A report on Hanoi

Coat of arms of Hanoi under French Indochina and State of Vietnam.
A local police station in a French Colonial building by Hoàn Kiếm lake
Administrative divisions of Hanoi
Vietnamese women wearing traditional costume Áo dài during APEC Summit 2006
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One Pillar Pagoda
Front gate of the Temple of Literature
The Tonkin Palace used to host the French Governor of Tonkin
The Hanoi Opera House, taken in the early 20th century, from rue Paul Bert (now Trang Tien street)
The Hotel Metropole was opened in 1901
Traditional Hanoi dwelling, Museum of Ethnology, Hanoi
Pilgrimage at Perfume Pagoda
Approximation of Hanoi's Old Quarter and French Quarters
Performance of the water puppet theatre Thăng Long
The Hanoi Medical University was the first modern university in Vietnam
Inside International Terminal in Noi Bai International Airport
Mỹ Đình National Stadium
Map of Đông Kinh (Hanoi) in 1490, painted by Emperor Lê Thánh Tông
A view of Hanoi from the Red River in 1685, manuscript from Royal Society{{'}}s archive.
French troop attacks Hanoi Fortress in 20/11/1873
French troops leaving the Hanoi fortress in February 1874
The Grand Palais was built for the Hanoi Exhibition, as the city became the capital of French Indochina
People in Hanoi, 1884.
Postcard depicting election day in Hanoi during French Indochina, around 1910
Street of Hanoi during late 19th-early 20th century (now Trang Tien street)
The plan of Hanoi in 1936
Rue Paul Bert (now Trang Tien street)
L'ancien monument de la République (The monument of the republic) built in the front of Governor-General of Indochina
Bird-eye view of Hanoi in 1944, the Hoan kiem lake in the middle
36 old roads of Hanoi
Life on the streets of the Old Quarter
Thiên Trù Pagoda in the Perfume Pagoda complex
Tháp Bút (Pen Tower) with a phrase "Tả thanh thiên" (meaning "Write on the sky") next to Hoàn Kiếm Lake (2007)
Thê Húc Bridge on Hoàn Kiếm Lake
Presidential Palace, Hanoi (formerly Place of The Governor-General of French Indochina)
Hanoi Opera House modeled on the Palais Garnier in Paris
Long Bien Bridge
Museum of Vietnamese History in Hanoi, formerly the first École française d'Extrême-Orient
Tonkin Palace serves as State Guest House
Vietnam National Museum of Fine Arts
National Assembly building
Vietnam National Convention Center
Lotte Center Hanoi in western Ba Đình
AON Landmark 72 in Nam Từ Liêm
Inspiration of French Colonial architecture in Hanoi's modern buildings

Capital city of Vietnam.

- Hanoi
Coat of arms of Hanoi under French Indochina and State of Vietnam.

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Vietnam

27 links

Country in Southeast Asia, at the eastern edge of mainland Southeast Asia, with an area of 311699 km2 and population of 96 million, making it the world's fifteenth-most populous country.

Country in Southeast Asia, at the eastern edge of mainland Southeast Asia, with an area of 311699 km2 and population of 96 million, making it the world's fifteenth-most populous country.

