Hans Christian Ørsted

ØrstedHans Christian OerstedH.C. ØrstedH. C. ØrstedH.C. Ørsted LectureshipHans OerstedH C ØrstedH. C. OerstedH.C.ØrstedHans C. Ørsted
Hans Christian Ørsted (, ; often rendered Oersted in English; 14 August 1777 – 9 March 1851) was a Danish physicist and chemist who discovered that electric currents create magnetic fields, which was the first connection found between electricity and magnetism.wikipedia
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Magnetic field

magnetic fieldsmagneticmagnetic flux density
Hans Christian Ørsted (, ; often rendered Oersted in English; 14 August 1777 – 9 March 1851) was a Danish physicist and chemist who discovered that electric currents create magnetic fields, which was the first connection found between electricity and magnetism.
Hans Christian Ørsted demonstrated that a current-carrying wire is surrounded by a circular magnetic field.

Electricity

electricalelectricelectrically
Hans Christian Ørsted (, ; often rendered Oersted in English; 14 August 1777 – 9 March 1851) was a Danish physicist and chemist who discovered that electric currents create magnetic fields, which was the first connection found between electricity and magnetism. In Germany Ørsted met Johann Wilhelm Ritter, a physicist who believed there was a connection between electricity and magnetism.
The recognition of electromagnetism, the unity of electric and magnetic phenomena, is due to Hans Christian Ørsted and André-Marie Ampère in 1819–1820.

Thought experiment

thought experimentsGedankenexperimentthought-experiment
Ørsted was the first modern thinker to explicitly describe and name the thought experiment.
Johann Witt-Hansen established that Hans Christian Ørsted was the first to use the German term Gedankenexperiment (lit.

Danish Golden Age

Golden Age of Danish PaintingGolden AgeDenmark's Golden Age
A leader of the Danish Golden Age, Ørsted was a close friend of Hans Christian Andersen and the brother of politician and jurist Anders Sandøe Ørsted, who served as Prime Minister of Denmark from 1853 to 1854.
Søren Kierkegaard furthered philosophy while Hans Christian Ørsted achieved fundamental progress in science.

Magnetism

magneticmagneticsmagnetic properties
Hans Christian Ørsted (, ; often rendered Oersted in English; 14 August 1777 – 9 March 1851) was a Danish physicist and chemist who discovered that electric currents create magnetic fields, which was the first connection found between electricity and magnetism. In Germany Ørsted met Johann Wilhelm Ritter, a physicist who believed there was a connection between electricity and magnetism.
An understanding of the relationship between electricity and magnetism began in 1819 with work by Hans Christian Ørsted, a professor at the University of Copenhagen, who discovered by the accidental twitching of a compass needle near a wire that an electric current could create a magnetic field.

Oersted's law

Oersted's law and the oersted (Oe) are named after him.
This was discovered on 21 April 1820 by Danish physicist Hans Christian Ørsted (1777–1851), when he noticed that the needle of a compass next to a wire carrying current turned so that the needle was perpendicular to the wire.

Rudkøbing

DK RKBRudkobingRudkoebing
Ørsted was born in Rudkøbing in 1777.
The Ørsted family, which most notably includes the brothers Hans Christian and Anders Sandøe Ørsted, has its origins in Rudkøbing.

Hans Christian Andersen

H. C. AndersenH.C. AndersenAndersen
A leader of the Danish Golden Age, Ørsted was a close friend of Hans Christian Andersen and the brother of politician and jurist Anders Sandøe Ørsted, who served as Prime Minister of Denmark from 1853 to 1854.
Other disappointments in love included Sophie Ørsted, the daughter of the physicist Hans Christian Ørsted and Louise Collin, the youngest daughter of his benefactor Jonas Collin.

William Christopher Zeise

Zeise
Ørsted welcomed William Christopher Zeise to his family home in autumn 1806.
William Christopher Zeise was born 15 October 1789 in Slagelse, the son of an apothecary, Frederick Zeise (1754–1836), who was an old friend of physicist Hans Christian Ørsted's father.

Technical University of Denmark

College of Advanced TechnologyDanish Technical UniversityDTU
In 1829, Ørsted founded Den Polytekniske Læreanstalt ('College of Advanced Technology') which was later renamed the Technical University of Denmark (DTU).
It was founded in 1829 at the initiative of Hans Christian Ørsted as Denmark's first polytechnic, and is today ranked among Europe's leading engineering institutions.

University of Copenhagen

Copenhagen UniversityCopenhagenKobenhavns Universitet
He and his brother Anders received most of their early education through self-study at home, going to Copenhagen in 1793 to take entrance exams for the University of Copenhagen, where both brothers excelled academically. The buildings that are home to the Department of Chemistry and the Institute for Mathematical Sciences at the University of Copenhagen's North Campus are named the H.C. Ørsted Institute, after him.

