPSC shooting
Smith & Wesson Model 625JM, as designed by Jerry Miculek.
Alfa Proj Model Alfa Para 9mm caliber
Taurus .357 Magnum Model 605
Taurus .45 Colt/.410 bore Model 4510 'The Judge'
IOF .32 Revolver in .32 S&W
Colt 1849 Pocket Model, made 1850–1873.
Belgian-made Lefaucheux revolver, c. 1860-1865
A Russian Nagant M1895
A Smith & Wesson Model 29
North American Arms (NAA) mini revolver in .22 LR. It can fold into its own grip for safe belt clip carry.

A revolver (also called a six shooter or a wheel gun ) is a repeating handgun that has at least one barrel and uses a revolving cylinder containing multiple chambers (each holding a single cartridge) for firing.

Derringer Colt, first model (1870–1890) on the right, third (1875–1912) on the left, all .41 caliber

Derringer

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Derringer Colt, first model (1870–1890) on the right, third (1875–1912) on the left, all .41 caliber
An original Philadelphia Deringer made by Henry Deringer. This was the pocket pistol used by John Wilkes Booth in the assassination of Abraham Lincoln.
A flintlock muff pistol with unscrewable barrel: the 18th century precursor to the caplock deringer
Right side of the Philadelphia Deringer John Wilkes Booth used to assassinate President Abraham Lincoln
Left side of the Philadelphia Deringer John Wilkes Booth used to assassinate President Abraham Lincoln
Close-up of Philadelphia Deringer's markings
Depiction of President Lincoln's assassination with a Philadelphia Deringer. From left to right, the assassin John Wilkes Booth, Abraham Lincoln, Mary Todd Lincoln, Clara Harris, and Henry Rathbone
Sharps 4-barrel .22 Rimfire deringer, also called pepperbox
Remington Deringer .41 rimfire
Remington Model 95 with pearl grips and barrels open for reloading
FP-45 Liberator on display in Les Invalides
Colt 2nd Model Deringer
.41 rimfire cartridge
A modern .45 Colt and .410 bore Bond Arms derringer
COP .357 Magnum derringer
DoubleTap .45 ACP derringer

A derringer is a small handgun that is neither a revolver nor a semi/fully automatic pistol.

A US Navy sailor fires a Mk 18 Mod 1 carbine at a target.

Firearm

Any type of gun designed to be readily carried and used by an individual.

Any type of gun designed to be readily carried and used by an individual.

A US Navy sailor fires a Mk 18 Mod 1 carbine at a target.
A Colt Single Action Army revolver, with hammer cocked back
A Glock 17 semi-automatic pistol
Springfield Armory M1903 rifle
A US Marine firing a Mossberg 500 shotgun
MG 42 general-purpose machine gun with retracted bipod
The Accuracy International Arctic Warfare series of sniper rifles is a standard issue in the armies of several countries, including those of Britain, Ireland, and Germany (shown).
Czechoslovak 7.65 mm submachine gun Škorpion vz. 61 designed in 1959.
Suomi M31 submachine with a 70-round drum magazine attached, 20- and 50-round box magazines.
The AK-47 is one of the most widely produced and used assault rifles in the world.
FN P90 PDW
Belgian FN SCAR-H
Hand cannon from the Chinese Yuan Dynasty (1271–1368)
The istinggar, a result of Indo-Portuguese gun-making traditions
A) The matchlock gun with button for trigger, which came to Lisbon from Bohemia, used by the Portuguese until the conquest of Goa in 1510. B) The Indo-Portuguese matchlock gun resulted from the combination of Portuguese and Goan gunmaking. C) The Japanese matchlock gun appeared as a copy of the first firearm introduced in the Japanese islands.
A musketeer (1608)
Hand cannon being fired from a stand, "Belli Fortis", manuscript, by Konrad Kyeser, 1400
Percussion cap and early bolt action form
Various Japanese (samurai) Edo period matchlocks (tanegashima)
A wheellock pistol mechanism from the 17th century
Flintlock mechanism
(From left to right): A .577 Snider cartridge (1867), a .577/450 Martini-Henry cartridge (1871), a later drawn brass .577/450 Martini-Henry cartridge, and a .303 British Mk VII SAA Ball cartridge.
The French FAMAS, example of a bullpup rifle
The M4 carbine, a modern-day service rifle capable of being fired automatically. It is in service by the U.S. military and has a wide ability for customization.
Gun-related homicide and suicide rates in high-income OECD countries, 2010, ordered by total death rates (homicide plus suicide plus other gun-related deaths).