A Đông Sơn bronze drum, c. 800 BC
Vietnam's territories around 1838
The Grand Palais built for the 1902–1903 world's fair, when Hanoi was French Indochina's capital
Partition of French Indochina after the 1954 Geneva Conference
Three US Fairchild UC-123B aircraft spraying Agent Orange during the Operation Ranch Hand as part of a herbicidal warfare operation depriving the food and vegetation cover of the Việt Cộng, c. 1962–1971
Nature attractions in Vietnam, clockwise from top: Hạ Long Bay, Yến River and Bản-Giốc Waterfalls
Hoàng Liên Sơn mountain range, the range that includes Fansipan which is the highest summit on the Indochinese Peninsula.
Köppen climate classification map of Vietnam.
Nha Trang, a popular beach destination has a tropical savanna climate.
Native species in Vietnam, clockwise from top-right: crested argus, a peafowl, red-shanked douc, Indochinese leopard, saola.
Sa Pa mountain hills with agricultural activities
The National Assembly of Vietnam building in Hanoi
Examples of the Vietnam People's Armed Forces weaponry assets. Clockwise from top right: T-54B tank, Sukhoi Su-27UBK fighter aircraft, Vietnam Coast Guard Hamilton-class cutter, and Vietnam People's Army chemical corps with Type 56.
A Communist Party propaganda poster in Hanoi
Historical GDP per capita development of Vietnam
Tree map showing Vietnam's exports
Vietnam's tallest skyscraper, the Landmark 81 located in Bình Thạnh, Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon).
Terraced rice fields in Sa Pa
A Vietnamese-made TOPIO 3.0 humanoid ping-pong-playing robot displayed during the 2009 International Robot Exhibition (IREX) in Tokyo.
Vietnamese science students working on an experiment in their university lab.
Hội An, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is a major tourist destination.
HCMC–LT–DG section of the North–South Expressway.
Tan Son Nhat International Airport is the busiest airport in the country.
The port of Hai Phong is one of the largest and busiest container ports in Vietnam.
Sơn La Dam in northern Vietnam, the largest hydroelectric dam in Southeast Asia.
In rural areas of Vietnam, piped water systems are operated by a wide variety of institutions including a national organisation, people committees (local government), community groups, co-operatives and private companies.
Development of life expectancy in Vietnam since 1950
Vietnam population pyramid in 2019
District 1, Ho Chi Minh City.
Urbanisation in west Hanoi
Vietnamese calligraphy in Latin alphabet.
Vietnamese traditional white school uniform for girls in the country, the áo dài with the addition of nón lá, a conical hat.
Vietnamese dragon on Emperor Khải Định's c. 1917 scroll in British Library collection.
Ca trù trio performance in northern Vietnam
Some of the notable Vietnamese cuisine, clockwise from top-right: phở noodle, chè thái fruit dessert, chả giò spring roll and bánh mì sandwich.
Vietnam Television (VTV), the main state television station
Special Tết decoration in the country seen during the holiday
Mỹ Đình National Stadium in Hanoi.

Its capital is Hanoi and largest city Ho Chi Minh City.

Clockwise from top left: U.S. combat operations in Ia Đrăng

ARVN Rangers defending Saigon during the 1968 Tết Offensive

Two A-4C Skyhawks after the Gulf of Tonkin incident

ARVN recapture Quảng Trị during the 1972 Easter Offensive

Civilians fleeing the 1972 Battle of Quảng Trị

Burial of 300 victims of the 1968 Huế Massacre

Vietnam War

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Conflict in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.

Conflict in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.

