Hanging

hangedhangdeath by hangingExecution by hangingExecuted by hanginghangshangingshunghangmanlong drop
Hanging is the suspension of a person by a noose or ligature around the neck.wikipedia
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Joachim von Ribbentrop

Ribbentropvon RibbentropJoachim Ribbentrop
This method was used to execute condemned Nazis under United States jurisdiction after the Nuremberg Trials including Joachim von Ribbentrop and Ernst Kaltenbrunner.
On 16 October 1946, he became the first of those sentenced to death by hanging to be executed.

Decapitation

beheadeddecapitatedbeheading
Instead of everyone falling the same standard distance, the person's height and weight were used to determine how much slack would be provided in the rope so that the distance dropped would be enough to ensure that the neck was broken, but not so much that the person was decapitated.
Accidental decapitation can be the result of an explosion, a car or industrial accident, improperly administered execution by hanging or other violent injury.

William Marwood

This process, also known as the measured drop, was introduced to Britain in 1872 by William Marwood as a scientific advance on the standard drop.
He developed the technique of hanging known as the "long drop".

Eva Dugan

The decapitation of Eva Dugan during a botched hanging in 1930 led the state of Arizona to switch to the gas chamber as its primary execution method, on the grounds that it was believed more humane.
Eva Dugan (1878 – February 21, 1930) was a convicted murderer whose execution by hanging at the state prison in Florence, Arizona, resulted in her decapitation and influenced the state of Arizona to replace hanging with the lethal gas chamber as a method of execution.

Ernst Kaltenbrunner

KaltenbrunnerKALTENBRUNNER, Ernst
This method was used to execute condemned Nazis under United States jurisdiction after the Nuremberg Trials including Joachim von Ribbentrop and Ernst Kaltenbrunner.
He was sentenced to death and executed by hanging in October 1946.

Strangling

strangulationstrangledstrangle
Suspended by the neck, the weight of the body is used to tighten the noose around the trachea and neck structure causing strangulation and subsequently death.
Fatal strangling typically occurs in cases of violence, accidents, and is one of two main ways that hanging causes death (alongside breaking the victim's neck).

Capital punishment in the Czech Republic

abolition of the capital punishmentCzech RepublicDeath
The common method of execution during the whole period was pole hanging.

Josef Kramer

Joseph Kramer
Nazis executed under British jurisdiction, including Josef Kramer, Fritz Klein, Irma Grese and Elisabeth Volkenrath, were hanged by Albert Pierrepoint using the variable drop method devised by Marwood.
He was detained by the British Army after the Second World War, convicted of war crimes and hanged on the gallows in Hamelin prison by British executioner Albert Pierrepoint.

Ronald Ryan

Ronald Joseph RyanThe Last Man Hangedthe last man to be hanged in Australia
Capital punishment was a part of the Legal system of Australia from its early days as a penal colony for the British Empire, until 1985, when Australia abolished the death penalty in all states; in practice, the last execution in Australia was the hanging of Ronald Ryan on 3 February 1967, in Victoria.
Ryan's hanging was met with public protests by those opposed to capital punishment.

Cervical fracture

broken neckbroke his neckcervical spine fracture
It was considered a humane improvement on the short drop because it was intended to be enough to break the person's neck, causing immediate unconsciousness and rapid brain death.
Hanging also causes a cervical fracture which kills the victim.

Mahmoud Asgari and Ayaz Marhoni

gays being hangedMahmoud AsgariMahmoud Asgari, Ayaz Marhoni
On 19 July 2005, two boys, Mahmoud Asgari and Ayaz Marhoni, aged 15 and 17 respectively, who had been convicted of the rape of a 13-year-old boy, were hanged at Edalat (Justice) Square in Mashhad, on charges of homosexuality and rape.
Mahmoud Asgari, aged 16, and Ayaz Marhoni, aged 18, were Iranian teenagers from the province of Khorasan who were publicly hanged in Edalat (Justice) Square in Mashhad, northeast Iran, on July 19, 2005.

Asphyxia

asphyxiationsuffocationsuffocated
In the absence of fracture and dislocation, occlusion of blood vessels becomes the major cause of death, rather than asphyxiation.

Hangman's fracture

One study showed that only a small minority of a series of judicial hangings produced fractures to the cervical spine (6 out of 34 cases studied), with half of these fractures (3 out of 34) being the classic "hangman's fracture" (bilateral fractures of the pars interarticularis of the C2 vertebra).
Traditionally this would occur during judicial hanging, when the noose was placed below the condemned subject's chin.

