Hanover

HannoverHanover, GermanyHannover, GermanydistrictHanoverianBerlincapitalcity in GermanyCity of HanoverH
Hanover or Hannover (Hannover ; Hannober) is the capital and largest city of the German state of Lower Saxony.wikipedia
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Germany

🇩🇪GermanGER
Hanover or Hannover (Hannover ; Hannober) is the capital and largest city of the German state of Lower Saxony.
The country's other major cities are Hamburg, Munich, Cologne, Stuttgart, Düsseldorf, Leipzig, Dresden, Bremen, Hannover, and Nuremberg.

Lower Saxony

Lower SaxonNiedersachsenSaxon
Hanover or Hannover (Hannover ; Hannober) is the capital and largest city of the German state of Lower Saxony.
In fact, Lower Saxony borders more neighbours than any other single Bundesland. The state's principal cities include the state capital Hanover, Braunschweig (Brunswick), Lüneburg, Osnabrück, Oldenburg, Hildesheim, Wolfenbüttel, Wolfsburg, and Göttingen.

List of cities in Germany by population

cities80 largest cities in Germanylargest
Its 535,061 (2017) inhabitants make it the thirteenth-largest city of Germany, as well as the third-largest city of Northern Germany after Hamburg and Bremen.

Province of Hanover

HanoverHanoverianHannover
Before it became the capital of Lower Saxony in 1946, Hanover was the capital of the Principality of Calenberg (1636–1692), the Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1692–1814), the Kingdom of Hanover (1814–1866), the Province of Hanover of the Kingdom of Prussia (1868–1918), the Province of Hanover of the Free State of Prussia (1918–1946), and of the State of Hanover (1946).
In 1946, the British military administration recreated the Land of Hanover based on the former Kingdom of Hanover; but within the year, at the instigation of the German leadership, it was merged into the new Bundesland of Lower Saxony—along with the states of Oldenburg, Brunswick, and Schaumburg-Lippe—with the city of Hanover as the capital of this new state.

University of Hanover

HanoverHannoverTechnical University of Hanover
The city's most notable institutions of higher education are the Hannover Medical School with its university hospital (Klinikum der Medizinischen Hochschule Hannover), and the University of Hanover.
The University of Hanover, officially the Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Universität Hannover, short Leibniz University Hannover, is a public university located in Hannover, Germany.

Expo 2000

EXPO20002000 Hannover World Expo
The Hanover fairground, due to numerous extensions, especially for the Expo 2000, is the largest in the world.
Expo 2000 was a World's Fair held in Hanover, Germany from Thursday 1 June to Tuesday 31 October 2000.

Principality of Calenberg

CalenbergBrunswick-CalenbergDuke of Brunswick-Calenberg
Before it became the capital of Lower Saxony in 1946, Hanover was the capital of the Principality of Calenberg (1636–1692), the Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1692–1814), the Kingdom of Hanover (1814–1866), the Province of Hanover of the Kingdom of Prussia (1868–1918), the Province of Hanover of the Free State of Prussia (1918–1946), and of the State of Hanover (1946). In 1636 George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, ruler of the Brunswick-Lüneburg principality of Calenberg, moved his residence to Hanover.
The city of Hanover was largely independent of Welf territorial lordship, even though it was not formally a free imperial city.

CEBIT

CeBIT LiveCEBIT Tech Fair
Hanover hosts annual commercial trade fairs such as the Hanover Fair and up to 2018 the CeBIT.
The trade fair was held each year on the Hanover fairground, the world's largest fairground, in Hanover, Germany.

Hanover Fairground

MessegeländeEXPO 2000 Tennis DomeMesse/Ost
The Hanover fairground, due to numerous extensions, especially for the Expo 2000, is the largest in the world.
The Hanover Fairground (in German: Messegelände Hannover) is an exhibition area in the Mittelfeld district of Hanover, Germany.

Hannover Medical School

Hanover Medical SchoolMedical University of Hannover (MHH)Medizinische Hochschule Hannover
The city's most notable institutions of higher education are the Hannover Medical School with its university hospital (Klinikum der Medizinischen Hochschule Hannover), and the University of Hanover.
The Hannover Medical School (Medizinische Hochschule Hannover abbreviated MHH in German), founded in 1965, is a university medical centre in the city of Hanover, in Germany, part of a regional medical network.

Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg

HanoverHanoverianElectorate of Hanover
Before it became the capital of Lower Saxony in 1946, Hanover was the capital of the Principality of Calenberg (1636–1692), the Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1692–1814), the Kingdom of Hanover (1814–1866), the Province of Hanover of the Kingdom of Prussia (1868–1918), the Province of Hanover of the Free State of Prussia (1918–1946), and of the State of Hanover (1946). From 1714 to 1837, Hanover was by personal union the family seat of the Hanoverian Kings of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, under their title of the dukes of Brunswick-Lüneburg (later described as the Elector of Hanover).
It was colloquially known as the Electorate of Hanover (Kurfürstentum Hannover or simply Kurhannover), after its capital city of Hanover.

George I of Great Britain

George IKing George IKing George
The first of these was George I Louis, who acceded to the British throne in 1714.
George was born in Hanover and inherited the titles and lands of the Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg from his father and uncles.