Clockwise from top left: U.S. combat operations in Ia Đrăng

ARVN Rangers defending Saigon during the 1968 Tết Offensive

Two A-4C Skyhawks after the Gulf of Tonkin incident

ARVN recapture Quảng Trị during the 1972 Easter Offensive

Civilians fleeing the 1972 Battle of Quảng Trị

Burial of 300 victims of the 1968 Huế Massacre
The Geneva Conference, 1954
Ba Cut in Can Tho Military Court 1956, commander of religious movement the Hòa Hảo, which had fought against the Việt Minh, Vietnamese National Army and Cao Dai movement throughout the first war
Map of insurgency and "disturbances", 1957 to 1960
U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower and Secretary of State John Foster Dulles greet President Ngô Đình Diệm of South Vietnam in Washington, 8 May 1957
The Ho Chi Minh trail, known as the Truong Son Road by the North Vietnamese, cuts through Laos. This would develop into a complex logistical system which would allow the North Vietnamese to maintain the war effort despite the largest aerial bombardment campaign in history
The Ho Chi Minh trail required, on average, four months of rough-terrain travel for combatants from North Vietnam destined for the Southern battlefields.
President Kennedy's news conference of 23 March 1961
South Vietnam, Military Regions, 1967
Kennedy and McNamara
ARVN forces capture a Viet Cong
Ngô Đình Diệm after being shot and killed in a coup on 2 November 1963
Viet Cong fighters crossing a river
A U.S. B-66 Destroyer and four F-105 Thunderchiefs dropping bombs on North Vietnam during Operation Rolling Thunder
ARVN Forces and a US Advisor inspect a downed helicopter, Battle of Dong Xoai, June 1965
A Marine from 1st Battalion, 3rd Marines, moves a suspected Viet Cong during a search and clear operation held by the battalion 15 mi west of Da Nang Air Base, 1965.
Peasants suspected of being Viet Cong under detention of U.S. Army, 1966
Heavily bandaged woman burned by napalm, with a tag attached to her arm which reads "VNC Female" meaning Vietnamese civilian
A US "tunnel rat" soldier prepares to enter a Viet Cong tunnel.
Viet Cong soldier crouches in a bunker with an SKS rifle
ARVN forces assault a stronghold in the Mekong Delta.
Viet Cong before departing to participate in the Tet Offensive around Saigon-Gia Dinh
North Vietnamese regular army forces
The ruins of a section of Saigon, in the Cholon neighborhood, following fierce fighting between ARVN forces and Viet Cong Main Force battalions
Soviet Premier Alexei Kosygin with U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson at the Glassboro Summit Conference where the two representatives discussed the possibilities of a peace settlement
Propaganda leaflet urging the defection of Viet Cong and North Vietnamese to the side of the Republic of Vietnam
ARVN and US Special Forces, September 1968
An alleged Viet Cong captured during an attack on an American outpost near the Cambodian border is interrogated.
Pathet Lao soldiers in Vientiane, 1972
Soviet advisers inspecting the debris of a B-52 downed in the vicinity of Hanoi
American POWs recently released from North Vietnamese prison camps, 1973
Civilians in a NVA/Viet Cong controlled zone. Civilians were required to show appropriate flags, during the War of the flags
Memorial commemorating the 1974 Buon Me Thuot campaign, depicting a Montagnard of the Central Highlands, a NVA soldier and a T-54 tank
The capture of Hue, March 1975
Victorious PAVN troops at the Presidential Palace, Saigon
Anti-war demonstration in the US, 1967
Ho Chi Minh from the Việt Minh independence movement and Việt Cộng with East German sailors in Stralsund harbour, 1957
Leonid Brezhnev (left) was the Soviet Union's leader during the Vietnam War.
Soviet anti-air instructors and North Vietnamese crewmen in the spring of 1965 at an anti-aircraft training center in Vietnam
Vietnam People's Air Force pilots walk by their aircraft, the MiG-17. The development of the North Vietnamese Vietnam People's Air Force (VPAF) during the war was assisted by Warsaw Pact nations throughout the war. Between 1966 and 1972 a total of 17 flying aces was credited by the VPAF against US fighters.
Fidel Castro meeting with Võ Nguyên Giáp at the Vietnam Military History Museum
East German solidarity stamp depicting a Vietnamese mother and child with the text "Unconquerable Vietnam"
The Thai Queen's Cobra battalion in Phuoc Tho
An Australian soldier in Vietnam
Victims of the My Lai massacre
Napalm burn victims during the war being treated at the 67th Combat Support Hospital
Interment of victims of the Huế Massacre
Da Nang, South Vietnam, 1968
A nurse treats a Vietnamese child, 1967
Female Viet Cong guerrilla in combat
Master-Sergeant and pharmacist Do Thi Trinh, part of the WAFC, supplying medication to ARVN dependents
Memorial temple to Nguyễn Thị Định and the female volunteers of the Viet Cong whom she commanded. They came to call themselves the "Long-Haired Army".
A wounded African-American soldier being carried away, 1968
Guerrillas assemble shells and rockets delivered along the Ho Chi Minh Trail.
UH-1D helicopters airlift members of a U.S. infantry regiment, 1966
North Vietnamese SAM crew in front of SA-2 launcher. The Soviet Union provided North Vietnam with considerable anti-air defence around installations.
Bombs being dropped by the B-52 Stratofortress long-range strategic bomber.
B-52 wreckage in Huu Tiep Lake, Hanoi. Downed during Operation Linebacker II, its remains have turned into a war monument.
Vietnamese refugees fleeing Vietnam, 1984
A bombed Buddha statue in Laos. U.S. bombing campaigns made Vietnam the single most bombed country in history.
Captured U.S.-supplied armored vehicles and artillery pieces
A young Marine private waits on the beach during the Marine landing, Da Nang, 3 August 1965
A marine gets his wounds treated during operations in Huế City, in 1968
Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara and General Westmoreland talk with General Tee on conditions of the war in Vietnam.
U.S. helicopter spraying chemical defoliants in the Mekong Delta, South Vietnam, 1969
Handicapped children in Vietnam, most of them victims of Agent Orange, 2004
Cemetery for ten unmarried girls who volunteered for logistical activities, who died in a B-52 raid at Đồng Lộc Junction, a strategic junction along the Ho Chi Minh trail
Stone plaque with photo of the "Thương tiếc" (Mourning Soldier) statue, originally, installed at the Republic of Vietnam National Military Cemetery. The original statue was demolished in April 1975.
The Ho Chi Minh trail required, on average, four months of rough-terrain travel for combatants from North Vietnam destined for the Southern battlefields.