Such firearms include handguns such as revolvers, pistols and derringers, and long guns such as rifles (including many subtypes such as anti-material rifles, sniper rifles/designated marksman rifles, battle rifles, assault rifles and carbines), shotguns, submachine guns/personal defense weapons and squad automatic weapons/light machine guns.

Russian Stechkin APS and suppressed APB select-fire machine pistols, introduced into Russian service in 1951

Machine pistol

Autoloading pistol capable of fully automatic fire.

Autoloading pistol capable of fully automatic fire.

Russian Stechkin APS and suppressed APB select-fire machine pistols, introduced into Russian service in 1951
Steyr "Repetierpistole M1912/P16", one of the world's first machine pistols
Mauser Schnellfeuer machine pistol
Stechkin APS machine pistol
Czechoslovak Škorpion vz. 61
MAC-11, a compact version of the MAC-10
H&K VP70 select fire machine pistol with shoulder stock
H&K MP5K, a machine pistol version of the MP5
1970 9 mm Parabellum Beretta 93R, a select-fire machine pistol designed for police and military use
Argentine special forces with a Micro UZI
Man firing a fully automatic 9×19mm Glock 18 machine pistol with a shoulder stock
Steyr TMP machine pistol
Heckler & Koch MP7A1
MAC-10 with a sound suppressor (shown unloaded)
A US Marshal firing a MAC-10 machine pistol on full auto

It can also be used to describe a stockless handgun-style submachine gun.

Sidearms; a revolver and a knife

Sidearm (weapon)

Sidearms; a revolver and a knife

A sidearm is a weapon, usually a handgun, but sometimes a knife, dagger, sword, bayonet, or other melee weapon, which is worn on the body in a holster (in the case of a pistol or revolver) or sheath (in the case of a knife, dagger, sword, or bayonet) to permit immediate access and use.

A soldier practicing with an M1 Garand

Long gun

Category of firearms with long barrels.

Category of firearms with long barrels.

A soldier practicing with an M1 Garand
Long guns on display in front of the Préfecture maritime in Toulon

In small arms, a long gun or longarm is generally designed to be held by both hands and braced against the shoulder, in contrast to a handgun, which can be fired being held with a single hand.

Bullet coming from a Smith & Wesson 686 .357 Magnum, taken with an air-gap flash.

Smith & Wesson

American firearms manufacturer headquartered in Springfield, Massachusetts, United States.

American firearms manufacturer headquartered in Springfield, Massachusetts, United States.

Bullet coming from a Smith & Wesson 686 .357 Magnum, taken with an air-gap flash.
Two Smith & Wesson models 686
Smith & Wesson Model 29s .44 Remington Magnum, 4- and 8⅜-inch barrels
.45 Semi-auto Chief's Special
A Sigma pistol
Smith & Wesson M&P pistol.
A basic version of Smith & Wesson's SW1911 with user-installed Pachmayr grips.
A Model 1000 shotgun
Inmate in Smith & Wesson m-1 "universal" handcuffs secured with a m-1840 belly chain
A Smith & Wesson "ExtremeOps" brand pocket knife
Smith & Wesson Volcanic, caliber .31, between 1854 and 1855
Smith & Wesson Model 1 Second Issue, .22 rimfire
Smith & Wesson Army No 2, made 1863, caliber .32 Rimfire
Smith & Wesson No. 3, New Model, 44 Russian
Smith & Wesson Model 3, Cal. .44, between 1874 and 1878
Smith & Wesson .38 Special Model 1899 Military and Police Hand Ejector
Smith & Wesson M1917 cal. 45
Smith & Wesson Model 10 cal. 38

The Model 27 started the "Magnum Era" of handguns.