States of Germany

statefederal statestates
Hanover or Hannover (Hannover ; Hannober) is the capital and largest city of the German state of Lower Saxony.
District of Hanover: formed in 2001 from the rural district of Hanover and the district-free city of Hanover.

House of Hanover

HanoverianHanoverHanoverians
From 1714 to 1837, Hanover was by personal union the family seat of the Hanoverian Kings of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, under their title of the dukes of Brunswick-Lüneburg (later described as the Elector of Hanover).
George I, George II, and George III also served as electors and dukes of Brunswick-Lüneburg, informally, Electors of Hanover (cf.

Hanover Schützenfest

Every year Hanover hosts the Schützenfest Hannover, the world's largest marksmen's festival, and the Oktoberfest Hannover.
The Hanover Schützenfest (Schützenfest Hannover) at Hanover in Germany is the largest marksmen's funfair in the world.

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland

United KingdomBritishUK
Its Electors later become monarchs of Great Britain (and from 1801, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland).
The peace settlement was in effect only a ceasefire, and Napoleon continued to provoke the British by attempting a trade embargo on the country and by occupying the city of Hanover, capital of the Electorate, a German-speaking duchy which was in a personal union with the United Kingdom.

Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg

BrunswickBrunswick-LüneburgDuke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
From 1714 to 1837, Hanover was by personal union the family seat of the Hanoverian Kings of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, under their title of the dukes of Brunswick-Lüneburg (later described as the Elector of Hanover). In 1636 George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, ruler of the Brunswick-Lüneburg principality of Calenberg, moved his residence to Hanover.
In 1634, as a result of inheritance distributions, it went to the House of Lüneburg, before becoming an independent principality again in 1635, when it was given to George, younger brother of Prince Ernest II of Lüneburg, who chose Hanover as his Residenz.

Hannover Messe

Hanover FairExpo fairgrounds in HanoverExport-Messe
Hanover hosts annual commercial trade fairs such as the Hanover Fair and up to 2018 the CeBIT.
It is held on the Hanover Fairground in Hanover, Lower Saxony, Germany.

Ernest Augustus, King of Hanover

Ernest AugustusDuke of CumberlandErnest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland
Thus, Hanover passed to William IV's brother, Ernest Augustus, and remained a kingdom until 1866, when it was annexed by Prussia during the Austro-Prussian war.
He was the fifth son and eighth child of King George III of the United Kingdom and Hanover.

Leine

River LeineLeine depressionLeine River
The city lies at the confluence of the River Leine (progression: ) and its tributary Ihme, in the south of the North German Plain, and is the largest city of the Hannover–Braunschweig–Göttingen–Wolfsburg Metropolitan Region.
Important towns along its course, from upstream to downstream, are Göttingen, Einbeck, Alfeld, and Gronau, before the river enters Hanover, the largest city on its banks.

Battle of Langensalza (1866)

Battle of Langensalzaa battleBattle of Lagensalza
Despite Hanover being expected to defeat Prussia at the Battle of Langensalza, Prussia employed Moltke the Elder's Kesselschlacht order of battle to instead destroy the Hanoverian army.
This marked the demise of the Hanoverian Army and the annexation of Hanover into the burgeoning kingdom of Prussia as it systematically unified Germany into the modern nation state.

Bremen

Bremen, GermanyBremercity of Bremen
Its 535,061 (2017) inhabitants make it the thirteenth-largest city of Germany, as well as the third-largest city of Northern Germany after Hamburg and Bremen.
Bremen lies about 50 km east of the city of Oldenburg, 110 km southwest of Hamburg, 120 km northwest of Hanover, 100 km north of Minden and 105 km northeast of Osnabrück.

Herschel Grynszpan

Grynszpan familyHerschel Grünspanl'affaire Grynszpan
In October 1938, 484 Hanoverian Jews of Polish origin were expelled to Poland, including the Grynszpan family.
Herschel Grynszpan was born in Hanover, Germany.

Kingdom of Hanover

HanoverHanoverianHannover
Before it became the capital of Lower Saxony in 1946, Hanover was the capital of the Principality of Calenberg (1636–1692), the Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1692–1814), the Kingdom of Hanover (1814–1866), the Province of Hanover of the Kingdom of Prussia (1868–1918), the Province of Hanover of the Free State of Prussia (1918–1946), and of the State of Hanover (1946).
These were in Aurich, a simultaneously Lutheran and Calvinist consistory dominated by Lutherans (for East Frisia) and the Lutheran consistories in Hanover (for the former Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg proper), in Ilfeld (for the County of Hohenstein, a Hanoverian exclave in the Eastern Harz mountains), in Osnabrück (for the former Prince-Bishopric of Osnabrück), in Otterndorf (existed 1535–1885 for the Land of Hadeln) as well as in Stade (existed 1650–1903, until 1885 for the former Bremen-Verden proper without Hadeln, then including the complete Stade region).

George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg

GeorgeGeorge of Brunswick-CalenbergGeorge of Brunswick-Lüneburg
In 1636 George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, ruler of the Brunswick-Lüneburg principality of Calenberg, moved his residence to Hanover.
George was the first duke to move his residence to Hanover, where he built the Leineschloss as his residence in 1636, a palace situated by the river Leine.