In January 1950, China and the Soviet Union recognized the Viet Minh's Democratic Republic of Vietnam, based in Hanoi, as the legitimate government of Vietnam.

Clockwise from top: After the fall of Dien Bien Phu supporting Laotian troops fall back across the Mekong River into Laos; French Marine commandos wade ashore off the Annam coast in July 1950; M24 Chaffee American light tank used by French in Vietnam; Geneva Conference on 21 July 1954; A Grumman F6F-5 Hellcat from Escadrille 1F prepares to land on operating in the Gulf of Tonkin.

First Indochina War

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The First Indochina War (generally known as the Indochina War in France, and as the Anti-French Resistance War in Vietnam) began in French Indochina on December 19, 1946, and lasted until July 20, 1954.

The First Indochina War (generally known as the Indochina War in France, and as the Anti-French Resistance War in Vietnam) began in French Indochina on December 19, 1946, and lasted until July 20, 1954.

Clockwise from top: After the fall of Dien Bien Phu supporting Laotian troops fall back across the Mekong River into Laos; French Marine commandos wade ashore off the Annam coast in July 1950; M24 Chaffee American light tank used by French in Vietnam; Geneva Conference on 21 July 1954; A Grumman F6F-5 Hellcat from Escadrille 1F prepares to land on operating in the Gulf of Tonkin.
French Indochina (1913)
Võ Nguyên Giáp and Hồ Chí Minh (1945)
Japanese troops lay down their arms to British troops in a ceremony in Saigon after the surrender of Japan.
Commander of the C.L.I. (Corps Léger d'Intervention) arriving in Indochina.
Telegram from Hồ Chí Minh to U.S. President Harry S. Truman requesting support for independence (Hanoi, February 28, 1946)
Hồ Chí Minh and Marius Moutet shaking hands after signing modus vivendi 1946 after Fontainebleau Agreements
French Marine commandos wade ashore off the Annam coast
A map of dissident activities in Indochina in 1950
General Trình Minh Thế
French foreign airborne 1st BEP firing with an FM 24/29 light machine gun during an ambush (1952)
A Bearcat naval fighter aircraft of the Aéronavale drops napalm on Việt Minh Division 320th's artillery during Operation Mouette (November 1953)
Map of the war in 1954: Orange = Areas under Việt Minh control. Purple = Areas under French control. White-dotted hatch = Areas of Việt Minh guerrilla encampment and fighting.
Captured French soldiers, escorted by Vietnamese troops, walk to a prisoner-of-war camp in Dien Bien Phu
The 1954 Geneva Conference
Student demonstration in Saigon, July 1964, observing the tenth anniversary of the July 1954 Geneva Agreements
French Foreign Legion patrol question a suspected member of the Việt Minh.
China supplied the Việt Minh with hundreds of Soviet-built GAZ-51 trucks during the 1950s.
Anti-communist Vietnamese refugees moving from a French LSM landing ship to the USS Montague (AKA-98) during Operation Passage to Freedom in 1954
Bois Belleau (aka USS Belleau Wood (CVL-24)) transferred to France in 1953
A 1952 F4U-7 Corsair of the 14.F flotilla which fought at Dien Bien Phu
French-marked USAF C-119 flown by CIA pilots over Dien Bien Phu in 1954
A poster celebrating the 60th anniversary of the French recognition of North Vietnamese independence
French Indochina medal, law of August 1, 1953

The Chinese accepted one Vietnamese government under Hồ Chí Minh, then in power in Hanoi (Tonkin's capital).

