Hanoi

Hanoi, VietnamHà NộiThăng LongHa NoiĐông KinhThang LongĐông ĐôHanoïBắc ThànhDongkinh
Hanoi ( or ; Hà Nội ) is the capital of Vietnam.wikipedia
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Vietnam

Viet NamSocialist Republic of VietnamViệt Nam
Hanoi ( or ; Hà Nội ) is the capital of Vietnam.
Its capital city is Hanoi, while its most populous city is Ho Chi Minh City.

French Indochina

IndochinaFrench Indo-ChinaFrench colonial rule
In 1873, Hanoi was conquered by the French, and from 1883 to 1945, the city was the administrative centre of French Indochina.
2. Yun-nan, in the quay of Hanoi

List of cities in Vietnam

3rd in Vietnamcitiescities in Vietnam
With an estimated population of 7.7 million as of 2018, it is the second largest city in Vietnam.

Red River Delta

DeltaGreater Ha Noi – Red River Delta (Hà Nội Kinh-Đồng Bằng Sông Hồng)Red
Located in the central area of the Red River Delta, Hanoi is the commercial, cultural, and educational centre of Northern Vietnam.
Eight provinces together with two municipalities, the capital Hanoi and the port Haiphong form the delta.

August Revolution

Vietnamese Revolution1945 August Revolutiondeclared Vietnamese independence
On 6 January 1946, the National Assembly of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam designated Hanoi as the capital of the newly-independent country, which would last during the First Indochina War (1946–1954) and the Vietnam War (1955–1975).
Within two weeks, forces under the Việt Minh had seized control of most rural villages and cities throughout the North, Center and South Vietnam, including Hanoi, where President Hồ Chí Minh announced the formation of the Provisional Democratic Republic, Huế, Saigon, exception in townships Móng Cái, Vĩnh Yên, Hà Giang, Lào Cai, Lai Châu.

Mỹ Đình National Stadium

My Dinh National StadiumMy Dinh StadiumHanoi
It hosts various venerable educational institutions and cultural venues of national significance, including the National University, the Mỹ Đình National Stadium, and the National Museum of Fine Arts.
The Mỹ Đình National Stadium (Sân vận động Quốc gia Mỹ Đình) is a multi-use stadium in Nam Từ Liêm, Hanoi (Vietnam).

First Indochina War

Indochina WarIndochinaFrench Indochina War
On 6 January 1946, the National Assembly of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam designated Hanoi as the capital of the newly-independent country, which would last during the First Indochina War (1946–1954) and the Vietnam War (1955–1975).
The Chinese accepted the Vietnamese government under Hồ Chí Minh, then in power in Hanoi.

Hanoi Capital Region

HanoiHanoi Capital Region venuesHanoi Metropolitan Region
The metropolitan area, encompassing nine additional neighbouring provinces, has an estimated population of 16 million.
Hanoi will be the core city of this metropolitan area.

Vietnam War

Vietnamwar in VietnamSecond Indochina War
On 6 January 1946, the National Assembly of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam designated Hanoi as the capital of the newly-independent country, which would last during the First Indochina War (1946–1954) and the Vietnam War (1955–1975).
In January 1950, China and the Soviet Union recognized the Viet Minh's Democratic Republic of Vietnam, based in Hanoi, as the legitimate government of Vietnam.

Red River (Asia)

Red RiverRedRed River Valley
Originally a small settlement along the banks of the Red River, the city was founded as Thăng Long, the capital of Imperial Vietnam, in 1010 by monarch Lý Thái Tổ.
The Red River flows past the Vietnamese capital Hanoi before emptying into the Gulf of Tonkin.

Long Biên District

Long BiênLong Bien Districtits eponymous district
Long Biên District is an urban district (quận) of Hanoi, the capital of Vietnam.

Tonkin

TongkingTongkinTonking
In 1428, the Vietnamese overthrew the Chinese under the leadership of Lê Lợi, who later founded the Lê dynasty and renamed Đông Quan Đông Kinh (, "Eastern Capital"-not Tokyo) or Tonkin.
"Tonkin" is a corruption of Đông Kinh, the name of Hanoi during the Lê Dynasty.

Cổ Loa Citadel

Cổ LoaCo Loa
The Cổ Loa Citadel in Đông Anh District served as the capital of the Âu Lạc kingdom founded by the Thục emigrant Thục Phán after his 258 BC conquest of the native Văn Lang.
Cổ Loa Citadel (Thành Cổ Loa) is an important fortified settlement and archaeological site in present-day Hanoi's Dong Anh district, about 16 km northeast of Hanoi city center.