A model with a 7½″ barrel

Colt Single Action Army

A model with a 7½″ barrel
Colt Sheriff's Model, 3 in barrel
Colt SAA SAPD, Badge
Colt "Frontier Six Shooter", shipped 1884, etched panel
Colt Bisley Model .38-40 WCF, shipped 1904 to Copper Queen Cons. Mining Co in Bisbee, Arizona
Colt Buntline
Second Generation Colt engraved in 19th Century pattern
Factory engraved SAA by Cuno Helfricht, shipped 1893 to E. J. Post & Co. Albuquerque NM
First generation Colt SAA with carved ivory stocks
First Generation Single Action Army from 1918, .32 WCF (.32-20)
Colt .45 Cartridges
SAA .45 ACP cylinder
Lt. Gen. George S. Patton, Jr. with his ivory-handled Peacemaker
US Colt Single Action 1873 Cavalry Model
George Armstrong Custer with Indian Scouts during Black Hills expedition of 1874; Colt pistols are visible
.45 Colt Single Action Army, serial No 5773 7th Cavalry issued 1877
.38 Colt Single Action Battle of Britain 1940
Colt Model 1873, U.S. Artillery Model

The Colt Single Action Army (also known as the SAA, Model P, Peacemaker, or M1873) is a single-action revolver handgun.

.45 ACP cartridge full metal jacket

.45 ACP

Rimless straight-walled handgun cartridge designed by John Moses Browning in 1904, for use in his prototype Colt semi-automatic pistol.

Rimless straight-walled handgun cartridge designed by John Moses Browning in 1904, for use in his prototype Colt semi-automatic pistol.

.45 ACP cartridge full metal jacket
Cross-sectional diagram of U.S. Army .45 ACP "ball cartridge" for Model 1911 pistol, with dimensions in inches.
45 x 23 mm Automatic Colt Pistol Mod. 1911 (Peters Cartridge Co, USA)
.45 ACP cross section
.45 ACP cartridge dimensions
SAAMI specifications for .45 ACP. All dimensions are in inches (millimeters):
.45 ACP pistol cartridge, FMJ bullet

Since standard-pressure .45 ACP rounds are subsonic when fired from handguns and submachine guns, it is a useful caliber for suppressed weapons to eliminate the sonic boom.

A government-issue M1911 pistol manufactured in 1914

Pistol

A government-issue M1911 pistol manufactured in 1914
Soviet TT pistol manufactured in 1937
European hand cannon (Germany, about 1475)
French Navy pistol model 1837
Colt Model 1873 Single-Action "New Model Army Metallic Cartridge Revolving Pistol"
Semi-automatic pistol Grand Power K100 Target, produced in Slovakia
A Glock 18, a machine pistol derived from the semi-automatic Glock 17.
A COP .357 Derringer, which contains four barrels.
Manner of Jean-François De le Motte (1625–1685). Still Life in Trompe-l'oeil Style With Pistols and a Henri Iv Medaillon [17th Century]
Cornelis Norbertus Gijsbrechts, 1672, Trompe l'oeil med pistoler
"Trompe l´oeil 1737" by Carl Hofverberg
17th century pistols at Läckö Castle.
"The Faithful Colt" 1890 by William Michael Harnett
The M1911, an early semi-automatic pistol
The CZ-75, one of the most successful Wonder Nines
An MP5K machine pistol

A pistol is a handgun, more specifically one with the chamber integral to its gun barrel, though in common usage the two terms are often used interchangeably.