French Indochina

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Grouping of French colonial territories in Southeast Asia until its demise in 1954.

Grouping of French colonial territories in Southeast Asia until its demise in 1954.

Map of French Indochina, excluding Guangzhouwan
Expansion of French Indochina (violet)
The emblem and seal of the Government-General.
Map of French Indochina, excluding Guangzhouwan
Siamese Army troops in the disputed territory of Laos in 1893
The Presidential Palace, in Hanoi, built between 1900 and 1906 to house the Governor-General of Indochina
Occupation of Trat by French troops in 1904
French Indochina around 1933
A propaganda painting in Hanoi, 1942
Members of the 1st Foreign Parachute Heavy Mortar Company during the Indochina War
Indochina in 1954
Indochina in 1891 (from Le Monde illustré)
The Cathédrale Saint-Joseph de Hanoï, inspired by Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Paris
Subdivisions of French Indochina
Paul Doumer Bridge, now Long Biên Bridge.
Musée Louis Finot in Hanoi, built by Ernest Hébrard in 1932, now the National Museum of Vietnamese History
A report by the Viện cơ mật on the financial and military aid given by the Nguyễn dynasty to Great France in the year Khải Định 2 (1917). Note how the document ends with the phrases Đại Pháp vạn tuế, Đông Dương vạn tuế (大法萬歲, 東洋萬歲).

The capital for most of its history (1902–45) was Hanoi; Saigon was the capital from 1887 to 1902 and again from 1945 to 1954.

Kingdom of the Dai Viet (blue) in c. undefined 1000.

Đại Việt

10 links

Kingdom of the Dai Viet (blue) in c. undefined 1000.
Kingdom of the Dai Viet (blue) in c. undefined 1000.
The Tĩnh Hải quân (Jinghai cirtuit) of the Khuc clan in 907 at the bottom of the map
Sculpture of Đinh Bộ Lĩnh in Hoa Lư temple (c. 17th cent).
A Thái Bình Hưng Bảo coin (~970s).
Statue of Ly Cong Uan (974–1028) in Bac Ninh.
The inscription of Dạm Pagoda (built by king Lý Nhân Tông around c. early 12th cent).
Luqīn (Annam/Đại Việt) and Sanf (Champa) are shown in the bottom right of the Tabula Rogeriana, drawn by al-Idrisi for Roger II of Sicily in 1154.
Tây Đô citadel, built by Hồ Quý Ly, c. 1397.
Temple of Literature, Hanoi, served as royal school during 11th–18th century
1653 French map represents political divisions of the Đại Việt kingdom during 17th century: northern part (Tonkin) was ruled by the Trịnh family, while southern part (Cochinchina) was being under Nguyễn Phúc family.
Painting depicts the funeral of lord Trịnh Tùng, who ruled northern Đại Việt from 1572 to 1623 as military dictator.
Painting depicts emperor Lê Hy Tông (r. 1675–1705) giving an audience, c. 1685.
Steles inscribe names of graduated scholars in Quốc Tử Giám of Hanoi
Dai Viet or Annam during mid-18th-century, politically divided near the 18th parallel north between the Trinh and Nguyen domains.
A 15th-century Vietnamese blue-white ceramic dish. National Museum of Vietnamese History
Steeple of the Keo temple, timber, c. 1630.
{{center|Bình Sơn stupa, Vĩnh Phúc, built around the year 1200.}}
{{center|Phổ Minh stupa, built in ca. 1262.{{sfnp|Miksic|Yian|2016|p=491}}}}
{{center|The One Pillar Pagoda. Constructed around 1050 by Emperor Lý Thái Tông,{{sfnp|Schweyer|Piemmettawat|2011|p=261}} destroyed in 1952.}}
{{center|A 14th-century stupa in the jungles of Quảng Ninh.}}
{{center|Bảo Nghiêm stupa, in Bút Tháp Temple, built c. 1647.{{sfnp|Schweyer|Piemmettawat|2011|p=323}}}}
{{center|The stupa of Trấn Quốc Pagoda, c. 1615.{{sfnp|Schweyer|Piemmettawat|2011|p=272}}}}
{{center|Pagoda of the Celestial Lady, c. 1590.}}
{{center|Dâu Pagoda, c. 1647.{{sfnp|Schweyer|Piemmettawat|2011|p=308}}}}
1651 horizontal map by Alexandre de Rhodes showing Dai Viet (Regnum Annam) and its division between the Trinh and the Nguyen domains (slight borders at the middle).