Ho Chi Minh City

SaigonHồ Chí Minh CityHo Chi Minh City, Vietnam
Having an estimated nominal GDP of US$32.8 billion, it is the second most productive economic centre of Vietnam, following Ho Chi Minh City.
Following the death of Franklin Roosevelt and the abandonment of anti-colonialist policies, the U.S. (in an attempt to control the spread of communism) supported France in regaining its control over the country, with effective control spanning mostly in the Southern half and parts of the Red River Delta region like Hanoi, Haiphong and Thái Bình.

Tonkin Free School

Đông Kinh Nghĩa ThụcAssociation for Mutual EducationĐông Kinh Nghĩa Thục (aka Tonkin Free School)
The Tonkin Free School (Đông Kinh Nghĩa Thục, ) was a short-lived but historically significant educational institution in Hanoi that aimed to reform Vietnamese society under French colonialism during the beginning of the 20th century.

Vietnam National Museum of Fine Arts

Fine Art Museum of HanoiFine Arts Museum of VietnamNational Museum of Fine Arts
It hosts various venerable educational institutions and cultural venues of national significance, including the National University, the Mỹ Đình National Stadium, and the National Museum of Fine Arts.
The Vietnam National Museum of Fine Arts (Viện Bảo tàng Mỹ thuật Việt Nam; ) is located in Hanoi, Vietnam.

Lý Thái Tổ

Lý Công UẩnLy Cong UanThái Tổ
Originally a small settlement along the banks of the Red River, the city was founded as Thăng Long, the capital of Imperial Vietnam, in 1010 by monarch Lý Thái Tổ. In 1010, Lý Thái Tổ, the first ruler of the Lý dynasty, moved the capital of Đại Việt to the site of the Đại La Citadel.
He is generally viewed as the founder of the city of Hà Nội.

Thanh Hóa

Thanh HoaThanh HoáThanh Hoa City
Thăng Long remained the capital of Đại Việt until 1397, when it was moved to Thanh Hóa, then known as Tây Đô, the "Western Capital".
The city is situated in the east of the province on the Ma River (Sông Mã), about 150 kilometers (93 miles) south of Hanoi and 1560 kilometers (969 miles) north of Ho Chi Minh City.

Gia Long

Nguyễn ÁnhNguyễn Phúc ÁnhEmperor Gia Long
When the Nguyễn dynasty was established in 1802, Gia Long moved the capital to Huế.
He moved the capital from Hanoi south to Huế as the country's populace had also shifted south over the preceding centuries, and built up fortresses and a palace in his new capital.

Huế

HuéHueHue City
When the Nguyễn dynasty was established in 1802, Gia Long moved the capital to Huế. Thăng Long would remain the most important political and cultural centre of Vietnam until 1802, when the Nguyễn dynasty, the last imperial dynasty of Vietnam, moved the capital to Huế.
It remained the seat of the Imperial Palace until 1945, when Emperor Bao Dai abdicated and the DRV government was established with its capital at Ha Noi (Hanoi), in the north.

Long Biên Bridge

Paul Doumer BridgeLong Bien BridgePaul Doumer
Long Biên Bridge (Cầu Long Biên) is a historic cantilever bridge across the Red River that connects two districts, Hoan Kiem and Long Bien of the city of Hanoi, Vietnam.

Hồ dynasty

Đại NguHồHo Dynasty
Hồ Liêm moved further south and settled in Thanh Hóa Province (about 100 km south of the modern city of Hanoi).

Lý dynasty

Later Lý dynastyLy Dynasty
In 1010, Lý Thái Tổ, the first ruler of the Lý dynasty, moved the capital of Đại Việt to the site of the Đại La Citadel.
The fact that they chose the Đại La Citadel as the capital (later renamed Thăng Long and subsequently Hanoi) showed that they held onto power due to economic strength and were liked by their subjects rather than by military means like previous dynasties.

Âu Lạc

Au LacKingdom of Au LacKingdom of Âu Lạc
The Cổ Loa Citadel in Đông Anh District served as the capital of the Âu Lạc kingdom founded by the Thục emigrant Thục Phán after his 258 BC conquest of the native Văn Lang.
The capital was Cổ Loa, located in present-day Hanoi's Dong Anh district.

South Vietnam

Republic of VietnamSouth VietnameseSouth
Following the end of the war, Hanoi became the capital of a reunified Vietnam when North and South Vietnam were reunited on 2 July 1976.
After the Second World War, the anti-Japanese Việt Minh guerrilla forces, led by Ho Chi Minh, proclaimed the establishment of a Democratic Republic of Vietnam in Hanoi in September 1945, issuing a Declaration of Independence modeled on the US one from 1776.