Oersted

megagauss oerstedsOeOERSTEDS
Oersted's law and the oersted (Oe) are named after him.
The unit was established by the IEC in 1930 in honour of the Danish physicist Hans Christian Ørsted.

Ørstedsparken

Ørsted ParkØrsteds Park
The Ørsted Park in Copenhagen was named after Ørsted in 1879.
The park is named for the brothers Ørsted, the politician and jurist Anders Sandøe Ørsted, and the physicist Hans Christian Ørsted, who both are commemorated with monuments in the park.

Johann Wilhelm Ritter

Johann RitterRitter, Johann Wilhelm
In Germany Ørsted met Johann Wilhelm Ritter, a physicist who believed there was a connection between electricity and magnetism.
In 1801, Hans Christian Ørsted visited Jena and became his friend.

Ørsted (satellite)

ØrstedØrsted satellitefirst Danish satellite
The first Danish satellite, launched 1999, was named after Ørsted.
Ørsted is Denmark's first satellite, named after Hans Christian Ørsted (1777–1851), a Danish physicist and professor at the University of Copenhagen.

Oersted Medal

Two medals are awarded in Ørsted's name: the Oersted Medal for notable contributions in the teaching of physics in America, awarded by American Association of Physics Teachers, along with the H. C. Ørsted Medal for Danish scientists, awarded by the Danish Selskabet for Naturlærens Udbredelse (Society for the Dissemination of Natural Science), founded by Ørsted.
The award is named for Hans Christian Ørsted.

Hans Christian Ørsted Monument

H. C. Ørsted Memorialstatue of Hans Christian Ørsted
A statue of Hans Christian Ørsted was installed in the Ørsted Park in 1880.
The Physicist Hans Christian Ørsted (Danish: Fysikeren Hans Christian Ørsted) is a monument to Hans Christian Ørsted located in Ørsted Park in central Copenhagen, Denmark.

H. C. Ørsted Medal

H.C. Ørsted MedalHans Christian Ørsted Medal
Two medals are awarded in Ørsted's name: the Oersted Medal for notable contributions in the teaching of physics in America, awarded by American Association of Physics Teachers, along with the H. C. Ørsted Medal for Danish scientists, awarded by the Danish Selskabet for Naturlærens Udbredelse (Society for the Dissemination of Natural Science), founded by Ørsted.
Named for the society's founder Hans Christian Ørsted, it is awarded chiefly to Danes.

Anders Sandøe Ørsted

ØrstedA.S. Ørsted
A leader of the Danish Golden Age, Ørsted was a close friend of Hans Christian Andersen and the brother of politician and jurist Anders Sandøe Ørsted, who served as Prime Minister of Denmark from 1853 to 1854. He and his brother Anders received most of their early education through self-study at home, going to Copenhagen in 1793 to take entrance exams for the University of Copenhagen, where both brothers excelled academically.
He was the brother of the famous physicist Hans Christian Ørsted (1777–1851), and uncle of the botanist Anders Sandøe Ørsted (1816–1872).

André-Marie Ampère

AmpèreAmpereAmpère, André-Marie
Ørsted's findings stirred much research into electrodynamics throughout the scientific community, influencing French physicist André-Marie Ampère's developments of a single mathematical formula to represent the magnetic forces between current-carrying conductors.
In September 1820, Ampère's friend and eventual eulogist François Arago showed the members of the French Academy of Sciences the surprising discovery of Danish physicist Hans Christian Ørsted that a magnetic needle is deflected by an adjacent electric current.

Aluminium

aluminumAlall-metal
In 1825, Ørsted made a significant contribution to chemistry by producing aluminium for the first time.
The first successful attempt, however, was completed in 1824 by Danish physicist and chemist Hans Christian Ørsted.

North Campus (University of Copenhagen)

North CampusHans Christian Ørsted InstituteUniversity Park
The buildings that are home to the Department of Chemistry and the Institute for Mathematical Sciences at the University of Copenhagen's North Campus are named the H.C. Ørsted Institute, after him.
It is named after the physicist Hans Christian Ørsted (1777–1851), who discovered electromagnetism (1820) and was the first to isolate aluminium (1825).

Danish krone

DKKkronerDanish kroner
The 100 danske kroner note issued from 1950 to 1970 carried an engraving of Ørsted.

History of aluminium

Discovery of this metal was announced in 1825 by Danish physicist Hans Christian Ørsted, whose work was extended by German chemist Friedrich Wöhler.

Assistens Cemetery (Copenhagen)

Assistens CemeteryAssistens KirkegårdAssistants Cemetery
Ørsted died in Copenhagen in 1851, aged 73, and was buried in the Assistens Cemetery.