Đại Việt (, ; literally Great Việt), often known as Annam, was a kingdom in eastern Mainland Southeast Asia from the 10th century AD to the early 19th century, centered around the region of present-day Hanoi, Northern Vietnam.

South Vietnam

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Country in Southeast Asia that existed from 1955 to 1975, the period when the southern portion of Vietnam was a member of the Western Bloc during part of the Cold War.

Country in Southeast Asia that existed from 1955 to 1975, the period when the southern portion of Vietnam was a member of the Western Bloc during part of the Cold War.

About 1 million North Vietnamese refugees left the newly created communist North Vietnam during Operation "Passage to Freedom" (October 1954).
US President Dwight D. Eisenhower and Secretary of State John Foster Dulles greet President Ngô Đình Diệm of South Vietnam in Washington, 8 May 1957.
A woman casting her ballot in the 1967 elections in the Republic of Vietnam
Radio Vietnam broadcast hours cards, denoting times and frequencies of radio broadcasts in 1960 and 1962. Address: 3 Phan Dinh Phung St., Saigon
Map of South Vietnam

The end of the Second World War saw anti-Japanese Việt Minh guerrilla forces, led by communist fighter Ho Chi Minh, proclaiming the establishment of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam in Hanoi in September 1945.

Sài Gòn may refer to the kapok (bông gòn) trees that are common around the city.

Ho Chi Minh City

17 links

Largest city in Vietnam.

Largest city in Vietnam.

Sài Gòn may refer to the kapok (bông gòn) trees that are common around the city.
A French drawing of the French Siege of Saigon in 1859 by joint Franco-Spanish forces
The crest of Saigon.
Capture of Saigon by Charles Rigault de Genouilly on 17 February 1859, painted by Antoine Morel-Fatio.
Saigon City Hall (1968)
Street view of Saigon in 1968
Saigon Opera House in 1967
Population density and elevation above sea level in Ho Chi Minh City (2010)
Ho Chi Minh City Hall at night
Night view of the city from Bitexco Financial Tower
Administrative divisions of HCMC's urban districts and municipal city 1–12. Districts 1 to 12 2. Thủ Đức City 13. Bình Thạnh 14. Bình Tân 15. Gò Vấp 16. Phú Nhuận 17. Tân Bình 18. Tân Phú
Saigon Port
Hi-Tech Park, District 9.
Saigon Railway Station
Reunification Palace,
District 1
.
Saigon Opera House
Saigon Notre Dame Cathedral
Tan Son Nhat International Airport is the busiest airport in Vietnam
Proposed Metro Map
HCMC-LT-DG Expressway
Franco-Vietnamese Hospital in District 7, Ho Chi Minh City
RMIT Saigon South Campus
The headquarters of the Vietnam National University Ho Chi Minh City is in Linh Trung ward, Thu Duc University Village
War Remnants Museum
HTV Headquarters in Saigon
Book Street in Saigon
Thống Nhất Stadium is the largest stadium in Ho Chi Minh City
Hùng Temple (Đền Hùng) in Ho Chi Minh City.

Ho Chi Minh City is located in the south-eastern region of Vietnam, 1760 km south of Hanoi.

Portrait of Hồ Chí Minh, c. 1946

Ho Chi Minh

17 links

Vietnamese revolutionary and statesman.

Vietnamese revolutionary and statesman.

