Handheld electronic game

handheld electronic gameselectronic gameshandheld gameHandheld LCDMattel Handheld GamesBrick Gameelectronic handheldelectronic table top gamegamegame-playing
Handheld electronic game(s) are very small, portable devices for playing interactive electronic games, often miniaturized versions of video games.wikipedia
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Electronic game

electro-mechanicalelectronic gameselectro-mechanical game
Handheld electronic game(s) are very small, portable devices for playing interactive electronic games, often miniaturized versions of video games.
Other common forms of electronic game include such products as handheld electronic games, standalone systems (e.g. pinball, slot machines, or electro-mechanical arcade games), and exclusively non-visual products (e.g. audio games).

Smartwatch

smart watchsmartwatcheswatch phone
This simplicity means they can be made as small as a smartwatch, and sometimes are.
While early models could perform basic tasks, such as calculations, digital time telling, translations, and game-playing, 2010s smartwatches have more general functionality closer to smartphones, including mobile apps, a mobile operating system and WiFi/Bluetooth connectivity.

Handheld game console

handheldhandheld video game consolehandheld console
They are the precursors to the handheld game console.
In 1976, Mattel introduced the first handheld electronic game with the release of Auto Race.

Merlin (game)

MerlinMerlin'' (game)
The same year, Parker Brothers also released Merlin, a more sophisticated handheld which could play six different games using an array of 11 buttons with integrated LEDs.
Merlin (sometimes known as Merlin, the Electronic Wizard) was a handheld electronic game first made by Parker Brothers in 1978.

Game & Watch

Game & Watch Gallery 3Mr. Game & Watch
Starting in 1980, Nintendo began to release a series of electronic games designed by Yokoi called the Game & Watch games. Some of the more well-known handheld games of the LCD era are the Game & Watch series by Nintendo and the games by Tiger Electronics, and many titles from other companies were also popular, especially conversions of arcade games.
Game & Watch (ゲーム&ウオッチ Gēmu & Uotchi; called Tricotronic in West Germany and Austria) was a line of handheld electronic games produced by Nintendo from 1980 to 1991.

Coleco

Coleco HoldingsColeco IndustriesColeco Entertainment Corporation
Notable among these were a series of popular 2-player "head-to-head" games from Coleco.
The company transitioned next into handheld electronic games, a market popularized by Mattel.

Gunpei Yokoi

In 1979, Gunpei Yokoi, traveling on a bullet train, saw a bored businessman playing with an LCD calculator by pressing the buttons.
Yokoi then got the idea for a watch that doubled as a miniature video gaming pastime, and went on to create Game & Watch, a line of handheld electronic games.

Tiger Electronics

TigerTiger HandheldHandheld LCD
Some of the more well-known handheld games of the LCD era are the Game & Watch series by Nintendo and the games by Tiger Electronics, and many titles from other companies were also popular, especially conversions of arcade games.
It started with low-tech items like phonographs, then began developing handheld electronic games and educational toys.

Vacuum fluorescent display

VFDvacuum fluorescentdisplay
The visual output of these games can range from a few small light bulbs or LED lights to calculator-like alphanumerical screens; later these were mostly displaced by liquid crystal and vacuum fluorescent display screens with detailed images and in the case of VFD games, color.
LCD games could be manufactured for a fraction of the price, did not require frequent changes of batteries (or AC adapters) and were much more portable.

Survival horror

horrorsurvivalhorror game
Some of its games, such as the horror-themed game Terror House, featured two LCD panels, one stacked on the other, for an early 3D effect.
1982 saw the release of another early horror game, Bandai's Terror House, based on traditional Japanese horror, released as a Bandai LCD Solarpower handheld game.

Bandai LCD Solarpower

LCD Solarpower
In 1982, the Bandai LCD Solarpower series were the first solar-powered gaming devices.
The LCD Solarpower series are handheld electronic games powered by solar energy made by Bandai in 1982.

Nintendo

Nintendo of AmericaNintendo Co., Ltd.NES
Starting in 1980, Nintendo began to release a series of electronic games designed by Yokoi called the Game & Watch games.
Game & Watch is a line of handheld electronic games produced by Nintendo from 1980 to 1991.

Mobile game

mobilemobile gamingmobile phones
Calculator gaming
Handheld electronic game

Video game

video gamesgamevideogame
Handheld electronic game(s) are very small, portable devices for playing interactive electronic games, often miniaturized versions of video games.

Pixel

megapixelpxMP
Rather than a general-purpose screen made up of a grid of small pixels, they usually have custom displays designed to play one game.

Mattel Auto Race

Auto Racehandheld electronic games
Notable early handheld games included Mattel Auto Race (1976), and Mattel Electronic Football (1977), which featured very simple red-LED displays; gameplay involved the player pressing buttons to move his car or quarterback icon (represented by a bright dot) to avoid obstacles (represented by less bright dots).

Milton Bradley Company

Milton BradleyMilton Bradley and Co.Milton-Bradley
In 1978 the Milton Bradley Company entered the handheld market with Simon, a simple color-and-sound-matching game.

Simon (game)

SimonSimon gamesSimon'' (game)
In 1978 the Milton Bradley Company entered the handheld market with Simon, a simple color-and-sound-matching game.

Shinkansen

bullet trainbullet trainshigh-speed lines
In 1979, Gunpei Yokoi, traveling on a bullet train, saw a bored businessman playing with an LCD calculator by pressing the buttons.

Calculator

pocket calculatorcalculatorselectronic calculator
In 1979, Gunpei Yokoi, traveling on a bullet train, saw a bored businessman playing with an LCD calculator by pressing the buttons.

Nintendo Entertainment System

NESFamily ComputerFamicom
Yokoi also included his directional pad on the Famicom game console's controllers, and the cross-shaped thumb controller soon became standard on game console controllers and ubiquitous across the video game industry as a replacement for the joystick.

Arcade game

Arcadearcadesarcade games
Some of the more well-known handheld games of the LCD era are the Game & Watch series by Nintendo and the games by Tiger Electronics, and many titles from other companies were also popular, especially conversions of arcade games.

Card game

card gamescardcards
New games are still being made, but most are based on relatively simple card and board games.

Board game

board gamesboardboardgame
New games are still being made, but most are based on relatively simple card and board games.

Solar energy

solarsolar-poweredsolar powered
In 1982, the Bandai LCD Solarpower series were the first solar-powered gaming devices.