Barzan Ibrahim al-Tikriti

Barzan IbrahimBarzan al-TikritiBarzan Ibrahim Hassan Al-Tikriti
One of the more recent decapitations as a result of the long drop occurred when Barzan Ibrahim al-Tikriti was hanged in Iraq in 2007.
On 15 January 2007, he was hanged for crimes against humanity.

Saddam Hussein

SaddamSadam HusseinSadaam Hussein
Hanging was used under the regime of Saddam Hussein, but was suspended along with capital punishment on 10 June 2003, when a coalition led by the United States invaded and overthrew the previous regime.
On 5 November 2006, Saddam was convicted by an Iraqi court of crimes against humanity related to the 1982 killing of 148 Iraqi Shi'a, and sentenced to death by hanging.

Bog body

bog bodiesbog peopleBog Man
In Northern Europe, it is widely speculated that the Iron Age bog bodies, many who show signs of having been hanged were examples of human sacrifice to the gods.
Many bog bodies show signs of being stabbed, bludgeoned, hanged or strangled, or a combination of these methods.

Nuremberg trials

NurembergInternational Military TribunalNuremberg Trial
This method was used to execute condemned Nazis under United States jurisdiction after the Nuremberg Trials including Joachim von Ribbentrop and Ernst Kaltenbrunner.
The death sentences were carried out on 16 October 1946 by hanging using the standard drop method instead of long drop.

Adolf Eichmann

EichmannEichmann trialtrial of Adolf Eichmann
On 31 May 1962, Nazi leader Adolf Eichmann was executed by hanging.
He was found guilty on all of the charges, and was executed by hanging on 1 June 1962.

Barlow and Chambers execution

Kevin BarlowBarlow and ChambersKevin Barlow and Brian Chambers
The Barlow and Chambers execution was carried out as a result of new tighter drug regulations.
The Barlow and Chambers executions were the hangings in 1986 by Malaysia of two Westerners, Kevin John Barlow (Australian and British) and Brian Geoffrey Shergold Chambers (Australian) of Perth, Western Australia, for transporting 141.9 g of heroin.

Arthur Lucas

Accidental decapitation also occurred during the 1962 hanging of Arthur Lucas, one of the last two people to be put to death in Canada.
Lucas, along with fellow prisoner Ronald Turpin, was executed at the Toronto (Don) Jail by hanging, the only form of civilian capital punishment ever used in post-Confederation Canada, although the military employed execution by firing squad.

Irma Grese

Nazis executed under British jurisdiction, including Josef Kramer, Fritz Klein, Irma Grese and Elisabeth Volkenrath, were hanged by Albert Pierrepoint using the variable drop method devised by Marwood.
The women were executed singly by long-drop hanging and then the men in pairs.

Karl Hermann Frank

FRANK, Karl HermannK. H. FrankKarl Frank
He was hanged on 22 May 1946 in the courtyard of the Pankrác Prison in Prague, before 5,000 onlookers.

Ali Hassan al-Majid

Chemical AliAli Hasan al-MajidAli Hassan Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti
At the Anfal genocide trial, Saddam's cousin Ali Hassan al-Majid (aka Chemical Ali), former defence minister Sultan Hashim Ahmed al-Tay, and former deputy Hussein Rashid Mohammed were sentenced to hang for their role in the Al-Anfal Campaign against the Kurds on 24 June 2007.
His appeal of the death sentence was rejected on 4 September 2007, and he was sentenced to death for the fourth time on 17 January 2010 and was hanged eight days later, on 25 January 2010.

War crime

war crimeswar criminalwar criminals
On 23 December 1948, Hideki Tojo, Kenji Doihara, Akira Mutō, Iwane Matsui, Seishirō Itagaki, Kōki Hirota, and Heitaro Kimura were hanged at Sugamo Prison by the U.S. occupation authorities in Ikebukuro in Allied-occupied Japan for war crimes, crimes against humanity, and crimes against peace during the Asia-Pacific theatre of World War II.
In 1865, Henry Wirz, a Confederate States Army officer, was held accountable by a military tribunal and hanged for the appalling conditions at Andersonville Prison, where many Union prisoners of war died during the American Civil War.

Evin Prison

EvinPrison 209section 209
At dawn on 27 July 2008, the Iranian government executed 29 people at Evin Prison in Tehran.
At dawn on 27 July 2008, the Iranian government executed a total of 29 people at Evin Prison by hanging.