Portrait of Hồ Chí Minh, c. 1946
A 1920 security report by the French Indochinese government on Nguyễn Tất Thành listing his aliases, places of residence, his father's occupation, as well as other information.
Commemorative plaque in Haymarket in London
Hồ Chí Minh, 1921, going by the pseudonym Nguyễn Ái Quốc, attending a Communist congress in Marseille, France.
A plaque in Compoint Lane, District 17, Paris indicates where Hồ Chí Minh lived from 1921 to 1923
Ho Chi Minh worked as a cook all over the world from 1911 to 1928, also in Milano. This plaque in Via Pasubio, on the left next to "Antica Trattoria Della Pesa", remembers one of his workplaces.
House on Memorium for Hồ Chí Minh in Ban Nachok, Nakhon Phanom, Thailand
Hồ Chí Minh (third from left, standing) with the OSS in 1945
Võ Nguyên Giáp (left) with Hồ Chí Minh (right) in Hanoi in 1945
Effigies of Charles de Gaulle and Hồ Chí Minh are hanged by students during a demonstration in Saigon, July 1964, observing the tenth anniversary of the July 1954 Geneva Agreements
Hồ Chí Minh with East German sailors in Stralsund harbor during his 1957 visit to East Germany
Hồ Chí Minh with members of the East German Young Pioneers near Berlin, 1957
Hồ Chí Minh holding his god-daughter, baby Elizabeth (Babette) Aubrac, with Elizabeth's mother, Lucie, 1946
Hồ Chí Minh watching a football game in his favorite fashion, with his closest comrade Prime Minister Phạm Văn Đồng seated to Ho's left (photo right)
Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum, Hanoi.
Hồ Chí Minh statue and a yellow star as depicted in the Vietnamese flag
Hồ Chí Minh statue outside Hồ Chí Minh City Hall, Hồ Chí Minh City
Shrine devoted to Hồ Chí Minh
Temple devoted to Nguyễn Sinh Sắc, Hồ Chí Minh's father
Ho Chi Minh pictured with children in a photo by state media
Hồ Chí Minh bust in Kolkata, India

In the same month, a force of 200,000 National Revolutionary Army troops arrived in Hanoi to accept the surrender of the Japanese occupiers in northern Indochina.

Huế

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Capital of Thừa Thiên Huế province in central Vietnam and was the capital of Đàng Trong from 1738 to 1775 and of Vietnam during the Nguyễn dynasty from 1802 to 1945.

Capital of Thừa Thiên Huế province in central Vietnam and was the capital of Đàng Trong from 1738 to 1775 and of Vietnam during the Nguyễn dynasty from 1802 to 1945.

Enthronement of Emperor Bảo Đại in the Imperial City in 1926
Satellite picture of the city and the Perfume River
Local People's Committee building in Huế
Festival in Hue
Bun Bo Hue, a typical noodle dish
Pagoda of the Celestial Lady
Hue Imperial City
Huế Railway Station.
Entrance of the Imperial City
Imperial City
Gate
Nine Dynastic Urns
Staircases at Hiem Lam Cac
Imperial City, Gate
Moat
Lotus lake
Mandarin soldiers at Khải Định tomb
Perfume River
Tomb of Emperor Khải Định
Trường Tiền Bridge
Thế Miếu temple
Meridian Gate
Walls of Imperial City of Hue

It remained the seat of the Imperial Palace until 1945, when Emperor Bao Dai abdicated and the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRV) government was established with its capital at Ha Noi (Hanoi), in the north.

Tonkin, 1771.

Tonkin

8 links

Exonym referring to the northern region of Vietnam.

Exonym referring to the northern region of Vietnam.

Tonkin, 1771.
1873 map of the deltaic plain of Tonkin region (northern Vietnam).
1894 map of Red River Delta in French protectorate of Tonkin.
Administrative divisions of Tonkin 1929
Administrative divisions of Tonkin 1920
Tonkin in the early 1900s
1899 Map of Tonkin
Tonkin in the 1880s
Military territories of Tonkin 1894
Capture of Nam Định, 1883
French zouave officer in Tonkin, Spring 1885
Hanoi around 1910
The French General Gouvernor's Palace in Hanoi
Tonkin woman with black-painted teeth, ca. 1908

This was the name of the capital of the Lê dynasty (present-day Hanoi).